单元知识梳理和能力组合
知识盘点 重点词汇
  1.survive 幸存, 经历…而活着
  2.amaze 使惊讶
  3.select 精选
  4.design 设计
  5.fancy 奇异 的
  6.style 风格
  7.remove 除去
  8.doubt 怀疑
  9.reception 接待
  10.light 点燃
  11.wonder 惊奇
  12.evidence 证据
  13.trial 尝试;审判
  14.explode 爆炸
  15.sink 下沉
  16.debate 辩论 短语
  1. belong to 属于
  2. in search of 搜寻
  3. in return 作为回报
  4. at war 交战
  5.take apart 拆 开
  6. think highly of 高度评价
  7. be used to do 被用来做
  8. rather than 而不是
  9. more than 不仅仅
  10. less than 少于
  11. care about 在乎
  12. add …to…增加
  13. agree with 同意
  14. see for oneself 亲自看
  15.at that time 在那时
  16.serve as 充当
  17. by the light of 借 着…的光
  18. be designed for 为…而设计
  19.no doubt 无疑
  20. the entrance to 通往…的 入口 句型
  1. There is no doubt that…: 毫无疑问,…
  2. It takes somebody some time to do something. 做某事花某人多长时间
  3. This was a time when…在这个时期…
  4. It can be proved that…可以证明,…
  5. can’t have done something 不可能做过某事 能力拓展
  1. Is it enough to have survived for a long time? 已经存在很久就够了吗? survive vi/vt 比...活得长; 经历...后依然活着; 经受得住 (
  1)Her parents died in the accident, but she survived. 她的父母死于车祸,而她却幸免于难。 (
  2)These plants cannot survive in very cold conditions. 这些植物不能在寒冷的条件下存活。 (
  3)The family are struggling to survive on very little money. 这家人靠着很少的钱艰难度日。 (
  4)He is the only one of the soldiers who survived the war. 他是唯一一个从那场战争中幸存 下来的战士。 (
  5)The house survived the storm. 经过暴风雨袭击, 这所房屋并未倒塌。 survivor n. 幸存者 There was only one survivor from / of the plane crash. 这次空难只有一名幸存者。 survival n. 幸存 His only chance of survival was a heart transplant. 唯有心脏移植手术才能使他活下来。
  2. IN SEARCH OF THE AMBER ROOM 寻找琥珀屋 search v, n. verb: ~ sth for sth/sb 搜查某物以寻找某人或某物 (
  1)Police are still searching the woods for the missing girl. 警察在搜索森林寻找失踪女孩。 (
  2)Firefighters searched the building for survivors. 消防战士搜查大楼寻找幸存者。
~ sb for sth 搜查某人以寻找某物 The police searched her for drugs. 警察搜查她,看她身上是否有毒品。 ~ for sth/sb 寻找某物或某人 (
  1)She searched in vain for her passport. 她寻找护照,但是没找到。 (
  2)I’ve searched high and low for my lost pen. 我到处寻找丢失的钢笔。 noun: ~ for sb/sth 搜寻某人或某物 (
  1)a search for a missing plane 搜寻失踪的飞机 (
  2)She went into the kitchen in search of (= looking for) a drink. 她进入厨房找饮料喝。 (
  3)Some birds fly south in search of winter sun. 一些鸟飞往南方寻觅冬季阳光。 (
  4)The search for a cure goes on. 对治疗方法的寻找在进行着。 (
  5)The police carried out /made a thorough search of the rooms, but they failed to find any drugs. 警方彻底地搜查了那些房间,但没有找到任何毒品。
  3. The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days. 琥珀屋的设计是当时 流行的奇特风格。 design v, n verb: ~ sth 设计 (
  1)to design a car / a dress / an office 设计汽车,连衣裙,办公室 (
  2)a badly designed kitchen 一间设计很差的厨房 (
  3)He designed and built his own house. 他设计建造了自己的家。 be design ed for sth / be designed as sth / be designed to do 为某目的或用途而设计制造 (
  1)The gloves are designed for extremely cold climates. 这些手套是为严寒地区设计制造的。 (
  2)This course is designed as an introduction to the subject. 这门课程是作为该科目的入门课 而开设的。 (
  3)The programme is designed to help people who have been out of work. 这个项目是为帮助 失业的人而开设的。 noun: (
  1)She had designs on his money. 她觊觎他的钱财。 (
  2)We don’t know if it was done by accident or by design. 我们不知道那件事是偶然的还是 故意的。
  4. She told her artists to add more details to it. 她让她的艺术家们给琥珀屋增加一些细节。 add v. ~ sth (to sth) 添加,增加 Shall I add your name to the list? 我把你的名字加到名单上,好吗? ~ A to B / ~ A and B together 加 (
