Unit 2 Language points for reading
重点单词 [词条1]base [课文原句] It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. (Page
  10) [点拨] base在这里作动词,意为“以……为依据”,常 用于短语be based on或者base on 又如: The film is based on a novel written by Ernest Hemingway. One should always base his opinion on facts.
[拓展] ●base还可作名词,意为"基部;基地;基础 "。例如: we camped at the base of the mountain. 我们在山脚下扎营。 ●basic为形容词,意为"基本的;基础的; 初级的"等。例如: ①Before you go skiing, you should learn some basic knowledge of it. ②My knowledge of German is pretty basic.
[词条2]recognize [课文原句] Although many Americans move a lot, they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects. (Page
  13) [点拨] [ ] recognize在这里意为"辨认出"。又如: She changed so much that I hardly recognized her.
[拓展] recognize还可意为"承认;认可;意识到; 公认"。例如: we recognized her to be a good teacher. we recognized her as a good teacher. We recognized that she was a good teacher.
[词条3]fluent [课文原句] For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 19
  47. (Page
  10) [点拨] fluent意为"流利的;流畅的"。be fluent in 又如: She has stayed in Japan for ten years, and she is fluent in Japanese. 她在日本呆了十年,她的日语很流利。 [拓展] fluent的名词形式为fluency,副词为fluently。例如: The foreigner spoke Chinese fluently and I was amazed at the fluency.
[词条4]identity [课文原句]
The letter gave a separate identity to American English spelling. (Page
  10) [点拨] identity意为"本身;本体;身份"。又如: The identity of the killer is still unknown. [拓展] ●identity card或ID card意为"身份证"。 ●identify为identity的动词形式,意为"认出;鉴定"。 例如: The woman was asked to identify the criminal (罪犯).
Command

  1.n. 命令,指令 We should obey the teachers’ commands.
  2. to direct, to order 指挥,命令,指令 Command sb. to do sth. Command that …(should) do sth. 虚拟语气 The teacher commanded that he go out of the classroom . 老师命令他走出教室。
Straight

  1. adv. 笔直的,径直的 Go straight home after school .
  2.adj. 直的,坦诚的,正直的 I don’t think you are straight with me. 我觉得你没跟我坦诚相待。

  7. present: adj.

  1) 当前的 现在的 (作前置定语 当前的, 作前置定语) 作前置定语
Did you see the present national leaders? Can you tell us something about the present situation?

  2) 出席的 在场的 作表语或后置定语 出席的, 在场的(作表语或后置定语 作表语或后置定语)
Our teacher was present at the meeting. All the people present agree to my plan.
n. 目前 现在 礼物 目前, 现在;
I can’t spare time because I am busy at present. What present did you receive from your parents?
vt. 赠与 赠给予present 赠与,
sth. to / with sb
Mother presented a gift to me just now.
重点短语 [词条1]because of [课文原句]
Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries. (Page
  9) [点拨] because of 意为“因为;由于”。后加名词,代词,动名词。 如: He is absent today because of his illness. (n.) They are here because of us. (pron.) He was published by the teacher because of making mistakes. (v-ing)
[拓展] because of与thanks to的区别: 前者为普通用语,比其他短语更口语化,后者 意为“多亏”,通常用于好的方面。 ①Because of the mistakes he made, he was punished by his father. ②Thanks to the government’s help, we can build a new school now.
[词条2]come up [课文原句] I’d like to come up to your apartment. (Page
  10) [点拨]句中的come up在这里意为"走近;上来"。又如: Come up to the front of the classroom so that everyone can see you. [拓展] come up还可意为"被提及,被讨论;(太阳m月亮)升起"等。 例如: ①Your name came up in our conversation once or twice. ②The sun had come up by the time I finished my work.
[词条3]make use of [课文原句] So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. (Page
  10) [点拨] make use of意为"利用;使用"。又如: We should make use of every chance to practice our English.
[拓展] ●make full /good use of"充分利用"。例如: We must make full use of the resources we have. use构成的其他常见短语: be of no use"没用"; it’s no use doing sth."做某事没用"; 例如: ①This sweater is no use to me; it’s too short. ②It’s no use crying over the spilt milk.
[词条4] play a part / role (in) [课文原句] Geography also plays a part in making dialects. (Page
  13) [点拨] play a part in意为"扮演一个角色;起作用; 参与"。又如: Besides diet, exercise also plays an important part m role in losing weight.
than ever before 比以往任何时候更…… than ever before 副词 ever 与比较级和最 高级连用,用来加强语气,意为“ 高级连用,用来加强语气,意为“比以往任 何时候更……”。 何时候更 。 You’ll speak English better than ever before. Jane looks much prettier than ever before.

