语法系列之-- 语法系列之--
英语句法( 英语句法(一)
英语句子的基本成分有8 英语句子的基本成分有8种:
主语 (subject) 谓语 (predicate) 宾语 (object) 定语 (attribute) 状语 (adverbial) 补语 (complement) 表语 (predicative) 同位语(Appositive) 同位语(Appositive)
主语: 主语:
可以作主语的有名词、代词、数词、不定 可以作主语的有名词、代词、数词、 动名词、从句等.主语一般在句首。 式、动名词、从句等.主语一般在句首。
  1) Mr. Chen is a well-known scientist. well
  2) He reads newspapers everyday.
  3) Two and six is eight.
  4) Smoking is harmful to health.
  5) To swim in Kunming Lake is a great pleasure.
  6) What we shall do next is not yet decided.
Find out the subject in each sentence

  1) We won the game.
  2) That the earth runs round the sun is well known.(=It’s well known that the earth runs round the sun.)

  3) Whether he’ll come is not known.
  4) How we can help the twins will be discussed at the meeting.
  5)When they’ll start the project has not been decided yet.
谓语: 说明主语的动作,状态或特征。 谓语: 说明主语的动作,状态或特征。 做谓语的词类是动词. 做谓语的词类是动词.
  1) The new term begins on the 1st of September.
  2) She seemed tired.
  3) What have you been doing? doing?
  4) What have you done? done?
  5) He was often laughed at for this.
  6) I’d rather he didn’t come tomorrow.
宾语:宾语通常在及物动词和介词的后面. 宾语:宾语通常在及物动词和介词的后面.
. 可以做宾语的词类是名词.代词.数词. 可以做宾语的词类是名词.代词.数词. 不定式.动名词. 不定式.动名词.从句等
  1) I think it right to help her.
  2) My little sister always likes to ask questions.
  3) Would you mind coming earlier tomorrow?
  4) He asked me what I was going to do in summer.
Find out the object

  1) He knows the secret.
  2) The student has improved his way of learning.
  3) Every one eats a piece of cake.

  4) They don’t know what they should do.
  5) I just want to understand why you can’t remember English words.
  6) We don’t know whether they are right.
  1)be seem appear
  2) look sound taste smell feel 感官类
  3) get turn grow become go 变化类
  4) stay remain keep continue 维持类
表语:表语通常在系动词后。 表语:表语通常在系动词后。

  1) My uncle is a professor.
  2) He looked tired.
  3) The basketball match is on.
  4) All the pupils are on the playground now.
  5) Our aim was to win more medals. medals.
  6) His work is teaching French. French.
  7) The question is who can really repair the machines.

  1)What she said is not ) true.
  2)She still looks young though she is over
  3.My problem is that we are short of hands.

  4.The weather turned out to be good.
  5.The food in the dish has gone bad.
  6.My problem is whether we go there by train.
定语: 是对名词或代词起修饰、限定作用的词、 定语: 是对名词或代词起修饰、限定作用的词、
短语或句子. 短语或句子. 注意:单个词常置被修饰词前,短语.从句置后. 注意:单个词常置被修饰词前,短语.从句置后.
The girl in the classroom needs a pen of yours. yours. The boy needs a coffee cup. The best boy here is Tom. There is nothing to do today. The smiling boy needs a pen bought by his mother. This is the new dictionary which I bought yesterday.
状语:状语修饰动词、形容词、 状语:状语修饰动词、形容词、副词及其相应的
短语或从句.句子,说明方式、因果、条件、 短语或从句.句子,说明方式、因果、条件、时间 地点、让步、 程度、目的等。位置较灵活. 地点、让步、 伴随、程度、目的等。位置较灵活.
  1) She sings quite well.
  2) On Sundays, there is no student in the Sundays, classroom.
  3) He sits there, asking for a pen. pen.
  4) The boy needs a pen to do his homework.
  5) If I have some spare time, I will take up time, German.
同位语:是在名词或代词之后, 同位语:是在名词或代词之后,重复指代并进
一步说明名词或代词的成分。常置被修饰词语后. 一步说明名词或代词的成分。常置被修饰词语后. 可以做同位语的词类有名词.代词.从句等. 可以做同位语的词类有名词.代词.从句等. We students should study hard. We all are students. Bush, President of the United States, will States, visit China next month. The suggestion that a new bridge be built here was accepted. We were overjoyed at the news that our team had won.
其后常用同位语从句的名词主要是抽 象名词, 象名词,如:belief, doubt, fact,hope,idea,news,problem, thought,message,possibility ,suggestion,advice等等 等等。 ,suggestion,advice等等。
同位语从句的引导词常用 同位语从句的引导词常用that, wh-, how等。 语从句的引导词常用that, wh- how等 when he will be back. e.g. how he can get the treasure. where the concert will be hold. who can finish the work. why it happened. I have no idea which pen is mine. what we should do next. whom they are talking about. whether it’ll rain tomorrow. that our football team won the game.

