1. achievement (c.n.) He is proud of his achievements. 他对自己的成就感到自豪。 他对自己的成就感到自豪。 make an achievement 取得成就 achieve (vt.) 后接 做宾语 后接n.做宾语 He achieved great success. 他取得了巨大的成就。 他取得了巨大的成就。 You will never achieve your aim unless you work harder. 除非你更努力的工作,否则你不会实现你的目 除非你更努力的工作, 标。

  2. condition “条件” (c.n.) 条件” 条件 There is a condition for peace talk. 身体健康是获得成功的条件之一。 身体健康是获得成功的条件之一。 Heath is one of the most important conditions of achieving success. “状况,状态” (u.n.) 状况, 状况 状态” be in good/poor/excellent condition 处于某种状态中 ? She is often in top condition. ? I have had no exercise for ages; I’m really out of condition.

  3. connection connect connect A with B 把A与B联系起来 与 联系起来 We connect the word "blue" with the color of the sky. The two towns are connected by a railway. connection between A and B ?肺癌和抽烟之间有关系吗? 肺癌和抽烟之间有关系吗? 肺癌和抽烟之间有关系吗 Is there a connection between smoking and lung cancer. connection with/ to sth.与???有关 联系 有关/联系 与 有关 ?他的失败和他的态度无关。 他的失败和他的态度无关。 他的失败和他的态度无关 His failure has no connection with his attitude. His failure is in connection with his attitude.

  4. campaign: n. a series of planned activities/attacks or battles 战役n.&v. 运动 战役 for She spent her life campaigning women’s right. against He successfully led a campaign nuclear weapons.

  5.Watching a family of chimps wake up is our first activity of the day. subject
V-ing形式可相当于名词在句中作主语,谓语动词用单数。 形式可相当于名词在句中作主语,谓语动词用单数。 形式可相当于名词在句中作主语
Seeing is believing. Doing morning exercises is good for health. 做早操对健康有益。

  6. behave behaviour (
  1) 行为;举止 行为; 她表现出了很大的勇气 She behaved with great courage. 他对顾客的态度不好 behaved badly He to the customers. Behave yourself (yourselves). 你应该学会举止得体 learn to behave. You should .

  7. This means going back to the place where we left the family sleeping in a tree the night before.
① mean to do 打算做某事,意欲做某事 Sorry, I didn’t mean to hurt you. 我没想伤害你. ② mean doing表示 “意味着”的意思 Missing the train means waiting for another hour. 误了这趟火车意味着再等一个小时。

  1.In some parts of London missing a bus means_ _ for another hour. A. waiting B. to wait C. wait D. to be waiting
  2. I had meant you last week, but I was too busy. A. see B. to see C. seeing D. saw
  3. ? You are so lucky. ? What do you mean_that? A.for B.in C.of D.by

  8. warn
⑴警告;提醒;告诫 (常与of, against连用) She warned me of the danger, so I did it carefully. 她提醒我提防危险,因此我小心翼翼。 They warned me against swimming in the polluted river. 他们警告我不要在这条河里游泳。
warn sb. of sth warn sb. against sth/doing sth
⑵事先通知 (常与that连用) They called and warned me that they might be delayed. 他们打来电话,预先告诉我他们可能耽搁一会儿。

  9. worthwhile (可作定语和表语) 可作定语和表语) a worthwhile experiment job. The experiment is worthwhile. It is worthwhile to do sth/ doing sth To do sth./Doing sth. is worthwhile It is worthwhile to do the job. It is worthwhile doing the job. worth 只能作表语 + n. / doing sth This second-hand car is worth $2000 at the most. The exhibition is worth a visit/visiting.

  10. observe + n. / pron. sb. doing / do sth that ? cl. She likes to observe stars. He observed her come across the street. →She was observed to come across the street. We observed the students entering the hall. He observed that it had turned cloudy. observe a rule 遵守规则 遵守规则 observe a person's birthday 庆祝某人的生日 举行仪式 某人的生日/举行 庆祝某人的生日 举行仪式

  11. Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project only+状语 副词、介词短语或状语从句等 状语(副词 状语 副词、介词短语或状语从句等) 放在句首时,须用倒装。 放在句首时,须用倒装。
  1).Only when teacher left the classroom did the students begin to talk.
  2).Only then did he realize his mistakes .
  3).Only because he was ill was he absent from school.
  4).Only in this way can we solve the problem.
直到那时,他才被叫进来。 直到那时,他才被叫进来。
was he asked Only then (he was asked) to come in.
直到老师来了,他们才停止说话。 直到老师来了,他们才停止说话。
did they stop Only the teacher came ( they stopped) talking.
Only the teachers are allowed to use this laboratory. Only five men were hurt in the accident.
only放在句首强调主语 语序不必倒装 放在句首强调主语, 放在句首强调主语

  12. respect (
  1)n. 尊敬;敬重 尊敬; have/show respect for sb./ sth. 对???的敬意 的敬意 Students should show respect for their teachers. The new officer soon won the respect of his men. (
  2) v. 尊敬,敬重 尊敬, respect sb./sth. for… I respect you for your honesty. respect oneself 自尊;自重 自尊; If you don’t respect yourself, how can you expect others to respect you.

