新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一写作真题
高一英语写作真题讲义
主讲: 主讲:姚振华
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自我介绍 fred-fried 课程介绍: 课程介绍:全部选用各个省市、中学高一英语期中、期末考试试题,真题难度和 高一英语程度相符,具有测试效度;试卷来自全国各地,题目形式、要求各不相 同,差异有助于了解总体趋势;高一英语写作试题主要形式有单词填空、句子翻 译、短文改错、书面表达。一共接触 10 套试卷的写作题目,书面表达题约有 11 道,其中有详细讲解考场解题步骤,平时训练写作步骤,各种文体写作技巧和要 求,如何用词,如何造句,如何连接,如何构思等,并全部给出范文,供学生参 考。
第一课
2005北京市海淀区 2005-2006 学年上学期高一英语期末试题
单词拼写题技巧:
  1、 读懂句子意思,根据语境大胆猜测;
  2、 根据句子语法结构,判断所填词语词性,再进行猜测;
  3、 根据词性, 将首字母与元音、 辅音字母分别结合, 由此进一步猜测所填词语。 第四部分:写作(共两节 满分 25 分) 第一节、单词拼写(共 10 小题,10 分)
  71. Having being at war for several years, the people of Israeli(以色列)and Palestine(巴勒斯坦)want nothing but p.
  72. Tom made an a to me for breaking my DVD player.
1
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一写作真题

  73. It isn’t good manners for students to i teachers when they are giving a lesson.
  74. The Los Angeles Lakers d the Miami Heat 105-98 last time.
  75. Five of us went to the Christmas party, i my e-pal and me.
  76. The fire started in a restaurant, and it soon s all over the town.
  77. America used to be ruled by Britain. It didn’t become i until the year 17
  76.
  78. People throw rubbish and wastes into the river every day. The water in the river has been seriously p.
  79. My mother was not s with the color of the dress so she didn’t buy it.
  80. In case of an e we can use a cell phone to call for help. 单词拼写:
  71. peace
  73. interrupt
  75. including
  77. independent
  79. satisfied 书面表达介绍: 书面表达介绍: 书面表达题通常都是指导性写作(guided writing)的形式,体裁和题材多属于 与日常交际及日常学习生活内容有关的议论文、记叙文、说明文、应用文等。这 些试题对写作的目的、内容、体裁及长度(字数)等都有明确的规定,写作的内 容则以文字、图画等形式来提供。这种题目的特点是:
  1.不能字对字翻译。要求考生不能根据考题所提供的内容逐字逐句地翻译,而 是把考题所提供的信息用合适的方式表达出来,只要内容完整、语言连贯、表达 通顺、恰当得体即完成了任务。其实“书面表达”比逐句翻译更灵活,考生可以 扬长避短,选用自己掌握的最有把握的较复杂语言结构或较高级的词汇,并有效 地使用恰当的连词, 使全文结构紧凑, 做到这一点, 才算是完全完成了表达任务。
  2.“书面表达”不是命题作文。把“书面表达”说成是英语作文是不妥当的, 它不允许考生脱离题意, 任意借题发挥, 它要求考生只抓所给信息的要求和实质, 用自己熟悉的语言进行表达。 如何写好书面表达

  72. apology
  74. defeated
  76. spread
  78. polluted
  80. emergency
2
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一写作真题

  1.仔细审题、抓住要点。审题是解题的核心,书面表达的审题要注重两个方面: 一是“内容”;二是“结构”。内容,即写什么;“结构”就是大纲,层次,段 落,就是列提纲,即整理需要表达的内容。
  2.注意语言形式和词语、句型的选择。写作过程中要灵活运用所学词汇、语法 和句型来组织语言。尽量使用你最熟悉、最有把握的句型。遇到生疏的词句要灵 活变通。例如:要表达“听到这个消息,他非常高兴。” When he heard the news, he was very glad. Hearing the news, he was/ felt very happy. He was wild with joy at the news. He was glad to hear the news. He was glad at the news.
