Module 3 Unit 3 Grammar & usage
Subject-verb agreement
Let’s have a check!
? Do A & B on P51, see how well you know about subject-verb agreement.
? What does subject-verb agreement mean? ? When should the verb be singular ? ? When should the verb be plural?
Subject-verb agreement
主谓一致是指: 主谓一致是指:
  1) 语法形式上要一致,即单复数形式 ) 语法形式上要一致, 与谓语要一致; 与谓语要一致
  2) 意义上要一致,即主语意义上的单 ) 意义上要一致, 复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致; 复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致
  3) 就近原则,即谓语动词的单复形式 ) 就近原则, 取决于最靠近它的词语. 取决于最靠近它的词语

  1. 当不可数名词前有表示数量的复数 名词时,谓语动词用复数形式。 名词时,谓语动词用复数形式。 Ten thousand tons of coal were produced last year.
were Large quantities of water needed.
In western countries, mountains of rubbish were thrown away each day.

  2. 并列结构作主语时谓语用复数
Reading and writing are very important.
注意: 当主语由and连结时 连结时, 注意: 当主语由 连结时,如果它表示一 个单一的概念,即指同一人或同一物时, 个单一的概念,即指同一人或同一物时, 谓语动词用单数, 谓语动词用单数,and 此时连接的两个词前 只有一个冠词。 只有一个冠词。
The iron and steel industry is very important to our life.
The league secretary and monitor B asked to make a speech at the meeting. A. will B. was C. are D. were
monitor 前没有 ,在英语中,当一人 前没有the,在英语中, 兼数职时只在第一个职务前加定冠词。 兼数职时只在第一个职务前加定冠词。 后面的职务用and 相连。本题主语为一 后面的职务用 相连。 个人. 个人

  3. 主谓一致中的靠近原则
  1) 当there be 句型的主语是一系列事物时, 句型的主语是一系列事物时, 最邻近的主语保持一致。 谓语应与 最邻近的主语保持一致。
There is a pen, a knife and several books on the desk.
There are 54 students and a teacher in the classroom.

  2) 当either… or… 与neither… nor, 连接 , 两个主语时, 两个主语时,谓语动词与最邻近的主 语保持一致。 如果句子是由here, 语保持一致。 如果句子是由 there引导,而主语又不止一个时,谓 引导, 引导 而主语又不止一个时, 语通常也和最邻近的主语一致。 语通常也和最邻近的主语一致。
Either you or she is to go. Here is a pen, a few envelopes and some paper for you.

  4. 谓语动词与前面的主语一致
当主语后面跟有 with, together with, like,
except, but, no less than, as well as 等词引
起的短语时,谓语动词与前面的主语一致。 起的短语时,谓语动词与前面的主语一致。
The teacher together with some is students visiting the factory. He as well as I wants to go boating.

  5. 代词 代词each和由 和由every, some, no, any等 和由 等 构成的复合代词作主语,或主语中 构成的复合代词作主语, 含有each, every, 谓语需用单数。 谓语需用单数。 含有 Each of us a tape-recorder. has
is There something wrong with my watch.

  6. 指代意义决定谓语的单复数
  1) 在代词 ) 在代词what, which, who, none, some, any, more, most, all等词的单复数 等词的单复数 由其指代的词的单复数决定。 由其指代的词的单复数决定。
is All right. (一切顺利。) 一切顺利。 一切顺利 are All present. (所有人都到齐了。) 所有人都到齐了。 所有人都到齐了

  2) 在一些短语,如 many a 或 more than one ) 在一些短语, 所修饰的词作主语时, 所修饰的词作主语时,谓语动词多用单数 形式。但由more than… of 作主语时,动词 作主语时, 形式。但由 应与其后的名词或代词保持一致。 应与其后的名词或代词保持一致。 has Many a person read the novel. 许多人都读过这本书。 许多人都读过这本书。 are from More than 60 percent of the students the city. 百分之六十多的学生都来自这个城市。 百分之六十多的学生都来自这个城市。
Subject-verb agreement

  1. Each of you responsible for the accident. C A. am B. be C. is D. are
  2. Each man and woman the same rights. A a. has b. have c. had d. is having

  3. Every means tried but without much A result. A. has been B. have been C. are D. is
  4. There in this room. D A. are too much furniture B. is too many furnitures C. are too much furnitures D. is too much furniture

  5. The manager or his assistant C planning to go. A. were B. are C. was D. be
  6. Not only I but also David and Iris C fond of playing basketball. A. am B. is C. are D. was
  7. Neither Tom nor his parents at home. B A. is B. are C. has D. was

  8. Either the dean or the principal the A meeting. A. attends B. Attend C. are attending D. have attended
  9. was wrong. D A. Not the teacher but the students B. Both the students and the teacher C. Neither the teacher not the students D. Not the students but the teacher

  10. “ twenty dollars a big sum to her?” B “I suppose so.” A. Will be B. Is C. Are D. Were
  11. Three hours enough for us to finish C the task. A. are B. has C. is D. were
  12. Most of his savings in the Xin Hua D Bank. A. has been kept B. is being kept C. have kept D. have been kept

  13. All that can be done . B A. has done B. has been done C. have done D. have been done
  14. One or perhaps more pages . C A. is missing B. has been missed C. are missing D. was missing
  15. More than one worker dismissed. C A. have been B. are C. has been D. has

