高一英语必修一 期末试题
石油中学:许敏
(总分:150 分 总分: 考试时间: 分钟) 考试时间:90 分钟)
第一卷(三部分 共 85 分) 第一卷(
第一题:单项选择。 共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 第一题:单项选择。 ( 小题;
从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
  1. I need to get a part-time jobsome money for my school expenses. A. in order that earn B. in order to earn C. earning D. earn
  2. It wasn’t until we had sat down to eat we got back to the subject of Tom Holliday. A. when B. what C. that D. which
  3. Mr. Smith, who was eight-four years old, the Second World War and had a couple of adventures. A. went on B. went for C. went against D. went through
  4. Please the numbers and I’m sure they will more than 1,0
  00. A. add; add up B. add up; add up C. add up; add up to D. add to; add up
  5. It’s already 10 o’clock. I wonder how it that she was two hours late on such a short trip. A. came over B. came out C. came about D. came up
  6. The number of people invited fifty, but a number of them absent for different reasons. A. were, was B. was, were C. was, was D. were, were
  7. Mr. Hall understands that maths has always been easy for him, it is not easy for the students. A. unless B. since C. although D. when
  8. He all his important thoughts in his diary. A. set down B. set off C. set up D. set on
  9. It’s the third time he with her in a week. A. had quarreled B. quarreled C. has quarreled D. quarreling
  10. The film on the book by Jack London is well worth. A. basing; seeing B. based; being seen C. to be based; to see D. based; seeing
  11. They began to think about what use could be such materials. A. made up B. made from C. made of D. made out
  12. he is determined to do something, no one is able to persuade him to. A. If; give away B. Although; give in C. As long as; give out D. Once; give up
  13. We don’t need to do extra work this evening. The day’s work was almost now. A. at the end B. at an end C. at one end D. at our end
  14. In that big fire all their houses were, so they had to build new ones.
A. hurt B. harmed
  15. I’ve read all the books you gave me. A. who B. whose
C. injured C. whom
D. destroyed D. that
第二题:完形填空( 小题; 第二题 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,满分 30 分) 完形填空
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从
  36-55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Unfortunately man has killed wild animals, polluted rivers and cut down forests through the ages. But lately people are beginning to realize that their own lives depend on the way they treat “Nature and living things” in it. Man has 17 16 ways of showing his love to nature. He says he loves it, although he often
its beauty. While walking through the woods, how many times have we picked flowers, 18 wither(枯萎), we throw them away. That’s one
planted roots and all? Then later, as the of the reasons 20 19
many kinds of plants and flowers have become rare(稀少). Or have you 21 happens to
wondered where all the thousands of New Year trees come from and 22 are over?
them once the
Man destroys nature by polluting the air. That’s probably the greatest danger lives. The smoke from factories and surrounding vegetation(植被), it 25 24
23
our
from cars and trucks do not harm only the
our health, too. 26 fish that die by the
Man pollutes rivers, seas and oceans. Just think of the thousands because of polluted waters. Biologists have 27 that all kinds of wild life are 29 28
in the areas where they live.
Even the wolf, which we
dangerous and “bad”, plays an important role in nature. Here is 30 in one of the Great Lakes between Canada and
an interesting example. There is a large
the US. Early in this century many wild deer invaded(涌入) the island. Nobody knows how they 31 there. The deer multiplied(繁殖) until there were as many as 40000 on the island. They destroyed 32 of the vegetation on it. Finally as they couldn’t find enough 34 33 they began to starve 35 . The
and die. Then came the wolf:
knows how wolves got to the island, but they
wolves killed those deer that were easiest to catch?the sick, the weak and the old. So only the strong and the healthy animals were left. The island become green once again and there was enough food for the deer that were left.
  16. A. lovely
  17. A. harms
  18. A. stems
  19. A. what B. strange B. breaks B. branches B. how C. many C. injury C. leaves C. why D. much D. destroys D. flowers D. when