  3.安排表达的层次和顺序,注意表达的准确性、连贯性,要符合英语习惯。
  4.认真检查,进行修改和润色。一篇短文写完后,一定要认真检查,看其内容 是否完整,要点是否有遗漏,主体是否符合要求,并且要检查单词的拼写及大小 写、短语的运用,语法、句型结构的准确性,以及标点符号使用的规范性,避免 不必要的失分。 第二节、书面表达(满分 15 分) 云雾山是一处旅游胜地, 每日有大量游客。 几年前少数游客不注意保护环境。 现在大有改观。请你根据以下要点写一篇作文。
几年前少数游客的行为 乱扔废纸、塑料袋、罐头盒 杀害动物、捕捉飞鸟 砍伐树木、采摘花草 在丛林中生火烧饭 现在游客的表现 带走垃圾 不再打猎 爱护动物 自带午餐,以防森林火灾
注意:
  1. 开头以为你写好。
  2. 字数:120 字左右 The Yunwu Mountain is a place of interest. 分析题目: 审题-审文体、人称、时态、内容、结构、词数 本文为记叙文,写事为主,第三人称,一般过去时和一般现在时搭配,内容是几 年前少数游客在观赏云雾上时的行为和现在游客的表现,结构上分为两大部分: 过去和现在;详略安排上,两部分平均分配;100-1
  40。
3
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一写作真题
要点思考: 每日有大量游客 There are many tourists every day. Every day crowds of/ large numbers of tourists come (to visit) here. 几年前少数游客不注意保护环境 Several years ago, a few visitors didn’t pay any attention to protecting the environment here. … to environmental protection take no notice of/ paid no attention to 乱扔废纸、塑料袋、罐头盒 In the past, they threw away waste paper, plastic bags, and cans/ tins. 杀害动物、捕捉飞鸟 They killed/ hunted animals and caught birds. 砍伐树木、采摘花草 They cut down trees and picked up flowers. 在丛林中生火烧饭 They lit a fire and cooked meals in the forest. They made a fire to in order to cool meals in the forest. 现在的游客带走垃圾 “在这吃还是带走”for here or to go/ eat here or take away? Nowadays, the tourists will take away the rubbish/ garbage/ trash with them. 不再打猎 They no longer hunt animals. 爱护动物 They begin to take good care of/ cherish the animals. 自带午餐,以防森林火灾 They take lunch by themselves in order not to cause forest fire. … to prevent forest fire. 没有任何调整,这些只是散乱的句子;只有意思通顺、语义连贯才能称得上是文 章 Every day, lots of tourists come here. Several years ago, a few visitors didn’t pay much attention to the environmental protection and made a lot of mistakes. Some people used to throw waste paper, plastic bags, and cans everywhere. Others would pick up the flowers, cut down trees and even cook meals over an open fire. This was rather dangerous. Worst of all, they killed animals and caught birds, the number of which reduced quickly at that time. However, things have changed a lot nowadays. Many visitors bring lunch with them, and take the rubbish away, and this will surely help prevent forest fires. They no longer go hunting, and on the contrary, they attach more love and care to the animals. It’s hoped more people will realize it and do our best to protect the environment here.
4
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一写作真题
Attach much importance to sth. 范文赏析 The Yunwu Mountain is a place of interest. Every day a large number of visitors pay a visit there. Several years ago, some visitors paid no attention to the environmental protection. They not only threw away waste paper, plastics and cans at will, but also cut down trees and picked flowers. Sometimes they even killed animals and caught birds for fun. Worse still, they often made a fire to cook, which could easily cause a big fire. To our joy, nowadays people have realized the importance of protecting the environment. When visiting the mountain, they take away the rubbish, and protect the plants and animals. They also take along food with them in order not to cause forest fire.
