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Unit 1 Good friends

  1. be loyal to 对……忠诚
  2. It is + adj.(表批评或赞扬) + of sb. to do sth. = sb. + be adj. to do sth. e.g. It is kind of you to say so.= You are kind to say so.
  3. A good friend is someone who makes me happy. make /find +object. +adj.
  4. argue with / against sb. e.g. make our classroom clean; find it useful argue about / over / on sth. solution (名词) make sb. do (sth.) = have sb. do sth. = get sb. to do sth. 某人做某事是……
argue with sb. about / over sth.
argue sb. into/out of +n. 说服某人做/停止做某事
  5. solve the problem 解决问题
  6. especially “尤其;特别地” ,用来加强语气,常用于所强调的主语、介词短语、形容词及 when 引导的从句之前。
  7. give reasons for sth. 情态动词 为某事给出原因 表示与前面情况相同 so+主语+助动词/系动词/ e.g. ①I don’t like enjoy singing, nor / neither do I like computers. - So he does.
  8. so / neither / nor + 助动词 / 系动词 / 情态动词+主语(+动词) 表示对前面所说情况的赞成或认同 ②Rock music is OK, and so is skiing. ③ - He works very hard.

  9. hate vt. 憎恶,憎恨;厌恶,很不喜欢,句型为:hate sth. / sb.;hate doing / to do sth.;hate sb. doing / to do sth.
  10. be into =be fond of 对某事有兴趣,喜欢…… 上网

  11. surf the Internet= go on the Internet
  12. all the time 一直,始终 想像做某事

  13. imagine doing sth. 视。

  14. alone adj. 单独的,独自的(只能作表语) adv. 单独地 e.g. ①She watches TV when she is alone. 独自一人时,她便看电 ②For years Mary lived alone in New York. 玛丽孤身一人在纽约生活了好几年。 lonely adj.
  1. 孤独的,孤寂的
  2. 偏僻的,人迹罕至的 (既可作表语,也可作定语)
  15. play = act
  16. so...that... e.g. Tom Hanks plays a man named Chuck Noland. 如此……以至于……,that 在此引导结果状语从句(有时可能省略) so + adj. + a(n) + n + that… so few /many + 复数名词 + that… so much /little+不可数名词 +
so + adj. / adv. + that… that…
so 加形容词或副词置于句首引起倒装
区别:such + a(n) + adj. + n. + that…
such + adj. +不可数名词/复数名词(注:这里
的 adj.不能是 many, much, few, little,如果加这些形容词,用 so…that…)
  17. One day Chuck is on a flight across the Pacific Ocean when suddenly his plane crashes. When(= at that time/at that moment) 是一个并列连词的作用, 表示前一个动作正在进行时突然发生此事。 多用于句型: doing…when…, about to do …when…, be be 句中 is on a flight 等于 is flying。例如:①He is about to go when the telephone rang。她正要出去这时电话铃响了。 ②I was walking on the street yesterday when I saw an old friend。昨天正在街上走着忽然碰上一个老朋友。
  18. a deserted island 荒岛 幸存;活下来 她的双亲在“非典”流行时去世,但是她幸存下来。

  19. survive: continue to live or exist
e.g. Her parents died in the SARS epidemic, but she survived.
  20. all alone = all by oneself
  21. hunt for 生火 为了…… 独自地;完全靠自己;独立地 搜索;追寻;寻找

  22. make (a) fire
  23. in order to 导
e.g. We started early in order to arrive before dark.为了在天黑前到达,我们很早就动身了
  1) so as
  2) 否定式在 to 前加 not
  3) 相应的目的状语从句由 so that...或 in order that...引
to…= in order to...,但前者一般不用于句首

