Unit 2 Language points for reading
重点单词 [词条1]base [课文原句] It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. (Page
  10) [点拨] base在这里作动词,意为“以……为依据”,常 用于短语be based on或者base on 又如: The film is based on a novel written by Ernest Hemingway. One should always base his opinion on facts.
[拓展] ●base还可作名词,意为"基部;基地;基础 "。例如: we camped at the base of the mountain. 我们在山脚下扎营。 ●basic为形容词,意为"基本的;基础的; 初级的"等。例如: ①Before you go skiing, you should learn some basic knowledge of it. ②My knowledge of German is pretty basic.
[词条2]recognize [课文原句] Although many Americans move a lot, they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects. (Page
  13) [点拨] [ ] recognize在这里意为"辨认出"。又如: She changed so much that I hardly recognized her.
[拓展] recognize还可意为"承认;认可;意识到; 公认"。例如: we recognized her to be a good teacher. we recognized her as a good teacher. We recognized that she was a good teacher.
[词条3]fluent [课文原句] For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 19
  47. (Page
  10) [点拨] fluent意为"流利的;流畅的"。be fluent in 又如: She has stayed in Japan for ten years, and she is fluent in Japanese. 她在日本呆了十年,她的日语很流利。 [拓展] fluent的名词形式为fluency,副词为fluently。例如: The foreigner spoke Chinese fluently and I was amazed at the fluency.
[词条4]identity [课文原句]
The letter gave a separate identity to American English spelling. (Page
  10) [点拨] identity意为"本身;本体;身份"。又如: The identity of the killer is still unknown. [拓展] ●identity card或ID card意为"身份证"。 ●identify为identity的动词形式,意为"认出;鉴定"。 例如: The woman was asked to identify the criminal (罪犯).
Command

  1.n. 命令,指令 We should obey the teachers’ commands.
  2. to direct, to order 指挥,命令,指令 Command sb. to do sth. Command that …(should) do sth. 虚拟语气 The teacher commanded that he go out of the classroom . 老师命令他走出教室。
Straight

  1. adv. 笔直的,径直的 Go straight home after school .
  2.adj. 直的,坦诚的,正直的 I don’t think you are straight with me. 我觉得你没跟我坦诚相待。

  7. present: adj.

  1) 当前的 现在的 (作前置定语 当前的, 作前置定语) 作前置定语
Did you see the present national leaders? Can you tell us something about the present situation?

  2) 出席的 在场的 作表语或后置定语 出席的, 在场的(作表语或后置定语 作表语或后置定语)
Our teacher was present at the meeting. All the people present agree to my plan.
n. 目前 现在 礼物 目前, 现在;
I can’t spare time because I am busy at present. What present did you receive from your parents?
vt. 赠与 赠给予present 赠与,
sth. to / with sb
Mother presented a gift to me just now.
重点短语 [词条1]because of [课文原句]
Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries. (Page
  9) [点拨] because of 意为“因为;由于”。后加名词,代词,动名词。 如: He is absent today because of his illness. (n.) They are here because of us. (pron.) He was published by the teacher because of making mistakes. (v-ing)
[拓展] because of与thanks to的区别: 前者为普通用语,比其他短语更口语化,后者 意为“多亏”,通常用于好的方面。 ①Because of the mistakes he made, he was punished by his father. ②Thanks to the government’s help, we can build a new school now.
[词条2]come up [课文原句] I’d like to come up to your apartment. (Page
  10) [点拨]句中的come up在这里意为"走近;上来"。又如: Come up to the front of the classroom so that everyone can see you. [拓展] come up还可意为"被提及,被讨论;(太阳m月亮)升起"等。 例如: ①Your name came up in our conversation once or twice. ②The sun had come up by the time I finished my work.
[词条3]make use of [课文原句] So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. (Page
  10) [点拨] make use of意为"利用;使用"。又如: We should make use of every chance to practice our English.
[拓展] ●make full /good use of"充分利用"。例如: We must make full use of the resources we have. use构成的其他常见短语: be of no use"没用"; it’s no use doing sth."做某事没用"; 例如: ①This sweater is no use to me; it’s too short. ②It’s no use crying over the spilt milk.
[词条4] play a part / role (in) [课文原句] Geography also plays a part in making dialects. (Page
  13) [点拨] play a part in意为"扮演一个角色;起作用; 参与"。又如: Besides diet, exercise also plays an important part m role in losing weight.
than ever before 比以往任何时候更…… than ever before 副词 ever 与比较级和最 高级连用,用来加强语气,意为“ 高级连用,用来加强语气,意为“比以往任 何时候更……”。 何时候更 。 You’ll speak English better than ever before. Jane looks much prettier than ever before.

