高中英语必修一期末测试卷(四) 一、单项选择。(30%) A. 语音:从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中找出划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同 的选项。
  1. area A. hair B. hear C. wear D. bear
  2. allow A. town B. follow C. blow D. grow
  3. character A. change B. channel C. Charlie D. chemistry
  4. guide A. general B. large C. guitar D. teenager
  5. supply A. company B. thickly C. dry D. biology B. 选择最佳答案。
  6. Whom will you have the watch? A. repaired B. repair C. to repair D. repairs
  7. On his , we began the meeting. A. arrive B. arriving C. arrival D. arrived
  8. I usually go to school on my bike . A. except for rainy days B. besides it rains C. but that it rains D. except on rainy days
  9. We do not allow in the lecture hall, so you are not allowed here. A. smoking, to smoke B. to smoke, smoking C. smoking, smoking D. to smoke, to smoke
  10. Three students in ten will go and to stay in the classroom. A. the rest are B. the rest is C. the other are D. the other is
  11. ?Will you have tea or coffee? --, thank you. I’ve just had some tea. A. Either B. Both C. Some D. Neither
  12. When a forest down, there is nothing left the soil. A. will cut, to protect B. is cut, to protect C. is laid, protecting D. cut, protected
  13. The heavy rain went on for three whole days and many bridges were by water from the hills. A. washed clean B. washed away C. knocked down D. carried away
  14. Seventy percent of the earth surface water. A. is covered with B. are covered by C. covers with D. are being covered with
  15. The two scientists couldn’t agree each other this point.
A. to, with
B. with, to
C. on, with
D. with, on
  16. Not all of them can speak good English. It means “ speak good English.” A. All of them cannot B. None of them can C. Neither of them cannot D. Each of them can
  17. His parents used they had to buy him a computer. A. what B. all what C. that D. what all
  18. What’s the man like ? He is . A. not quite himself B. ill C. sick D. honest
  19. Wood can be made paper. A. of B. from C. with D. into
  20. By the time we got to the railway station, the train already. A. has started B. had started C. has been started D. was started
  21. We talked about the school and teachers were remembered by every one of us. A. that B. which C. what D. him
  22. ?How much does the firewood cost? --Well, they are . A. expensive B. cheap C. at a high price D. free
  23. When and where to build the new factory . A. is not decided B. are not decided C. has not decided D. have not decided
  24. I often noticed the boy school alone very later. A. to leave B. leave C. leaving D. left
  25. His was burnt in that fire and he had to make his in a hotel. Now the whole are all fine. A. home, house, family B. family, house, home C. house, family, home D. house, home, family
  26. I would rather the chance than her. A. not to take, to hurt B. not taking, hurting C. not take, hurt D. don’ take, t to hurt
  27. The soldier was wounded leg. A. on the B. in the C. on his D. in his
  28. The bus is very . There . A. crowding, aren’t any rooms B. crowded, aren’t any space C. crowded, isn’t any room D. crowding, isn’ t any space

  29. The old woman the poor beggar a large meal. A. had B. took C. offered D. supplied
  30. We must the worst. A. be preparing for B. be prepared for C. be prepared D. prepare 二、完形填空。(25%) When I woke next morning, I was dying of 31 . I seemed to have a hole instead of a 32 . I dressed quickly and hurried down to the 33 . It was a big room with six tall windows and the ugliest wallpaper I had ever seen. 34 , I had been told that the hotel was not beautiful but that you were better 35 there than in any other hotel; and that was 36 I wanted just then. The waiter came hurrying up. Before I came downstairs I had prepared 37 carefully for what I must 38 . I had looked three times in my dictionary to make sure 39 “breakfast” really meant “breakfast”. I had tried to get the right 40 and I had stood in front of a mirror and twisted my mouth until it 41 . The waiter asked me 42 I could not understand, but I spoke only my one prepared word “BREAKFAST”. He looked at me in a 43 way, so I repeated it. Still he did not understand. It was 44 that English people didn’t understand their own language. The waiter 45 his head and went away, but he came back in a minute and brought a tray with tea, bread and butter?enough to feed a small 46 --and went away. But I was hungry, and I left 47 . When the waiter came back I thought his face showed a little 48 , but you can never 49 what a waiter’s face really shows. In another minute he brought 50 tray with some bacon and some eggs. He 51 have misunderstood me, but I thought it was no use explaining to people who don’t understand their own language, so I just set to work on the bacon and eggs, wondering whether I could possibly 52 that plate. Well, I finished the bacon and eggs. I got up and made my way 53 to my room ? at least five pounds 54 . I never believed until then that any meal could 55 me, but on that day I met my Waterloo(滑铁卢).
