课标人教实验版 高一 Module 4 Unit 1
Reading
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古多尔(Jane Goodall, 1934?)生于伦 简?古多尔 古多尔 生于伦 敦。自幼即对动物行为极感兴趣。18岁离 自幼即对动物行为极感兴趣。 岁离 开学校,到赴非洲为止, 开学校,到赴非洲为止,她曾先后担任过 秘书以及影片制作助理。此后, 秘书以及影片制作助理。此后,她在非洲 担任古生物学家路易斯?利基的助手,与利 担任古生物学家路易斯 利基的助手, 利基的助手 基的合作经验使她能于1960年在贡贝溪动 年在贡贝溪动 基的合作经验使她能于 物保护区设立一个营区, 物保护区设立一个营区,得以观察该地黑 猩猩的行为。 猩猩的行为。1965年获剑桥大学动物行为 年获剑桥大学动物行为
学博士学位。 年她建立了“ 古多 学博士学位。1977年她建立了“简?古多 年她建立了 尔人、动物与环境研究所”。1991年, 尔人、动物与环境研究所” 年 她倡议并成立了“根与芽”组织, 她倡议并成立了“根与芽”组织,目的 是使从幼儿园到大学的年轻一代都能够 行动起来,为了环境、动物和他们自己 行动起来,为了环境、 的社区创造一个更加美好的世界。 的社区创造一个更加美好的世界。1995 年,被英国女王授予勋爵士。简?古多尔 被英国女王授予勋爵士。 古多尔 撰有许多书籍和论文, 撰有许多书籍和论文,最著名的是
《生活在人类的阴影中》(19
  71), 此著作 生活在人类的阴影中》 已被翻译成15种文字。 菲利普?伯曼 已被翻译成 种文字。 菲利普 伯曼 种文字 (Phillip Berman), 具有哈佛大学神学院比 较;宗教学学位。他的获奖作品有《信 宗教学学位。他的获奖作品有《 念的勇气》 念的勇气》、《探索意义》和《回家的 探索意义》 旅程》 旅程》。
Pre-reading

  1. Why do you think Jane Goodall went to Africa to study chimps rather than to a university?
  2. Do you think her work is important? Why?
Reading
A PROTECTOR OF AFRICAN WILDLIFE
First Reading ( get the main idea of each paragraph)
A PROTECTOR OF AFRICAN WILDLIFE
① ② ③
Her A day in Jane’s way to the park study chimps and attitude to her achievement. the animals.

She has achieved everything she wanted to do.
The first paragraph
The whole day
Watching a family of chimps wake up
Wander off into the forest (feed, clean each other)
The mother chimp and her babies play in the tree
Come into mother’s chimp arms, go to sleep together in their nest
The second paragraph
The first thing She discovered that chimps hunt and eat meat The second She observed chimps as a thing group hunting a monkey and then eating it She also discovered how The third thing chimps communicate with each other
The third paragraph
True or false She hopes that chimps can be left in the forest. She supposes that people should not use chimps for entertainment.
She has spent more than forty years helping people understand her work. She has built many homes for the wild animals to live in.
The fourth paragraph
The achievement of Jane: Working with animals in their own environment. Gaining a doctor’s degree for her studies. Showing that women can live in the forest as men can.
Comprehending
  1.What did the group do first in the morning? They. C A. went into the forest slowly B. left the chimp family of chimps wake up A. observed the family of chimps wake up D. helped people understand the behavior of the chimps

  2. Why did Jane go to Africa to study chimps in the wild? Because she wanted. A A. to work with them in their own environment B. to prove the way people think about chimps was wrong C. to discover what chimps eat D. to observe a chimp family

  3. Jane was permitted to begin her work after. C A. the chimp family woke up B. she lived in the forest C. her mother came to support her D. she arrived at Gombe

