发展同样作出了杰出的贡献。 发展同样作出了杰出的贡献。歌剧是莫 扎特创作的主流,他与格鲁克(Gluck)、 扎特创作的主流,他与格鲁克 、 瓦格纳(Wagner)和威尔第 和威尔第(Verdi)一样, 一样, 瓦格纳 和威尔第 一样 是欧洲歌剧史上四大巨子之一。 是欧洲歌剧史上四大巨子之一。他又与 海顿、 海顿、贝多芬一起为欧洲交响乐写下了 光辉的一页。另外,他的《安魂曲》 光辉的一页。另外,他的《安魂曲》也 成为宗教音乐中难能可贵的一部杰作。 成为宗教音乐中难能可贵的一部杰作。 作为18世纪末时的欧洲作曲家 世纪末时的欧洲作曲家, 作为 世纪末时的欧洲作曲家,莫扎特 的音乐深刻地反映了这个时代的精神, 的音乐深刻地反映了这个时代的精神, 尤其是体现在歌剧作品中的市民阶层的 思想,无疑在当时具有进步的意义。 思想,无疑在当时具有进步的意义。
Now let’s listen to some music ’ and see if you can find out what kind of music it is.
Reading
Listen to the tape and pay more attention to the words you can’t pronounce correctly. ’
Look at the following pictures and learn more about Beethoven, Hayden and Mozart.
Warming up
Haydn
海顿,著名的奥地利作曲家, 海顿,著名的奥地利作曲家,维也纳古典 乐派的最早期代表。 乐派的最早期代表。他在艰苦的环境中创 作了大量作品, 作了大量作品,成为当时首屈一指的音乐 后两次去伦敦旅行,写了十二部《 家。后两次去伦敦旅行,写了十二部《伦 敦交响乐》 是他一生中最优秀的作品, 敦交响乐》,是他一生中最优秀的作品, 从此名震全欧。的创作涉及面很广, 从此名震全欧。的创作涉及面很广,其中 以交响乐和弦乐四重奏最为杰出。 以交响乐和弦乐四重奏最为杰出。他把交 响乐固定为四个乐章的形式, 响乐固定为四个乐章的形式,并在配器上 形成一套完整的交响乐队编制, 形成一套完整的交响乐队编制,为现代交 响乐的发展奠定了基础。 响乐的发展奠定了基础。
他在乐曲的发展中常用“ 他在乐曲的发展中常用“主题活 用的原则” 用的原则”,这直接启示着贝多 芬“动机发展”的灵感。海顿还 动机发展”的灵感。 是现德国国歌的作者。 是现德国国歌的作者。
Mozart
1756年1月27日生于奥地利萨尔茨堡粮食街 年 月 日生于奥地利萨尔茨堡粮食街 9号,1791年12月5日卒于维也纳,终年 日卒于维也纳, 号 年 月 日卒于维也纳 终年36 奥地利作曲家, 岁。奥地利作曲家,欧洲维也纳古典乐派 的代表人物之一, 的代表人物之一,作为古典主义音乐的典 他对欧洲音乐的发展起了巨大的作用。 范,他对欧洲音乐的发展起了巨大的作用。 莫扎特一共创作了22部歌剧 部歌剧、 部交响乐、 莫扎特一共创作了 部歌剧、41 部交响乐、 42部协奏曲、一部安魂曲以及奏鸣曲、室 部协奏曲、 部协奏曲 一部安魂曲以及奏鸣曲、 内乐、宗教音乐和歌曲等作品。 内乐、宗教音乐和歌曲等作品。莫扎特是 钢琴协奏曲的奠基人,作有29部加 钢琴协奏曲的奠基人,作有 部加K.107三 三 部加 首钢琴协奏曲, 首钢琴协奏曲,他对于欧洲器乐协奏曲的
莫扎特赋予音乐以歌唱优美欢乐性, 莫扎特赋予音乐以歌唱优美欢乐性, 然而,其中又深合着悲伤,这正反 然而,其中又深合着悲伤, 映了莫扎特时代知识分子的命运。 映了莫扎特时代知识分子的命运。
Beethoven
路德维希?凡 贝多芬 贝多芬( 路德维希 凡?贝多芬(Ludwig van Beethoven,17
  70.
  12.16?18
  27.
  03.
  26), , ), 德国作曲家、钢琴家、指挥家。 男,德国作曲家、钢琴家、指挥家。维 也纳古典乐派代表人物之一。 也纳古典乐派代表人物之一。他一共创 作了9首编号交响曲 首编号交响曲、 首钢琴奏鸣曲 作了 首编号交响曲、35首钢琴奏鸣曲 其中后32首带有编号)、10部小提琴 首带有编号)、 (其中后 首带有编号)、 部小提琴 奏鸣曲、 首弦乐四重奏 首弦乐四重奏、 部歌剧 部歌剧、 奏鸣曲、16首弦乐四重奏、1部歌剧、2 部弥撒、 部清唱剧与 部康塔塔, 部清唱剧与3部康塔塔 部弥撒、1部清唱剧与 部康塔塔,另外 还有大量室内乐、艺术歌曲与舞曲。 还有大量室内乐、艺术歌曲与舞曲。这 些作品对音乐发展有著深远影响, 些作品对音乐发展有著深远影响,因此 被尊称为乐圣。 被尊称为乐圣。
Fast Reading Read the text quickly and choose the best title A. Three Great Austrian Composers B. Three Great Composers of the Eighteenth Century C. Three Great Child Composers
Read quickly and fill in the table.
Name Haydn Mozart Beethoven
Birthplace Family background
Austria Austria Germany
peasant Musician; orchestra conductor singer
Careful Reading 1?Vocabulary 1
court director genius impressed peasant talent teenager teenagers
  1.Chinese enjoy Jacky Chen’s ’ movies very much.
  2. I am deeply impressed by the beautiful scene in Qing Dao.
  3. He was so lucky that he had a chance to visit the court of the British Queen.
talent
  4. Girls often have better on language learning than boys.
  5. 80% of the population of China are peasants .
  6. cannot succeed if he doesn’t work ’ Genius hard. director
  7. His father is a famous of a band.
Careful Reading 1?Vocabulary 2
musical
  1. Mozart showed much (music) talent when she was very young. composer
  2. Mozart was a (compose) and he (compose) more than 600 pieces of composed music. conductor
  3. He has become an orchestra (conduct) and serves in CCTV.
  4. I like to read Chinese (classic) classical poetry very much.
Careful Reading 1?Vocabulary 3
musical classical audience compose
audience
  1. The are very excited by the wonderful ending.
  2. I don’t have any musical talent, so ’ never force me to sing song.
  3. Both Bach and Beethoven wrote classical music. compose
  4. He began to songs at an early age.
Careful Reading 2-Fill in the table
Name Birthplace Family Haydn Austria peasant
changed into Achievemen He the symphony a orchestra t long piece for a large . Experience He had a beautiful voice singing . After music in , he studying Vienna court worked as director of music at the After of a prince. working there for 30 London years, he moved to and he was successful very there.
Name Born and died achievement
Mozart Birthplace Salzburg, Austria 1756 / 1791 Family musician and orchestra conductor
composed more than 600 pieces of music
Experience