  24. develop a friendship with sb.
  25. even though=even if 即使
与某人发展友谊
1 八桂资源网,您的教育资源共享平台!http://www.baguiziyuan.com/ 第 1 页 共 13 页
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  26. treat…as… 把……看作……
  27. realize(realize) vt. 认识;明白;实现。例: ① I didn't realize this until you told me. 直到你告诉了我才认识到这一点。 ②Finally I realized what he meant.最后我明白了他的意思。 ③ In the end he realized his hope for being an artist. 最后他实现了 当艺术家的意愿。
  28. share happiness and sorrow 同甘共苦 share vt.& vi.分担;分享;共同具有/使用 搭配是: share in...共享…… 例: ③We must do our share for
  1)share vt. 常跟名词作宾语,构成的搭配有:share sth. with sb.与某人共享。例: ①They share all housework, including washing, cooking and looking after their child.他们分担所有家务,包括洗衣,做饭,看孩子。
  2)share vi. our country. 我们必须为国家做出一份贡献。
  29. care about 关心,介意,在乎 e.g. It is important to have someone to care about. care for 喜欢;照顾 e.g. ①I don’t care for football. ②Would you care for a cup of tea? ③She cares for her sick mother.
  30. should have done 本该做……(而实际上没有做) ,常含有责备的意味。
  31. make friends with sb. 和某人交朋友 (注意 friends〈复数〉 )
  32. for example 介词短语,为插入语,可置于句首、句中或句末,用逗号隔开,一般只以同类人或同类事物中的“一个”为 例。 such as 列举同类人或同类事物中的几个例子,放在被列举的事物或名词之前,as 不加逗号。
  33. learn a lesson from sb. 接受教训
  34. tell lies/a lie 撒谎,为固定搭配
  35. regard …as… 把……当作 be regarded as 例: ②She shares in my troubles as well as my joys. 她与我同甘共苦。
  3)share n. "一份","份额"
e.g. Many people keep dogs as pets because dogs are regarded as loyal friends to people.
  36. make a difference 有差别;有关系 make no difference 没有差别;无关紧要
  37. You guessed it!
  38. have fun 玩得愉快 记住 尽可能简洁 取笑;嘲笑 fun n.[U]娱乐,乐趣;玩笑,嬉戏;有趣的人(或事物) for / in fun 闹着玩地,不当真地
  39. drop sb. a line 给某人写短信
  40. keep...in mind make a great difference 区别很大;有很大关系

  41. as short as possible

  42. laugh at / make fun of / play a joke on 语法:直接引语和间接引语( ) 语法:直接引语和间接引语(
  1)

  43. in one’s opinion 依……看来,依……之见 当说话人引用别人的话时,可以用别人的原话,也可以用自己的话把别人意思转述出来,引用原话,称为直接引语(Direct Speech) ,否则称为间接引语(Indirect Speech) 。直接引语通常用引号( )括起来,间接引语在多数情况下都构成一个宾 “” 语从句。 (课本 P1
  78) e.g. Lao Yang said: “I’m not free. ”(直接引语) (
  1)在引语的开头用连词 that,有时可以省略 He said, “Mother, the boy is very naughty.” (
  2)根据意思改变人称 She said (to me), “Your pronunciation is better than mine. (
  3)注意间接引语中的谓语动词时态的变化 “Frank, I came to return you the book,” Henry said. Kitty said, “I’ll call again after supper.” (
  4)根据意思将指示代词,地点及时间状语作必要的更动 2 八桂资源网,您的教育资源共享平台!http://www.baguiziyuan.com/ 第 2 页 共 13 页 Henry told Frank that he had come to return the book. Kitty said that she would call again after supper. She said that my pronunciation was better than hers. He told his mother (that) the boy was very naughty. Lao Yang said that he wasn’t free .(间接引语)
  1. 如果引用的句子原来是一个陈述句,在间接引语中我们要注意下面几点:
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She said, “I will come here again tonight.” She said (that) she would go there again that night.
  2. 直接引语是一个疑问句变间接引语时,除了注意人称、状语等的变更和时态一致之外,还要注意: (
  1)把疑问句语序变为陈述句语序,也就是说要把主语放在谓语的前面。 He asked, “How are you getting along?” 或 if。 He asked, “Are you a Party member or a League member?” member. “You’ve already got well , haven’t you ?” she asked. She asked whether(if)he had already got well . 选择疑问句不用 if,只用 whether(whether…or…搭配,一般不用 if) (
  3)如果是特殊疑问句,仍用其疑问词作为连接词来引导从句。
  3. 在时态变化时,要注意如果直接引语是客观真理或客观事实,变为间接引语时,时态不用改变。
  4. 一般在引述陈述句的间接引语时,用动词 said, told;在引述疑问句时,一般用 asked, said, wondered 等。 He asked me whether I was a Party member or a League He asked us how we were getting along. (
  2)在这种引语前“that”是永远也不能用的。如果是一般疑问句、选择疑问句或反意疑问句,在引语前要用连词 whether
Unit 2 English around the world

