Unit 4 Earthquakes
【单元导航】 单元导航】 Moved by mother’s great love She had died when the rescuers found her.She was buried by the crushed house.Through gaps of those ruins,we can see her last posture(姿态).Being on her knees,the upper part of the body was prostrate (趴着的) forward,with her hands on the ground to support her body.That was something like an ancient who was kowtowing. The rescuers confirmed her death by touching her through the gaps of ruins.They shouted at the ruins again and again,knocked the bricks using the crowbar(铁棍), but no response inside. Then the rescuing team went to next building,suddenly the leader ran back, calling “come here”.He came to the body,stretched his hands under the woman, feeling and touching,then shouted loudly “there is someone,a baby,still living” . Through some efforts,rescuers cleaned up the ruins carefully which blocked her.Under her body lay her baby,who was wrapped in a small red quilt with yellow flowers scattered in red.He was about 3 or 4 months’ old.Since well protected by mother’s body,he was totally safe.He was sleeping on both ears when the rescuer carried him out,and his lovely and peaceful face warmed everyone around him.The doctor along with the rescuing team unfastened the quilt to check if the baby was all right,and he found there was a mobile phone filled in the quilt.The doctor looked at the screen subliminally,a written message was already there: “My dear baby, if you could live,don’t forget how much I love you”.As a doctor,he experienced too much of parting forever;but at this moment,he wept.The mobile was passed, every person who saw this message shaded tears.
Section One Warming Up and Reading
  1.Who can remember what happened in Yushu,in Qinghai Province in the year 2010? A terrible earthquake broke out there on April 14th.More than 2,200 people were killed.
  2.Do you know any other natural disasters?
tornadoes;typhoons/hurricanes;volcano eruption;drought;floods;etc.
  3.Can you tell some famous land earthquakes? (
  1)Pakistan Earthquake:On October 8th,20
  05,a terrible earthquake which measured
  7.6 on the Richter scale happened in Pakistan,Afghanistan and India.And Pakistan was the most serious?affected country,in which 38,000 people died,62,000 people injured and 25,000 people were homeless.(
  2)San Francisco:On October 17,19
  89,an earthquake measuring
  7.1 on the Richter scale struck San Francisco.(
  3)The Wenchuan Earthquake in 20
  4.Do you know why an earthquake happens? The plates are moving constantly.Sometimes these two plates stop and do not move for years.Then suddenly,they jump and an earthquake happens.As a result of the movement of these plates ,west America near the sea has always been a bad place for earthquakes.
  5.What do you think may happen before an earthquake? Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide.Fish jumped out of bowls and ponds.The chickens and even pigs were too nervous to eat.The dog barked loudly again and again.People could see bright lights in the sky. Ⅱ.速读课文, Ⅱ.速读课文,回答下列问题 速读课文
  1.What happened?
  2.Where did it happen?
  3.How long did it last?
  4.Who helped to rescue the trapped people? Ⅲ.精读课文, Ⅲ.精读课文,回答下列问题 精读课文
  1.概括每一部分的大意 Part 1(Para.
  1):Before the earthquake,strange things began to happen but no one took any notice of them. Part 2(Paras.
  3):The earthquake destroyed the city of Tangshan and shocked
the people very much. Part 3(Para.
  4):The army came to help the survivors,bringing hope for a new life.
  2.True or false? (
  1)People in Tangshan were warned of the earthquake and didn’t go to bed that night.(F) (
  2)People in Beijing also felt the earthquake.(T) (
  3)More than 400,000 people were killed in the earthquake.(F) (
  4)Many rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins during the aftershock.(T) (
  5)People tried to get fresh water from under the ground in Tangshan.(F)
  3.完成下列表格 Main idea northeast Hebei. The water in the wells (
  2)rose and (
  3)fell. Signs before the earthquake (Para.
  1) A (
  4)smelly gas came out of the cracks. The chickens and even the pigs were too (
  5)nervous to (
  6)eat. Mice (
  7)ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. Fish about (
  8)jumped out of their bowls and ponds. At about (
  9)3∶00 a.m. on July 28,19
  76,people saw (
  10)bright lights in the sky. At (
  11)3∶42 a.m.,the (
  12)greatest earthquake of the 20th century began. (
  13)Steam burst from holes in the ground. Damage caused by earthquake (Paras.
  3) Hard hills of rock became rivers of (
  14)dirt. (
  15)Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves. Two (
  16)dams and most of the bridges fell. The railway tracks were now (
  17)useless pieces of (
  18)steel. (
  19)Sand now filled the wells instead of water. Water,food,and (
  20)electricity were hard to get.
  4.填入正确的数据 (
  1)1/3 of the nation felt the earthquake. (
  2)A huge crack that was 8 kilometres long and 30 metres wide cut across houses, roads and canals. (
  3)In 15 terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. (
  4)2/3 of the people died or were injured during the earthquake. Details (
