Unit 3 Travel journal
Learning about language ?? by Jin Jiong
Useful phrases
dream of/about doing sth ① 梦想做某事 ② 说服某人做某事 persuade sb to do sth change one’s mind ③ 改变主意 insist that sb (should) do sth ④ 坚持主张 insist on/upon doing sth ⑤ 坚持做某事 be fond of 喜爱, ⑥ 喜爱,喜欢 care about 关心; ⑦ 关心;忧虑 give in 屈服, ⑧ 屈服,让步
Practice

  1. 王薇说服王昆买了一辆山地车 王薇说服王昆买了一辆山地车 说服 (mountain bike)。 )。 Wang Wei persuaded Wang Kun to buy a mountain bike.
  2. 如果你现在不走,我将会改变主意。 如果你现在不走,我将会改变主意。 改变主意 If you don’t go now, I will change my mind.

  3. He a policeman. A. dream of becoming B. dreams to become C. dreams of becoming D. dream to be

  1. Which kind of transport do you prefer to use: bus or train? 你更喜欢用哪种交通工具:巴士还是火车? 你更喜欢用哪种交通工具:巴士还是火车? transport 不可数名词,“运输 交通工具”。 不可数名词, 运输/交通工具 交通工具” 我朋友正在用我的摩托车, 我朋友正在用我的摩托车,所以我没有交通 工具。 工具
My friend is using my motor bike, so I have no transport.

prefer v. 更喜欢
更喜欢做… ① prefer to do… 更喜欢做 我更喜欢打篮球。 我更喜欢打篮球。 I prefer to play basketball. 我更喜欢旅游。 我更喜欢旅游。 I prefer to travel.
② prefer (doing)A to (doing) B : 比起 ) ) (做)B,更喜欢(做)A ,更喜欢( I prefer sleeping to learning. 比起学习, 我更喜欢睡觉。 比起学习 我更喜欢睡觉。 比起日本,我更喜欢老挝。 比起日本,我更喜欢老挝。 Laos Japan I prefer to .
③ prefer to do sth rather than (to) do sth 宁愿做……而不做 而不做…… 宁愿做 而不做 He prefers to stay at home rather than go shopping with his girlfriend. 他宁愿待在家里,而不是和他女朋友购物。 他宁愿待在家里,而不是和他女朋友购物。 我宁愿听音乐,而不是看电视。 我宁愿听音乐,而不是看电视。 to listen to I prefer music rather watch TV than .
在周末,我宁愿去旅游, 在周末,我宁愿去旅游,而不是待在家 我更喜欢使用火车,因为火车更安全。 里。我更喜欢使用火车,因为火车更安全。 比起山,我更喜欢大海。 比起山,我更喜欢大海。 prefer to At weekends, I travel to than stay at home. I prefer rather use train because the train is safer. I prefer seas to mountains .

  2.Think about the fare for different kinds of transport. fare n.多指旅行费用,如:车费、船费等。 多指旅行费用, 车费、船费等。 多指旅行费用 How much is the train fare? 火车票价是多少? 火车票价是多少? 他没有钱付火车费。 他没有钱付火车费。 He didn’t have money to pay the train fare.
price, cost 这些名词也有“价格 费用” 这些名词也有“价格,费用 费用” 之意。 之意。
price 指商品的价格。 指商品的价格。 What’s the price of this MP4? cost 指商品的生产成本。 指商品的生产成本。 What’s the cost of this MP4?
What’s he doing?
He is . eating
What’s he doing?
He is dancing .
Present Continuous He is eating. What tense is used? Tense
He is dancing. 构成: 主语+ 构成: 主语 be + doing
现在进行时
用法: 表示现在正在进行 动作或 正在进行的 用法: 表示现在正在进行的动作或行为 我们正在上一节英语课。 我们正在上一节英语课。 We are having an English class.
现在进行时表将来! 现在进行时表将来!

  1. I’m leaving tomorrow. 我明天要走。 我明天要走。
  2. He is coming back next week. 他下星期回来。 他下星期回来。
  3. She is visiting the Great Wall tomorrow morning. 她明天早上去参观长城。 她明天早上去参观长城。

  1)现在进行时可以表示将来,主要用于表示 )现在进行时可以表示将来, 将来 按计划或安排要发生的动作 要发生的动作; 按计划或安排要发生的动作 They’re getting married next month. 他们下个月结婚。 他们下个月结婚。 我们下星期没课。 我们下星期没课。 We are having no classes next week.

  2)能用现在进行时表示将来的动词不多: ) 用现在进行时表示将来的动词不多: 进行时表示将来的动词不多 ①表示位置变动的动词: come, go, leave, 表示位置变动的动词 arrive,return等 , 等 他们明天下午离开。 他们明天下午离开。 They are leaving tomorrow afternoon. ②表示交通的动词: fly, drive, travel, 表示交通的动词 take off等 等 他明天飞往法国。 他明天飞往法国。 He is flying to France tomorrow.
表将来的几种方式

  1)will / shall + 动词原形 ) 注意: 用于各种人称, 注意:will用于各种人称,shall一般用于第一 用于各种人称 一般用于第一 人称。 人称。 I shall be a father next year.
  2)be going to + 动词原形,表示最近的计 ) 动词原形, 划 We are going to have a party tomorrow.

  3)be to + 动词原形,表示按计划或安排将 ) 动词原形, 发生的 He is to marry her tomorrow.
Practice
根据句子大意及所给中文提示,完成下列英文 根据句子大意及所给中文提示 完成下列英文 句子(每空一词 每空一词)。 句子 每空一词 。 is coming
  1. Xu Song, a famous singer, __(要来 __(要来) to our school tomorrow. 要来) starting
  2. When your party is (开始 I want to know the exact time. 开始)? 开始 is
  3. He leaving (马上离开 Beijing. 马上离开 马上离开)
Practice
Translate
  1)我明天动身去北京。 )我明天动身去北京。 I’m leaving for Beijing tomorrow.
  2)我的朋友今晚过来。 )我的朋友今晚过来。 My friends are coming this evening.
  3)下周五我们飞往上海。 )下周五我们飞往上海。 We are flying to Shanghai next Friday.
 

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