P2-p4 四 答题步骤

  1.审题:细读提示,弄清题材、体裁与格式,确定人称、时态。 这里主要有三审?? 一审文体。确定是记叙文、说明文、议论文还是应用文;如是应 用文,确定是书信、通知、日记还是便条。 二审格式。近几年高考书面表达中书信、求职信、通知和看图作 文比较多,同学们对这些文体的格式要熟练掌握。 三审人称、时态。书面表达中的提示,往往会比较明确地告诉学 生该用第几人称,同学们认真审题就可以确定;关于时态,写日记及 叙述故事多用过去时,写通知多用将来时,但很多时候同一篇文章中 含有几种不同的时态, 同学们要根据具体情况判断哪部分运用哪种时 态。
  2.抓点:用重点句型和短语列出文章的内容要点。
  3.造句:将要点扩写成句,注意中、英文在语言表达方式上的差 异。
  4.成文:连句成文。正确使用语句间的连接成分,是行文流畅, 并注意段与段的衔接,做到逻辑正确、条理清楚。
  5.润色:尽量使用常用词汇和句型,但对有把握的高级词汇和复 杂句式也要大胆运用。在覆盖文章要点的基础上,可以适当发挥,但 扩展的内容一定要紧扣主题,不要写与主题无关的内容。总之,要做 到不漏写、不错写、不多写、不乱写。

  6.复查:整篇文章所用的人称是否一致;动词的时态、语态是 否一致、恰当;格式是否适当;冠词、名词单复数及大小写、标点及 所有的拼写是否准确无误;词数是否符合要求,分段是否合理等。
  7.誊写:修改无误后,认真规范地誊写在规定的地方。卷面要整 洁美观,尽量不出现涂改痕迹;字的大小与倾斜度,行距、字距,都 要适当,以免难以辨认。
高考英语作文有固定的写作流程和规律可循, 同学们是可以在现 有的基础上有所提高的。熟悉该题型的特点,研读历年高考范文并分 类背诵, 是快读提升成绩的有效途径。 建议同学每个题型写一篇文章, 然后对照范文寻找差距,以强化文章的结构模式,并在语言方面做好 准备。练习后要认真研究范文,分析范文的结构、时态、句式以及常 用句型和连词,做到将范文的结构模式以篇章的形式固化在大脑里, 这样作文就变成了完形填空, 只需针对不同题目灵活填充不同的内容 即可。
P110 必背范文 3 5 月 1 日星期六,天气晴朗,你班组织了一次“保护环境,点 滴做起”的活动。请你用英语把此次活动的情况写成日记:
  1. 早晨 7:00 在校门口集合后骑自行车到长城;
  2. 同学们有的捡垃圾,有的清扫路面,有的树立标语牌;
  3. 向游客宣传保护环境的重要性,很多游客也加入到我们的行 列;
  4. 中午 11:30 与工作人员道别,回家。 注意:
  1、不要逐字翻译,可适当增加细节以使行文连贯;
  2、词数 100 左右。
Saturday, May 1 Today our class went to the Great Wall to do some cleaning, We met at the school gate at 7:00a.m.and then went to the Great Wall by bike. As soon as we got there, we began to work. Some collected the rubbish with a plastic bag, some swept the road, and others put up notices to tell people not to destroy the beauty of nature. It was really hard work. At the same time, we told people how important it was to protect the
environment. To our joy, some visitors began to join us in collecting the rubbish. At 11:30a.m., we said goodbye to the workers and went home. We really spent a happy morning.
 

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