  1. (
  1)for the first time 第一次 (时间状语) Middle School, I met a lot of old friends. (
  2)the first time 第一次(引导时间状语从句) B. For the first time C. For the time e.g. I came into No.1 D. The time (key: A) A. The first time
(
  3)It<This> is/was the first time… 后接句子,强调到说话时为止某一情况或动作的次数,句中常用完成时态,first 可换用其 他序数词。e.g. It was the first time (that) I had left Beijing. 那是我第一次离开北京。
  2. What is it that Joe can’t find in the bathroom ? Joe 在浴室里不能找到的是什么? 这是一个强调句式的特殊疑问形式。 (
  1)对主语作强调 It is Joe that / who can’t find the toilet in the
It is / was +被强调成份+that (who)+句子剩余部分 e.g. bathroom. (
  2)对宾语作强调 the toilet.
It is the toilet that Joe can’t find in the bathroom. 航行愉快
(
  3)对状语作强调
It is in the bathroom that Joe can’t find
强调句式的特殊疑问句变化:When/Why/How/What/Where is/was it that…?

  3. have a good flight

  4. all the way 从远道;一路上
  5. must 表示肯定猜测 must +do(现在) / 别客气,别拘束 mean + to do 打算做…… must +have done(过去) e.g. ①You must be very tired. ②The ground is wet. It must have rained last night. 否定式为 can’t / couldn’t + do / have done
  6. make oneself at home
  7. mean + n. / pron. / doing 意味着 What do you mean by...?
"你说(做)……是什么意思?" 〈区别〉not a bit = not at all = not in the least a bit of + n. 一点儿也不

  8. on one’s way back ( to … ) / on one’s way to …
  9. a bit = a little 修饰 adj. / adv.的原级或比较级 not a little = not slightly = very much
  10. native language=mother tongue 母语 相当多的(地) ;非常
a little + n.
native n. [C]当地人,本国人

  11. in … situation 处于……的情形、境遇、位置

  12. majority n. 大多数;大部分。当 the majority 作主语时,谓语动词可以是单数,也可以是复数。但当"the majority of + n. "做主
语时,谓语动词由后面的名词来决定。 ①The majority were/ was against the plan.大多数人反对这个计划。 ②The majority of 例: the books are kept upstairs.大多数书籍放在楼上。 ③The majority of the money is spent on books. 大多数钱都花在了书上。
  13. in total = in all / as a whole 总共,合计
  14. a number of+ 复数名词+复数谓语
  15. be equal to 相等的;胜任的 carrying out the plan
  16. except 同类别事物的整数中除去若干 except for 从整体中排除部分,前后名词是不同类的 3 八桂资源网,您的教育资源共享平台!http://www.baguiziyuan.com/ the number of+复数名词+单数谓语 ②My heart is not equal to the race. ③He felt equal to e.g. ①Tom is equal to John in height.
第 3 页 共 13 页
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except that 从句 e.g. ①Except Tom, they are all workers. ②The room is empty except for a broken chair. ②We learn a language in order to 他没有办法与他兄弟联系。 e.g. ① With the
  17. communicate vt. (
  1) 传达;传递;传播(+to) vi. (
  1) 交流思想(或感情,信息等);交际,交往(+with) (
  2) 通讯,通话(+with) 她有没有把我的祝福转告你?
e.g. ①Did she communicate my wishes to you? communicate. 我们学习语言是为了交流思想。
③He had no way to communicate with his brother.

  18. With so many people communicating in English everyday , we can see that it will be more and more important to have a good knowledge of English . (
  1) with n./pron. doing sth. 这是 with 的复合结构,在句中可作状语,表示原因。 doctors treating me, I will recover soon. 有这些医生给我治疗,我很快就会康复。 ② With the work well done, he got praised.
由于这工作做得好,他受到了表扬。 除了表原因,还可表示伴随动作、行为方式、条件或结果等。在这一结构中,如果名 词/代词和分词之间是主动关系,用现在分词;如果是被动关系,则用过去分词形式。 with + n. / pron. + adj. / adv. / 介词短 语 with + n. / pron. + doing (表示动作在正在进行) 作的完成或被动) 越来越黑了。
  18. have a good knowledge of… 具有(丰富)的……知识;熟知……
  19. stay up 熬夜
  20. leave the door open 让门开着 leave 在此意为“让……处于某种状态” (
  1) know 和 know about 的 knowledge 在此意为
 

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