高二人教新课标版必修五
Unit 5
First aid
Language points
Important sentences

  1. You have three layers of skin which act as a barrier against diseases, poisons and the sun’s harmful rays. 你有三层皮肤作为屏障来保护你免遭 疾病、毒药和有害光线的侵害。 疾病、毒药和有害光线的侵害。
barrier 名词,“屏障,障碍物,隔阂”。 名词, 屏障,障碍物,隔阂” 如: You need to show the ticket the barrier. 你需要在检票处处是(你的) 你需要在检票处处是(你的)票。 The crowd linked arms to form a barrier. 群众臂挽著臂组成人墙。 群众臂挽著臂组成人墙。 the language barrier 语言的隔阂

  2.…it keeps you warm or cool; it prevents your body from losing too much water; it is where you feel cold, heat or pain and it gives you your sense of touch……皮肤能 皮肤能 保暖或御寒, 保暖或御寒,保持体内水分不过多流 正是皮肤让你感到冷热和疼痛, 失,正是皮肤让你感到冷热和疼痛,皮 肤还使你有触觉。 肤还使你有触觉。
keep you warm or cool 为keep复合结构, 复合结构, 复合结构 宾语+宾补 即keep+宾语 宾补,使处于某种状 宾语 宾补, 态……。宾补除由形容词充当之外,还 。宾补除由形容词充当之外, 可用名词,现在分词,过去分词, 可用名词,现在分词,过去分词,介词 短语,副词来充当。 短语,副词来充当。 This coat will keep you warm. This story will keep the children amused. The illness kept her in hospital. I’m sorry to keep you waiting.
prevent sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 What can we do to prevent this disease spreading? She was prevented from taking the exam by illness. 拓展: 拓展: stop sb (from) doing sth keep sb from doing sth
sense of touch触觉 触觉 其他表示各种感觉的词还有: 其他表示各种感觉的词还有 sense of sight视觉; 视觉; 视觉 sense of hearing听觉; 听觉; 听觉 sense of taste味觉 味觉 sense of smell嗅觉; 嗅觉; 嗅觉 sense of humor 幽默感 sense of direction 方向感 sense of urgency紧迫感 紧迫感

  3. So as you can imagine, if your skin gets burned, it can be very serious. 该句是一个主从复合句,主句为:So if 该句是一个主从复合句,主句为: your skin gets burned, it can be very serious;从句为:as you can imagine. ;从句为: as引导非限制性定语从句,指代后面的 引导非限制性定语从句, 引导非限制性定语从句 内容, 正如……”或“就象 内容,有“正如 或 就象……”的 的 意思;它所引导的从句位置较灵活, 意思;它所引导的从句位置较灵活, 可以位于句首、句中或句末。 可以位于句首、句中或句末。
另外,该句的主句中还含有一个 引导的 另外,该句的主句中还含有一个if引导的 条件状语从句。请看类似的句子: 条件状语从句。请看类似的句子: As you can see, if they are not properly protected, the farmlands will become desserts sooner or later. 正如你所看到的, 正如你所看到的,这些农田如果保护不 当迟早会变成沙漠。 当迟早会变成沙漠。

  4. Burns are called first, second or third degree, depending on which layers of the skin are burned. depending on … 为现在分词短语作伴 随状语。 随状语。 Charles Darnay left France, preferring to give up his fortune. The children ran out of the room, laughing and talking merrily.
在用分词短语作状语时, 在用分词短语作状语时, 它逻辑上的 主语一般必须与句子的主语一致。 主语一般必须与句子的主语一致。
  1. 时间状语: 时间状语: Working in the factory, he learned a lot from the workers. Hearing the news, they all jumped with joy. Having arrived at the factory, they immediately set to work.

  2. 作条件状语: 作条件状语: Working hard, you will succeed. Turning to the left, you will find the path leading to the site.
  3. 作原因状语: 作原因状语: Seeing nobody at home, she decided to leave them a note. Not knowing her address, we couldn’t get in touch with her. Being poor, we couldn’t go to school.