  3. the number of / a number of the number of “…… 的数目“,后接可数名词复 “…….的数目 的数目“ 作主语时谓语动词用单数。 数,作主语时谓语动词用单数。 The number of students in our school has increased over the years. a number of 许多 大量 后接复数名词,此短语加复 后接复数名词, 数名词在句中做主语时,谓语动词用复数。 数名词在句中做主语时,谓语动词用复数。 ( a great number of / a large number of / a small number of ) A number of boys are interested in computer games.

The number of people invited fifty, but a number of them absent for different reasons. A . were; was B. was; was C. was ; were D. were; were

  4. Native English speaker can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. even if =even though “即使”,用来引导一个让步状 即使” 即使 语从句,后面既可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气, 语从句,后面既可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,但 引导的从句不用将来时。 是even if / though 引导的从句不用将来时。 Even if it rains tomorrow, we will leave for Beijing. 用if, as if, even if填空 even if (
  1) I had money, I wouldn’t buy it. if (
  2) I had money, I would buy it. as if (
  3) It looks it is going to rain. (even if 引导让步状语从句;if 引导条件状语从句; as if/ though “似乎是…”, 引导方式状语从句。

  9. such as & for example
such as
用来列举事物时, 一般列举同类人或事物中的几个 用来列举事物时 一般列举同类人或事物中的几个 例子且所列举事物的数量不能等于它前面所 提到的总和, 一旦相等,要用 要用that is 或namely. 提到的总和 一旦相等 要用
×have three good friends, such as John, Jack and Tom. I
for example: 用来举例说明某一论点或情况 一般只举同 用来举例说明某一论点或情况,
一个” 可位于句首, 类人或物中的 “一个 为例 作插入语 可位于句首 句中或句尾 一个 为例, 作插入语,可位于句首 句中或句尾, 通常与所给的例子用逗号隔开.其后的例子可以是从句 其后的例子可以是从句. 通常与所给的例子用逗号隔开 其后的例子可以是从句
He can speak four languages such as English and French. Ball games, for example, have spread around the world.
用such as, for example, namely 填空
such as (
  1) Students , Tom and Mary, should be learnt from . (
  2) Wear something simple, ,a skirt for example is a good choice. namely (
  3) He knows six languages, Chinese French, English, Spanish, Russian and Portuguese.
 

相关内容

高一英语(下)必修三Unit 5 Language study 1

   1. Canada is a multicultural country like China. 加拿大像中国一样是一个 多元化国家. 多元化国家. multi-是一个前缀,意为"多" 是一个前缀, 是一个前缀 意为" multistorey 多层的 多种形式的 multiform multichannel 多通话线路的, 多通话线路的, 多波段的 多种用途的 multipurpose multiparty 多党的 多国的, 多国的,多民族的 multinati ...

高中英语必修四Unit 4 Body Language

   高中英语必修四 Unit 4 Body Language 说课案 英语 2009-12-11 00:03:38 阅读 100 评论 0 字号:大中小 一、教学内容:本单元是高中英语必修四的第四单元,主要讲述身势语作为一种交流方式的 重要性和必要性, 要求学生了解一些基本的身势语, 以及在不同的语言环境和文化环境中身 势语所表达的不同意义。本节是新知预习课,主要是以激发学生的学习兴趣为主,为整个单 元尤其是下一节阅读课文的学习进行热身,并在整个过程中培养他们的听说能力。 二、重点难点:由于学生 ...

高二英语(选修六)unit 2 Language points

   Unit 2 Poems Language Points 1.poem n. [C] (一首)诗 一首) poet n.[C] 诗人 poetry n.[U] [总称 诗歌,诗篇,诗集 总称] 总称 诗歌,诗篇, poet Robert is a . I have written a poem . poetry He bought a book of yesterday. 2.others try to convey certain emotions. 而有些诗则是为了传达某种感情. 而有些 ...

大学英语精读4 lesson3_language study

   Lesson 3?Why Historians Disagree Part Four W B T L E ENTER Lesson 3?Why Historians Disagree Language Study I. Word Study II. Phrases and Expressions III. Word Building IV. Grammar?Transitional Expressions W B T L E Lesson 3?Why Historians Disagree ...

现代大学英语精读 book 1 lesson unit 15_language study

   Lesson 15 - Touched by the Moon Part Four W B T L E ENTER Lesson 15 - Touched by the Moon Language Study I. Word Study II. Phrases and Expressions III. Word Building IV. Grammar W B T L E Lesson 15 - Touched by the Moon I. Word list: Word Study 9. ...

英语:Unit 2 Robots(Language points)课件(新人教版选修7)

   1. Do you think it is possible for a robot to have its own needs and desires? (P10) 你认为机器人有可能有自己的需求吗? 你认为机器人有可能有自己的需求吗? desire vt. 渴望,希望,要求 渴望,希望, n. 愿望,要求,欲望,向往的东西 愿望,要求,欲望, desire sth. = have a desire for sth. 渴望得到某事 渴望得到某事 desire to do sth. = ...

