Unit 1 Lifestyles Lesson
  1.
  1. complain v.抱怨、投诉、发牢骚[名词, complaint] He is always complaining. 他总是在抱怨。 complain of/about… 抱怨… They complained to the police about the noise of the expressway. 他们向警察抱怨高速公路上的噪音。 I have nothing to complain of/about. complain that… 埋怨说… She often complains that he is dishonest. 她常埋怨说他不诚实。
  2. take up ①占据、占用(时间、空间等) The table takes up a lot of space. I'm sorry I have taken up much of your time. ②拿起 He took up the pen and wrote some words on the paper. ③开始(工作等) He will take up his duties next week. 下周他就要开始履行职责。 She has taken up the piano. 她开始学起弹钢琴来了。 ④(跟着)一起唱、说等 to take up the song/cry
  3. be filled with… 充满着… The bag is filled with air. 那个袋子充满了气。 Her eyes were filled with tears. The result filled his heart with joy. 这样的结果使他心中充满了欢喜。
  4. bored adj.厌烦的 be bored with sth.对…厌烦 I am bored with his endless talk. bored 常指人的情感,boring 常指事情 如:a boring story, The story is boring.
  5. What kind of lifestyle do you think the men in the picture have ? 你认为图画中的这些人会有什么样的生活方式? do you think/believe/suppose/expect… 常在特殊疑问句中作插入语,该疑问句要用 陈述语序。
Who do you think he will ask for help? When do you think they will pay back our money?
  6. It takes me less than fifteen minutes to wash, get changed, have breakfast, leave home and get on a bus.从洗漱,穿衣,吃早饭,离开家到坐上公共汽车我只用 15 分钟。 It takes sb. some time to do sth.句型,意为“某人花多少时间做某事”。又如: It took me three hours to finish drawing this picture. get changed 换衣服、穿衣服
  7. I get to bed around mid-night when my wife and children are already asleep. 我一般半夜才上床睡觉,那时妻子和孩子们都早已进入梦乡。 关系副词 when 引导定语从句,在从句中作时间状语,修饰先行词 mid-night。 Lesson
  2.
  1. suffer n.遭受(痛苦),感到疼痛 suffer from… 遭受,忍受 He suffered a sharp pain in the stomach. 他胃疼得厉害。 She often suffers from headaches. 她常受头痛之苦。 Her health suffered from overwork. 她的健康因工作过度而受损。
  2. stand vt.忍耐,忍受(常用于否定句、疑问句中,一般不用过去时和被动语态) I can't stand this cold any longer. 我再也无法忍受这种寒冷了。 I can't stand sitting and doing nothing.
  3. prefer vt.更喜欢,宁愿 ①prefer(doing)sth. Tom preferred spending weekends by himself. ②prefer to do sth. She prefers to go to work on foot. 她更喜欢步行去上班。 ③prefer…to… (to 为介词,前后为并列的名词,代词或 v.-ing 形式)与…相比, 更喜欢… They prefer walking to cycling. 他们宁愿步行而不愿骑自行车。 He said he preferred the country to the city. 他说城市与农村相比,他更喜欢农村。 ④prefer to do…rather than do… 愿意做…不愿做… She preferred to go with us rather than stay behind. 她宁愿和我们一道去而不愿留下。 ⑤prefer sb. to do sth.宁愿某人做某事 They preferred her to learn art. Lesson
  3.
  1. graduate vi.毕业[名词,graduation] graduate from 从…毕业
I graduated from Harvard University in 19
  83. 我 1983 年于哈佛大学毕业。 n.[C]毕业生 undergraduate 大学生 postgraduate 研究生
  2. support v.①支持,支撑 Please support the ladder. 请扶着梯子。 ②扶养,维持(生活等) He supports a large family. 他维持一个大家庭的生活。 ③扶持,赞成(人,主义等) Nobody supports his idea. 没人支持他的意见。 n.①支持,支撑,支持物 ②支持,支援 ③扶养,生活费,维持生计者 Lesson
  4.