  4. 作结果状语: 作结果状语: Her husband died in 1942, leaving her with five children. The bus was held up by snowstorm, thus causing the delay. 注意: 注意: He was caught in the rain, thus making himself catch cold. I hurried to school, only to find that it was Sunday.
depend on 相信,依赖,取决于 相信,依赖, ?You can’t depend on John-he nearly always arrives late. ?The country depends heavily on its tourist trade. ?The amount you pay depends on where you live. it/that depends 视情况而定

  5. Examples include mild sunburn and burns caused by touching a hot pan, stove or iron for a moment. (一度烫伤或烧伤的)例子包括轻微 一度烫伤或烧伤的) 一度烫伤或烧伤的 的晒伤,以及碰到热锅、 的晒伤,以及碰到热锅、炉子或烙铁 而导致的烫( 而导致的烫(烧)伤。
mild在这个句子中的意思是“轻微的、不 在这个句子中的意思是“轻微的、 在这个句子中的意思是 严重的” 严重的”。如: Edward suffered a mild heart attack. 爱德华犯了轻微的心脏病。 爱德华犯了轻微的心脏病。 mild还可表示“温和的、暖和的;味淡的” 还可表示“ 还可表示 温和的、暖和的;味淡的” 如:She’s the mildest person I have ever met in my life. 她是我平生见到过的最温柔的人了。 她是我平生见到过的最温柔的人了。
a mild climate 温暖的天气 mild cheese 淡味奶酪
  6. Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn. 除非衣服粘贴在烧伤面上,否则都要 除非衣服粘贴在烧伤面上, 把衣服脱掉。如果需要的话, 把衣服脱掉。如果需要的话,可以使 用剪刀。 用剪刀。
unless除非 除非……;如果不 除非 ;如果不……。如: 。 Don’t make it public unless I agree. 除非我同意,否则不能公布于众。 除非我同意,否则不能公布于众。 Unless the destruction of the ozone layer is stopped, the polar ice caps will melt with terrible consequences. 如果不停止对臭氧层的破坏的话, 如果不停止对臭氧层的破坏的话,南北两 极的冰冠就可能融化并造成可怕的后果。 极的冰冠就可能融化并造成可怕的后果。

  7. Examples include burns caused by electric shocks, burning clothes, or severe petrol fires. 例如由电击引起的烧伤,因衣 例如由电击引起的烧伤, 服起火引起的烧伤, 服起火引起的烧伤,或由汽油起火 引起的烧伤。 引起的烧伤。
electric (
  1) 用电的,电动的 用电的, an electric clock 电钟 an electric fire 电炉 (
  2) 电的,发电的,带电的 电的,发电的, electric power 电力 an electric storm 电闪雷鸣般的暴风雨 (
  3) 令人兴奋的 His speech had an electric effect on the crowd.

  8. Cool burns immediately with cool but not icy water. 立即用凉水给伤口冲凉,但不要用冰水。 立即用凉水给伤口冲凉,但不要用冰水。 -y是个形容词后缀。如: 是个形容词后缀。 是个形容词后缀 windy有风 hilly多小山的 有风 多小山的 sleepy困倦的 困倦的 foggy 多雾的 spicy辛辣的 woody树木茂密的 辛辣的 树木茂密的

  9. For second degree burns, keep cloths cool by putting them back in a basin of cold water, squeezing them out and placing them on the burned area over and over again for about an hour until pain is not so bad. 对于二度烧伤,要保持湿布清 对于二度烧伤, 需把湿布放回冷水中, 凉,需把湿布放回冷水中,拧出水后放在 烧伤面上, 烧伤面上,这样要反反复复地做一个小时 左右,直到不太痛时为止。 左右,直到不太痛时为止。
squeeze
  1. vt. 压,挤,榨 He squeezed her arm sympathetically.
  2. vt. 压出,挤出,榨出,用于 压出,挤出,榨出, squeeze + n. + adv. & prep She squeezed the water out of the sponge.

  3. vi. 挤入,塞,用于 挤入, squeeze + adv./prep. squeeze + adj. + adv./prep. Is the car full or can I squeeze in? He was so fat that he could not just squeeze through the door.