  3. the number of / a number of the number of “…… 的数目“,后接可数名词复 “…….的数目 的数目“ 作主语时谓语动词用单数。 数,作主语时谓语动词用单数。 The number of students in our school has increased over the years. a number of 许多 大量 后接复数名词,此短语加复 后接复数名词, 数名词在句中做主语时,谓语动词用复数。 数名词在句中做主语时,谓语动词用复数。 ( a great number of / a large number of / a small number of ) A number of boys are interested in computer games.

The number of people invited fifty, but a number of them absent for different reasons. A . were; was B. was; was C. was ; were D. were; were

  4. Native English speaker can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. even if =even though “即使”,用来引导一个让步状 即使” 即使 语从句,后面既可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气, 语从句,后面既可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,但 引导的从句不用将来时。 是even if / though 引导的从句不用将来时。 Even if it rains tomorrow, we will leave for Beijing. 用if, as if, even if填空 even if (
  1) I had money, I wouldn’t buy it. if (
  2) I had money, I would buy it. as if (
  3) It looks it is going to rain. (even if 引导让步状语从句;if 引导条件状语从句; as if/ though “似乎是…”, 引导方式状语从句。

  9. such as & for example
such as
用来列举事物时, 一般列举同类人或事物中的几个 用来列举事物时 一般列举同类人或事物中的几个 例子且所列举事物的数量不能等于它前面所 提到的总和, 一旦相等,要用 要用that is 或namely. 提到的总和 一旦相等 要用
×have three good friends, such as John, Jack and Tom. I
for example: 用来举例说明某一论点或情况 一般只举同 用来举例说明某一论点或情况,
一个” 可位于句首, 类人或物中的 “一个 为例 作插入语 可位于句首 句中或句尾 一个 为例, 作插入语,可位于句首 句中或句尾, 通常与所给的例子用逗号隔开.其后的例子可以是从句 其后的例子可以是从句. 通常与所给的例子用逗号隔开 其后的例子可以是从句
He can speak four languages such as English and French. Ball games, for example, have spread around the world.
用such as, for example, namely 填空
such as (
  1) Students , Tom and Mary, should be learnt from . (
  2) Wear something simple, ,a skirt for example is a good choice. namely (
  3) He knows six languages, Chinese French, English, Spanish, Russian and Portuguese.
 

相关内容

高一英语(下)必修三Unit 5 Language study 1

   1. Canada is a multicultural country like China. 加拿大像中国一样是一个 多元化国家. 多元化国家. multi-是一个前缀,意为"多" 是一个前缀, 是一个前缀 意为" multistorey 多层的 多种形式的 multiform multichannel 多通话线路的, 多通话线路的, 多波段的 多种用途的 multipurpose multiparty 多党的 多国的, 多国的,多民族的 multinati ...

高中英语必修四Unit 4 Body Language

   高中英语必修四 Unit 4 Body Language 说课案 英语 2009-12-11 00:03:38 阅读 100 评论 0 字号:大中小 一、教学内容:本单元是高中英语必修四的第四单元,主要讲述身势语作为一种交流方式的 重要性和必要性, 要求学生了解一些基本的身势语, 以及在不同的语言环境和文化环境中身 势语所表达的不同意义。本节是新知预习课,主要是以激发学生的学习兴趣为主,为整个单 元尤其是下一节阅读课文的学习进行热身,并在整个过程中培养他们的听说能力。 二、重点难点:由于学生 ...

高二英语(选修六)unit 2 Language points

   Unit 2 Poems Language Points 1.poem n. [C] (一首)诗 一首) poet n.[C] 诗人 poetry n.[U] [总称 诗歌,诗篇,诗集 总称] 总称 诗歌,诗篇, poet Robert is a . I have written a poem . poetry He bought a book of yesterday. 2.others try to convey certain emotions. 而有些诗则是为了传达某种感情. 而有些 ...

现代大学英语精读 book 1 lesson unit 15_language study

   Lesson 15 - Touched by the Moon Part Four W B T L E ENTER Lesson 15 - Touched by the Moon Language Study I. Word Study II. Phrases and Expressions III. Word Building IV. Grammar W B T L E Lesson 15 - Touched by the Moon I. Word list: Word Study 9. ...

