Can you name some natural disasters? Flood drought fire landslide hurricane typhoon tornado lightning Thunderstorm volcano eruption earthquake tsunami
  1. What does “violence of nature” refer to? It refers to disasters of nature.
  2. Can you tell me some other disasters? Discussion Word study
  1. a lot of water in an area which is usually dry flood
  2. a very strong wind or storm hurricane
  3. a lot of rain falling quickly, with loud noises and flashes of light thunderstorm
  4. The flash of light which happens during a thunderstorm lightning
  5. a column of air that turns very quickly tornado
Everyday English?Matching
Which of the words indicates that the following sentence contains good news?
  2. Which indicates that the sentence contains bad news? luckily unfortunately thankfully hopefully sadly fortunately luckily 幸运地, 幸好 e.g. Luckily, no one was hurt. 幸好没有人受伤。 unfortunately 遗憾地; 可惜地; 不幸地 e.g. Unfortunately, he won’t be here tomorrow evening. 可惜的是他明晚不在这儿。 thankfully 感谢地; 感激地 hopefully 怀希望地; 抱希望地; (多用来修饰全句) 但愿 e.g. Hopefully, we will be there by six.但愿我们能在六点之前赶到那儿。 sadly 可惜, 不幸 fortunately 幸运地, 侥幸地 e.g. Fortunately, the fire was discovered soon after it had started.幸好火势刚起就立即被发现了。 bad news sadly hopefully unfortunately good news luckily fortunately thankfully
Reading and vocabulary
I. Read the three passages quickly and fill in the blanks. A tornado
  1. A tornado is a rotating column of air from a thunderstorm to the ground. The most violent have winds of morethan 400kilometres per hour.
  2. They occur in the area of from Texas in the southeast to South Dakota in the north.
  3. They can pick up cars, trains and houses. They can destroy houses, but leave the furniture inside exactly where it was.
  4. The worst one occurred in 1925, affecting three US states. More than700 people had been killed and 2,700had been injured.
A hurricane
  1. Hurricanes are Gulf of Mexico .
  2. They occur in the southern Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea and the strong tropical storms .
  3. The worst one occurred on the 8th September 1900 in Galveston, Texas. It killed 6,000 people and destroyed 3,600 buildings An extraordinary event Coghlan went to live in Canada. →He then moved to New York →Galveston→(his coffin) → Prince Edward Island in Canada. II. Read the text carefully again and fill in the blanks.
  1. The most violent tornado have winds of 400 kilometresper hour.
  2. On average, there are800 tornadoes in the US each year which cause about 80 deaths and 1500 injuries.
  3. The hurricane occurred in 1900 in Galveston, Texas had winds of 200 kilometres per hour and five-metre high waves, killed 6000 people and destroyed 3600 buildings. Match the words with their definitions.
  1. a rotating column of air 一股旋转的气柱 rotate vi.&vt. 旋转;自转 The earth rotates from west to east.地球从西向东旋转。 Farmers rotate crops in their fields.农民在耕地上轮栽农作物。 Language study
  2. Almost all of them occur in the US,…几乎所有的龙卷风都发生在美国。 Earthquakes occur frequently in this area. 这一地区经常发生地震。 A brilliant idea occurred to me. 我想到一个极好的主意。 occur vi. ①发生 ②被想起, 浮现(+to)
  3. 翻译下列句子, 体会 pick up 的用法.
  1) Tornados can pick up cars, trains and even houses. (卷起)
  2) The boy picked up the hat for the old man. (拾起)
  3) He picked up French while he stayed in Paris. (学习, 获得)
  4) Can you do me a favor to pick up my daughter from school?