  1) Add 9 to the total. 在总数上加
  9。 (
  2) If you add 5 and 5 together, you get
  10. 5 加 5 得
  10。 ~ sth (to sth) 补充说,又说 (
  1) I have nothing to add to my earlier statement. 我对先前说的话没什么要补充的。 (
  2) “And don’t be late,”she added. 她补充说, “别迟到了! ” (
  3) He added that he would return a week later. 他补充说他过一周就回来了。 add to sth 增加 The bad weather added to our difficulties. 坏天气增加了我们的困难。
add sth up 加起来 Add up all the money I owe you. 把我欠你的钱加起来。 add up to sth 加起来等于,等于说 (
  1) The numbers add up to exactly 1
  00. 这些数加起来正好是 1
  00。 (
  2) His long answer just adds up to a refusal. 他说那么多实际等于是拒绝。
  5. The Russians were able to remove some furniture and small art objects from the Amber Room. 俄罗斯人民从琥珀屋移走了一些家具和小艺术品。 remove v. ~ sth/sb from sth 将某物或某人从某处移开 (
  1)He removed his hand from her shoulder. 他把放在她肩上的手移开了。 (
  2)You should remove your hat in the church. 在教堂里你应该脱帽。 (
  3)He removed the mud from his shoes. 他去掉鞋上的泥。 (
  4)That officer was removed from his position. 那位军官被免职了。 ~ sth 消除,使消失 (
  1)to remove problems / difficulties / objections 解决问题,克服困难,消除反对意见 (
  2)The news removed any doubts about the company’s future. 这个消息消除了人们对公司 的未来的疑虑。 (
  3)It was impossible to remove the stains from the tablecloth. 这些污渍不可能从桌布上除 掉。 removal n. 移动,调动,迁移,排除;免职 (
  1)removal of an official 一位官员的免职 (
  2)The factory announced its removal to another town. 这家工厂宣布迁往另一座城市。
  6. There is no doubt that the boxes were put on a train for Konigsberg. 毫无疑问,那些箱子 被装上开往哥尼斯堡的火车。 doubt v/n verb: [v +sth] There seems no reason to doubt her words. 好象没有理由怀疑她的话。 [v +(that)] I never doubted (that) he would come. 我确信他会来。 [v +wh-] I doubt whether / if he will come. 我不敢肯定他来不来。 [v +sb] I had no reason to doubt him. 我没有理由怀疑他。 noun [U, C] ~ about / as to sth / ~ that / wh- 怀疑 (
  1)There is some doubt about her honesty. 人们对她的诚实有些怀疑。 (
  2)I have some doubt as to his intention. 我有些怀疑他的意图。 (
  3)There is no doubt that he is a kind person. 毫无疑问,他是个善良的人。 (
  4)She had her doubts whether he was telling the truth. 她怀疑他没说真话。 beyond (any) doubt 毫无疑问 It is beyond doubt that smoking is harmful to our health. 毫无疑问,吸烟有害健康。 in doubt 怀疑;不肯定 She is in doubt whether she is right. 她怀疑自己是否正确。 no doubt 无疑 No doubt he means to help, but in fact he just gets in the way. 无疑他想帮忙,而实际上他是 帮倒忙。 without doubt 毫无疑问
This meeting has been, without doubt, the most successful we have had so far. 这次会议无疑 是开得最成功的一个。 练习: (
  1). Do you doubt she will succeed? (
  2). I doubt he will keep his word. (
  3). I have no doubt he will win the game. Keys: (
  1). that (
  2). whether/if (
  3). that
  7. To them, it was worth much more than Chen Lei paid. 对他们来说,它的价值远远高于陈 雷花的钱。 (
  1) worth adj, n. adj: ~ sth / doing sth 值,值得 ①The house is worth about ?10000
  00. 这座房子价值 1000000 英镑。 ②How much is this painting worth? 这幅画值多少钱? ③The museum is certainly worth a visit. 这个博物馆值得参观。 ④Was it worth the effort? 它值得费这个劲吗? ⑤The job involves a lot of hard work but it’s worth it. 这个工作很费劲,但值得去做。 ⑥The trip was expensive but it was worth every penny. 这次旅行花了不少钱,但花得很值。 ⑦This idea is well worth considering. 这个想法很值得考虑。 ⑧He’s worth ?10 million. 他拥有 1 千万的财产。 noun [U] 价值 The winner will receive 100 pounds' worth of books. 获胜者将得到价值 100 英镑的图书。 (