英语:Module4《Languages of the Word》课件(1)(外研版选修9)

   外研版高中三年级 (第9册) 第 册 Module 4 Reading Practice 1) Have you ever heard of the saying “Knowledge is power”? Do you know who said this? ” Francis Bacon 2)What was his nationality? He was English 3)What was he famous for ? He was famous for his writing a ...

高一英语Using Language课件3

   Elizabeth Fry (1780 - 1845) 更多资源xiti123.taobao.com 更多资源 In 1780 Elizabeth Gurney was born in Norwich into a rich Quaker family. Elizabeth was well educated, which was unusual for a girl in those days. Later, although Elizabeth had 11 children, she ...

高一英语必修二Unit1 Language points课件

   Language points 1. survive vi. 幸存,生还 幸存, n. 幸存者 survivor eg. The custom has survived for thousands of years. vt. 从…中逃生 经历…后继续存在 中逃生, 经历 后继续存在 中逃生 eg. Only two people survived the fire. Ex. 经过这次地震 三分之二的人活了下来 经过这次地震, 三分之二的人活了下来. Two-thirds of the peo ...

牛津英语8B Language【2008沈阳教师基本功大赛教学设计】

   A Teaching Design Chapter 5 Language ? Talk about amounts Zhao Yongjun Shenyang Railway Experimental Middle School, Heping District Chapter 5 Language: Talk about amounts. Title Class Type Language Oxford English, Book 8B Eight Course Book Grade Ac ...

热门内容

孩子如何学习英语【绝密】

   我女儿三岁半了,不喜欢听英文磁带也不喜欢看 CD,尽管她有极强的模仿和语言表达能力,但是一直不知道该怎样学英语,我 很着急,该怎样培养她英语方面的兴趣呢? 专家 MichelleChen 回复道: 从孩子刚开始接触英语就要就培养他的兴趣,这对孩子将来的英语学习是十分有利的。但是学习从来都是个性化的活 动,每个孩子都是不同的独立的个体,具体的方法都是不一样的。您可以试试下面的一些方法。 一、家长和孩子一起学习。 当孩子学习时,作为家长最好和孩子一起学习。这样不但可以了解孩子学习的具体情况,更重 ...

09秋电大开放英语1形成性考核作业答案

   09 秋电大开放英语 1 形成性考核作业答案 1、请写出下列名词的复数形式。 Parent photo bus life half child woman tooth Parents photos buses lives haves children women teeth 2、频度副词 often,always,sometimes 等在句中的位置是有规律的,请写出这些规律,并各举一个例句。 (1)在动词 to be 之后: Are you always at home on Sunday? ...

三年级英语单词复习

   三年级英语单词复习 姓名: ( 你好 ( 桌子 ( 铅笔 ( 唱歌 ( 能 ( 爸爸 ( 朋友 ( 婴儿 ( 熊猫 ( 兔子 ) ( 鸟 ) ( 北极熊 ) ( 狗 ) ( 女孩 ) ( 狮子 ) ( 猫 ) ( 老师 ) ( 男孩 ) ( 老虎 ) ) ( 妈妈 ) ( 学生 ) ( 鲸 ) ) ( 不能 ) ( 姐妹 ) ( 父母亲 ) ) ( 绘画 ) ( 家庭 ) ( 兄弟 ) ) ( 橡皮擦 ) ( 游泳 ) ( 妈妈 ) ) ( 书桌 ) ( 飞 ) ( 烹调 ) ) ( 你好 ...

2010年中考英语真题(兰州、宁波、南宁、贵阳、乌鲁木齐)

   兰州市 2010 年初中毕业生学业考试试卷 英 注意事项: 注意事项: 1.全卷共 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟。 语(A) 2.考生必须将报考学校、姓名、准考证号、考场、座位号等个人信息填(涂)写在答题卡 的相应位置上。 3.考生务必将答案直接填(涂)写在答题卡的相应位置上。 选择题 第Ⅰ卷 (选择题 共 80 分) 一、听力理解(分四小节,共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 第一节:听句子,从 A、B、C 三个选项中选择与你所听到的内容相同或相近的 选项。 (每个句子 ...

人本主义理论及其对小学英语教学中情感教育的启示

   第 11 卷第 6 期( 2006 ) 甘肃高师学报 Vol.11No.6 ( 2006 ) 人本主义理论及其对小学英语教学中 情感教育的启示 倪 (1.西北师范大学 摘 娜 730070) 2.兰州城市学院, 甘肃兰州 要: 探讨了人本主义理论的主要观点及其对小学英语教学中情感教育的启示, 并指出了情感教育在 小学英语教学中的重要作用。初步论述了如何用教育心理学中人本主义学派的理论指导小学英语教学活动 , 提高小学英语教学质量。 关键词: 人本主义; 情感; 小学英语教学 中图分类号: G ...