人教版英语必修一 Unit 4 Earthquakes 重难点 Teaching aims and demands:
  1. Topic: Basic knowledge of earthquakes; how to protect oneself and help the others in disasters
  2. Useful words and expressions: shake, well (n.), rise, smelly, pond, pipe, burst, canal, steam, dirt, ruin, injure, destroy, brick, dam, useless, steel, shock, quake, rescue, electricity, disaster, army, organize, bury, coal, shelter, fresh, percent, speech, judge, honour, prepare; right away, (be) at an end, dig out, bring in, a (great )number of
  3. Functions: Talking about past experiences: I will never forget the day when the earthquake took place. The time was 5:15 in the afternoon and I was driving along the road. Sequence
  4. Grammar: The attributive clause (I) 由 that, which, who, whose 引导的定语从句 The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,0
  00. It was heard in Beijing which is one hundred kilometers away. Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. Aims
  1. 了解唐山大地震的有关情况;地震前发生的一些异常现象, 地震发生后对整个城市造成的 毁灭性破坏,以及随之而来的全国军民大救援等。
  2. 认识到这个道理:如果我们能够了解并认识地震前的预兆,就能提前做好准备,让更多 的人获得求生的机会,减少或避免不必要的损失。
  3. 进 一 步 练 习 阅 读 方 法 与 技 能 , 如 细 读 ? close reading ? , 总 结 、 归 纳 内 容 的 能 力 ?summarizing?,猜测词义的能力?word-guessing skills?
  4. 学习使用谈论过去经历的句子。
  5. 学习并掌握本课的词语、表达方式、语法结构。 重点词组: 重点词组: have time to do 有时间做某事 happen to do 碰巧做某事 shake hands with sb 握手 burst into tears/ laughter burst out crying/laughing 突然哭/笑起来 in ruins 成为废墟 cut across 穿过、横穿 blow away 吹走、刮走 fall down 倒塌 rescue workers 救援人员
be pleased to do 乐意做某事 make/ give a speech 发表演说 judging….from 根据……来判断 tens of thousands of 成千上万 dig out 挖掘 a great/ large number of =a great many/good 大量的 be trapped in/ under 陷入……/ 陷在……下面 the high school speaking competition 高中演讲比赛 have sb do sth= make sb do sth= let sb do sth 让某人做某事 come to an end (vi) = put/ bring sth to an end = put/ bring an end to sth 结束 某事 be proud of / take pride in 以……而自豪 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 think little of 对……评价低 invite sb for/ to sth think highly of 对……评价高 one-third 1/3 two-thirds 2/3 seventy-five percent 75% agree with sb give out 发出(气味等) ;分发;耗尽 agree to sth give off 发出(气味等) agree to do sth give away 赠送;泄露 agree on sth 达成一致意见 give back 归还 right away= right now= at once= immediately 立刻 as you know 正如你所知道的 be known as 作为……而知名 as is known to all 众所周知 be known for 因……而出名 as could be expected 正如可以预料到的 it is useless doing sth 干某事是无用的 happen= take place= come about= break out 偶发 有计划 偶发 战争等爆发 重点句子: 重点句子:
  1. It is always calm before a storm.
  2. Now, imagine there has been a big earthquake. 此句为 There be 句型
  3. Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. 现在分词表伴随
  4. It seemed that the world was at an end.
  5. Water, food and electricity were hard to get. 句型:主语+ be + adj + to do 其中 to do 用主动形式表示被动含义
  6. All hope was not lost. all 与 not 连用 表示部分否定

  7. It’s never too late to learn. 活到老,学到老。 附:分词用法 之 作定语 falling leaves 正在落的叶子 boiling water 正在沸腾的水 fallen leaves 已经落在地上的叶子 boiled water 开水 词汇讲解: 汇讲解:
  1. lie ?lay-lain (v.) : to be, remain or be kept in a certain state 处于某种状态 The village lay in ruins after the war. These machines have lain idle since the factory closed.
  2. in ruins: severely damaged or destroyed 毁坏 an earthquake left the whole town in ruins. His career is in ruins.