  1. crowded adj.拥挤的 be crowded with 挤满了… The bus was crowded with passengers. 那辆公交车挤满了乘客。 crowd n. 群众,人群 All the crowd were waiting for him to arrive. 所有群众在等他到场 (把群众视作整体时, crowd 当单数;侧重个体时为复数义) There was a large crowd in the park. a crowd of…=crowds of… 一大堆的,一大群的 There were crowds of(a crowd of)people in the street. in crowds 成群地
  2. otherwise conj.&adv.否则,另外 I went at once;otherwise I would not meet her at the station. 我马上过去了,否则在车站就见不到她了。 Hurry up, otherwise we will miss the train. 快点吧,不然我们会误了火车的。
Unit 2 Heroes WarmWarm-up calm adj.平静的,可用于指天气平静,无风的;海、湖等无风浪的;也可指人心境镇 定平静、宁静、无忧虑。 eg. The storm had passed and the sea became calm again. 暴风雨过去了,大海又恢复了往日的平静。 You should keep calm about what has happened. 对于所发生的事情,你要保持镇静。 辨析:quiet,silent,still 辨析 Δquiet 意“宁静的,静止的,文静的”等,常用来形容大海,街道,生活,时代,人等。 eg. a quiet sea 一片平静无浪的大海 a quiet evening 宁静的傍晚 to live a quiet life in the country 在乡间过着悠然自在的生活 quiet times 平静的时代 a quiet girl 文静的女孩 Δsilent 指人时,意“沉默无语的”;指物时,意“无声的,声音极小的”。 eg. He kept silent about the matter. 他对此事保持沉默。 a silent film 无声电影 a silent letter 不发音的字母 Δstill 不动的;静止的;无声的,有时同 quiet,但侧重指静止不动。 eg. Keep still while I comb your hair. 我给你梳头时,请不要动。 另外,calm 还可作动词,意“使…平静/平息/静下来”。 eg. Calm yourself! 请你平静下来 !(=calm down) The sea calmed down. 大海风浪平息了下来。 Lesson 1
  1. How do you feel about him?你认为他怎么样? 表示对人或事物的看法,态度;除此句型外,还有: How do you like/find…? What do you think of…? What's your opinion of…? What/How about…?
  2. China's first manned spaceship lifted off at 9 am. on Wednesday, October 15th, 2003…中国第一艘载人宇宙飞船于 2003 年 10 月 15 日星期三上午九点发射升空…… manned adj.载人的;人操纵的 manned space flight 载人的宇宙飞行 lift off 指(火箭,太空船等)升空,发射 lift vt.提起,举起,抬,吊
lift(up)a table 抬起一张桌子 This box is too heavy for me to lift. 这箱子太重,我搬不动。 lift(up)one's eyes to sth. 向上看
  3. The spaceship, called Shenzhou V, was carrying China's fist astronaut, Yang Liwei. 这艘命名为神舟五号的宇宙飞船当时上面正载着中国第一位宇航员杨利伟。 called Shenzhou V 为过去分词短语作定语, 修饰 the spaceship, 相当于定语从句 which was called Shenzhou V。
  4. When the spaceship separated from the rocket…当宇宙飞船与火箭分离时… separate from…意“与…分开”,separate 在此用作不及物动词;separate 常用于及 物动词短语 separate…from…,be separated from…,指把两个独立的个体分隔开。 eg. Separate the good ones from the bad. 把好的和坏的分开。 divide…into…常指把一个整体分成若干部分,意“把…分成…”。 eg. They divided the cake into 5 parts. 他们把蛋糕分成五块。
  5. Yang Liwei showed the flags of China and the United Nations, expressing the wishes of the Chinese people to explore and use space peacefully. 杨利伟向人们展示了中国和联合国旗帜,表达了中国人民和平探索和使用太空的希望。 expressing the wishes of…是动词-ing 形式短语作伴随状语,表示与上文动作 show 同时发生的动作或状态。
  6. Yang Liwei landed in Inner Mongdia safely.杨利伟安全降落在内蒙古地区。 land 在此作不及物动词,意“降落,上岸,登陆”。 eg. The plane will land in five minutes. 飞机将在五分钟后降落。 land 作及物动词,意“使降落,使上岸,使登陆”。 land the troops at a beachhead 把部队送上滩头阵地 land an aeroplane 使飞机降落
  7. When Shenzhou V let out its parachute. 当神州五号放出它的降落伞时。 let out“放出(水,气等),泄露” eg. He let the air out of the tyres. 他将轮胎的气放掉了。 Let the water out of the bathtub. 把浴盆中的水放掉。 Let out the secret. 泄露秘密。

  8. Helicopters were flying to where he would land, ready to collect him. 飞行员正飞往他要着陆的地方,准备去接回他。 ready to collect him 为形容词短语作伴随状语,又如: Crusoe stared at the footprints, full of fear. 克鲁索盯着那些脚印,心中充满了恐惧。
  9. He smiled and waved to the crowds waiting for him. 他微笑着向等候他的人群挥手示意。 waiting for him 为 v.-ing 短语作定语, 修饰 crowds, 相当于定语从句 who were waiting for him。
  10. I thought 21 hours was too short to stay in space. 我认为在太空呆 21 个小时真是太短暂了。 too…to do… 在此并不是表否定义“太…而不能…”,而表肯定义,表示很强烈的语 气。又如: I'm too happy to hear the good news. 听到这个好消息我真是太高兴了。 Lesson 2
  1. fight v. 战斗,打斗 fight for… 为…而战 fight against 与…斗争 fight with… 与…(并肩)战斗,与…战斗 Elizabeth Blackwell fought for women's rights. 伊丽莎白?布莱克威尔为妇女的权利而斗争。
  2. found vt.建立,成立。指组建组织,机构,政权,国家等。 Dr. Sun Yat-Sen founded the first republic of China. found a school/hospital 创办学校/医院 found a new city/factory 建立一个新城市(工厂)
  3. in one's opinion 依某人看来 在此短语中,opinion 用单数形式,也可用 in the opinion of sb.。 have a good/bad/high/low opinion of… 对…的评价很好/坏/高/低 opinion 可用复数形式,eg. political opinions 政见 Those are my opinions about the affair.