  1. They expressed the hope that they would visit our school again.
  2. The news that he will come tomorrow makes us surprised.
补语: 补充说明主语或宾语. 补语: 补充说明主语或宾语.做“宾补”时在宾语后 宾补”
做“主补”时在谓语后. 主补”时在谓语后. 可以做补语的词类与可以做表语的词类相同. 可以做补语的词类与可以做表语的词类相同.
  1) The government appointed(任命) her appointed(任命) chief delegate(代表) to the conference. delegate(代表)
  2) I don’t believe the story true. don’ true.
  3) You should put your things in order. order.
  4) The doctor advised her to stay in bed for a week.
  5) We saw the pupils playing basketball.
  6) She was elected monitor of Class



   英语句子成分及基本结构 (一)句子成分的定义 构成句子的各个部分叫做句子成分。 构成句子的各个部分叫做句子成分。句子成分有 主要成分和次要成分; 主要成分和次要成分; 主要成分有主语(subject)和谓语 主要成分有主语( 主语 ) (predicate); ); 次要成分有表语 表语(predicative)、宾语 次要成分有表语 、宾语(object)、定 、 语(attribute)、状语 、状语(adverbial)、补足语 、 (complement)和同位语 和同位语(appo ...


   小学英语语法 小学英语语法 名词复数规则 况 , 加-s, :book-books, bagbags, cat-cats, bed-beds 2. s. x. sh. ch结 ,加-es, :bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches 3. “辅 y”结 ,变y为i, 加-es, :family-families, strawberry-strawberries 1. 小学英语语法 4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-e ...


   ●英语学习● 用PPT课件提高学生学习英语诗歌的兴趣 孟喜华 (商丘师范学院外语学院。河南商丘476000) 摘要: 目前多媒体教学手段已在各高校被普遍运用到了英语诗歌的教学中。可是学生对于英诗的兴 趣并没有得到有效地提高。要使英诗教育摆脱这一困境,高校英语教师就需要充分利用PPT课件在多媒体 教学中的重要地位,用诗化的文句展现英诗的语言美,用诗意的图片构筑英诗的视觉美,用充满诗情的诵读渲 染英诗的音乐美。 关键词: 多媒体教学PPT课件I英语诗歌I大学教学 中图分类号:G642文献标识码: ...


   Take Me To Your Heart Hiding from the rain and snow Trying to forget but I won't let go Looking at a crowded street Listening to my own heart beat So many people all around the world Tell me where do I find someone like you girl Take me to your hea ...

高中英语新课标(人教版)优秀课件 必修五 5.3《 unit 5 语法课件---名词性从句》(可编辑PPT课件)

   新课标人教版课件系列 《高中英语》 必修5-5.3 His success in the competition made us happy. That he succeeded in the competition in the game made us happy. 从句在复合句中充当名词使用, 从句在复合句中充当名词使用,从句又叫 名词性从句。 名词性从句。 名词性从句可以表示:事实和问题。 名词性从句可以表示:事实和问题。 连接词有: 连接词有: that ,whether 和 if ...


   " One little, two little, " Three little rabbits. " Four little, five little " Six little rabbits. " Seven little, eight little, " Nine rabbits " Ten little paper rabbits. --Nice to see you. --Give me a …, please. --Touch your …. --It’s you. --Wha ...


