1.find it funny to see someone sliding……
形式宾语 宾语补足语 真正主语

  1. find it… to do 发现做 某事 很…… 发现做(某事 某事)很 他发现向父母解释自己的困境是很难的。 他发现向父母解释自己的困境是很难的。 it hard to his He found explain difficulties to his parents. 她发现学好英语是很重要的。 她发现学好英语是很重要的。 She found it very important to learn English well.
能用于这种形式宾语结构的动词还 等等。 有:feel, think, make 等等。 He makes it a rule to check his homework carefully. I don’t think it possible to do it.
宾语补足语可以是: )名词, )形容词, ) 宾语补足语可以是:
  1)名词,
  2)形容词,
  3) 不定式, ) 省to不定式,
  4)过去分词
  5)介词 现在分词 不定式 )介词
  6)现在分词
Make yourself comfortable. He made them work hard. I made myself understood. I made him outside the room.
形容词 省to不定式 不定式 过去分词 介词
She made his son studying all day. 现在分词 A lot of exercise made him a strong boy.名词
动词+宾语 宾语补足语 动词 宾语+宾语补足语。可以加宾语补足语 宾语 宾语补足语。 的动词有:感官动词: 的动词有:感官动词:see, watch, notice, find, observe, catch, hear, feel; 使役动词: 使役动词:get, have, make, let, keep leave, send. 我听到鸟儿在唱歌。 I heard birds singing. 我听到鸟儿在唱歌。 对不起, 让你久等了。 对不起, 让你久等了。 I am sorry to have kept you waiting so long.

  2. content
  1)adj. 满足的,满意的;
  2)vt. 使满足 满足的,满意的; 使满足;

  3)n.目录
  4)n. 所含之物 内容 所容纳的东西 目录 ) 所含之物;内容 所容纳的东西; 内容;所容纳的东西 She is content/satisfied with the job. The content of the book is on Page
  1. I will show you the content of my bag be content /satisfied with sth /sb; be content to do sth 做某事感到满意 你对你的工作满意吗? 你对你的工作满意吗? Are you content with your work? 她带在家里照顾孩子,感到非常满足 感到非常满足. 她带在家里照顾孩子 感到非常满足 She is quite content to stay at home looking after her children.

  3. worse off 穷的,缺少的;境况更差。 穷的,缺少的;境况更差。 我去她家一看,发现她的生活状况比我的更差。 我去她家一看,发现她的生活状况比我的更差。 I went to her home and found her living worse? ? condition was? off ?than? ___ ?__?___. ?__? mine 我们不应该因为穷而叫苦连天许多 我们不应该因为穷而叫苦连天 许多 人的家境更糟。 人的家境更糟。 We shouldn’t complain about being poor many families are much worse off.
原形: 原形 badly off : in a poor position, esp. financially 潦倒;穷困 潦倒; 反义词: 反义词:well off 他们贫困得根本谈不上度假。 他们贫困得根本谈不上度假。 They are too badly off to have a holiday. 实际上现在大多数人都比五年前要富裕。 实际上现在大多数人都比五年前要富裕。
better off than In fact most people are they were five yeas ago.

  4. The news astonished him. = It astonished him to hear the news听到这消息, 听到这消息, 听到这消息 他大吃一惊 astonish vt. 使惊异;使大为吃惊。 使惊异;使大为吃惊。 astonish sb. 使某人惊奇 这个消息令大家惊讶。 这个消息令大家惊讶。 The news astonished everybody. 我被那些巨大的声响吓了一条。 我被那些巨大的声响吓了一条。 I was astonished at/to hear the loud sound. 他出现在宴会上,使我们感到惊讶。 他出现在宴会上,使我们感到惊讶。 We were astonished that he appeared at the party.
be astonished at sth.对……感到惊讶 对 感到惊讶 be astonished to do sth.对做 对做……感到惊讶 对做 感到惊讶 be astonished that 从句 对……感到惊讶 感到惊讶
  5.entertain sb. (with sth.): 用sth.使sb.快乐 用sth.款待 快乐/用 款待 款待sb. 使 快乐 他在家里用美食招待客人。 他在家里用美食招待客人。 He entertained the guests with delicious food.

  6. Born
(adj.) 天生的
He is a born singer.

  7.in particular=particularly Be particular about…… 对…讲究的 挑剔 讲究的/挑剔 讲究的 的

  6.inspire sth. in sb. (=inspire sb. with sth.) 使某人产生某种感情,激发某人的某种感情。 使某人产生某种感情,激发某人的某种感情。 那位父亲激发了儿子的信心。 那位父亲激发了儿子的信心。 The father inspired confidence in his son. 他经常引起我们的厌恶。 他经常引起我们的厌恶。 He inspires dislike in us. [问题探究] We were inspired by his inspiring speech? 这句话如何翻译? 这句话如何翻译? 他那令人鼓舞的演讲令我们受到鼓舞。 他那令人鼓舞的演讲令我们受到鼓舞。
inspire sb. to sth./to do sth. 激励某人做某事。 激励某人做某事。 老师激励我们更加努力。 老师激励我们更加努力。 The teacher inspired us to work harder. The teacher inspired us to great efforts.

  7. worn-out adj. 不能再穿 用)的,穿旧的;筋疲力尽。 不能再穿(用 的 穿旧的;筋疲力尽。 他常穿一件破烂不堪的大衣。 他常穿一件破烂不堪的大衣。 He often wears a worn-out coat.