  31. A. hunger B. cold C. anger D. illness
  32. A. stone B. head C. breast D. stomach
  33. A. hospital B. dining-room C. station D. toilet
  34. A. Therefore B. Otherwise C. So D. However
  35. A. received B. fed C. cared D. eating
  36. A. just B. what C. that D. why
  37. A. English B. meal C. questions D. myself
  38. A. speak B. answer C. say D. explain
  39. A. that B. about C. of D. to

  40. A. pronunciation D. spelling
  41. A. changed D. closed
  42. A. whether D. what
  43. A. surprised D. touched
  44. A. unbelievable D. a pity
  45. A. waved D. patted
  46. A. tiger D. army
  47. A. much D. empty
  48. A. pleasure D. satisfaction
  49. A. tell D. express
  50. A. other D. me
  51. A. should D. must
  52. A. clear D. pay
  53. A. hurriedly D. anxiously
  54. A. lighter more
  55. A. hurt D. please 三、阅读理解。(30%)
B. meaning B. opened B. something B. friendly B. true B. shook B. eat B. a little B. surprise B. guess B. another B. might B. clean B. immediately B. heavier B. fat
C. form C. ached C. when C. puzzled C. thought C. bowed C. group C. nothing C. pride C. design C. more C. would C. wash C. slowly C. weightier C. defeat D.
A Mr. And Mrs. Wu were fed up with their neighbor. He was always borrowing things from them. “It’s not right,” Mr Wu said to his wife one evening. “ At some time or another that man has borrowed nearly everything we have. Almost every day he comes over to borrow something.” “You’re quite right,” his wife replied, “and most of the things he’ s never returned.” “What I want to know,” her husband said, “ is why can’t he buy the things he needs, like everyone else?” “Because people like us are foolish enough to lend him what he needs,” she replied. “As long as we are willing to lend, he’ll keep on borrowing.” “Then we’ll never lend him anything again,” Mr Wu said. “The next time he asks to borrow something, I’ll say no.”
“We must have a good reason for saying no,” his wife said, “and we must always try to be polite to him. We don’t want to make an enemy of the man.” It was not long before their decision not to lend their neighbor anything ever again was put to the test. The next morning there was a knock on the door. Mr Wu went to answer it. Their neighbor was standing there. Mr Wu knew he was going to ask to borrow something, and was ready to refuse him politely. “Good morning,” their neighbor said, “I’m sorry to trouble you , but I wonder if I could borrow your garden scissors.” “I’m sorry,” Mr Wu said, “but I’m afraid my wife and I will be using them today. We’ll be spending all day working in the garden.” “Oh, I see,” the neighbor said, “in that case, may I borrow your golf clubs? You won’t be needing them if you’re working in the garden all day, will you?”