英语:Unit 2 Robots(Language points)课件(新人教版选修7)

   1. Do you think it is possible for a robot to have its own needs and desires? (P10) 你认为机器人有可能有自己的需求吗? 你认为机器人有可能有自己的需求吗? desire vt. 渴望,希望,要求 渴望,希望, n. 愿望,要求,欲望,向往的东西 愿望,要求,欲望, desire sth. = have a desire for sth. 渴望得到某事 渴望得到某事 desire to do sth. = ...

高一英语必修4 Unit 4 body language 课件

   What is Body Language? One form of communication without using any words. eye contact facial gesture expression posture Choose one below. One student performs and the other guesses. A B C What are they trying to tell us? OK! a little I’m listening ...

广州(上海)牛津版 八年级下学期英语unit1 Language

   Language 过去进行时 现在进行时: 现在进行时: is/are/am + doing What is the boy doing? He is sleeping. / He is dreaming. 现在进行时: 现在进行时: is/are/am + doing What are they doing? They are seeing a film. What were they doing from 2:00pm to 3:00pm on Dec 8th? They were an ...

高一英语必修二Unit1 Language points课件

   Language points 1. survive vi. 幸存,生还 幸存, n. 幸存者 survivor eg. The custom has survived for thousands of years. vt. 从…中逃生 经历…后继续存在 中逃生, 经历 后继续存在 中逃生 eg. Only two people survived the fire. Ex. 经过这次地震 三分之二的人活了下来 经过这次地震, 三分之二的人活了下来. Two-thirds of the peo ...

牛津英语8B Language【2008沈阳教师基本功大赛教学设计】

   A Teaching Design Chapter 5 Language ? Talk about amounts Zhao Yongjun Shenyang Railway Experimental Middle School, Heping District Chapter 5 Language: Talk about amounts. Title Class Type Language Oxford English, Book 8B Eight Course Book Grade Ac ...

新人教版英语单元巩固提升测试 必修4 Unit 4 body language

   必修 4 Unit 4 Body language 基础操练 Ⅰ. 单词拼写 all the teachers and students in our school went there 1. Our headmaster who r to see the injured. 2. His m in the college is Politics. about the world around. 3. Children like to see new things and they are a ...

热门内容

高考英语常用短语锦集

   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 above all 首先,尤其重要的,最重要的 make a choice 挑选,选择 at Christmas 圣诞节时 give sb. a clap 为……鼓掌 get close to 接近 a table cloth 一块桌布 a suit of clothes 一套衣服 children's clothing 童装 collect stamps 集邮 come about ...

英语新课标听说课教案

   听说课教案 听说课教案 一.教学目标 1. 语言知识 目的在于学生能够理解并掌握以下重点词汇及句型:ignorance, belittle, disparage, inflict on, concentrate on, spend some time on sth 以及 从句的学习. 2. 语言技能 能够帮助学生通过练习预测的相关表达来进一步提高他们的口语 表达能力.学会在听力中抓住 key words 及 topic sentences 来完成 练习. 3. 学习策略 学会通过对话来更好地 ...

国贸英语常用缩略语表

   公益电子书 精品学习资料收集地 http://www.Gy16.com 商 务 英 语 常 用 缩 略 语 表 缩 写 全 称 中 文 a accepted addenda and corrigenda actual cash value after date all wool account account number account account current accounts payable accounts receivable account paid account pay ...

高中英语语法、词法解析及训练

   知秋研习社英语(高中)资料 辅导老师:包巧林 第1章 一.概念: 概念: 主谓一致 主谓一致是指: 1) 语法形式上要一致,即单复数形式与谓语要一致。 2) 意义上要一致,即主语意义上的单复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致。 3) 就近原则,即谓语动词的单复形式取决于最靠近它的词语, 一般来说,不可数名词用动词单数,可数名词复数用动词复数。例如: There is much water in the thermos. 但当不可数名词前有表示数量的复数名词时,谓语动词用复数形式。例如: Ten th ...

英语国家社会与文化入门 翻译

   A Brief Introduction to the United Kingdom 该国,我们正在研究的全称是大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国。这是一个什么在许多方面 是一个复杂的国家复杂的名字。 大多数人都知道做些什么, 因为它的庞大的海外帝国给它一 个重要的国际作用,只是来到一个在未来数年年底,之后第二次世界大战。然而,一些市民 对英国知道(他们可能会呼吁干脆英国或错误,英格兰)可能不大如何最真实的英国人今天 过自己的生活。 一方面,帝国的日子已经足够长的时间以前,只有老人记得他们的任何东西 ...