  4. equal adj.相等的,同样的 equal pay for equal work 同工同酬 equal opportunity 机会均等 two boys of equal height 一样高的两个男孩子 be equal to sth. 和…相同 One pound is equal to ten yuan. 一英镑等于十元人民币。
be equal to(doing)sth. 胜任的,经得起的 He is equal to(doing)the task. 他能胜任这项任务。 vt. ①等于 Three times three equals nine. 三乘三等于九。 ②比得上,敌得过 No one can equal him in strength. 没有人能在气力上比得过他。
  5. struggle n. 斗争,拼搏,奋斗,努力 the struggle for freedom 为自由奋斗 vi. struggle against/with… 与…斗争 struggle for… 为…奋斗 struggle against difficulties 与困难搏斗 struggle for power 争夺权力 The thief struggled to get free. 那个小偷挣扎着要脱逃。
  6. He made a famous speech there beginning with the words… beginning with…为 v.-ing 形式短语作定语修饰 speech,意“用…开始”,反义短语 end(up)with…。 The party began with a song. 晚会从唱一首歌开始。 Knowledge begins with practice. 知识从实践开始。
  7. He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 19
  65. 他于 1965 年荣获诺贝尔和平奖。 receive 在此意“接受,受到,领取”。 receive a good education 受到良好教育 receive a warm welcome 受到热烈欢迎 receive a Dr degree 被授予博士学位
  8. He retired in 1999 and now travels around the world, meeting leaders and talking about problems like AIDS. …,会见各国领导人并谈论有关艾滋病的问题。 meeting leaders…是 v.-ing 短语作伴随状语,又如: He sat in the armchair, reading the newspaper. 他坐在扶手椅上读报纸。 Lesson 3
  1. skilful adj.熟练的,有技巧的 be skilful with sth.
be skilful at doing sth. 做某事很熟练 He is not very skilful with his chopsticks/at using chopsticks. 他用筷子不太熟练。 skillfully adv. 巧妙地,技术好地 skilled workmen 有经验的工人 be skilled in doing sth.做某事熟练
  2. compete v.竞争,比赛(赛跑,比赛,考试等) to compete in a race 参加赛跑比赛 to compete against/with sb.… 与某人竞争 to compete for sth.… 为…竞争 competition n.竞争 competitor n.竞争者 competitive adj.竞争性的 skill n. 技能,技艺 skilled adj. 有训练的,有经验的,熟练的

  3. keen adj.热心的,渴望的 keen listeners 热心听众 He is keen to know the result of the exam. 他很想知道考试结果。 be keen about 喜爱 be keen on(doing)sth. 喜爱,渴望 be keen on(playing)table tennis
  4. It was full of drugs and violence. 那里毒品泛滥,暴力横行。 be full of… “充满…”,同 be filled with 相近。 The bag is full of money. 口袋里装满了钱。 The boss is full of anger. 那个老板心中充满怒意。
  5. In a recent interview, Venus spoke about the time when she and Serena were practising tennis and… 在最近的一次采访中,维纳斯谈到了她们当时训练网球时的那段时光…… when 为关系副词,引导定语从句,在从句中做时间状语。
  6. …so tha
 

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