Unit 17-18, SBⅡ Ⅱ 重点词语: 重点词语
  1.in high position 地位很高
  2.the South Pole南极
  3.the North Pole北极
  4.polar bear北极熊
  5.at the opposite end of 在……对面
  6.pull one's sled 拉雪橇
  7.be about do (do ) 正要(做)
  8. be just around the corner 就在附近,即将来临
  9.fall into 掉人
  10.in good health 健康状况良好
  11.stand on one's left leg 用左腿独立站好
  12.solo travel独自旅行
  13.blow away 吹跑;刮走
  14.knock sb. over. 把某人撞倒
  15.refer to 所指;参考
  16.rise to fame 名声大振
  17.the host of a talk show脱口秀主持人
  18.so far 到目前为止
  19.in history 在历史上
  20.fight for chances 设法寻找机会
  21.best of luck to you 祝你好运
  22.without a strong plan 没有详细的计划
  23.always be the very best 总是做到最好
  24.share with与……分享
  25.lie to 位于……
  26.be made up of 由……组成
  27.be surrounded by 被……环绕
  28.be famous for 因…闻名
  29.such as 例如
  30.take possession of 拥有…
  31.refer to 参考;所指
  32.in relation to与…有关
  33.be marked with 标有……记号
  35.stand for 代表
  36.make up 占据空间
  37.plenty of 大量;许多
  38.be native to 原产于……
  39.be careful in (在某方面)仔细
  40.prepare for … 为……作准备 难点讲解: 难点讲解
  1.inspire 【用法】vt. 激励;鼓励 例如: His deeds greatly inspired his schoolmates.他的行为极大地激励了他的同学. 【相关链接】
  1)inspiring adj. 激励人心的 例如:The speaker's words were inspiring.演讲者的话很具有感召力.
  2)inspired. adj. 受到鼓舞的 例如:The inspired soldiers threw their caps into the air, shouting,"Long live the Public!"受到鼓舞的士兵将帽子抛向空中,大声喊着:"共和国万岁!"
  3)inspiration n. 激励的人的人或事物 例1:My father is always an inspiration to me父亲对我来说总是一个鼓励者 例2:The motto is an inspiration to many of us. 这个"座右铭"对于我们许多人来说是一种激励.
  2. mean 【用法一】adj. 地位卑下的;出身微贱的 例如:All the maids were mean in Dreams of the Red Chamber 《红楼梦》中所有的丫环都是地位卑微的人 【用法二】adj. 吝啬的 例如:Her husband is rather mean over money.她的丈夫对钱相当吝啬. 【用法三】adj. 破烂不堪的 例如:They used to live in mean house in a mean street.他们以前住在一条鄙陋街道上的一幢破烂 不堪的房子里.
  3. tense 【用法】adj.紧张的 例1:Her legs felt tense after running.跑步后,她感到双腿肌肉紧张. 例2:He looks tense with anxiety.他因焦虑而显得紧张. 例3:The situation became tense suddenly.形势一下子变得紧张起来了. 【相关链接】
nervous adj.紧张的(只指人的精神状态) 例如:She felt nervous when asked about that.当被问到那件事时,她紧张起来了.
  4. increase 【用法一】vt. & vi.增长 例1:Her absence increased our difficulty in doing the experiment.她的缺席增加了我们做这次试验 的难度. 例2:The number of the students in my class has increased to
  58. 我班学生人数已经增长到了58位. 【用法二】n./'inkri:s /增多;增加 例1:The population increase makes the government feel hard. 人口的增长让政府甚感棘手. 例2:We have got a steady increase in production.我们的生产在稳步增长. 【相关链接】 increasing adj. 不断增长的 例1:The increasing traffic problems are troubling the city people.不断增长的交通问题一直在困扰 着市民. 例2:The shopkeeper feels happy at the increasing income.对于日益增多的收益,店老板乐开了花.
  5.threaten 【用法一】vt.威胁;恐吓 例1:The boss threatened to dismiss Lucy if she didn't obey him.老板威胁露西,如果她不服从,就 要开除她. 例2:The secretary received a letter threatening to murder the manager.秘书收到一封信,信中扬言 要谋杀经理. 【用法二】vt.& vi.预示;将要发生 例1:The gathering black clouds are threatening a storm.天空中乌云密布,这预示着风暴要来了. 例2:Knowing that a folld threatens, all the villagers are trying hard to get everything ready.知道一场 洪水将要来临,所有的村民都在努力做好一切准备. 【相关链接】
  1)threat n. 恐吓;威胁 例如:I'm not afraid of their threat.我不惧怕他们的恐吓.
