Module 6 Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World
I.教学内容分析 . 本模块以 Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World 为话题,介绍了天池怪物,中西文 化中的龙,尼斯水怪,喜玛拉雅山雪人,恐龙的灭绝等内容,旨在通过模块教学使学生进 一步认识我们所处的世界,培养他们不断探索自然奥秘的精神.同时通过学习本模块内容, 学习搜集和区分信息等能力,利用所学词汇,可以表达描述自然现象. Introduction 部分通过四则小短文描述四种神秘的怪物,并且结合短文学习词汇,引 起学生对本模块学习的兴趣. Reading and Vocabulary 部分通过课文《天池怪物》的学习,学会根据起始段落预测 文章出处.学会提取文章主要信息,归纳文章的主旨大意.根据上下文正确理解生词含义. Speaking 部分所给的信息,要求学生能学会采访中的发问和应答. Function 部分通过四个活动,练习"可能""不可能"这一交际功能的表达. , Listening and Vocabulary 部分同过听"自然之谜??恐龙"的文章,训练学生判断 信息正确与否的能力,培养学生热爱自然生物的兴趣. Grammar 部分复习并归纳 may have done 或 might have done 的意义和用法,要求学生 熟练应用这一结构. Writing 部分要求学生能够模仿课文 "天池怪物" 撰写一篇描述想象中的一种怪物的短 文,开发学生想象力,进一步熟练使用本模块词汇. Pronunciation 部分通过听力的训练,让学生掌握语音中的失去爆破现象. Everyday English 部分主要通过选择题的形式使学生掌握 back in the news, throw light on something 等几个日常英语的运用. Cultural Corner 部分是一篇学生很感兴趣的文章,介绍了龙在不同文化中的象征及其 缘由,通过阅读了解外国文化,拓展学生的文化背景知识,提高学生文化底蕴和对外国文 化的感悟能力.并让学生对比中外文化,发现两者之间的差异. Task 部分是结合本模块学习内容,要求学生小组活动,讨论某种大自然的神秘生物或 神秘现象,然后以向游客介绍的方式进行描写,训练学生描写自然的能力. Module File 部分有助于学生对本模块学习内容进行归纳,对自己的学习进行总结和检 验. II.教学重点和难点 .
  1. 教学重点 (
  1) 掌握一些和自然及动植物有关的词汇. (
  2) 学习情态动词表猜测的用法. (
  3) 学习提取文章有用信息,猜测词义的方法.
  2. 教学难点 (
  1) 听懂描述陌生事物并能做出正误判断,正确理解新学词汇的含义. (
  2) 正确使用情态动词来表示猜测,特别是对过去的猜测. (
  3) 学会利用已知词汇来描写介绍自然现象,动植物生活等自己感兴趣的话题. III.教学计划 . 本单元分五个课时:
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第一课时:Introduction, Speaking, 第二课时:Reading and Vocabulary, Writing 第三课时:Vocabulary and Listening, Pronunciation, Everyday English 第四课时:Grammar, Function 第五课时:Cultural Corner, task, Module File IV.教学步骤 .
Period 1 Introduction, Speaking
Teaching Goals:
  1. To arouse Ss' interest in learning about mysterious things.
  2. To get Ss to learn some words to describe mysteries of the nature.
  3. To get Ss to know and describe some mysterious things in nature. Teaching Procedures: Step
  1. Introduction
  1. Ask Ss to look at the four pictures on page 51 and give some descriptions in their own words. For your reference: ① A large foot which looks like a giant's. It is similar to our human being's but much bigger than it. Strangely it has only four toes. ② A huge monster like a gorilla, but looks taller and stronger than a gorilla. You may find the same creature in the film King Kong. ③ A kind of animal like a huge dragon in ancient Chinese legend. It lives in the water. ④ A terrible creature with long grey hair and face. It has long claws instead of hands.
