高中英语课文
第一册(上) 第一单元
Goals (目标)

  1. Talk about friends
  2. Practise talking about likes and dislikes
  3. Learn to make apologies
  4. Use Direct Speech: He says,”…”
  5. Use Indirect Speech: She said that… She asks if / what /who/where/ how…
  6. Write an e-mail
WARMING UP
What should a good friend be like? What qualities should a good friend have? Should they be funny, smart or strong? Use the words in the box below to describe a 5-star friend. You can use other words if you like. kind honest brave loyal happy wise strong beautiful rich smart funny handsome
LISTENING
Listen to the two friends arguing. 1 What are they arguing about? Write down what you hear. 2 What do you think they should to to solve their problems? Write down the possible solutions.
LISTENING
Listen to the two friends arguing. 1 What are they arguing about? Write down what you hear. 2 What do you think they should do to solve their problems? Write down the possible solutions. Situation 1 Problem: Peter is often Solution: I think Peter should Situation 2 Problem: Ann usually Situation: I think Ann should Situation 3 Problem: Solution:
SPEAKING
Work in pairs. Read about the following people and fill in the form. Decide who you think could be friends and give reasons for your decisions.
JOHN: I’m 15 years old and I love football. I also like reading, especially stories about people from other countries. I don’t enjoy singing, nor do I like computers. I think that rock music is terrible. ANN: Hi I’m Ann. I’m 16 and I like dancing and computers. I also like rock music. I hate hiking and I’m not into classical music. I don’t enjoy reading too much. STEVE: I’m 14 years old and I love skiing. Other favourite hobbies are reading and singing. I don’t like hiking. I think that rock music is too loud, and I think that football is boring.
PETER: I’m from Australia. I’m 15 and I’m fond of singing. I sing a lot, and when I’m not singing, I listen to rock music or use my computer. I don’t like football and I think that classical music is terrible. I hate dancing! SARAH: My name is Sarah and I’m 14 years old. My interests are reading novels, playing football and singing songs. I think that rock music is terrible, and I don’t like dancing. I don’t enjoy computers either. JOE: Hi there. I’m Joe. I really like computers. I surf the Internet all the time and I like playing computer games. I don’t enjoy football and I hate hiking. Rock music is OK, and so is skiing.
Make a list of their age, gender, likes and dislikes.
Name Age Gender Likes Dislikes
John Steve Peter Ann
Sarah Joe
Useful expressions
I’m sure that… I’m not so sure that… I thin that… Perhaps… He / she likes… He / She enjoys... He / She is fond of… He / She loves… He / She doesn’t like… He / She doesn’t enjoy… He / She thinks that…is boring / terrible. He / She hates…
PRE-READING
Imagine that you are alone on an island. You have to survive without friends and all the things you use in your everyday life. Which of the items in the box would be the most useful to you on the island? List the three most useful items and explain why you think they would be useful
a knife a box of matches a hammer a book a mirror a radio a frying pan a rope a gun a compass a saw an umbrella
1 I think that would be the most useful, because I could use it to , to, and to . 2 I also think that would b e useful, because I could use it to, to , and to .
3
.
READING
CHUCK’S FRIEND In the movie Cast Away, Tom Hanks plays a man named Chuck Noland. Chuck is a businessman who is always so busy that he has little time for his friends. He is a successful manager in a company that sends mail all over the world. One day Chuck is on a flight across the Pacific Ocean when suddenly his plane crashes. Chuck survives the crash and lands on a deserted island. On the island, Chuck has to learn to survive all alone, He has to learn how to collect water, hunt for food, and make fire. Perhaps the most difficult challenge is how to survive without friends. In order to survive, Chuck develops a friendship with an unusual friend ? a volleyball he calls Wilson.
Chuck learns a lot about himself when he is alone on the island. He realises that he hasn’t been a very good friend because he has always been thinking about himself. During his five years on the island, Chuck learns how to be a good friend to Wilson. Even though Wilson is just a volleyball, he become fond of him. He talks to him and treats him as a friend. Chuck learns that we need friends to share happiness and sorrow, and that it is important to have someone to care about. He also learns that he should have cared more about his friends. When he makes friends with Wilson, he understands that friendship is about feeling and that we must give as much as we take.
A volleyball is certainly an unusual friend. Most of our friends are human beings, but we also make friends with animals and even things. For example, many of us have pets, and we all have favourite objects such as a lucky pen or a diary. The lesson we can learn from Chuck and all the others who have unusual friends is that friends are teachers. Friendship helps us understand who we are, why we need each other and what we can do for each other.
POST - READING
Discuss the following questions in groups. 1 What things must Chuck learn to survive on the island? 2 What does Chuck learn about himself when he is alone on the island? 3 If you were alone on an island, what would you do in order to survive? 4 Imagine that four people are in an airplane that is going to crash. One is a policeman, one is a doctor, one is a teacher, and one is a scientist. There is only one parachute. Decide who should get the parachute and explain why.
LANGUAGE STUDY
Word study Fill in the blanks with the words and phrases you have learnt in this unit. 1 My friend is . He never tells lies. 2 I like pop music. She likes music, but we are good friends. 3 I think a good friend should not only share happiness, but also with me. 4 Although Father and I often with each other, we are good friends.
5 Many people keep dogs as pets because dogs are regarded as friends to people. 6 If you were alone on a deserted island, you would have to learn to collect water and __food. 7 The young man is very history. He reads books about it almost every day. 8 She is a girl. She is never afraid of anything. 9 There will be many people at the theatre, so we will go there early __ get good seats. 10 If someone is quick in mind and action, we say he is smart.
Grammar
Direct and Indirect Speech(
  1) ? Statement and Questions Direct Speech: “I like reading adventure stories,” said John. Indirect speech: John said that he liked reading adventure stories. Direct Speech: “I don’t like computers,” Sarah said to her friends. Sarah told her friends that she didn’t like computers.
Direct Speech: “Ann, have you seen my blue notebook?” Peter asked. Indirect Speech: Peter asked Ann if she had seen his blue notebook. Direct Speech: “How can you do that?” Mary said to Ann. Indirect Speech: Mary asked Ann how she could do that.
Direct Speech: “What difference does it make?” Peter asked Jim. Indirect Speech: Peter asked Jim what difference it made. 1 Turn the following sentences into Direct Speech or Indirect Speech. EXAMPLES: “I will never forget this interesting lesson,” said Paul. Paul said (that) he would never forget that interesting lesson. Steve told Joe that he liked skiing. “I like skiing,” Steve said to Joe.