  2)threat n.恶兆 例如:There was a threat of rain in the dark sky.乌云密布的天空有下雨之兆.
  6.support 【用法一】vt.支持 例如:We firmly support their struggle for human rights.我们坚决支持他们为人权而进行的斗争. 【用法二】vt.支撑 例1:Whales have no strong bones to suport their heavy bodies on land.鲸没有结实的骨骼在陆地上 支撑其沉重的身体. 例2:The hall is supported by six large columns.这个大厅由六根大圆柱支撑着. 【用法三】vt.养活 例如:He has a large family to support.他要养活一家子人. 【用法四】n.支持 例如:I hope to have your support in the election.我希望在这次选举中得到你的支持.
  7.affect 【用法一】vt.影响 例1:Parents' words and deeds affect their children a lot.父母亲的言行对小孩的影响极大.
例2:Some plants are quickly affected by cold.有些植物很快就受到了寒冷气候的影响. 【用法二】vt.感动;打动 例如:The students were much affected by her story.同学们被她的事迹深深地感动了. 【用法三】vt.(疾病)感染 例如:His wound was affected badly.他的伤口受到严重的感染.
  8.lie 【用法一】vi. 平躺(不规则动词,其过去式,过去分词为lay,lain) 例如:lie on one's back/side仰/侧卧 【用法二】v. 展现,伸展 例如:A bright future lies ahead.前途是光明的. 【用法三】v. 位于 例1:London lies on the River Thames.伦敦位于泰晤士河畔. 例2:There lies a temple at the foot of the mountain.山脚下有一座庙. 【用法四】v. & n. 说谎(规则动词) 例1:You are lying to him!你在对他说谎! 例2:They said she told lies to everyone.他们说她对任何人都说谎. 【相关链接】
  1)lie down 躺下 例如:Go and lie down for a while.去躺一会儿.
  2)lie in 在于 例如:The answer lies in two facts.答案在于两个事实.
  3)lie on 依赖,压迫,取决于 例如:It lies on us to accomplish the task.完成这项任务是我们的责任.
  4)lie up 卧床休息 例如:You'd better lie up for a few more days.你最好再多休息几天.
  5)lie有时后面跟形容词,表示所处状态. 例如:The book lay open on the table.那本书打开着,放在桌子上. 【相关链接
  1)lay v. (laid,laid)放,搁;产卵,下蛋 例1:He laid the book on the table and left.他把书放在桌上就走了. 例2:The hens lay ten eggs every day.这些母鸡每天下十个蛋.
  2)liar n. 撒谎者 例如:A liar is not believed when he tells the truth.说惯假话的人说真话时也没有人会相信.
  9.run 【用法一】v. 跑,奔,逃跑 例1:I ran as quickly as I could.我拼命地跑. 例2:The enemy ran away. 敌人逃走了. 例3:We ran to his aid. 我们跑去帮他. 【用法二】v. 竞赛,竞选 例1:run for Congress 参加国会议员竞选 例2:run for mayor 竞选市长 【用法三】v. (机器)运转 例如:The engine runs perfectly well.这台发动机运转十分良好. 【用法四】v. 流淌,滴 例1:The river runs thick.水流浑浊. 例2:The child's nose is running.孩子在流鼻涕.
【用法五】v. 变得 例如:The little pond has run dry.那个小池塘已经干涸. 【用法六】v. (车辆)行驶 例1:The buses run until twelve.公共汽车12点收班. 例2:Are there any trains running to Sichuan from here从这里到四川有火车吗? 【用法七】v. (道路)延伸,延续 例如:The street runs from south to north.这条街是南北向的. 【用法八】v. 经营,管理 例如:They run most of the stores here.他们管理着这里的大部分商店. 【用法九】v. (颜色)褪色 例如:When I washed the blouse, the color ran. 我洗这件衬衫,褪了色. 【相关链接
  1)run after 追逐,追求 例如:If you run after two hares, you will catch neither.不能脚踏两只船.
  2)run away from 从……跑掉;逃避 例如:He ran away from school. 他逃学了.
  3)run out (某物)被用完 例如:We decided it would be best to go home before our money ran out.我们认为最好在把钱用 完之前回家.
  4)run out of 用完(某物) 例如:We ran out of coal, and had to burn wood.我们用完了煤,只好烧木柴.