  56. How did Mr and Mrs Wu feel about their neighbor? A. indifferent B. annoyed C. friendly D. enthusiastic
  57. What had the neighbor done with most of the things he had borrowed? A. lent them to others B. lost them C. broken them D. not given them back
  58. What did Mr Wu decide to do from then on? A. keep on lending to him B. give him their golf clubs C. refuse to lend him any more things D. be impolite to him
  59. When did the neighbor come back? A. the following day B. a week later C. the morning after the following week D. a few days later
  60. How did the neighbor manage to get what he really wanted? A. by working in Mr Wu’s garden B. by lending Mr Wu his golf clubs C. by first asking for something else D. by asking for it B Everybody uses A.M. and P.M. to mean before noon and after noon. But do you know exactly what they mean and how they came into being? We know that the turning of the earth makes the sun and stars seem to move across the sky. Daylight, of course, begins with the sun rising in the east and end with the sun setting in the west. Being high in the sky, between these two positions, the sun has travelled a quarter journey, and half of the daylight hours have been spent. Therefore, by noticing where the sun stood in the sky, early man learned how to tell the time of the day. At night, the stars, were observed. He could also know the time. The important thing in keeping time is to know the exact moment of noon. For each of us, wherever we are, noon is when the sun is directly overhead. Think of an imaginary line, a meridian(子午线)drawn across the sky, going from the north point of your horizon down to the south point.
When the sun crosses your meridian, it is noon for you. When the sun still lies to the east of your meridian, it is morning. After the sun has crossed this meridian , it is afternoon. The Latin word for “midday” is meridiem, from which comes our word ante meridiem, whose short form is A.M., which means before midday. P.M. is the short form for post meridian, meaning after midday.
  61. The English word “meridian” means . A. ante meridiem in Latin B. P.M. in Latin C. Post metidiem in Latin D. meridiem in Latin
  62. Early man learned how to tell the time of the day . A. by noticing where the sun stood in the sky B. by knowing the exact moment of noon C. by drawing a meridian across the sky D. by observing the positions the stars exist in the sky
  63. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. A.M. means before noon in English and ante meridiem in Latin. B. P.M. is the short form for post meridiem in Latin standing for “in English”. C. Daylight begins with the sun rising in the west and ends with the sun setting in the east. D. Meridiem in Latin comes from our word meridian.
  64. It is the exact moment of noon . A. that the sun crosses the imaginary line B. when the sun still lies to the east of the meridian C. after the sun has crossed the imaginary line D. when the sun is not directly overhead.
  65. “Before midday” means . A. the sun has travelled a quarter journey. B. half of the daylight hours have been spent. C. the sun hasn’t travelled a quarter journey yet D. the sun has travelled half of its journey C These days we know a lot about pollution in the air or water. But we are not so familiar with the pollution from noise, and especially with its psychological effects(心理效果). The physical effects are not surprising. We may become deaf if we live with great noise all the time. Scientists think that noise has a great effect on people’s mind. They say that in noisy situations, people get angry more easily, they cannot work hard, and many of them have psychological problems. Scientists can tell the difference between “sound” and “noise”. Sound is measured(测量) physically, but noise cannot be measured in the same way because it refers to the physical effect of sound and its level(水平) depends on (取决于) the situation. Sound may become noise if it makes us feel hard.
  66. People are not familiar with noise pollution because . A. its effects are not surprising B. we don’t know its effects C. it has very small effects D. it has great effects on people’s mind
  67. If you live among great noise, you will . A. fall ill sometime in future B. not be your own self any more
C. get familiar with noise pollution D. Both A and B
  68. According to the writer, what is the difference between sound and noise? A. Sound can be measured, while noise can’t B. Sound is thought physically, while noise psychologically C. Noise should be controlled(控制), while sound shouldn’t D. Noise always has great effects while sound small ones
  69. Which of the following should be thought of “noise” according to the writer? A. The sound of planes’ taking off or landing for a traveller. B.The music of earphone heard by a person walking in the street. C.The whisper(耳语) of someone behind you in the cinema. D.The bark(狗叫) of dogs for a man who wants to catch an animal.
  70. What conclusion(结论) can you draw after reading the passage? A. Something can be thought of both “noise” and “sound”. B. “Noise” is nothing but psychological problems of people. C. People always have control over “sound” but no control over “noise” ,
 

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