  1)Strange things were happening in the countryside of
  5)The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,0
  00. (
  6)All of the city’s hospitals,75% of its factories and buildings and 90% of its homes were gone. Ⅳ.与同桌讨论、 Ⅳ.与同桌讨论、理解下列长难句并尝试翻译成汉语 与同桌讨论
  1.Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. 句子结构分析:现在分词短语 looking for places to hide 在句中表伴随,作伴随状语。 翻译:老鼠从地里跑出来找地方藏身。
  2.It seemed as if the world was at an end! 句子结构分析:It seemed as if 是固定句型结构,意为“看起来像是……”。 翻译:看起来像是到了世界末日!
  3.Water, food,and electricity were hard to get. 句子结构分析:本句的结构是:主语+be+adj.+to do,其中 to do 用主动形式表示被 动 含义。 翻译:水、电和食物都很难弄到。
  4.All hope w as not lost. 句子结构分析: all 与 not 连用表示部分否定。 翻译:并不是所有的希望都破灭了。 Ⅴ.根据下列提示复述课文 Ⅴ.根据下列提示复述课文 sign damage rescue ??|????|????|??→ before... during... after...
Section Two Language Points
farmyards, to eat.
  1. In the farmyards,the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat.在 农家大院里, 农家大院里, 鸡甚至是猪都紧张得不想进食。 鸡甚至是猪都紧张得不想进食。
He is too excited to speak. 他太激动了,说不出话来。 They reached the station too late to catch the train. 他们到火车站太迟了,没赶上火车。 以上句式用了 too...to 结构,意思为“太……而不能……”,表示否定意义。但是当 too...to...用来修饰表示态度、情绪、倾向等的形容词时,如 anxious,eager,glad, happy,
pleased,ready,willing 等,不定式为肯定意义。 He remarked he was too delighted to visit our city. 他说他很高兴访问我市。
  1)这个箱子太重,提不起来。 The box is too heavy to lift. (
  2)老师们很乐意接受对他们的教学方法提出的建议。 Teachers are too glad to accept the suggestions on their teaching method. city, burst.在市内,
  2. In the city,the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst.在市内,有 些建筑物里的 水管爆裂了。 水管爆裂了。
He felt he would burst with anger and shame. 他恼羞成怒,都要气炸了。 The dam burst under the weight of water. 大坝在水的巨大压力下溃决了。 He burst into the room without knocking. 他没敲门就闯进了屋子。 The sun burst through the clouds. 太阳破云而出。 The words burst from her in an angry rush. 她脱口说出了那一堆气话。 There was a burst of laughter in the next room. 隔壁房间突然爆发出一阵笑声。 burst 既是名词也是动词,意为“爆炸;猛冲;爆发;突然出现”。 burst into 突然闯入,突然……起来,后接名词 burst into tears/laughter 突然哭/笑起来 burst into a room(闯)进房间 burst out 突然开始,后接 v.?ing 形式;(战争、疾病等)突然发生(=break out) burst out crying/laughing 突然哭/笑起来 burst in 突然插嘴,打断谈话;突然来到
  1)He suddenly burst into tears/burst out crying (哭了起来). (
  2)The audience burst into cheers/burst out cheering (爆发了一阵欢呼声). (
  3)The war burst out/broke out (爆发). end!仿佛到了世界末日!
  3. It seemed as if the world was at an end!仿佛到了世界末日!
①You look/looked as if you had seen a ghost. 你的神色看起来像撞到鬼了。 ②He looks as if he were an artist. 看上去他好像是个艺术家似的。 ③She speaks English so fluently as if she had studied English in America. 她讲英语很流利,就像在美国学习过似的。 ④It seems as if it’s going to rain. 看起来好像要下雨了。 ⑤It seemed as if he wasn’t satisfied with your work. 看来他好像对你的工作不满意。 as if 系从属连词, 意为“好像”。 根据情况, if 从句中可使用真实语气, as 如例句④⑤, 表示事实如此;从句也可用虚拟语气,如例句①②③,表示事实并非如此。as if 从句表 示 的动作如果指现在的动作, 从句的谓语用一般过去时(be 用 were); 如果表示过去的动作, 从句中用过去完成时;如果指将来,则用 would+动词原形。 as if 从句的主语如果和主句的主语一致,同时从句的谓语中含有 be 的某种形式,这时 可以 把从句的主语和 be 省去,后面保留介词短语、分词短语或不定式短语等形式。 He shook his head as if to say “No”.他摇了摇头,似乎想说“不”。 When he had finished,he waited as if for a reply. 讲完后,他等着,仿佛在等一个答复。 He looked around as if for help. 他环视四周,好像在寻求帮助。
  1)It seems as if she all. A.had read C.read 答案 A
the novel but in fact she’s never heard of it at B.has read D.would read whether he was
  2)The man we followed suddenly stopped and looked as if going in the right direction. A.seeing C.to see 答案 C B.having seen D.to have seen
  3)Eliza remembers everything exactly as if it A.was happening C.has happened 答案 D B.happens D.happened
  4. Two?thirds of them died or were injured during the earthquake.三分之二的人在 地震中受 伤或死去。 伤或死去。
I was injured in a street accident. 我在一次车祸中受了伤。 John fell off the tree and injured his back. 约翰从树上摔下来把背部摔伤了。 injure,词性为动词,意为“损害,伤害”。 injury n.伤害,损伤 injured adj.受伤的 the injured 受伤的人;伤员(表示一类人) injure,hurt,wound, injure,hurt,wound,harm (
  1)injure 多指造成容颜、机能的损害;在事故中受伤。 (
  2)hurt 一般指精神上或肉体上受到伤害,有强烈的疼痛感。 (
  3)wound 指(人)在战斗、攻击中受伤。 (
  4)harm 常 用 于 口 语 , 一 般 用 作 及 物 动 词 , 表 示 “ 对 …… 有 害 / 损 害 ” 。
吸烟太多会损害你的健康。 You will harm your health by smoking too much. ruins. 秒内,
  5. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins.在可怕的 15 秒内,一座 大城市就沦为了 废墟。 废墟。
He wanted to become a doctor but his mother’s death was the ruin of his hope. 他想当医生,但他母亲的死使他的希望破灭了。 She poured water over my painting and ruined it. 她把水浇在我的画上,将画毁掉了。 We visited the ruins of the temple. 我们参观了那个庙宇的遗迹。
The castle is now in ruins. 城堡现在已成废墟。 ruin 动词或名词, 意为“毁灭, 毁坏”, 其复数形式 ruins 意为“废墟, 遗迹”, ruins in 意为“成为废墟”。 bring sb. to ruin 毁灭某人 come/go to ruin 毁灭
The fire left the temple A.ruin 答案 D B.in ruin
. C.ruins D.in ruins
Everywhere destroyed.所见之处,
  6. Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed.所见之处,几乎一切都 被毁了。 被毁了。
①His dog follows him everywhere he goes. 无论到哪里,他那条狗总跟着他。 ②I can’t find my pen though I’ve looked everywhere. 我到处找那支钢笔,可就是找不到。 ③Everywhere seemed silent. 万籁俱寂。 ④Fire destroyed the forest. 大火烧毁了森林。 ⑤The heavy storms destroyed a good part of our crops. 几场暴雨把大部分庄稼都毁坏了。 在例①中,everywhere 用作连词,引导状语从句,意为“无论何处”;在例②中词性是 副 词,意为“到处,处处”,在例③中词性是名词,意为“每个地方”。在例④⑤中, destroy 词性是动词,意为“破坏,毁坏,消灭”。
destroy,damage, destroy,damage,ruin (
  1)destroy 指彻底的损坏,常含不能或很难修复的意思。destroy