  1. from a very early age: had musical talent
  2. At the age of 4, he learned to play the harpsichord.
  3. At the age of 5, he started composing music.
  4. At the age of 6, he played the harpsichord in a concert for the Empress of Austria.
  5. By the time he was 14, he had composed many pieces for…as well as...
  6. While he was still a teenager, he was already a big star and toured Europe giving concerts.
  7. In 1781, he met Haydn and Became friends with him.
Name
Beethoven Birthplace Family
Bonn, Germany singer
Born 1770 / and died 1827
Achievewrote many pieces of famous music ment Experience
  1. when very young: showed musical talent
  2. in 1791: He met Haydn and Haydn encouraged him to Vienna.
  3. while he stayed in Austria: popular
  4. as older: went deaf but continued composing
Careful Reading 3?Read part I and answer the following questions
  1. What is Haydn known as all over the world?
He is known as “the father of the symphony”. ”

  2. How did Haydn change the form of symphonies?
He changed the symphony into a long piece for a large orchestra.

  3. How long did he work in eastern Austria? He worked in eastern Austria for 30 years.
  4. How many pieces of music did Mozart compose? He composed over 600 pieces of music.

  5. How old was he when he played for the Empress of Austria? He was 6 years old.
  6. How long were Mozart and Haydn friends? They were friends for ten years.

  7. Who taught Beethoven how to play Piano? His father taught him.
  8. Did he stop composing when he become deaf ? No, he continued composing when he became deaf.
Careful Reading 3?Read the part about Mozart and match the time with connected toured Europe giving information
at a very early age when he was 4 when he was 5 when he was 6 By the time he was 14 When he was a teenager concerts play in a concert for the Empress of Austria showed musical talent Learned to play the harpsichord Started composing music composed many pieces for the harpsichord, piano and violin
Careful Reading 3?Read the part about Beethoven and anwer the following questions

  1. Who taught Beethoven how to play the piano? His father taught him.
  2. Did he stop composing when he became deaf? No, he continued composing when he became deaf.
Careful reading 4- True or false questions

  1. Hayden was known as “the father of symphony” because he is the first ” F composer who wrote symphonies.
  2. Hayden’s father was a musician and ’ taught him how to play music. F
  3. Hayden studied music in Vienna and then went to work at the court of a prince in eastern Austria. T
  4.Hayden lived in London for 30 years. F

  5. Beethoven didn’t consider Haydn a good ’ composer and learned nothing from him. F
  6. Beethoven spent the rest of his life in Vienna. T
  7. Beethoven had to stop composing after his being deaf. Austria. F T
  8. Both Haydn and Mozart were born in

  9. Haydn was called “the father of the symphony” because he was the first to ” write F symphonies. T
  10. Haydn and Mozart were friends for about 10 years.
  11. Mozart became a big star when he was still a very little boy and gave concerts in all F European countries.

  12. Beethoven met Haydn in 1791 and was impressed by him. F
  13. Haydn encouraged Beethoven to F move to London
  14. Mozart said Haydn would give sth. wonderful to the world. F
  15. Beethoven showed musical talent when he was very young, and learned to play piano from a teacher. F
Post Reading 1 ?Summary Fill in blanks Haydn is the “father known as of the symphony” and the ” changed into symphony a long piece for a large orchestra. Later in his life, he to London, he became moved where very . successful
Mozart is possibly the greatest genius of all time. the musical By time he was 14, he had composed many pieces for the harpsichord, piano and violin, for as well as orchestras. When he was still a teenager, he was already a big star and Europe giving concerts. toured
Beethoven showed musical talent when very young, Mozart believed Beethoven would give something wonderful to the world. Although Beethoven thought he would learn nothing from Haydn, it was Haydn encouraged him to who Vienna. He spent the of the life rest there and composing even continued when he began to deaf. go
Post Reading 2- A Classroom survery
  1. Who is you favorite singer / musician?
  2. Which song / piece of music do you like best? And can you sing it?
  3. What else do you know about him / her? etc
Homework
Write a short passage on what you think makes a successful musician.
 

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