  5) He picked up some used stamps.开车接(某人)
  4. They can destroy houses, but leave the furniture inside exactly where it was. (便宜地买到) leave vt. “让…处于某中状态”, 常接形容词、副词、分词和介词短语等作宾补。 完成句子
  1. I’m sorry I’ve left the door unlocked(没锁门)
  2. Don’t leave her waiting in the rain(在雨中等)
  3. His illness has left him very weak(使他很虚弱)
  4. You’d better leave the drawing room door open. (把画室的门开着)
  5. You mustn’t leave him in the dark (瞒着他)
  5. By the time it ended, more than 700 people had been killed and been injured. by 表示 “在(某时)前, 到某时”, 谓语动词常用完成时态。 翻译句子: 到上学期末为止, 我们已经学完了第二册。 By the end of last term, we had finished learning Book
  2. By the time he was 14, he had taught himself advanced math.

  2. 在他 14 岁时, 就已经自学了高等数学。
  6. ... they usually affect the east coast of the US from Texas to Maine. affect vt. ① 影响; 对...发生作用 ② (使)感动, (使)震动 The amount of rain affects the growth of crops. 雨量影响作物的生长。 She was deeply affected by the film. 她深深被那部电影感动了。 辨析: affect, effect 两个词都是 “影响” 的意思, 词性不同。 affect 是及物动词(=have an effect on); effect 是名词, 指的是 affect 的结果。 句型转换 Smoking too much will affect your health greatly. Smoking too much will have a greateffect onyour health.
  7. 翻译下列句子, 体会 strike 的用法
  1) Charles Coghlan died in 1899, a year before the hurricane struck. (袭击)
  2) A stone struck me on the head. (打,击)
  3) The boat struck (on) a rock. [撞, 触(礁)]
  4) The visitors are struck by the beauty of the Country. (打动; 给…以印象; 感动)。
  6) I was about to go out when the clock struck
  5) A good idea struck the manager.(突然想到) 比较:
  1) You will end up in debt if you keep on spending money like that. 你要是老这样花钱, 总有一天要负债。(表结果)
  8. Coghlan’s coffin ended up in the sea. end up 结束, 终归….
  2) The party ended up with a folk song.晚会以一首民歌结束。(表方式)
  3) He had nowhere to stay and ended up sleeping in the railway station. 他们无处可去, 最终睡在了车站。(表结果) Language Date Bank (高考题) She D__ Japanese when she was in Japan. Now she can speak it freely. (福建 20
  06) A. picked out B. made out C. made up D. picked up
  2. It was so dark in the cinema that I could hardly D__ my friend. (四川 20
  07) A. turn out B. bring out C. call out D. pick out
  3. I grew up in Africa, __B at least I should say that I spent much of the first ten years of my life there. (辽宁 20
  06) A. And B. or C. so D. but
  4. You have failed two tests. You’d better start working harder, __D you won’t pass the course. (北京 20
A. and B. so C. but D. or
  5. How long __B__ at this job? Since 19
  90. A. were you employed B. have you been employed C. had you been employed D. will you employed
Grammar & Cultural Corner
Grammar I The past perfect passive 过去完成时被动语态 What can you see from the following sentences?
  1. By the time the tornado ended, more than 700people had been killed.
  2. Coghlan travelled back to Canada after he had been buried in Texas.
  3. My computer had been all right till last week. 总结: 动作在过去某一时刻之前已经完成, 且谓语动词与发出这一动作的主语存在被动关系。 句中常用 by, before, until, when 等词引导时间状语。 过去完成时
  1) 概念:表示过去的过去
|||> 那时以前 那时 现在
其构成是 had+过去分词构成。
  2) 用法 a. 在 told, said, knew, heard, thought 等 动词后的宾语从句。 She said (that) she had never been to Paris. b. 状语从句 在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。 When the police arrived, the thieves had run away. c. 表示意向的动词,如 hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose 等,用过去完成时表 示 “原本…,未能…” We had hoped that you would come, but you didn’t.
  3) 过去完成时的时间状语 before, by, until, when, after, once, as soon as。 e.g.:
  1. He said that he had learned some English before.
  2. By the time he was twelve, Edison had began to make a living by himself.
  3. Tom was disappointed that most of the guests had left when he arrived at the party. 被动语态 被动语态表示主语为动作的承受者。 只有及物动词才有被动语态, 被动语态的具体用法如下 所表示: 用法 例句
  1) The Parthenon was built during this period. (
  2) His bike was stolen. (
  1) Paper was first made in China. (
  2) Do you know when the building was built?