  2. Let Ss read the four paragraphs and match them with the pictures.
  3. Ask Ss to read through the words in Activity 2 on page 51 individually. Make sure they understand the meanings of the words. Then let them do the activity and check the answers in pairs. Step
  2. Speaking
  1. Ask Ss to suppose they are interviewed by a journalist to describe something about the monsters they saw. Ask them to do the role-play in pairs. One acts the interviewer and the other acts the interviewee. Ask them to describe the four creatures in Activity 1 of Introduction one by one according the information showed in the introduction. Show Ss two examples to guide them. Example (
  1): Student A: Where and when you saw the Bigfoot? Student B: I was cutting the firewood in the mountainous forests that evening. About 6 o'clock, when I wanted to go home, it appeared in the woods 20 yards from me. Student A: What is it like? Student B: It looks like a very large monkey?tall and hairy with big arms and legs. Student A: Did you feel frightened then? Student B: Yes, very. I thought it would attack me. I was frightened to death.
2
… Example (
  2) Student A: Can you describe the scene when you met the monster like The Yeti? Student B: yeah. It's about two meters tall and has powerful arms and legs. Its head is very big and its eyes opened wide. It approached me slowly as if it wanted to attack me. I was very frightened but I didn't dare to cry for help… Student A: It's really exciting and risky. But what happened last? Student B: ….
  2. Ask Ss to say the imaginary creatures and scene in details according to the dialogue they made. For your reference: (
  1) It will attack anyone who goes close to it when the Yeti gets angry. (
  2) The Bigfoot looks like a very large monkey ? tall and hairy with big arms and legs. (
  3) The Grey man lives on mountains in Scotland. (
  4) The Loch Ness Monster has a small head and a long tail and some people believe it is a dinosaur Step
  3. Homework
  1. Ask Ss to revise the passages in the Introduction.
  2. Ask Ss to practise making dialogue to say the monsters..
  3. Ask Ss to preview Reading and Vocabulary in the module.
Period 2 Reading and Vocabulary, Writing
Teaching Goals:
  1. To let Ss master how to get useful information from a passage.
  2. To let Ss master some words and phrases.
  3. To get Ss to talk something about a monster.
  4. To help Ss write a story about another monster. Teaching Procedures: Step
  1. Leading-in
  1. Show four pictures and ask Ss to say something about the Lake Tianchi and the monster.
3

  2. Let Ss reported their discussions to the class and collect them. Then give a simple introduction to lead in the reading. For your reference: Lake Tianchi is located in the north-eastern Jilin province near the border of North Korea, in China. The lake is 1,243 feet deep and has had some volcanic activity in the last 300 years. Tianchi is honoured as the deepest mountain lake and the largest crater lake in China. There have been more than 30 reported sightings by tourists from home and abroad over the past 20 years. They said that they saw the great monster in the lake. There are quite a few pictures and videos of this creature, but none is clear enough to give a good appearance of it. Some persons made the picture with computer images of it based on interviews. Someone drew a picture to show its shape, but it remains unconfirmed. Step
  3. Reading
  1. Fast reading Ask Ss to read the beginning of the passage and finish Activity 1 on page 52 to choose where it comes from.
  2. Intensive reading (
  1) Ask Ss to read the first paragraph quickly and answer the two questions. ① According to the text, what did the monster look like? ② How many people saw it? Suggested Answers: ① Black in color; jumped like a seal; its head looked like a horse. ② About 2
  00. (
  2) Ask Ss to read the second paragraph and answer the questions: ① Who else saw the animal? ② What were they doing? ③ What did it look like? Suggested Answers: ① A group of soldiers ② They were walking along the side of the lake. ③ It was greenish-black and had a round head with 10cm horns.
4
(
  3) Ask Ss to read the third and fourth paragraph and answer the questions. ① What did Li Xiaohe see? ② Why could they see the animal clearly? ③ How long was the history of reports of monsters in Lake Tianchi? ④ What do many people think? ⑤ What do the scientists think? Suggested Answers: ① A round black creature moving quickly through the water. After 300 or 400 meters it dived into the water. ② The weather was fine and the lake was calm. ③ Since the beginning of the last century. ④ The monster may be a distant cousin of the Loch Ness monster in Scotland and there might be similar creatures in other lakes around the world. ⑤ The low-temperature lake is unlikely to be able to support such large living creatures. (
  4) Ask Ss to read the last paragraph and give the following information about Lake Tianchi: ① Area: ② Depth: ③ Height: Suggested Answers: ① 2189 m ② 10 km2 ③ 370 m deep in some places
  4. Post-reading Ask Ss to do Activity 4 on page
  53. Then check their answers. Step
  4. Language Points
  1. Ask Ss to discuss the important and difficult language points in groups. Then give tem some explanation. (
  1) It often gets angry and will attack anyone who goes close to it. 它经常生气,会袭击靠近它的任何人. attack vt & vi 袭击 ① A girl was attacked and robbed by two strong men. ② The enemy attacked during the night. ※【拓展 拓展】 拓展 ◆ attack vt 抨击 attack sb / sth for sth 为某事抨击某人.如: He was attacked for his corruption. ◆ attack n launch / make an attack (on sb / sth) 攻击某人或者某物.如: They launched an attack on racism. (
  2) He claims to have seen a round black creature moving quickly through the water. 他说他看见一个圆形黑色的东西在湖面快速游过. claim vt 宣称,声称(后可跟 that 从句或动词不定式)如: ① I don't claim to be an expert.