  16. Many a student the importance of B learning a foreign language. A. have realized B. has realize C. have been realized D. has been realized
  17. The gas works near the city. A A. is B. are C. were D. be

  18. The surroundings of his house clean B now. A. is B. are C. was D. were
  19. The committee over the problem D among themselves for two hours. A. has argued B has been arguing C. have argued D. have been arguing

  20. The public generous in their C contributions to the earthquake victims. A. is B. was C. are D. has bee
自主学习作业第11次作业 自主学习作业第 次作业


高一英语课件:M1-U3 grammar-1(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 1 Unit 2 Grammar-1 Non-restrictive attributive clauses Find out the the non-restrictive attributive clauses in the e-mails: Since I’m preparing to act in a new TV play, I’m taking weight-loss pills called Fat-less, which are quite po ...

高一英语课件:M4-U3 grammar-2(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 4 Unit 3 Grammar-2 The passive voice P51 Homework checking Answers : 2) bored with 4) was written by 6) were employed 8) was accused of 10) was closed down 3) interested in 5) was set up 7) was surprised by 9) was questioned by 11) w ...

高一英语课件:M4-U3 grammar-1(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 4 Unit 3 Grammar-1 The passive voice Read the text on P48. " 1.What’s the basic verb form of the passive voice? " 2.Can you write out the passive voice in different tenses? " 3.What should we pay attention to when using the passive ...

高一英语课件:M1-U2 grammar-1(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 1 Unit 2 Grammar & usage(1) The attributive clause Attributive clauses introduced by “preposition + which/whom” 1. The attributive clause introduced by prep. + which 2. The attributive clause introduced by prep. + whom When the r ...

高二英语课件:(牛津译林版)M5-U1 grammar(孙逸豪推荐)

   高二 英语 Module 5 Unit 1 Grammar & usage Reading "Read the contents on P8 and try to get more about the infinitive. Tenses of the infinitive Active Voice Passive Voice to be done to have been done Base form Perfect form Continuous form to do to h ...

高二英语课件:(牛津译林版)M5-U2 grammar-1(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 二 英 语 Module 5 Unit 2 Grammar-1 Verb-ing form as an adjective or adverb Every moment of my life flying ...When I'm on an airplane, across the sky. I know you're on a train ride, stations passing by... ...You should give just as lost as you're hol ...

高一英语课件:M1-U1 Grammar-1(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 1 Unit 1 Grammar and usage(1) Grammar and usage 一个名叫吉姆的男孩 a boy with the name Jim a boy named Jim a boy who is named Jim a boy whose name is Jim 他买的笔 她喜欢的电影 你见过的人 我们需要的钱 我昨天买的汽车 她写的书 他做的蛋糕 the pen he bought the film she likes The man ...

高一英语课件:M3-U1 Grammar2(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 3 Unit 1 Grammar and usage Noun clauses Read Noun clauses introduced by question words on P28. " 1. What question words can we use to introduce noun clauses? " 2.What should we pay attention to when we use the noun clauses introduced ...

高一英语课件:M1-U1 Project-2(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 1 Unit 1 Project Starting a new school club Read the second passage and answer the following questions. 1. What’s the name of the school club? Poets of the Next Generation. 2. Who started the school club? Mr. Owen, the English teache ...

高一英语课件:M1-U1 Language Points-2(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 1 Unit 1 Grammar and usage(2) David Holmes studied at our school from 1990 to 1998. He has recently returned from his studies in China. David was one of the most helpful students that we ever had. In 1998, he went to Oxford Universit ...



       本文由guduii贡献     pdf文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机 查看。     大家论坛     职称英语卫生类常用词组精选(1)     beat v. 打,敲;击败,胜过;[音]打(拍子),(心脏等)跳动 beating agains t/on sth. /打在……上 the heart beats. /心脏跳动 beat sb. /战胜……a heart beat /心跳声; beautiful  ...


   2008 年中科院考博英语78分经验谈 大家的热情,是我没有想到的. 这两天,一直在赶着写,但内容实在是有点多, 本来想按部分发上来,但大家的目光都集中(08 年中科院博士英语考试得了78分,愿分享个人心得)这 个帖子上,没有人看到字汇部分已经发了...... 所以,改变了自己的计划,把所有的心得整理出来,现在,发过来了. 特别提示:这是我个人的见解,只是给大家做参考的,只有参考价值,别刻意模仿!!! 中科院博士考试心得之一:词汇记忆 众所周知,英语考试中,词汇是关键,是所有考察题目的前提。 ...


   1. Ladies and gentlemen, boys and girls, 我是中国人 I am Chinese. I am proud of being a Chinese with five thousand years of civilization behind. I've learned about the four great inventions made by our forefathers. I've learned about the Great Wall and ...


   量子场女生英语 承诺中考 115 分、高考 120 分 八年级下英语复习资料 ◆unit 1 Will people have robots? 目标语言:Make predictions 重点句型:People won’t use money. Everything will be free. Books will only be on computers, not on paper. Kids won’t go to school. They’ll study ...


   1、 现阶段中国已经基本实现了粮食自给,在未来的发展过程中,中国依靠自己的力量实现 粮食的基本自给,客观具备诸多有利因素。 (P61) China has basically achieved self-sufficiency in grain at the present stage, and there are many favorable objective factories for her to maintain such achievement by her own effort ...