高一英语新课标必修三 高一英语新课标必修三 Module 3 unit1-5 单元复习总结
I. Unit1-5 必备短语 Unit 1
  1.mean doing sth. 意味着; mean to do sth. 打算或企图做某事; mean sb. to do sth. 打算让某人做某事 be meant for 打算作……用; 为…而有
  2.take place 发生;举行
  3.of all kinds 各种各样的
  4.starve to death 饿死 be starved of 缺乏 starve for sth, starve to do 渴望
  5.plenty of 大量; 充足
  6.be satisfied with 感到满意 to one’s satisfaction 感到满意是
  7.do harm to sb.=do sb. harm 伤害某人
  8.in the shape of 呈…的形状,以…的形式
  9.in memory of/ to the memory of sb.纪念某人
  10.dress up 穿上最好的衣服;打扮,化装
  11.award sth.(to sb.)和 award sb.sth.(for sth.) 给予、颁奖 reward sb. for sth. 因 …奖赏某人; reward sb. with sth. 用某物酬劳某人
  12. admire sb. for sth 在某方面钦佩某人
  13.look forward to 期望,期待,盼望
  14. have fun with(与某人)玩得开心;过得快乐 ( have a good time, enjoy oneself.)
  15. turn up 来;出现;把(收音机等)音量开大些 turn down 拒绝; turn off 关掉; turn on 打开; turn out 结果是...... turn to sb. for help 向某人求助
  16. keep one’s word 守信用; break one’s word 失信
  17. It be obvious + that 从句:显而易见;一目了然
  18. set off 动身, 出发; 使(地雷、炸弹)爆炸; set in 开始; set up 建立,创立 ; set out to do = set about doing sth. 着手做 set down 写下,记下
  19.remind sb. of sth. 提醒,使想起 Unit 2
  1.a healthy diet 健康饮食; a balanced diet 平衡的饮食
  2.in different way 用另外方式
  3.most often 最经常
  4.feel frustrated 感到沮丧
  5.by lunchtime 到午餐时间
  6.must have happened 一定发生过
  7.at the end of the street 在街道的尽头
  8.be tired of 厌倦
  9.be amazed at sth. 对...感到惊奇
  10.throw away 扔掉
  11.get away with 逃脱
  12.tell lies 说谎
  13.energy-giving food 提供热量的食物 body-building foods 提供营养的食物
  14. feel fit 保持精力旺盛
  15.the weakness of the diet 饮食的弱点 the strength of the diet 饮食的优点
  16.do some research into 做一些...方面的研究
  17.earn one’s living 谋生
  18.be in debt 负债
  19.glare at 怒视
  20.move round 绕过
  21.spy on 在暗中侦察;打探
  22.upset sb.使......不安
  23.look ill 感到不舒服 feel sick 感到恶心
  24.heavy food 不易消化的食物
  25.chat(ting) about 聊起关于...
  26.serve with 用......配
  27.rather than 而不是
  28.cut down 减少
  29.before long 不久 Unit 3
  1. know about 了解关于…事
  2. make a bet 打赌
  3. win or lose the bet 在打赌中赢或输
  4. have bad luck 运气不好
  5. step inside 走进里面
  6. lead the way 带路
  7. I wonder if 我想知道是否…
  8. go right ahead 说下去
  9. as a matter of fact 事实上
  10. by accident 偶然
  11. sail out of the bay 驶出海湾
  12. stare at 盯着
  13. towards nightfall 到夜幕降临时
  14. carry…out to sea 把…带到了大海

  15. give oneself up for lost 因为迷路而绝望
  16. work as an unpaid hand 免费劳动
  17. account for 导致
  18. to be honest 坦白地说
  19. your idea of some kind of joke 你认为的 一种笑话
  20. be on my way 上路
  21. show sb. out 把某人带出去
  22. be confident about 对… 自信
  23. the cost of a journey 旅行费用
  24. give sb. a ride 让某人搭车
  25. lose one’s patience 失去耐心
  26. do fifty jumps without stopping 不间断地连续跳五十下
  27. fall over 跌到
  28. account for your behaviour 对你的行为做出解释
  29. be jealous of the others’ success 嫉妒别 人的成功
  30. show a willingness to do sth. 表示乐意做谋事
  31. stay out of jail 免坐牢
  32. be reserved 被预定了
  33. take the gentleman’s order 让那位绅士点菜
  34. the look on the waiter’s face 服务员脸上的表情
  35. take a chance 碰碰运气
  36. read the bill 看帐单
  37. in a rude manner 用粗鲁的方式
  38. for a while 一会儿 Unit 4
  1. think of…as 把…看作是
  2. a cloud of energetic dust 具有能量的尘埃
  3. combine into…合成…
  4. move around the sun 环绕太阳运转
  5. become violent 变得激烈
  6. the solid surface 固体表面
  7. explode loudly 猛烈爆炸
  8. in time 及时,最终
  9. produce the water vapor 产生水蒸汽
  10. make the earth’s atmosphere 构成了地球的大气层