5
② He claimed he should be given a fairer opportunity. ※【拓展 拓展】 拓展 claim 的意思还有: ◆ vt 要求,认领 Has anyone claimed this watch? ◆ vt 索赔,索取 Did you claim the insurance after your car accident? ◆ vt 注意,思考 The matter claims our attention. (
  3) It is 2,189 metres high and covers an area of about ten square kilometers. (Page
  52) 天池海拔 2189 米,面积有 10 平方公里 cover an area of 意为"占有……空间",也可以只用 cover 表示此意.如: The town covers (an area of) 5 square miles. ※【拓展 拓展】 拓展 cover 的其他意思还有: ◆ vt 覆盖 The mountain is covered with snow all the year round. ◆ vt 包含,涉及 The lecture covers many aspects of business. ◆ vt 走完(一段路程) I can cover the distance on foot in two hours. ◆ vt 报道 The reporters are covering the fire for a newspaper. (
  4) They say that the low-temperature lake is unlikely to be able to support such large living creatures. (Page
  52)他们说,温度低的湖中不可能存活如此大的生物. ◆ be (un)likely to do… (不)可能做……如: You're likely to catch a cold if you go out now. ※【拓展 拓展】 拓展 It's likely that… 有可能…… It's likely that he will be late. = He is likely to be late.
  2. Ask Ss to fill the blanks of the summary according to the passage. The "Monster" of Lake Tianchi, the highest __(
  1)__ lake in the world, is __(
  2)__ after several recent sightings. But no one has ever got a clear look at the __(
  3)__ creature. In one sighting, as is __(
  4)__ by the director of a local tourist office, it is black and __(
  5)__ the water like a seal. In another recent sighting, a group of soldiers watched it __(
  6)__ for about 2 minutes. A third report came from a family who __(
  7)__ to __(
  8)__ a round black creature __(
  9)__ quickly through the water and then __(
  10)__the water. Many people think the monster may be a __(
  11)__cousin of the Loch Ness monster in Scotland. Scientists, however, are __(
  12)__, because the low-temperature lake is __(
  13)__ to be able to __(
  14)__ such a large __(
  15)__ creature.
6
Suggested Answers: (
  1) volcanic (
  2) back in the news (
  3) mysterious (
  4) claimed (
  5) jumped out of (
  6) swimming (
  7) claimed (
  8) have seen (
  9) moving (
  10) diving into (
  11) distant (
  12) sceptical (
  13) unlikely (
  14) support (
  15) living Step
  5. Writing
  1. Ask Ss to read the passage on page 52 and answer the questions in Activity 1 on page
  57.
  2. Ask Ss to write a passage using the words and sentences in Activity
  1. One possible vision: I live in a small town at the foot of the Changbai Mountains in Jilin Province. A beautiful lake called Tianchi is located near the town. My family and I often go there to enjoy its beauty. We always heard some reports describing the monster in the lake. It is said to have a white ring around the bottom of its neck, and the rest of its skin is grey and smooth. I am eager to see it myself, but I never had the chance. Recently several groups of people, including one of my friends, saw the " monster". Some of them said that it had a roundhead and body with 10-cm horns on the head, while others said it had a horse's head. My friend told me that it was like a dragon about the lengh of a boat, swimming in the water. I always thought the monster had been distinct long ago because of the weather or lack of large food supply. But hearing their vivid description, I really want to see it in future. Step
  6. Homework
  1. Ask Ss to finish Reading exercises in the W
 

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