  3. number (n.): a quantity of people or things 数目;数量 数目; The number of people applying has increased this year. We were fifteen in number. a number of: a lot of I have a number of letters to write. A large number of people have applied.
  4. injure (v.): to hurt oneself/sb./ sth. physically 受伤 He fell off the bicycle and injured his arm.
  5. reach (v.): to achieve or obtain sth. 达成;达到;获得 达成;达到; You’ll understand it when you reach my age. At last we reached a decision.
  6. rescue (n.): an act of rescuing or being rescued 搭救;解救 搭救; A rescue team is trying to reach the trapped mines. Rescue (v.): to save or set free from harm, in danger, or loss 解救;救出 The rescued the man from drowning.
  7. trap(v.): in a place from which one wants to escape but cannot 困住;陷于绝境 困住; They were trapped in the burning hotel.
  8. all …not… = not all…: some but not all 一些;但不是全部 一些; Not all the girls left. =Only some of them left early. Not all the children are noisy. =Some of the children are not noisy. 全部否定应用: none of… None of us were allowed to go there. None of these reports is very helpful. 语法讲解: 语法讲解: 一 、 关系代词
  1. that 既可代表事物也可代表人, which 代表事物; 它们在从句中作主语或宾语, that 在从句中作宾语时常可省略关系词, which 在从句中作宾语也可以省略。 [eg: this is your book (which)you want。]而且,如果 which 在从句中作“不及物动词+介词”
的介词的宾语,注意介词不要丢掉,而且介词总是放在关系代词 which 的前边,但有 的则放在它原来的位置
  2. which 作宾语时,根据先行词与定语从句之间的语义关系,先行词与 which 之 间的介词不能丢
  3. 代表物时多用 which,但在带有下列词的句子中用 that 而不用 which,这些词 包括当先行词是 anything, everything, nothing ,few, all, none, little, some 等不定代 词时,或者是由 every, any, all, some, no, little, few, much 等修饰时等,这时的 that 常被省略 还有先行词前有序数词或形容词最高级修饰时,或先行词就是序数词或最 高级时.以及先行词中既有人又有物时.还有句中前面有 which 时,都只能用 that
  4. who 和 whom 引导的从句用来修饰人,分别作从句中的主语和宾语,whom 作 宾语时,要注意它可以作动词的宾语也可以作介词的宾语 二 、 关系副词 关系副词=介词+关系代词 why=for which where=to which when=during which whose=of which
  1. where 是关系副词,用来表示地点的定语从句
  2. when 引导定语从句表示时间[注]值得一提的是,表示时间“time"一词的定 语从句只用 when 引导,有时不用任何关系代词,当然也不用 that 引导 By the time you arrive in London, we will have stayed there for two weeks. I still remember the first time I met her. Each time he goes to business trip, he brings a lot of living necessities, such as towers, soap, toothbrush etc.
  3. whose 是关系代词,修饰名词作定语,相当于所修饰成分的前置所有格.它引 导的从句可以修饰人和物, 当它引导的从句修饰物体时, 可以与 of which 调换,表达 的意思一样.
  4. 当从句的逻辑主语是 some, any, no, somebody, anybody, nobody, something, anything, everything 或 nothing 时,常用 there is 来引导 There is somebody here who wants to speak to you. 这里有人要和你说话 Some exercises
  1. The teacher has two children, are doctors. A.both of them B. both of the children C,both of whom D. both of who
  2.Do you still remember the chicken farm we visited three months ago? A.where B. when C. that D.what
  3.George Orwell,was Eric Arthur,wrote many political novels and essays. A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name
  4.Madame Curie,forlife had once been very hard ,was successful later. A.whom B.whose C.which D.that
  5. Women drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of
having heart disease than those don’t. A. who; / B. /; who C. who; who D. /; /
  6.He was educated at a local grammar school,he went on to Cambridge. A. from which B. after that C. after which D. from which
  7.I still remember the persons and thingswe talked about last week. A.who B. whom C. that D. which
  8.The man,car was parked on the wrong side of the road ,had to pay a fine. A. whom B. his C. whose D. which
  9.He has to work on Sundays,he doesn’t like. A. and which B. which C. and when D. when
  10. Children, in my opinion,creative ability is unthinkably rich,is seldom taken notice of by us ,should be trained in that area. A. which; that B. which; which C, whose; which D. whose; that Answers: CCDACCCCBC
必选( ) 必选(
  1)Unit 4 Earthquakes 第一部分 基础练习 I. 词汇 a.选用所给单词的适当形式填空 选用所给单词的适当形式填空: a.选用所给单词的适当形式填空: burst, frighten, judge, organize, rescue, shake, ruin, destroy, injure, shelter, honour, disaster, electricity, prepare