  4. The purpose of her study was to . C A. watch the wild chimps in cages B. gain a doctor’s degree C. understand and respect the lives of chimps D. live in the forest as men can
Discussion
What made Jane Goodall a great success? What should we learn from Jane Goodall?
There are two points that made her success: one is her way to study chimps, and the other is her true love to the animals. The first one is facile (易做到的), because it is only a way. Everyone can do it. But for the second one, it is
more easily said than done. As a woman, she gave up everything, went to the forest to study the chimps and devoted all her love to these animals. It is really not easy. What we cannot understand is that how she has such great personality.
Language points

  1. She concerned herself with welfare projects. 关心; 关心;关怀 We must concern ourselves with current affairs. 我们必须关心时事。 我们必须关心时事。

  2. Our group are all going to visit the chimps in the forest.
我们一行人准备去拜访森林里的黑猩猩。 我们一行人准备去拜访森林里的黑猩猩。 英语中有许多集体名词作主语时, 英语中有许多集体名词作主语时,谓语动词 的单复数要根据集体名词的含义来定。 的单复数要根据集体名词的含义来定。如果 名词表示的是一个整体概念, 名词表示的是一个整体概念,谓语动词要用 单数形式;如果名词表示的是集体中的成员, 单数形式;如果名词表示的是集体中的成员, 谓语动词要用复数形式。 谓语动词要用复数形式。
这类的集体名词有:class, crew, family, 这类的集体名词有 public, government等。 等 A committee of five men and three women is to consider the matter. The class were all out for play when class was over.

  3. Watching a family of chimps wake up is our…..
今天我们的第一件事是...... 今天我们的第一件事是 动名词作主语 主语是由不定式、动名词、从句构成的, 主语是由不定式、动名词、从句构成的, 谓语动词采用单数。 谓语动词采用单数。
Working with you is pleasant. Seeing is believing.

  4. This means going back to a place where we left the chimp family sleeping in a tree the night before.
由定语从句修饰的place做go的宾语。
leave+宾语+doing 让某人做某事 eg: They went off and left me sitting there all by myself.

  5. But the evening makes it all worthwhile. Mandela’ struggle is very worthwhile. That was a worthwhile trip.
那是很有价值的旅行。 那是很有价值的旅行。
It’s worthwhile doing/to do sth.
worth adj. 值......的, 值得 的 值得......的 的 worthful adj. 有价值的 可贵的 有价值的,可贵的 可贵的, worthless adj. 没有价值的 无用的 无益的 没有价值的,无用的 无用的,无益的 worthy adj. 值得 受人敬仰的 值得,受人敬仰的 worth it 有用,值得 值得...... 有用 值得 be worth doing... 值得做 值得做...... be worthy of being done/to be done 值得被做

  6. The mother chimp and her babies play in the tree and, after they come into her arms, we see them go to sleep together in their nest for the night.
我们看到黑猩猩妈妈跟她的幼子们在树上玩 后来小猩猩投入母亲的怀里,一起回窝里睡 耍,后来小猩猩投入母亲的怀里 一起回窝里睡 后来小猩猩投入母亲的怀里 觉了。 觉了。 in the tree 指树本身以外的事物或人 附着在树上, 如鸟等动物; 附着在树上 如鸟等动物; on the tree 指树本身生长出来的东西, 如果实, 花等。 指树本身生长出来的东西 如果实 花等。

  7. Jane spent many years observing and recording their daily activities. …spend + …time (in) doing We spent a pleasant hour or two talking with friends. He’s spent half his life writing this book. He has spent three years in prison.
observe “观察”、“注意到” 观察” 注意到” 观察
或“看到”,可用作及物动词或不及 看到” 物动词。用作及物动词时,后跟名词、 物动词。用作及物动词时,后跟名词、 代词、含不带 的不定式 动词-ing形 的不定式、 代词、含不带to的不定式、动词 形 式或形容词的复合宾语、 that从句及 式或形容词的复合宾语、 从句及 what从句。 从句。 从句
I observe her go out. 我注意到她外出。 我注意到她外出。
He observed that feathers fell the ground slowly. 他观察到羽毛落地很慢。 他观察到羽毛落地很慢。 observe用作被动语态时,作主语 用作被动语态时, 用作被动语态时 补足语的不定式须带to。 补足语的不定式须带 。 She was observed to enter the bank. 有人注意到她走进银行。 有人注意到她走进银行。