  10. Hold the bandage in place with tape. 用胶布把绷带固定。 用胶布把绷带固定。 in place在适当的地方。如: 在适当的地方。 在适当的地方 The librarian put the returned books in place. 图书馆员把还回的图书放到原处。 图书馆员把还回的图书放到原处。 You’d better put things back in place. Otherwise, it will be difficult to find things. 你最好把你的东西放回原位, 不然很难找。 你最好把你的东西放回原位 不然很难找。
in place 还有“准备就绪”的意思。如: 还有“准备就绪”的意思。 The arrangements for the concert next Saturday are all in place. 周六的音乐会已经准备就绪。 周六的音乐会已经准备就绪。
  7. If burns are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart, if possible.
如果烧伤的部位在臂部或腿部, 如果烧伤的部位在臂部或腿部,要尽可 能把手臂或腿抬到高于心脏的位置。 能把手臂或腿抬到高于心脏的位置。 上下肢被烧伤后,应将患肢抬高于心脏, 上下肢被烧伤后,应将患肢抬高于心脏, 这是为了促进血液回流,防止烧伤处出 这是为了促进血液回流, 现水肿。 现水肿。
Important words

  1. aid 帮助; 作动词 帮助 援助 He aided me in business. I aided her to continue her study. At Christmas, many organizations aid the poor.
帮助; 不可数) 作名词 帮助 援助 (不可数 不可数 Teachers give their lessons with the aid of computers. He raised money in aid of the sick.

  2. temporary 暂时的,临时的 暂时的, temporary relief from pain 短暂的解痛 temporary work/ solution 临时工作/解决办法 临时工作 解决办法

  3. fall ill 生病 fall + adj. 睡着了 fall asleep 清醒了 fall awake 安静下来 fall silent His son suddenly last week. fell ill 他儿子突然生病了。 他儿子突然生病了。

  4. injure v. injury n. injured adj. injury to sth. …(部位)的伤 (部位) 他干活时腿受了重伤。 他干活时腿受了重伤。(injury) He got at work. injuries to the legs 他在意外事故中受了伤。 他在意外事故中受了伤。(injure) Hegot injured in the accident.
hurt/wound/injure区别: 区别: 区别 You'll hurt her feelings if you forget her birthday. The soldier was wounded in the arm. He was badly injured in the accident. Last night a terrible storm hit the area and many people were injured. My stomach hurts because I have eaten too many apples.

  5. bleed 流血 bleed?bled?bled My heart bleeds for those poor children. His nose is bleeding. /He is bleeding at the nose. bloody a.

  6. get+过去分词 表被动或状态 过去分词 The computer got damaged when we were moving. My bike is getting repaired now. My glasses got broken while I was playing basketball. Peter and Mary got married last year.

  7. Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn. stick stick sth. to sth. 粘住 Stick the glue to my fingers.

  8. jewellery/jewel jewellery n. 珠宝的总称 (不可数 不可数) 不可数 jewel n. 珠宝,首饰 (可数 珠宝, 可数) 可数 The jewels were kept in the safe. She appeared at the reception wearing her finest jewels.
She locked her jewels the jewellery in box.

  9. Seventeen-year-old teenager, John Janson, was honoured at the Lifesaver Awards last night in Rivertown for giving lifesaving first aid on his neighbour after a shocking knife attack. honour (
  1) vt. 尊敬;使感到荣幸 尊敬; We are deeply honoured that you should agree to join us.
(
  2) n. 荣誉,尊敬 荣誉, The Queen was welcomed at the airport by a guard of honour. (
  3) n. 名声,名誉 名声, It’s a point of honour with me to reply all my debts promptly. (
  4) n. 增光的人(事),引以为荣的人 增光的人( ),引以为荣的人 ),只用单数 只用单数。 (事),只用单数。 He’s an honour to the school.

  10. present (
  1) vt. 颁发,授予 颁发, present sth. to sb. 颁发 颁发……给某人 给某人 present sb. with sth. 授予某人 授予某人…… When Mr Brown left the firm, the director presented a gold watch to him / him with a gold watch. (
  2) vt. 提出,呈递 提出, When are the committees presenting their report?

  11. It shows that a knowledge of first aid can make a real difference. a knowledge of 知道,了解,具有 知道,了解,具有…… 知识 He has a good knowledge of English. make a/some/no difference 有一些/没有 有一些 没有 什么区别 It doesn’t make any difference to me whether you go or stay.

  12. doubt doubt用作动词 用作动词 ?doubt+名词或代词。例如: 名词或代词。 名词或代词 例如: I doubt his word. 我怀疑他的话。 我怀疑他的话。 They doubted him before. 他们以前
 

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