  11.cool down 冷却
  12. on the surface 在表面
  13. be different from…与……不同
  14.go round the sun 环绕太阳运转
  15. disappear from…从…消失
  16. stay on…存留在…
  17. show one’s quality 显现某人的特性
  18.dissolve harmful gases 分解,溶解有害气体
  19. become part of…变成…的一部分
  20. develop life 发展生命
  21.grow in the water 在水里生长
  22. encourage the development of 鼓励…的发展 23 millions of years later 几万年以后
  24.live on land 在陆地上生活
  25. live in the sea 在海里生存
  26. grow into forests 长成森林
  27. produce young 生出幼仔
  28. lay eggs 下蛋
  29.animals with hands and feet 长着手脚的动物
  30.spread all over the earth 遍布全世界
  31.develop new methods 发展了新的方法
  32.. move around 迁徙
  33. go by 过去,推移
  35.escape from… into…从…逃离到…
  36.depend on…依靠,依赖,取决与…
  37. solve a problem 解决 38 be lucky enough 足够幸运,
  39. make a trip 去旅行,
  40. visit the moon 参观月球
  41. in the spaceship 在太空飞船中
  42. explain to… that…向…解释…
  43. on the journey 在旅程中 44 be off 启程 45 rise into the air 升人太空
  46. feel the pull of the earth 感觉到地球的拉力 47call…gravity 称…为地球引力
  48. push…into the seat 把…推向座位
  49. say…to each other 向彼此说…
  50.fall back to…朝…落下去
  51.fall from a tree 从树上掉下来
  52. fall to the ground 朝地上落下去
  53. get close to…接近… 54 cheer up 高兴起来 55 float weightlessly around 失重飘来飘去 56 in the spaceship cabin 太空船舱
  57. watch…do 看着…做
  58. move freely 自由的活动
  59. climb down the steps 从梯级上爬下来
  60. step forward 向前迈步
  61.fall over 摔倒
  62. need practice 需要练习
  63..get the hang of…掌握了…的诀窍
  64. enjoy oneself 感到自如
  65. leave the moon’ s gravity 摆脱月球引力
  66. come back to…回到… Unit 5

  1. frost on the ground 地上覆盖了一层薄霜
  2. around noon 中午时分
  3. the most wealthy and biggest city in Canada 加拿大最大最富有的城市
  4. leave for…离开去…
  5. go on a tour of the city 继续在市内游览一番
  6. go up the tower 登上塔顶
  7. look across the lake 俯瞰湖面
  8. flow into…流入…
  9. flow over…流经…
  10. on one’s way to…在去…的路上
  11. a covered stadium 加顶的运动场
  12. walk north 向北走
  13. phone… from a telephone booth 到电话亭给…打电话
  14. have dinner in downtown Chinatown 在市内的中国城吃晚饭
  15. move to…移居到…
  16. meet… at…在…迎接…
  17. get good Cantonese food 吃到好吃的广东菜
  18. come from South China 来自中国南方
  19. go as far as Ottawa 去到远至渥太华
  20. about four hundred kilometers northeast of Toronto 距多伦多东北大约有 400 公里
  21. take too long 花费的时间长
  22. at dawn 黎明
  23. at the train station 在火车站
  24. have English words in small letters 有小字体的英文标注
  25. go downtown 到市区去
  26. be close to… 接近…
  27. spend the afternoon in the lovely shops 整个下午在可爱的商店
  28. visit… in…在…拜访…
  29. sit in a café 坐在咖啡馆
  30. look over…眺望…
  31. sit down with…和…坐在一起
  32. on a train trip across…坐着火车上横穿…
  33. have a French culture 具有法国文化
  34. speed along the river toward…沿着河流驶向…
  35. dream of…梦想…
  36. on a trip 在旅途中
  37. on the Atlantic coast 在大西洋海岸
  38. take the aeroplane 乘飞机
  39. fly from… to…从…飞行到…
  40. take the train from… to…乘火车从…到…
  41. from west to east 从西到东
  42. across Canada 横穿加拿大
  43. cross the whole country 横贯整个国家
  44. at the airport 在机场
  45. take…to…把…带到…
  46. catch the train 乘坐火车
  47. on the way to…在去…的路上
  48. see great scenery 看美丽壮观的风景
  49. on the trip 在旅途中
  50. go eastward 向东行驶
  51. pass cities 经过城市
  52. in less than five days 在不五天的时间里
  53. from coast to coast 从一个海岸到另一个海岸
  54. in the warmest part of…在最热的地方
  55. be surrounded by…被……所包围
  56. on the north 在北边
  57. ski in the mountains 在山上滑雪