  20. A. still
  21. A. which
  22. A. years
  23. A. to
  24. A. waters
  25. A. effects on
  26. A. poor
  27. A. studied
  28. A. valuable
  29. A. consider
  30. A. field
  31. A. left
  32. A. a whole
  33. A. plants
  34. A. Nobody
  35. A. got
B. ever B. that B. meetings B. of B. smells B. efforts for B. weak B. developed B. need B. think it B. land B. got B. most B. rice B. Anybody B. went
C. even C. what C. parties C. about C. gases C. reasons for C. strong C. invented C. necessary C. regard C. mountain C. reached to C. more C. vegetation C. Somebody C. arrive
D. quite D. how D. holidays D. for D. whistles D. causes of D. ill D. discovered D. helped D. sound D. island D. arrived in D. more much D. food D. Everybody D. did
第三题:阅读理解( 小题; 第三题:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。
A
Richard Gray was a famous explorer(勘察者). He was also a millionaire. He had visited every country in the world. He had crossed Antarctica, flown across the Atlantic by balloon, and climbed Mount Everest. Last year he decided to walk across Death Valley, the hottest place on earth. He walked for days over the hot desert sand. One night he found the camp where he had been in the night before. Gray had walked in circle. He was lost. Two days later he had drank up all his water. He couldn’t walk. He crawled to the top of a sand dune(沙丘), and there he saw a man. The man was wearing smart clean trousers, a white shirt and a tie. Gray crawled over to him. “Water…water…,” he said. “I’m terribly sorry, old boy,” replied the man, “but I haven’t got any water with me.” “Help me!” shouted Gray, “I’m a rich man, a millionaire…I’ll give you anything.” “That’s very nice of you, old boy,” said the man, “Look, I can’t give you any water, but would
you like to buy my tie?” “A tie? Of course not!” Gray screamed and crawled away. He crawled slowly up the next sand dune. His mouth was full of sand. His lips were cracked and dry. He couldn’t breathe. He reached the top of the dune and there he saw a huge good hotel. Girls were swimming in the hotel. “It is a mirage(幻景)?” he thought “Am I dying?” He stood up and staggered(蹒跚) down the dune. A waiter in a shining white uniform came out of the door. “Water…water…a bath! Food!” screamed Gray. “I’m sorry, you can’t come into this hotel, ”said the waiter. “Why not? I’ve got plenty of money…I’m a millionaire.” “Ah, ” replied the waiter, “but you aren’t wearing a tie.”
  36. The famous explorer . A. had crossed Antarctica and the Atlantic by balloon B. had travelled all over the world C. had walked across Death Valley D. had ever been a millionaire
  37. Death Valley is . A. a valley where people may die from loss of water B. a dead place where people dare not go C. a terribly hot valley where people may die of heat D. a place’s name
  38. Two days later Richard Gray . A. was lost in a circle B. was drunk C. began to search for water in the desert D. crawled to the top of a dune to see a man
  39. At last Richard Gray . A. was not permitted to enter the hotel C. was very sorry for the waiter B You can not see any object unless light from that object gets into your eyes. Some of the things you see give off light of their own. The sun, the stars, a lighted lamp are examples that can be B. got some water to drink D. was dying
seen by their own light. Such things are luminous. Most of the things you see are not giving off light of their own. They are simply reflecting light that falls on them from the sun or some other luminous bodies. The moon, for example, does not give off any light of its own. It is non-luminous. You see it because sunlight falls on it and some of it reflects in our direction. So moon light is only second hand sunlight. When you look at a book, it sends to your eyes some of the light which falls on it, and you see the book. If light could be kept out from where you are so that there would be no light for the book to reflect, then you could not see the book even with your eyes wide open. Light travels so fast that the time in which it travels from the book you are reading to your eyes is so short as if there were no time at all. Light reaches us from the moon, which is about 380 000 kilometers away, in only a little more than a second.
  40. You can see the book because. A. your eyes are close to it C. it has light of its own B. your eyesight can get to it D. it reflects some of the sunlight

  41. The underlined word “luminous” means. A. visible B. all colors C. giving off light D. sunlight

  42. have light of their own. A. The sun and the moon C.The stars and the earth
  43. Which of the following is true? A. All the things you can see give off light. B. Light from the book is much shorter than that from the moon. C. Light travels so fast that there is no time for you to read. D. The moment you open your eyes the light from the book travels to your eyes. B. The sun and the stars D. The moon and the earth
C For thousands of years, we have looked for way to measure time. Early humans found that the regular movement of the sun, the earth, the moon and the stars made good ways to measure time. The rising and setting of the sun were used to distinguish(区别) day from night. But eventually, people needed to tell time more accurately, or exactly. So by using the sun’s position in the sky, they divided the day into dawn morning, midday and evening. Then it was noted that the sun cast a changing shadow(阴影) as it moved across the sky. Time could be told more accurately by setting up a stick and making the positions of the sun’s
shadow. It was the ancient Greeks who divided each position of this “sundial(日晷)” into hours. But the sun doesn’t always shine so. For the past 6000 years, many other ways of keeping time have been tried. Slow-burning candles were divided into hours, and the hourglass was invented. When all the sand in the top of an hourglass has shifted to the bottom, an hour has passed. Later, the pendulum(钟摆), with its regular back-and-forth movement of weights, was used to move the hands on a clock pendulums are still used in grandfather clocks. Today, even more accurate clocks are in use, such as battery-operated quartz clocks, digital clocks and clocks run by electrical turning forks and tiny atoms. These atomic clocks are the most accurate clocks ever invented. The exact time can be kept to within one second a century.
  44. When something is very exact, it is said to be . A. slow B. accurate C. fast D. of poor quality

  45. Humans in the old days used to tell day from night. A. the rising and setting of the sun C. atomic clocks
  46. A sundial works by . A. tracking the movement of the stars around the sun B. marking a shadow cast by the moving sun C. burning candle in the sunlight D. watching the stars
  47. Which of the following was NOT used in the past to measure time? A. An hourglass. B. A sundial. D Rome has the Forum. London has Speaker’s Corner. Now always-on-the-go New Yorkers have Liz and Bill. Liz and Bill, two college graduates in their early twenties, have spent a whole year trying to have thousands of people talk to them in subway stations and on busy street corners. Just talk. Using a 2-foot-tall sign that says, “Talk to me.” They attract conversationalists, who one evening included a mental patient, and men in business suits. They don’t collect money. They don’t push religion(宗教). So what’s the point? “To see what happens,” said Liz, “We simply enjoy life with open communication.” Shortly after the September 11, 2001 attacks, they decided to walk from New York City to Washington, a 270-mile trip. They found they loved talking to people along the way and wanted C. Digital clocks. D. A pendulums. B. battery-operated quartz clocks D. digital clocks
to continue talking with strangers after their return. “It started as a crazy idea,” Liz said. “We were so curious about all the strangers walking by with their life stories. People will talk to us about anything: their jobs, their clothes, their childhood experiences, anything.” Denise wanted to talk about an exam she was about to take. She had stopped by for the second time in two days, to let the two listeners know how it went. Marcia had lost her husband in a serious disease
 

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