   D A E C F B A cake B French fries C hot dog D bread E chicken F hamburger 选出每组单词中与其他三个在意思上不同类的选 项。 ( B )1 Acake B duck C bread D hot dog ( C ) 2 A hamburger Bchicken Czoo D french fries ( C ) 3 Asquirrel B bird C cake D panda ( D ) 4 A hamburger B ...


   一 对话 www.examedu.cn 北京外国语大学外研培训中心 大纲要求 对话(10分),10题,每题1分 10分钟 www.examedu.cn 北京外国语大学外研培训中心 主要考察点 Section A: 社会规范:遵循合作原则+礼貌原则 ??肯定别人的陈述 ??原谅别人的过失 ??给别人带来不便时要道歉 Section B: 理解句子的言外之意或者词组的含义 www.examedu.cn 北京外国语大学外研培训中心 2009年真题答案分析 年真题答案分析 1-5 6-10 C B ...


   Grammar The Subjunctive Mood Senior English 6 虚拟语气的用法 一、虚拟语气在条件句中的用法。 虚拟语气在条件句中的用法。 条件句有真实条件句和非真实条件句两种。真实条件句所表 条件句有真实条件句和非真实条件句两种。真实条件句所表 真实条件句 两种 示的假设是可能发生或实现的。 示的假设是可能发生或实现的。句中的条件从句与结果主句 皆用陈述语气。 皆用陈述语气。 你如果把油倒在水里,油就浮起来。 你如果把油倒在水里,油就浮起来。 Oil float ...


   状语从句按其意义和作用可分为: 状语从句按其意义和作用可分为 1.时间状语从句 时间状语从句 2.地点状语从句 地点状语从句 3.原因状语从句 原因状语从句 4.目的状语从句 目的状语从句 5.结果状语从句 结果状语从句 6.条件状语从句 条件状语从句 7.方式状语从句 方式状语从句 8.比较状语从句 比较状语从句 9.让步状语从句 让步状语从句 1、时间状语从句 、 引导时间状语从句的从属连 词有: 词有: when, while, as, whenever, before, after, ...



   新东方词根词缀大全 英语词根词缀记忆大全 第一部分 通过词缀认识单词 通过词缀 (常用前缀一) 常用前缀一) 1,a, ① 加在单词或词根前面,表示"不,无,非" acentric 无中心的(a+centric 中心的) asocial 不好社交的(a+social 好社交的) amoral 非道德性的(a+moral 道德的;注意:immoral 不道德的) apolitical. 不关政治的(a+political 政治的) anemia 反常的(a+nomal 正常 ...


   I'm now 34 years old. I was born in 1973. I was born in Jinhua. Introduce to each other: Where were you born? Were you born in..? When were you born? Were you born in... Bill gates (1955founder of Microsoft born in Seattle, USA Bill Gates is the fo ...


   小学英语创新教育之“情趣教学” 小学英语创新教育之“情趣教学” 于培培 教育心理学告诉我们:小学生的年龄特点是好奇心强,模仿性强,生性好动,有意注意 持续时间相对较短。语言学习本身是较为单调枯燥的,而一味用传统的教学方法,势必使学 生学习兴趣荡然无存。 只要学生感兴趣的东西, 他们就会有求知欲。 反之, 就不会有求知欲, 学习热情大减,从而直接影响学习效果。因此,小学英语进行“情趣教学” ,可以让学生在 形式多变的教学中,始终处于兴奋、活跃的状态,这样,对教学是非常有利的。那么怎样才 能做到 ...


   流行的英语日常口语: 下面的句子由能飞英语(http://www.LangFly.com)收集提供!  191. Don't give me any excuses.(不要给我任何理由。)  192. Are you out of you mind? (你疯了吗?)  193. He's been everywhere.(他到处都去过了。)  194. What's bothering you? (什么在困扰你?)  195. Who is to blame? (该怪谁?)  196. T ...


   趣味英语口诀 只能接-ing分词作宾语的动词:   建议冒险去献身,忍受期待不停顿;   放弃延期悔失去,坚持欣赏实践成;   注意原谅避反对,考虑要求不自禁;   允许习惯不介意,价值开始想动名。   如:建议:advise,suggest,冒险:risk,献身:devote oneself to   [img,25,32]file:///C:/WINDOWS/Temp/msohtml1/03/clip_image001.gif[/img]口诀2 介词用法口诀 ...