  1. The flood a lot of houses and many people became homeless.
  2. After was cut off, the lights went out.
  3. always come suddenly and cause a lot of damage.
  4. The girl was speechless after she saw the terrible scene.
  5. A car accident happened with two people killed and one seriously .
  6. St. Petersburg was almost in after it was under attack for 900 days by the Germans.
  7. The rescue workers put up a lot of tents so that the homeless survivors could be .
  8. Next month a new monument will be built in of those who died in the terrible disaster.
  9. The river its banks and flooded the village.
  10. They were badly by the news of her death. b.词组识记 词组识记
  1. 对某人评价不好,对..不当一会事
  11. right away .
  2.臭气
  12. at an end
  3. 1000 公里以外
  13. burst into tears
  4.
  2/3 的人
  14. lie/ be in ruins
  5. ..的数量 .
  15. reach as many as 400,000
  6. 无法安全通行
  16. blow away
  7. 数以万计的
  17. instead of
  8. 救援人员
  18. be trapped under the ruins
  9. 挖出
  19. build shelters for survivors
  10. 又开始出现生机
  20. be proud of / take pride in II.语法 . a. 把下列句子改写成定语从句。 把下列句子改写成定语从句。

  1. I have a friend. He likes listening to classical music.
  2. Yesterday Emily was wearing the new dress. I gave it to her.
  3. The student’s article was published. I know the student.
  4. Betty is studying English very well. She has never been abroad.
  5. My grandparents live in a house. It is more than 100 years old. b. 用适当的关系代词填空。 用适当的关系代词填空。
  1. The building wall is white is my uncle’s house.
  2. I know the boy you are looking for.
  3. Will you please lend me the very book you bought yesterday?
  4. The student the teacher praised at the class meeting is our monitor.
  5. The season comes after spring is summer.
  6. This is the museum we visited last Saturday.
  7. Is this museum you visited last Saturday?
  8. I found some photos of interesting places were not far away from our city.
  9. The boy with John spoke is my brother.
  10. The girl leg was broken in the earthquake was taken to hospital. III.单项填空 .
  1. seen the film, so everybody wants to see it. A. All the students haven’t B. Any students haven’t C. As nobody has D. None of us has
  2. The river are covered with trees is very long. A. whose banks B. of which banks C. whose the banks D. the bank of which
  3. This is one of the best novels ever been written by him. A. that have B. that has C. which have D. which has
  4. Why don’t you a club? That will make you stronger and help you achieve your goal more quickly. A. organize B. make C. build D. discuss
  5. All big railway stations were filled with passengers at that time, were peasants. A. whose seventy percent B. seventy percent of them C. who seventy percent D. seventy percent of whom
  6. out for food. Some work in the tunnels as guards and workers. A. Not all the ants go B. All the ants not go C. Both the ants don’t go D. All the ants go
  7. Do you want to go biking with me? Yes .I’d love to. my bike is broken, I can go with you. A. But B. And C. Sorry D. Though
  8. were sent to hospital and the were buried. A. The injury, the death B. The injuring, the dying C. The injured, the dead D. The injured, the died
  9. About of the workers in that steel works young people.
A. third fifths, are B. three fifths, are C. three fifths, is D. three fifth, are
  10. He got in the battle. A. damaged B. harmed C. hurt D. wounded
  11. He the ladder when . A. fell down from, reaching an apple B. fell down, he reached for an apple C. fell off, he reached for an apple D. fell down from, reaching out an apple
  12. All the people present felt at the
 

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