  58. sail in the harbour 在港湾了扬帆行船
  59. north of…的北边
  60. settle down in the seat 落座
  61. look out of the window at the wild scenery 从窗口看到了自然风光
  62. a mountain goat 野山羊
  63. a grizzly bear 大灰熊
  64. a famous Western festival 有名的西方节日
  65. come from all over…全来自…
  66. compete in doing 比赛做…
  67. ride wild horses 驾驭野马
  68. have a gift for ~ing 有天资/天分做……
  69. work with…与…共处 win…prizes 赢得…奖金
  70. live within 320 kilometres of the USA border 居住在靠近美国 320 公里以内的边境地带
  71. go through…穿过…
  72. a wheat-growing province 种植小麦的省份
  73. thousands of square kilometers in size 面积有数千平方米
  74. at the top end of…在…的最上首
  75. a busy port 繁忙的港口
  76. rush through…穿行过… II. Unit1-5 必备句型
  1.Please make sure when and where the accident took place. 请查清楚事故是何时何地发生的。
  2.Some festival are held to honour the dead or satisfy and please the ancestors, who could return either to help or to do harm. 还有一些节日,是为了纪念死者、取悦祖先,使他们得到满足,因
  3. For the Japanese festival Obon, people should go to clean the graves and light incense in memory of their ancestors. 在日本的节日,孟兰盆节时,人们要上坟、扫墓、烧香,以缅怀祖先。
  4. When they can dress up and go to their neighbour's homes to ask for sweets. 他们乔装打扮去邻 居家要糖吃。
  5. If the neighbour do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick on them. 如果邻居们不 给糖,孩子们就可能作弄他们了。
  6. India has a national festival on October 2 to honour Mahatma Gandhi, the leader who helped gain India’s independence from Britain. 印度有个纪念马哈特马.甘地的全国性节日,在 10 月 2 日,甘 地是一位帮助印度脱离英国而独立的领袖。
  7. The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring. 最富生气而又最重要的节日,就是告别冬天、迎来春天的日子。
  8. The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks as though it is covered with pink snow. 整个 国度处处都是樱花盛开,看上去就像罩上了一层粉红色的雪。
  9. He spoke as if / though he had been there before. 他说起话来就好像他去过那里似的。
  10. In European countries it is the custom to decorate churches and town halls with flowers and fruit, and people get together to have meals.(形式主语)在欧洲国家,人们习惯用花果来装饰教堂 和市政厅,而且他们会聚到一起会餐。
  11. I apologised to her for stepping on her foot. 我因踩了她的脚而向她道歉。
  12. It was obvious to everyone that he was lying. 每个人都明白他在说谎。
  13. “I don’t want them to remind me of her.” So he did. “我不想因它们想起她来。” 于是他(把花 和巧克力都扔了) 。
  14. The food you eat helps you grow in different ways. 你吃的食物能以不同的方式帮你成长。
  15. 站在高楼的顶部,我们能看到整个城市。 Standing on top of the tall building, we could see the whole city. Standing on top of the tall building, the whole city could be seen.
  16. Which food contains more sugar? 哪一种食物含有更多的糖?
  17. What could have happened? 发生了什么事?
  18. Something terrible must have happened if Li Chang was not coming to eat with him as he always did. 要是李昌不像往常那样和他一起吃饭,那问题一定严重了。
  19. Curiosity drove Wang Peng inside. 王鹏受到好奇心的驱使,走了进去。
  20. We were surprised at finding the house empty. 我们发现这个房子空无一人,感到惊讶。
  21. They had me repeat the message. 他们让我把口信又重说了一遍。
  22. I have a lot of work to do. 我有很多工作要做。
  23. He did not look forward to being in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular. 他可不希 望由他的餐馆不再受欢迎而负债。
  24. She did not look happy but glareed at him. 她看上去很不高兴,双眼直瞪着他。 not …but…不是…而是…
  25. But I found your menu so limited that I stopping worrying and started advertising the benefits
of my food. 但是我发现你菜谱上的菜太有限了,所以我也就不着急了,并开始给我餐馆提供的 食物做广告。
  26. Neither your restaurant nor mine offers a balanced diet.你我两家



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