高一英语名词性从句练习题含答案解析
第一部分:基础题

  1. makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services. (2006年辽宁省高考题)
A. What B. Who C. Whatever D. Whoever

  2. ?It’s thirty years since we last met.
?But I still remember the story, believe it or not, we got lost on a rainy night.(2006年四川省高考题)
A. which B. that C. what D. when

  3. See the flags on top of the building? That was we did this morning.(2006年全国I高考题)
A. when B. which C. where D. What

  4. ?Could you do me a favor?
?It depends on it is. (2006年北京高考题)
A. which B. whichever C. what D. whatever

  5. These shoes look very good. I wonder . (2006年上海春季高考题)
A. how much cost they are B. how much do they cost
C. how much they cost D. how much are they cost

  6. Doris' success lies in the fact she is co-operative and eager to learn from others.(2006年上海春季高考题)
A. which B. that C. when D. why

  7. Mary wrote an article on the team had failed to win the game. (2005年全国I高考题)
A. why B. what C. who D. that

  8. Do you have any idea is actually going on in the classroom? (2005年辽宁省高考题)
A. that B. what C. as D. which

  9. ?Why does she always ask you for help?
?There is no one else , is there? (2005年北京高考题)
A. who to turn to B. she can turn to C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn

  10. Elephants have their own way to tell the shape of an object and it is rough or smooth.(2005年天津高考题)
A. / B. whether C. how D. what

  11. Danny left word with my secretary he would call again in the afternoon.
(2005年浙江省高考题)
A. who B. that C. as D. which

  12. Mum is coming. What present for your birthday? (2005年福建省高考题)
A. you expect she has got B. you expect has she got
C. do you expect she has got D. do you expect has she got

  13. The way he did it was different we were used to. (2005年江西省高考题)
A. in which B. in what C. from what D. from which

  14. Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer it was 20 years ago, it was so poorly equipped. (2005年安徽省高考题)
A. what; when B. that; which C. what; which D. which; that

  15. Some researchers believe that there is no doubt a cure for AIDS will be found.(2005年广东省高考题)
A. which B. that C. what D. whether
第二部分:强化题

  1. We haven’t settled the question of it is necessary for him to study abroad.(2006年江苏省高考题)
A. if B. where C. whether D. that

  2. A warm thought suddenly came to me I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother’s birthday.(2006年安徽省高考题)
A. if B. when C. that D. which

  3. There is much chance Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race.(2006年天津高考题)
A. that B. which C. until D. if

  4. Please remind me he said he was going. I may be in time to see him off.(2006年全国I高考题)
A. where B. when C. how D. what

  5. We saw several natives advancing towards our party, and one of them came up to us. we gave some bells and glasses. (2006年湖南省高考题)
A. to which B. to whom C. with whom D. with which

  6. With his work completed, the businessman stepped back to his seat, feeling pleased he was a man of action. (2006年湖南省高考题)
A. which B. that C. what D. whether

  7. team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. (2006年山东省高考题)
A. No matter what B. No matter which C. Whatever D. Whichever

  8. I just wonder that makes him so excited. (2006年山东省高考题)
A. why it does B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is

  9. is our belief that improvements in health care will lead to a stronger , more prosperous economy. (2006年浙江省高考题)
A. As B. That C. This D. It

  10. Nobody believed his reason for being absent form the class he had to meet his uncle at the airport. (2006年重庆高考题)
A. why B. that    C. where D. because

  11. The shopkeeper did not want to sell for he thought was not enough. (2005年山东省高考题)
A. where B. how C. what D. which

  12. He noticed that the straight part of the dance was different in the afternoon from it had been in the morning. (2006年宜昌市模拟题)
A. that B. where C. what D. which

  13. I’d like to work with is honest and easy to get on with. (2006年山东模拟题)
A. who B. whoever C. whomever D. no matter who

  14. When you are reading, make a note of you think is of great importance.
(2006年东北八校联考题)
A. which B. that C. what D. when

  15. ?Can we get everything ready by the weekend?
?It all depends on we can get Mr. Green’s cooperation.
(2006年如东中学模拟题)
A. that B. what C. whether D. if
高考趋势与重点
名词性从句在历年地高考中几乎都有所涉及,并且每年地命题各有变化。近年来地高考试题更侧重于在一定地语言环境下考查熟练使用英语语序和关联词地能力。因此,在平时地备考复习中我们除了牢固掌握基础知识外,还要多注意一定语境下基础知识地运用。
一、 It 在名词性从句中得用法:

  1. It is time that…(虚拟语气)

  2. It is the first time that…(现在完成时)

  3. It is necessary (important) that…should do…(虚拟语气)

  4. It is likely(possible, obvious, clear, natural, certain,…) that…

  5. It is a pity(a fact, good news, no wonder, an honour, a shame, common sense, a common practice…) that…

  6. It turned out that…; It happened that…; It occurred to sb. that…;

  7. It is said(reported, believed, estimated, announced, expected…) that…;

  8. It is suggested(required, ordered) that…(虚拟语气)…
一、 What 与that 在名词性从句中用法比较:
That Tom fell off his chair by accident got the classmates laughing.
What Tom learned in university helps him a lot in his job.
注:that 在从句中不作任何成分,what 在从句中必须担当主语或宾语。
We have reached what is called XinJie kou.
二、 宾语从句

  1. 一个动词后跟多个宾语从句时,第二个开始的连词that不能省略。
He said (that) he didn’t attend the party and that he didn’t want to.