  13. argue argument (
  1) argue with sb. about /over sth. 和某人争吵某事 We argued with the waiter about the price of the meal. (
  2) argue for 为…而辩论 而辩论 argue against 为反对 而辩论 为反对…而辩论 工人们为争取罢工的权力而辩论。 工人们为争取罢工的权力而辩论。 argued for the right to strike The workers . 一些人为反对自由贸易辩论。 一些人为反对自由贸易辩论。 argue against free trade Some people .

  14. She inspires those who want to cheer the achievements of women. 她激励着人们为妇女们的成就而欢呼喝彩。 她激励着人们为妇女们的成就而欢呼喝彩。 inspire inspire sb. to do sth. His spirit inspires us to work hard to achieve more in our life.

  15. research n./ v. (in, into, on ) I’m researching in Chinese history. do some research ( on / for) They are doing research on the effects of cigarette smoking.

  16. lead/live a …life She is leading a busy life. The rich lived a luxury life while the poor lived a miserable life. lead/live a good/happy/simple/quiet/full life

  17. She tried to sleep, but thoughts and images her mind. A. crowded in B. crowded out C. crowded around D. crowded with crowd in(on sb) crowd into sth be crowded with

  18. refer to The reporter referred to his experience in Britain during the war. 谈到 What I have to say refers to all of you. 涉及 Don’t refer to a dictionary often when you meet a new word. 查阅 He is referred to as a living Lei Feng. 称作??????? 把??????称作 称作

  19. Women were looked down upon in the old days. look down upon/on 瞧不起 look up to 敬仰 look forward to 盼望 look after 照顾 look into 调查 look out 小心 look through 浏览 look back 记起 look about/around 四处查看

  20. catch sb’s eye 引起 某人)注目 引起(某人 注目 某人 When I entered his new house, a beautiful picture caught my eye.

  21. second to He is second only to my own son in my affection. As a doctor, he is second to none.

  22. It was a small book explaining how to ... explain后接名词、代词、从句、wh后接名词、代词、从句、
+to do作宾语。 作宾语。 作宾语 explain不能跟双宾语结构 不能说 不能跟双宾语结构, 不能跟双宾语结构 explain sb. sth. 而只能说 而只能说explain sth. to sb.或explain to sb. sth. 或 He explained to us how to use the computer.

  23. care for (
  1) 喜欢 I don't care for tea. 我不喜欢喝茶。 我不喜欢喝茶。 (
  2) 照顾;照料;抚养 照顾;照料; Uncle Dick is very good at caring for sick animals. 狄克大叔照管生病的动物,很在行 很在行。 狄克大叔照管生病的动物 很在行。

  24. intend vt/n.
be intended for “为……而准备 预定” 而准备, 为 而准备 预定” intend to do /doing sth. “打算做 .” 打算做…. 打算做 had intended to do
  1). What do you intend to do /doing next?
  2). He intends no harm.
  3). The dictionary is intended for the students.
  4). Kate had intended to return home on Sunday evening but she couldn’t get a flight.

  25. …deliver a baby for a poor family… 为贫穷的家庭接生 be delivered of a baby: 生孩子 She was delivered of a healthy boy. 她生下一个健康的男孩儿。 她生下一个健康的男孩儿。
We can deliver goods to your doctor. Our monitor delivered an important report at the class meeting. She delivered the women.
oneself
sb to sth
doing

  26. devote
sth.
把…… 献给
他一生促进世界和平的发展。 他一生促进世界和平的发展。 He devoted his life to promoting the world peace. She devoted herself to her career.
devoted They are devoted to their children.

  27. carry on (with) sth. carry on doing sth.
解释为“进行 继续进行……” 解释为“进行……继续进行 继续进行
e.g Carry on with your work while I’m away. Carry on working while I’m away. carry out carry out a promise/a plan/an order

  28. come across I came across an old school friend in Oxford Street this morning. She came across some old photos in the drawer. come about 发生、 发生、产生 come along 到来 come out 出版、 出版、开花 长出地面、 长出地面、出来 come up 提出、 come up with 提出、想出 came across I a word I’d never seen before. 我碰到一个从来没见过的单词。 我碰到一个从来没见过的单词。 Can you tell me how the accident? came about 你能告诉我事故是怎样发生的吗? 你能告诉我事故是怎样发生的吗?
 

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