  5)run into 无意间碰到,和……相撞 例如:I ran into him now and then.我不时碰见他. 【相关链接
  2】 runner 赛跑的人 runway跑道
  10.some 【用法一】adj. 一些,若干,几个(可以修饰可数名词和不可数名词) 例1:Please bring some coffee without sugar.请来点儿不加糖的咖啡. 例2:Ask some boys to help you.叫几个男孩帮帮你. 【用法二】adj. (修饰单数名词)某个(人或物)= a certain 例1:There must be some mistake.准是出了什么差错. 例2:I suggested to Red that we should go to some hotel.我向瑞得建议我们该去找个旅店. 【用法三】pron. 一些 例如:Some of the trees can be cut each year for firewood.一些树每年可以被砍作柴火. 【用法四】adv. 大约,与about同义 例如:It happened some thirty years ago.这件事大约发生在三十年前. 【相关链接
  1】 some more 再来一点,更多 【相关链接
  2】 somebody/someone 某人,有人 something 某事,某物 sometimes 有时 somewhere 在某处
  11.surprising 【用法】adj. 令人惊奇的 例1:What you have just told me is very surprising.你刚才告诉我的事真让人吃惊.
例2:Is there anything surprising about it? I don't think so. 有关这事有什么让人吃惊的?我认为没有. 【相关链接】 surprising和surprised的区别:surprising和surprised都是由surprise派生来的形容词,但surprised是 "吃惊的","感到惊奇的". 例如:He didn't notice the surprised look on her face.他没有注意到她脸上吃惊的表情.
  12.shock 【用法一】v. 使震惊 例如:He was shocked at her smoking. = Her smoking shocked him.她抽烟使他震惊. 【用法二】v. 使触电 例如:He got shocked when he touched the wire.他一摸电线就触电了. 【用法三】n. [C]震动,冲击 例1:Three shocks of the earthquakes were felt last night. 昨晚感觉到三次地震. 例2:The news was a great shock to Marie.那个消息给了玛丽很大的震撼. 【相关链接】 shocking adj. 令人震惊的
  13.majority 【用法】n. 大多数(常和the连用) 例如:The majority of people in the town want to encourage new industry in the areA.城里的大 多数人想在该地区鼓励新工业的发展. 注意:majority 作主语时,谓语动词可以是单数,也可以是复数,其反义词是minority.
  14.share 【用法一】v. 合用,分享 例1:We share a small room between us.我们俩共用一个小房间. 例2:She never shared any of her husband's worries.她从不分担丈夫的任何忧愁. 【用法二】v. 分配,均分 例3:Mother is sharing the cakes to make sure that every boy gets some.母亲正在分蛋糕,确保 每个男孩都吃到一些. 【用法二】n. 分得的一份,应承受的一份 例1:You have had more than your share of this apple-pie. 你吃的苹果派比你应得的分量多. 例2:You must take your share of the blame.你必须接受批评. 【相关链接】 take one's share 尽自己的一份责任
  15.ship 【用法一】n. 大船 例如:They are making a ship.他们在造一艘大船. 【用法二】n. 全船的人 例如:The whole ship was given liberty.全船的人都自由了. 【用法三】v. 用轮船运送 例如:I'm flying to America but my car is being shipped.我正乘飞机去美国,而我的汽车用船 运到美国. 【相关链接
  1】 by ship 坐船 例如:They went by ship to New York.他们乘船去了纽约.
  2】 warship 战船 spaceship宇宙飞船 steamship轮船 shipbuilding造船业 shipyard造船厂
  16.lie down lie down躺下 例如:Having done all the housework, she lay down in bed. 做完所有的家务后,她躺在床上休息了. 注意:课文中的On November 12 the storm lay down.(十一月十二日风暴停下来了. )这个句子中 的lay down是引申意义.
  17.make a decision make a decision 做出决定 例1:Finally he made a decision that he would give up the plan.他终于做出决定要放弃计划. 例2:Children should be encouraged to make their own decisions.应当鼓励孩子自己去做出决定.
  18.go down go down(太阳)落山 例如:When the sun is going down, the whole farm looks more beautiful.当太阳落山时,整个农场 看起来更美了. 【相关链接】
  1)go down(价格)跌落 例如:The price of beef has gone down finally.牛肉的价格终于下降了.
  2)go down(指海洋,风暴)平衡;平息 例如:The rough sea finally went down.波涛汹涌的海面总算平静下来了.
  3)go down 受欢迎 例如:The film HERO went down well.《英雄》这部影片很受观众欢迎.
  19.refer to refer to所指;谈及;提及 例1:I was not referring to her when I said so.当我那么说时,我并不是指她. 例2:The boy you referred to is my seatmate.你刚才谈到的那个男生是我的同桌. 【相关链接】
  1)refer to 参考;咨询 例如:While he was writing the essay, he referred to some other books.在写那篇论文时,他参考了 其他一些书籍.



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