  2. 否定转移
I don’t think he is fit for the job, is he?
I never thought that he would come for the dinner party.

  3. 有些不可直接跟宾语从句的动词。
I hate it when…; I dislike it when…; I’d appreciate it if…
I will see to it that…

  4. 与定语从句的转换
Jerry told us he had seen abroad.
A. what B. all that C. all what D. all
注:本题四个答案都正确。答案C 可以看作all 是前面的us 的同位语。
三、 主语从句
a. 主语从句于定语从句的转换
What is needed has been bought.
All that is needed has been bought.
b. 几个特殊句型之间的转换
It is known to all that China has joined the WTO.
As is known to all, China has joined the WTO.
What is known to all is that China has joined the WTO.
四、 表语从句
a. 表语从句中的虚拟语气
My suggestion is that we should carry out the plan as soon as possible.
b. 几个表语从句的切换
The reason why I came late is that my car broke down on the half way.
He came late. That’s because his car broke down.
His car broke down on the half way. That’s why he came late.
五、 同位语从句
a. 与定语从句的区别
It is a fact that he has done his best.
It is a fact that you can’t deny.
b. 同位语从句中的虚拟语气
The proposal that he put forward is to be discussed at the meeting.
The proposal that we should import more equipment is to be discussed.
c. have no idea 后面跟同位语从句
I have no idea where Green Park lies.

答案解析
基础题

  1. A 此题考察what引导名词性从句的用法。在此题中what引导主语从句,同时在从句中充当主语。

  2. B 通过对句子的分析可知,believe it or not是插入语,在此句中that引导的是the story的同位语从句。

  3. D 通过对句子的分析可知,此题需要选一词来引导表语从句,而从句中的明显缺少宾语,故只能what用来充当。

  4. C 介词on后面宾语从句不完整,同时从句缺少主语,故只能由what来充当。

  5. C wonder后面的从句是疑问句应用陈述语序。即:特殊疑问词+主语+谓语动词。

  6. B 此句主句完整,从句也完整,故用that引导构成与the fact的同位语从句。

  7. A why在它引导的从句中充当原因状语,从句在主句里充当介词on的宾语。

  8. B what在它引导的从句中充当主语,同时整个从句可看成是idea的同位语从句,来说明idea的具体内容。

  9. B 本题考查定语从句以及固定短语turn to 的用法,关系代词因为在后面定语从句中做宾语因此省略掉,turn to sb 求助于某人。

  10. B 本题根据意思以及后面与or 的搭配关系可判断该处是“是否”,whether 引导宾语从句。

  11. B 本题考查名词性从句中的同位语从句,根据下文可知Danny留下的口信的内容,that 引导名词性从句。

  12. C 本题考查双重疑问句,疑问词+do you think/believe/expect+句子的其他成分(句子用称述句语序)。

  13. C 本题考查固定短语 be different from同时也考查名词性从句中的宾语从句,介词from后是宾语从句,但从句中be used to 后面少宾语,且根据上文是我们过去习惯的方法,这用what 符合语意。

  14. A 本题考查的是名词性从句中的表语从句,后面表语从句不完整,it was 后面还缺少表语,根据意思是“20年前的 样子”,后面一个句子是对20年前的补充说明,是一个非限制性定语从句,20年前学校设备条件不好,when 在定语从句中作时间状语。

  15. B 本题考查名词性从句的同位语,doubt 后的同位语根据意思没有怀疑故选择that 引导,that在从句中不充当成分。
强化题

  1. C whether引导的从句构成与名词the question的同位语。(原答案似乎有误)

  2. C 主句完整,同时从句也不缺成分。根据句意可看出that引导的从句构成与a warm thought的同位语。

  3. A that引导同位语从句,具体说明chance(可能性)的内容。

  4. B 句意:请提醒我他说他将什么时候走。

  5. B 因先行词是natives,故淘汰A和D。又因give sth. to sb.固定短语,所以选B。介词to可放在关系代词whom的前面。

  6. B pleased后面缺少宾语从句,he was a man of action句意完整,故用that引导。

  7. D No matter what/which只能引导让步状语从句,排除A和B。C和D的区别在于一个无范围,一个有范围。

  8. D wonder后面的宾语从句本是what makes him so excited:。但what需要被强调,故用强调句型。

  9. D 本题考查it 作形式主语, 后面的that 引导真正的主句从句.

  10. B 本题考查同位语从句, reason 后面有for 引导的短语, 接着后面是that 引导的句子来说明理由的内容.

  11. C 本题考查名词性从句的宾语从句,介词for 后接宾语从句但宾语从句中缺少主语, he thought 是插入语. 连词what 引导宾语从句且在从句中充当主语,which 的意思不符合.

  12. C 本题考查固定短语 be different from同时也考查名词性从句中的宾语从句,介词from后是宾语从句,但从句中it had been 后面少表语,所以what 符合语意。

  13. B 本题考查名词性从句中的介词宾语从句, 根据下文意思以及在宾语从句中作主语, D 不能引导名词性从句, who 表达的意思不对.

  14. C 本题考查名词性从句介词宾语, 宾语从句中you think 是插入语, 故句中缺少主语,which 意思不对,故选what.

  15. C 本题考查介词宾语从句, 根据上下文意思 该处应该是”我们是否能得到Green先生的.
 

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