北京一零一中学高一英语期中试题
第四部分 写作(共两节 满分 25 分) 第一节 单词拼写 (共 5 小题,5 分)
  71. In summer, people wear raincoats to p themselves from the rain.
  72. Many people keep dogs as pets because dogs are regarded to be l to people.
  73. Many houses were d in the floods, but nobody died.
  74. Nothing can s without sunshine and water.
  75. Hong Kong, which was s from the mainland so long, returned to China on July 1st, 19
  97.
  71. protect
  72. loyal
  73. destroyed
  74. survive
  75. separated
第二节 书面表达 I (满分 20 分) 请根据所给材料,以 Getting to Know Tom Hanks 为题写一篇短文。 字数要求:120 字左右 姓名: 汤姆汉克斯 身份: 演员 出生日期 19
  56-
  7-9 出生地 美国加州 童年时期 5 岁时父母离异,跟随父亲辗转各地 学生时代 高中开始表演戏剧,大学继续。 大学毕业后 投身演艺事业 主要获奖电影 1994 获 Oscar 最佳男演员奖,影片“Philadelphia” 1995 获 Oscar 最佳男演员奖,影片 Forrest Gump
5
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高一写作真题
家庭状况
1989 第二次婚姻:妻子 Rita Wilson, 现有四个儿子, 家庭幸福 加州:California
参考用词: 离婚:get divorced
题目分析 记叙文, 人物介绍, 第三人称, 一般过去时为主, 按照时间顺序, 叙述 TOM HANKS 的生平;主要内容已经给出,无需增加要点,可以将文章分为两大部分,大学毕 业是分界线,之前写学生时代,之后写演艺成就。110-140 词之间。 句型思考 姓名+身份 Tom Hanks is an actor. 生日 He was born on July 9th, 19
  56. 合并 Tom Hanks is an actor, bon on… 出生地 He grew up/ was brought up in California, the U.S.A. 童年 When he was five/ At the age of 5, her parents got divorced/ got a divorce. Then he stayed with his father and traveled to a lot of places. 学生时代 He began to play a role in dramas in high school and continued this hobby in the university. Since high school, he has acted in many dramas and he continued in the university. 大学时代 After graduation, he devoted himself to acting. Then, he officially began his career as an actor after graduation. 事业、获奖 In 1994, he was awarded the Oscar Best Actor, because of his excellence performance in the movie “Philadelphia”. Just one year later, he got the same title again, thanks to “Forrest Gump”. As he did a really outstanding job in the movie “Philadelphia”, he was conferred the Best Actor of Oscar in 19
  94. One year later, he got the same award with his movie “Forrest Gump”. 家庭 Now he has a happy family with four children and his wife Rita Wilson, whom he married in 19
  89. At present he is leading a happy life with his wife Rita Wilson, whom he married in 1989 and his four children. 总结(需要补充) This is the popular, great actor Tom Hanks.
6
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列
高一写作真题
范文赏析 Tom Hanks, an American leading actor, was born on July 9th 1956 in California, USA. When he was five, his parents got divorced. In order to make a living, he had to spend much of his childhood moving about with his father. While still a student, he showed a great interest in acting and began to perform in his high school plays, and he continued acting while attending university. In 1994 and 1995, he was honored with his first and second Oscar as Best Actor for “Philadelphia” and “Forrest Gump” Now he has a happy family with his second wife Rita Wilson, whom he married in 19
  89. Nowadays, Tom Hanks has become one of the most popular stars throughout the world. 思考练习 根据所提问题及限定的内容,写出一篇连贯完整的短文。短文必须包括括号 中的全部信息。字数不少于
  80。
  1. When did you start learning English? (five years old)
  2. How well can you speak the language now? (freely)
  3. Where did you go with a group of people last year? (America)
  4. Were you the only one who could speak English well? (Yes)
  5. What did you do to help others during the trip? Give at least two examples. [参考答案] I started learning English when I was five years old and now I can speak the language freely. Last year I went to America with a group of people, in which I was the only one who could speak English well. During the trip I did a lot of things to help others. For example, I helped them order dishes in restaurants, buy gifts in shops
 

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