Unit 2 Language points for reading
重点单词 [词条1]base [课文原句] It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. (Page
  10) [点拨] base在这里作动词,意为“以……为依据”,常 用于短语be based on或者base on 又如: The film is based on a novel written by Ernest Hemingway. One should always base his opinion on facts.
[拓展] ●base还可作名词,意为"基部;基地;基础 "。例如: we camped at the base of the mountain. 我们在山脚下扎营。 ●basic为形容词,意为"基本的;基础的; 初级的"等。例如: ①Before you go skiing, you should learn some basic knowledge of it. ②My knowledge of German is pretty basic.
[词条2]recognize [课文原句] Although many Americans move a lot, they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects. (Page
  13) [点拨] [ ] recognize在这里意为"辨认出"。又如: She changed so much that I hardly recognized her.
[拓展] recognize还可意为"承认;认可;意识到; 公认"。例如: we recognized her to be a good teacher. we recognized her as a good teacher. We recognized that she was a good teacher.
[词条3]fluent [课文原句] For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 19
  47. (Page
  10) [点拨] fluent意为"流利的;流畅的"。be fluent in 又如: She has stayed in Japan for ten years, and she is fluent in Japanese. 她在日本呆了十年,她的日语很流利。 [拓展] fluent的名词形式为fluency,副词为fluently。例如: The foreigner spoke Chinese fluently and I was amazed at the fluency.
[词条4]identity [课文原句]
The letter gave a separate identity to American English spelling. (Page
  10) [点拨] identity意为"本身;本体;身份"。又如: The identity of the killer is still unknown. [拓展] ●identity card或ID card意为"身份证"。 ●identify为identity的动词形式,意为"认出;鉴定"。 例如: The woman was asked to identify the criminal (罪犯).

  1.n. 命令,指令 We should obey the teachers’ commands.
  2. to direct, to order 指挥,命令,指令 Command sb. to do sth. Command that …(should) do sth. 虚拟语气 The teacher commanded that he go out of the classroom . 老师命令他走出教室。

  1. adv. 笔直的,径直的 Go straight home after school .
  2.adj. 直的,坦诚的,正直的 I don’t think you are straight with me. 我觉得你没跟我坦诚相待。

  7. present: adj.

  1) 当前的 现在的 (作前置定语 当前的, 作前置定语) 作前置定语
Did you see the present national leaders? Can you tell us something about the present situation?

  2) 出席的 在场的 作表语或后置定语 出席的, 在场的(作表语或后置定语 作表语或后置定语)
Our teacher was present at the meeting. All the people present agree to my plan.
n. 目前 现在 礼物 目前, 现在;
I can’t spare time because I am busy at present. What present did you receive from your parents?
vt. 赠与 赠给予present 赠与,
sth. to / with sb
Mother presented a gift to me just now.
重点短语 [词条1]because of [课文原句]
Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries. (Page
  9) [点拨] because of 意为“因为;由于”。后加名词,代词,动名词。 如: He is absent today because of his illness. (n.) They are here because of us. (pron.) He was published by the teacher because of making mistakes. (v-ing)
[拓展] because of与thanks to的区别: 前者为普通用语,比其他短语更口语化,后者 意为“多亏”,通常用于好的方面。 ①Because of the mistakes he made, he was punished by his father. ②Thanks to the government’s help, we can build a new school now.
[词条2]come up [课文原句] I’d like to come up to your apartment. (Page
  10) [点拨]句中的come up在这里意为"走近;上来"。又如: Come up to the front of the classroom so that everyone can see you. [拓展] come up还可意为"被提及,被讨论;(太阳m月亮)升起"等。 例如: ①Your name came up in our conversation once or twice. ②The sun had come up by the time I finished my work.
[词条3]make use of [课文原句] So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. (Page
  10) [点拨] make use of意为"利用;使用"。又如: We should make use of every chance to practice our English.
[拓展] ●make full /good use of"充分利用"。例如: We must make full use of the resources we have. use构成的其他常见短语: be of no use"没用"; it’s no use doing sth."做某事没用"; 例如: ①This sweater is no use to me; it’s too short. ②It’s no use crying over the spilt milk.
[词条4] play a part / role (in) [课文原句] Geography also plays a part in making dialects. (Page
  13) [点拨] play a part in意为"扮演一个角色;起作用; 参与"。又如: Besides diet, exercise also plays an important part m role in losing weight.
than ever before 比以往任何时候更…… than ever before 副词 ever 与比较级和最 高级连用,用来加强语气,意为“ 高级连用,用来加强语气,意为“比以往任 何时候更……”。 何时候更 。 You’ll speak English better than ever before. Jane looks much prettier than ever before.

  3. the number of / a number of the number of “…… 的数目“,后接可数名词复 “…….的数目 的数目“ 作主语时谓语动词用单数。 数,作主语时谓语动词用单数。 The number of students in our school has increased over the years. a number of 许多 大量 后接复数名词,此短语加复 后接复数名词, 数名词在句中做主语时,谓语动词用复数。 数名词在句中做主语时,谓语动词用复数。 ( a great number of / a large number of / a small number of ) A number of boys are interested in computer games.

The number of people invited fifty, but a number of them absent for different reasons. A . were; was B. was; was C. was ; were D. were; were

  4. Native English speaker can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. even if =even though “即使”,用来引导一个让步状 即使” 即使 语从句,后面既可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气, 语从句,后面既可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,但 引导的从句不用将来时。 是even if / though 引导的从句不用将来时。 Even if it rains tomorrow, we will leave for Beijing. 用if, as if, even if填空 even if (
  1) I had money, I wouldn’t buy it. if (
  2) I had money, I would buy it. as if (
  3) It looks it is going to rain. (even if 引导让步状语从句;if 引导条件状语从句; as if/ though “似乎是…”, 引导方式状语从句。

  9. such as & for example
such as
用来列举事物时, 一般列举同类人或事物中的几个 用来列举事物时 一般列举同类人或事物中的几个 例子且所列举事物的数量不能等于它前面所 提到的总和, 一旦相等,要用 要用that is 或namely. 提到的总和 一旦相等 要用
×have three good friends, such as John, Jack and Tom. I
for example: 用来举例说明某一论点或情况 一般只举同 用来举例说明某一论点或情况,
一个” 可位于句首, 类人或物中的 “一个 为例 作插入语 可位于句首 句中或句尾 一个 为例, 作插入语,可位于句首 句中或句尾, 通常与所给的例子用逗号隔开.其后的例子可以是从句 其后的例子可以是从句. 通常与所给的例子用逗号隔开 其后的例子可以是从句
He can speak four languages such as English and French. Ball games, for example, have spread around the world.
用such as, for example, namely 填空
such as (
  1) Students , Tom and Mary, should be learnt from . (
  2) Wear something simple, ,a skirt for example is a good choice. namely (
  3) He knows six languages, Chinese French, English, Spanish, Russian and Portuguese.


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