  8. Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project. 及其后面的状语提前放在句首, 将only及其后面的状语提前放在句首 及其后面的状语提前放在句首 句子要用部分倒装语序,即将be动词 动词、 句子要用部分倒装语序,即将 动词、 助动词或情态动词放在主语之前。 助动词或情态动词放在主语之前。 Only then did we get to know each other better.
如果句子为主从复合句, 如果句子为主从复合句,则主句倒 装,从句不倒装。 从句不倒装。 Only after new China was founded was he able to go to school. Only in this way can we learn English better.
only在句首修饰句子的主语时, 在句首修饰句子的主语时, 在句首修饰句子的主语时 不用倒装语序。 不用倒装语序。 Only Mary and Tom failed in the exam.

  9. She also discovered how chimps communicate with each other and her study of their body language helped her work out their social system.
  1). I can’t work out the meaning of the poem. (理解,说出) 理解,说出)

  2). Things have worked out badly.
(发展,进行) 发展,进行)

  3). Work out his income.
(算出) 算出)

  4). Work out a plan.
(制定,拟订) 制定,拟订)

  10. For forty years Jane Goodall has been helping the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals. a.
  1) help do = help to do This will help to reduce production cost.
Then he helped sweep the floors of the waiting rooms.
  2) help + adv. phrase/prepositional phrase He helped the children off (out of) the bus. That will help you out of the difficulty.

  3) help sb. doing sth. help sb. with sth. help…with Can you help me with my homework? help与 can’t, couldn’t 连用,“阻止, 与 连用, 阻止,
避免” 避免”。
She can’t help herself, she didn’t mean to be rude.
她克制不了自己,她并不想那么粗暴无礼。 她克制不了自己,她并不想那么粗暴无礼。
He couldn’t help laughing when he saw my haircut.
忍不住笑起来
b. have/ has been doing 现在完成进行时, 现在完成进行时 表示动作从过去就 已开始, 一直持续到现在, 已开始 一直持续到现在 可能还会 继续下去。 继续下去。 He has been reading since this morning. 今早起, 他一直在看书。 今早起 他一直在看书。
He has been writing a letter. 他一直在写信。 他一直在写信。 He has written a letter. 他已写过信了。 他已写过信了。
c. the rest of
它之后可以接不可数名词或可数名词, 它之后可以接不可数名词或可数名词,但要 注意含义, 以便决定后面动词的单复数形式。 注意含义 以便决定后面动词的单复数形式。
e.g The rest of the money was given to his son. The rest of the apple was thrown away. The rest of the apples were sent to the nursing home.

  11. She has argued for them to be left in the wild and not used for entertainment or advertisements. argue for/against sth.
辩论赞成/反对某事 辩论赞成 反对某事
有关的短语: 与argue有关的短语
argue with sb. about/over sth.
与某人争论某事
argue sb. into/out of doing sth.
说服某人做/放弃做某事 说服某人做 放弃做某事

  12. inspire sb. to do 鼓励某人做某事 His speech inspired us greatly. The teacher inspired us to make greater efforts. The memory of his childhood inspired his first novel. inspire 促成 赋予灵感 促成;赋予灵感 inspired 有灵感的 inspiring 激励人心的
Exercises

  1. 值得下工夫去学习一门外语。 值得下工夫去学习一门外语。 It’s a foreign worthwhile to learn language.
  2. 她很感兴趣地观察他的行动。 她很感兴趣地观察他的行动。 She observed his actions with interest.

  3. 老师的表扬鼓励了全班同学。 老师的表扬鼓励了全班同学。 The teachers praise the inspired class.
  4. 你应该自食其力。 你应该自食其力。 You should yourself. support
Ex. 2 on P5
Dear Xiaoyu: I think everyone __ (is/are) settled is in London, although neither the weather nor the food __ (is/are) good. is Either rain or snow fell every day this week but everybody (has/have) has tried to ignore it. My friends and my
mother (has/have) visited the have theatre almost every night. None of them (carry/ca
 

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