  2) more than 的用法 ① “more than+名词” 表示“多于……”、“不仅仅是” 如: Modern science is more than a large amount of information. 现代科学不仅仅是大量的信息。 Jason is more than a lecturer; he is a writer, too. 他不仅仅是讲师,他还是个作家。 ②“more than+数词”含“以上”或“不止”之意,如: I have known David for more than 20 years. ③“More than+形容词”等于“很”或“非常”的意思,如: In doing scientific experiments, one must be more than careful with the instruments. 做科学实 验时,必须非常小心仪器。 I assure you I am more than glad to help you. 我保证我非常高兴帮你。 ④在“more...than...”中, 肯定“more”后面的而否定“than”后面的, 约等于“是……而不是……” 或“与其说是后者,不如说是前者”如: Catherine is more lazy than stupid. 与其说凯瑟琳笨,不如说她懒。 Hearing the loud noise, the boy was more surprised than frightened. 听到那声巨响,男孩很惊 讶而不是害怕。 ⑤“more than”或“more...than...”+含“can”的分句时表示“否定意思”,如: That's more than I can do. 这我做不了。 Don't bite off more than you can chew. 贪多嚼不烂。 Her joke went too far. It was more than I could put up with. 她的玩笑开得太过了,我受不 了。 此外,“more than”也在一些惯用语中出现,如: ⑥More often than not(经常) ,people tend to pay attention to what they can take rather than what they can give.
⑦All of us are more than a little concerned about(非常关心)the current economic problems. 总之,“more than”看似简单,其实很有内涵。
  8. After that, what happened to the Amber Room remains a mystery. 从那以后,琥珀屋到底 发生了什么事一直是个谜。 remain 保持;停留;剩下 (
  1)依然 依然:[v+adj / n / v-ed/ v-ing /that] 依然 to remain silent / standing / seated / motionless 保持沉默/站着/坐着/不动 Train fares are likely to remain unchanged. 火车费可能保持不变。 In spite of their quarrel, they remain the best of friends. 尽管吵架了,但他们依然是最好的 朋友。 I’m sorry you’re tired, but the fact remains that the job has to be done. 很遗憾你累了,不过事 还得做。 (
  2)剩下 剩下:[v+ (to do) ] 剩下 Very little of the house remained after the fire. 大火之后房子所剩无几。 There were only ten minutes remaining. 只剩下 10 分钟。 Much remains to be done. 很多事有待于做。 It remains to be seen whether you are right. 你是否对以后才能知晓。 (
  3)停留 [v + adv. / prep] 停留: 停留 They remained in Mexico until June. 他们在墨西哥呆到了六月。 She left, but I remained behind. 她离开了,但我留了下来。 考例
  1. (2009 四川) Please remain until the plane has come to a complete stop. A. to seat B. to be seated C. seating D. seated 解析:答案是 D。seat sb 意为“让某人坐下”,所以某人坐着即为 “(Sb) be seated”。 而 remain 同 be 一样也是系动词,所以后面也接 seated。也可以把 seated 看作一个表状态的 形容词“坐着的”。 remain 表示“依然,继续” ,为系动词,后加名词,形容词或分词做表 语。 考例
  2. With the five dollars, she bought a pair of shoes for her daughter. A. more B. remaining C. left D. rest 解析:答案是 B。remain 表“剩下”为不及物动词,表主动不用被动,所以它的形容词 形式为-ing. C 选项的 left 做后置定语。D 项的 rest 为名词,可带 of 短语,不修饰名词。
  9. It can be proved that China has more population than any other countries in the world. 可以证明,中国人口比世界上任何其他国家都多。 prove (proved, proved) or (proved, proven) (
  1)vt. 证明 [~ sth (to sb) ] They hope this new evidence will prove her innocence. 他们希望这个新证据会证明她无罪。 Just give me a chance and I’ll prove it to you. 给我一个机会,我会证明给你看。 [~ (that)] This proves (that) I was right. 这证明我是对的。 [~ wh-] This proves what I have been saying for some time. 这证明了我一段时间以来所说 的话。 宾语+ [~ +宾语 adj] She was determined to prove him wrong. 她决心要证明他错了。 宾语 (
  2)系动词:证明是,显示是 系动词: 系动词 证明是, [V+adj/n] Perhaps this book will prove (to be) useful. 或许这本书会证明有用的。
On the long journey, he proved a good companion.在长途旅行中他显示出是个
 

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