高中英语 新人教版必修1 Unit1 Friendship同步教材导学 学案 说课可参考

   Unit 1 Friendship riendship 【单元导航】 单元导航】 World War Ⅱ In 1933, the Jewish population of Europe stood at over nine million.Many European Jews lived in the countries that Nazi Germany would occupy or influence.By 1945,nearly two out of every three Eur ...

高中英语 Unit1 Friendship(教材导学) 新人教版必修1

   riendship Unit 1 Friendship 【单元导航】 单元导航】 World War Ⅱ In 1933, the Jewish population of Europe stood at over nine million.Many European Jews lived in the countries that Nazi Germany would occupy or influence.By 1945, nearly two out of every three Eu ...


   Unit 4 Earthquakes 基础落实 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 1.The machine is driven by electricity . 2.A great many houses were destroyed in the earthquake and many people became homeless. 3.The hurricane left the whole city in ruins . 4.It trapped my coat in the ca ...

高中英语必修1 Unit4 Earthquakes同步测试(人教新课标)

   高中英语必修 同步测试(人教新课标) 高中英语必修 1 Unit 4 同步测试(人教新课标) 一,单项选择 1. The rich not always happy. A. is B. are C. has D. have 2. About of workers in that steel works are young people. A. third-fifths B. three-fifths C. three-fives D. three-fifth 3. I've told him ...