  1. “I’m very glad to visit your factory,” said the
  2.
  3.
  4.

  5.
visitor. The woman told us that she did not like American movies very much. “There’s something wrong with the front wheel,” said Uncle Wang. The teacher told the students that they were going to have a meeting at three o’clock. “When shall we go outing this autumn?” the students asked.

  6. She said that she would try to finish
reading the book by the end of this week.
  7. “Mum has gone to the supermarket,” the daughter said to her father.
  8. Sarah’s friend asked her if she was going to mail the gifts to her parents.
  9. “Why were you so excited today?” Tom asked Bob.
  10. Sandra asked her friend how she could solve the problem.
2 Suppose you are on the island with Chuck and Wilson (the volleyball). Chuck often “talks” to Wilson, but he can’t hear what Wilson says, so you have to tell Chuck what Wilson says in Indirect Speech. Read the conversation. Can you guess what Wilson says? Write down what Wilson says, using Direct Speech as in the example. EXAMPLE: WILSON: Can we talk, Chuck? YOU: Chuck, Wilson asks if he can talk with you. CHUCK: Yes, sure. We can talk.
CHUCK: I know, I know. You are angry with me. You think we should wait longer, but we have waited long enough already. WILSON: Why do you want to leave the island? YOU: CHUCK: I want to leave the island because I miss my friends. WILSON: YOU: CHUCK: Yes, you are my friend, but I miss the others WILSON: YOU: CHUCK: We have been here for almost five years. WILSON: YOU:
CHUCK:
How will we leave? We will wait for the wind to change. Then we will go out over the reef.
WILSON: YOU: CHUCK: Yes, it might be dangerous, but we have to try. We can’t stay here any longer. WILSON: YOU: CHUCK: Of course I will take care of you. WILSON: YOU: CHUCK: I am scared, too.
INTEGRATING SKILLS
Reading and writing Do you know that you can use the Internet to make friends? You may know that a pen friend, or pen pal, is someone you write letters to. But what is an e-pal, or key pal? Yes, you guessed it! An epal is someone you write e-mail to. E-mail is faster and cheaper than letters, so you can write to your e-pals every day and you don’t have to wait for a letter to arrive. Just write your message and click it away! Read the following e-pal ads. Write an email to one of them.
Hello everyone, I’m Jane. I live in South Carolina. I like painting. I’m 15 and I’m a student. I like talking and joking around and I like to listen to rock music! I am looking for e-pals from any country. Hi. My name is Jack. I am tall and I have blue eyes. I like sports. I play soccer. I love to make people laugh. I love singing and dancing. I am honest and I like to have fun. I like talking to people. If you’re interested in being friends. drop me a line.
Writing an e-mail message
An e-mail is less formal than a letter, but there are still a few things to keep in mind. Write the topic of your message on the subject line. Keep your e-mail as short as possible. Check your e-mail for spelling errors and other mistakes. Write your name at the end of your message.
Grammar Direct and Indirect Speech(
  1)
When you change a sentence from Direct Speech to Indirect speech, you sometimes change the verb tense. “I broke your CD player.” He told me that . You often need to change pronoun forms in order to keep the same meaning. “Are you sure you didn’t do anything to this?” He asked . You do not change the tense when reporting things that are always true. “A friend in need is a friend indeed,” Mother said to me. Mother told me .
 

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