I feel strongly that I can make it.
我坚信我一定能成功。
高一英语导学提纲( 高一英语导学提纲(三)
M1 Unit 1 Word power and Grammar Teaching goal: 帮助学生了解定语从句的基本概念和基本用法 Teaching important points: :
  1.帮助学生掌握定语从句的定义
  2.帮助学生熟记定语从句的关系词及基本用法
  3.帮助学生了解领悟关系词的作用 Teaching difficult points: :
  1.如何帮助学生了解领悟关系词的作用
  2.如何帮助学生正确使用关系词 Teaching procedures: : (一)课前导学 阅读课本 P6-P11 完成下列练习
  1.在课本中找出列短语并查阅字典翻译成中文 (
  1)think of (
  10)make a speech (
  11)relative pronouns (
  12)leave out (
  13)be used for (
  2)go straight on (
  3)all year round (
  4)attributive clause (
  5)function as (
  6)graduate from (
  7)be able to (
  8)speak fluent Chinese (
  9)develope an interest in
  2.阅读 Grammar and usage 部分,回答下列问题 ⑴什么叫定语从句? ⑵组成定语从句的三要素是什么? (二)质疑讨论 一、定语从句的基本概念 由一个句子作定语,修饰句中一个名词或代词,有时也可以修饰整个句子或句中的部分内 容,这样的从句就是定语从句,被其修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。定语从句通常放在先行词的 后面。 二.关系词 关 系 词 所 指 先 行 词 在 从 句 中 所 担 成 分
1
that which 关系 代词 who whom whose as 关系 副词 when where why
事,物,人 事,物 人 人 物,人 事,物,人 时间 地点 原因
主,表,宾 主,宾 主,宾 宾 定 主,表,宾 状 状 状
三.关系词的作用
  1.代替先行词;
  2. 在定语从句中充当成分;
  3.连接先行词与定语从句。 四.关系词的基本用法 (一)who / whom / whose
  1.who 在定语从句中指人,作主语或宾语。 (
  1)That is the man who taught us physics. 那就是那个教我们物理的人。 (
  2)A boy who lived next to my house come in. 一个住在我们隔壁的男孩进来了。
  2.whom 也是指人,但在从句中作宾语。 (
  1)Do you know the woman (whom) they are talking about? 你认识他们正在谈论的那位妇女吗? (
  2)He is a man whom we should learn from. He is a man from whom we should learn. 他是一个大家都应当学习的人。
  3.whose 在定语从句中作定语, 表示“某人的……”或 “某物的……”,可以用来指人, 也可以指物。 (
  1)He went there with a man whose son was a driver. 他和一位儿子是司机的人一起去那里。 (
  2)We came up to the house whose window was broken. 我们走到那间窗户坏了的房子跟前。 (二)which which 在定语从句中指物,在从句中可充当主语、动词宾语、介词宾语。
  1.This is the room which faces south. 这就是那间朝南的房子。
  2.I found the book (which) he gave me the other day. 我找到了他那天给我的那本书。
  3.We visited the factory which he worked in. 我们参观了他工作的那个厂子。
  4.They bought a new car, the price of which is reasonable. 他们买了一辆新车,它的价格还可以。 (三)that
(
  14)independent study (
  15)make good use of (
  16)for fun (
  17)upon finishing his studies (
  18)donate … to …
I feel strongly that I can make it.
我坚信我一定能成功。
that 在定语从句中可以指人(相当于 who 或 whom), 也可以指物。在从句中作主语、 谓语动词的宾语或介词的宾语。但在作介词宾语时,介词不能放在 that 前面。
  1. The boy that /who is on our school team is hurrying to school. 那个是校队队员的男孩正匆忙赶往学校。
  2.I recognized the man (that) you talked about last night. 认出了你们昨晚谈论的那个人。
  3. The present (that) I received this morning was from my uncle. 我今天早上收到的那个礼物是我叔叔送的。
  4.The school(that)we work at is a good one. 我们所工作的那个学校是个好学校。 特别提醒:关系代词 which/whom/that/who 作宾语时,可以省略,但是 whom 和 which 作介词 宾语时,它们则不可省略。 三、反馈矫正 用正确的关系代词填空
  1. He paid me $10 for washing ten windows hadn't been cleaned for at least a year.
  2. She heard a terrible noise brought her heart into her mouth..
  3. The famous doctor an old nurse is talking to is leaving for Africa next month.
  4. After living abroad for years, he eventually returned to the quiet small town he lived in for ten years.
  5. These old pictures bring to their mind the college days they spent together.
  6. Ancient Rome was a country culture influenced the western world for centuries
  7. The place the guests were taken to see was the newly-built workshop.
  8. The old lady had a son and two daughters all treated her well.
  9. Is this the plan they are against?
  10.Asian-Americans population is increasing rapidly will become an important minority in the USA. 四、迁移创新 Rewrite each pair of sentences, using an attributive clause.
  1. This is the school. I studied in this school five years ago.
  2. In this school there are about 30 foreign students. The foreign students have come to study Chinese.
  3. These students like the school very much. Their parents have come to China for business.
  4. The teaching building looks nice. The building was put up last year.
  5. The man is the headmaster. The man is standing in front of the school library.
2

  6. Next to him stands a girl. The girl's name is Tina.
  7. Tina is a student. She won a prize in the writing competition.
  8. Tina likes reading novels. The novels were written by Charles Dickens.
  9. Tina is the host of the school's radio club. The club was started two years ago.
  10. Students like the school news. The radio club broadcasts school news. 单项选择
  1.This is the student has something important to tell you. A. which A. whom I saw him A. who B. whom B. whom I saw B. whose C. whose C. which I saw C. whom D. who D. who I saw him D. which
  2. This is the man last night.
  3.He talked about the schools he had visited.
  4.This is the best book . A. that have ever been written C. that has written A. and that A. about that you talked C. which you talked
  7. This is the most difficult book. A. what I have read it C.I have read
  8. The place was the Science Museum. A. we visited C. which we visited to A. what A. which B. whom B./ B. where we visited D. we went C. who C. who D. that D. that B. which I have read it D. I have read it B. which B. that has ever been written D. that have written C. whose B. that you talked D. that you talked about D. whom

  5. The comrade you spoke to is a model worker.
  6. Can you lend me the dictionary the other day?

  9. The things you have to do is to press the button.
  10. Is this the factory you used to work in two years ago? Which one is NOT TRUE?
 

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