  8.be set in
为背景。 以……为背景。 为背景 这个戏剧的背景是伦敦。 这个戏剧的背景是伦敦。 The play is set in London. 那本小说以18世纪的巴黎为背景。 那本小说以 世纪的巴黎为背景。 世纪的巴黎为背景 The novel is set in 18th century Paris.

  9. fortunate adj. 幸运的,吉利的。 幸运的,吉利的。 be fortunate in doing 在……方面幸运 她很幸运嫁了一个好丈夫。 她很幸运嫁了一个好丈夫。 She is fortunate in having a good husband. be fortunate to do sth. 幸运的能做某事 我很幸运有健康的身体。 我很幸运有健康的身体。 I’m fortunate to have good health. It is fortunate that… ……是幸运的 说来幸运,他被恰好驶过的船救起。 说来幸运,他被恰好驶过的船救起。 It was fortunate that he was saved by the passing boat.

  10. be caught in 遇上,被绊住,受阻。 遇上,被绊住,受阻。 我们遇到了交通堵塞,开会来晚了。 我们遇到了交通堵塞,开会来晚了。 We were caught in a heavy traffic jam and arrived late for the meeting.

  12. try vt. & vi. 尝试,试行;设法;审 尝试,试行;设法; 案件); 理(案件 ; 案件 尽力做某事 try to do sth. 尝试着做某事 try doing sth. 他试着用酒精擦拭那污渣。 他试着用酒精擦拭那污渣。 He tried cleaning the spot with alcohol. 我要设法学会西班牙语。 我要设法学会西班牙语。 I’ll try to learn Spanish.

  13. mouthful n. 一口 -ful是一个后缀 , 加在名词之后 , 表示 “ 充 是一个后缀, 是一个后缀 加在名词之后, 表示“ 满的” 例如: 满的”。例如: 他喝了一口苦药,扮了个鬼脸。 他喝了一口苦药,扮了个鬼脸。 He took a mouthful of the bitter medicine and made a face. a handful of 一把 an armful of 一抱 a basketful of 一篮 a bucketful of 一桶

  14. outstanding adj. 突出的 ; 杰出的 。 突出的;杰出的。 例如: 例如: 显著的例子 an outstanding example 杰出人物 an outstanding person

  15. wave goodbye to somebody 向某人挥手告别 我挥手向他告别。 我挥手向他告别。 I waved goodbye to him. 我们向老师问好。 我们向老师问好。 We waved a greeting to the teacher.
耳语;私语;密谈。
  16.whisper v. 耳语;私语;密谈。 例如: 例如:
whisper sth. whisper to sb. whisper sth. to sb. whisper to sb. that… whisper that… It is whispered that…
他对她耳语,以避免让别人听到。 他对她耳语,以避免让别人听到。 He whispered to her so that no one else would hear. 她小声对我说她觉得很害怕。 她小声对我说她觉得很害怕。 She whispered to me that she felt very afraid. 传闻说他身患癌症。 传闻说他身患癌症。 It is whispered that he has cancer.

  17. V-ing做定语:分析并归纳 做定语: 做定语 动 A walking stick==a stick for walking 拐杖 名 A sleeping car==a car for sleeping 卧铺车厢 词 A waiting man== a man who is waiting 现 正在等待中的男人 在 分 The rising sun 正在升起的太阳 词 ==the sun which is rising
重点词组: 重点词组
be content with badly off pick out cut off star in knock into
交际英语
表达情感 (Emotion) ) I enjoy this very much because… I laugh at that kind of thing because… This is fun because… How wonderful/surprising!
It surprises me that…. I felt happy because… It’s amusing that…
重点句型: 重点句型:
  1. They stopped laughing at his theory when it proved to be correct. 当他的理论证明是正确后,他们不嘲笑了。 当他的理论证明是正确后,他们不嘲笑了。
  2. She finds it her duty to take good care of the children. 她觉得好好照顾孩子是她的责任。 她觉得好好照顾孩子是她的责任。
  3. He had slid into bad habits. 他不知不觉地染上了坏习惯。 他不知不觉地染上了坏习惯。
  4. They come to see me at times. 他们有时会来看我。 他们有时会来看我。

  5. Perhaps it makes us feel more content with our life because we feel there is someone else worse off than ourselves. 可能这会使我们对自己的生活更满足,因为 我们感到有人比我们跟不济。
  6. Everyone was astonished to hear the astonishing fact. 大家听到那令人吃惊的事实都感到震惊。
  7. He is famous for his readiness to help others 他因乐于帮助别人而出了名。

  8. Imagine you are hungry and all there is to eat is a boiled shoe. (试想一下)你肚子饿了,可供食用的仅有一 只煮熟的皮鞋。
  9. It’s easy to pick him out in a crowd because he is very tall. 很容易从人群中辨认出他,因为他个子很高。
  10. Then he cuts off the leather top of the shoe, treating it as if it were the finest meat. 然后他把鞋带上端的皮子切下来,就像是切 一块最好的肉。

  11. He makes it seem as if it were one of the best meals he has ever had! 这顿饭他吃起来就像是他所吃过的最美味一 餐!
  12. It happened that I had a lot of books on me that day. 碰巧那天我身上带了很多的书。
  13. I have already read the book twice, but I really want to read a third time. 这本书我已经看过两遍了,但我还想再看一 遍。

  14. She has no sense of time. 她没有时间观念。 Your brother has a good sense of humor. 你兄弟很有幽默感。 a sense of: “…感;…观念;……意识”。 a可以用any,no等代替。
 

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