   2010 年《高考优学》 英语 高考优学 ? 优学》 目 第一部分 教材梳理 必修一 Unit 1 Friendship 单元要点预览 语言要点 词语辨析 词性变化 重点单词 重点词组 重点句子 课文要点 课文词汇填空 课文大意概括 课文佳句背诵与仿写 单元自测 Unit 2 English around the world 单元要点预览 语言要点 词语辨析 词性变化 重点单词 重点词组 重点句子 课文要点 课文词汇填空 课文大意概括 课文佳句背诵与仿写 单元自测 Unit 3 Travel ...

高中英语必修1教案Unit 4 Earthquakes1

   为您服务教育网 http://www.wsbedu.com/ Unit 4 Part One: Teaching Design (第一部分:教学设计) Period 1: A sample lesson plan for reading (A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN’T SLEEP) Aims To listen and talk about natural disasters To read about earthquakes Procedures I. Warming ...


   免费英语资源下载, 中学英语之家 免费英语资源下载,无需注册 无需点数 http://www.hsehome.net Teaching plan for unit 4 Earthquakes Teaching aims and demands: 1. Topic: Basic knowledge of earthquakes; how to protect oneself and help the others in disasters 2. Useful words and express ...

高中英语 Unit 4 Earthquakes测试题

   Unit 4 I. 单项填空 单项填空 Earthquakes 从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项. 1. The river by half a meter when it rained last week. A. raised B. rose C. raises D. rises 2. Yesterday Anne her leg in a car accident. A. wounded B. hurted C. injured D. was hurt 3. ...

高中英语人教版 Book1 Unit_4_Earthquakes

   Unit 4 Earthquakes Period 1 Warming up and reading 莆田第十三中学 吴碧云 Ⅰ.Warming up ◆ How many disasters of nature can you think of? flood 洪水 forest fire 森林火灾 typhoon 台风 snow storm 暴风雪 tsunami 海啸 sandstorm 沙尘暴 tornado 龙卷风 debris flow 泥石流 earthquake 地震 hail ...

高中新教材第一模块高一英语Unit4 Earthquakes

   高中新教材第一模块高一英语 Unit4 Earthquakes 一, 说课标 在英语教学中落实新课程标准, 就是贯彻执行国家教育部关于课程改革的决定. 新课程 标准的三维教学观,具体到英语学科就是要整合发展学生语言技能,语言知识,情感态度, 学习策略和文化意识五个方面的素养,培养学生综合运用语言的能力. 《基础教育课程改革 纲要》中明确指出: "教师在教学才过程中应与学生积极互动,共同发展,要处理好传授知 识与培养能力的关系,注重培养学生的独立性和自主性,引导学生质疑,调查,探究, ...



   用流利的英语介绍中国的特色 1. 元宵节: Lantern Festival 2. 刺绣:embroidery 3. 重阳节:Double-Ninth Festival 4. 清明节:Tomb sweeping day 5. 剪纸:Paper Cutting 6. 书法:Calligraphy 7. 对联:(Spring Festival) Couplets 8. 象形文字:Pictograms/Pictographic Characters 9. 人才流动:Brain Drain/Brai ...


   www.woxia.net 考研英语历年真题重点词组与词汇 【衍】 ANALYZE ANALYST ANALYTIC ANALYZABLE The analysis of the samples on the murder spot showed some valuable clues to the police. 对谋杀现场标本的分析为警察提供了一些有价值的线索。 approach 接近,靠近 解析: 【注意】approach 后面接地点、人物和目标时是及物动词,否则是不及物动词。作及物动 ...


   首先,我想说的这也是我目前想说的和要面对的.如果我说话有不对的地方还请各位口下留情! 1.觉得自己基础差,没地方下手.(我学英语专业的工作三年后觉得退步了,也有这种想法,呵呵.) 2.没有恒心和毅力.(英语是枯燥无味的,今天发狠话从明天开始不玩了,一定好好学英语,到明天时还是这么一句话) 3.不知道要用什么方法和教材.(英语教材资料很多,又不知道什么才是适合,唉,本来英语就不好,选起来是不是很为难?) 4.零散的时间不想用,整时间又没有.(白天有白天的事,晚上累了想睡觉,看英 ...


   2006 年 6 月 17 日大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试卷 1 / 26 声明:本资料由 考试吧(Exam8.com) 收集整理,转载请注明出自 http://www.exam8.com 服务:面向较高学历人群,提供计算机类,外语类,学历类,资格类,会计类,工程类,医学 类等七大类考试的全套考试信息服务及考前培训. 2006 年 6 月 17 日大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试卷 试卷一 密封条由考生亲自启封 注意事项 一、将自己的校名、姓名、学校代号、准考证号写在答题纸和试卷二上。将 ...


   1. at the thought of 一想到…    2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论    3. at will ...