  1) Paris is visited by more than eight million tourists every year. (
  2) This painting was painted.
Direct speech and Indirect Speech 直接引语: Grammar II 直接引用原话, 放在引号内。用自己的话转述别人的话。 间接引语: 直接引语变间接引语的方法 直接引语为陈述句时, 变为间接引语, 要用 that 引导的宾语从句。 如: “The storm was extremely violent,” said a local man. A local man said that the storm had been extremely violent.
  2. 直接引语为一般疑问句变为间接引语, 要用 if/whether 引导宾语从句, 并将原来的疑问 语序变为陈述语序。 如: The teacher asked, “is every body here today?” The teacher asked if every body was here that day.
  3. 直接引语为特殊疑问句, 变为间接引语, 用原来的疑问词引导从句, 并将疑句语序变为 陈述语序。 如: “What shall I do next?” the girl wondered. The girl wondered what she should do next.
  4. 直接引语为祈使句, 变为间接引语, 一般 用以下结构:order/tell/ask sb. (not) to do 如: The headmaster said, “don’t litter the floor with scraps of paper.” The headmaster told us not to litter the floor with scraps of paper.
  5. 直接引语变为间接引语时, 宾语从句中的人称、时态、代词、时间状语和地点状语等都要 作相应变化。 ① 人称的变化:
遵循一主、二宾、三不变的原则。即:直接引语中的第一人称在变成间接引语时,要和原句 中的主语保持一致; 直接引语中的第二人称在变成间接引语时, 要和原句中的宾语保持一致; 直接引语中的第三 人在变成间接引语时, 保持不变。
直接引语 一般现在时 现在进行时
一般过去时 过去完成时 过去完成时 过去将来时 过去完成时
现在完成时 一般过去时 过去完成时 一般将来时
② 时态的变化
变化项 目 指示代 词
直接引语 this these now today, tonight
that those then
that day, that night that week/month…
时间状 语
this week/month… yesterday
③ 指示代词/时间状语/地点状语等的变化
the day before
ten days/weeks…ago tomorrow/next year.. 地点状 语 方向性 动词 come bring here
ten days…before
the next day/year..
go take

  1.Volcanic eruption don’t happen very often on the island. A scientist said that Volcanic eruption didn’t happen very often on the island.
  2. No one was on the island during the volcanic eruption. A local journalist said that no one was /had been on the island during the volcanic eruption. Exercise: Rewrite the sentences using the reporting expressions.
  3. The thunderstorm will put out the fires. Local people said that the thunderstorm would put out the fires.
  4.There sidents can go back to their homes. The governor said that the residents could go back to their homes.
  5. Several eruption have taken place in the last twenty years. A local radio station said that several eruptions had taken place in the previous twenty years. Cultural corner Earthquakes Around the Pacific Read the passage and answer the questions.
  1. Where was the worst Chinese earthquake? It was in Hua County in Shaanxi Province.
  2. What was the most dangerous thing about the California Earthquake? The fires caused by the earthquake. Find the useful words and phrases used to describe the earthquakes.
Hua County
terrible earthquakes occur affect cover be killed in all lose one’s life
the worst earthquake the fires burn destroy be killed be made homeless cause…deaths
across: [?'kr?s]
㈠ prep. 横过 穿过, 横过 在……对面
  1) The two lines cut across each other.
  2) Can you swim across the river?
  3) a bookstore across the river ㈡ adv. 横过, 从一边到另一边 The river is ten meters across. ㈢ across 用作介词或副词, 而 cross 用作动词, 必须接地点名词作宾语。 They crossed the Changjiang River. ㈣ across from 在……正对面 The store is just across from the post office. 这家铺子就在邮局的对面。 across 指从一边到另一边, 强调动作是在某一物体表面进行, “横过, 跨过” 。 含义与 on 有关。 辨析 across, past, 与 through through 表示从一头到另一头, 指在某一物体的空间里进行的, “穿过, 透过” 含义与 in 。 有关。 例如: One day two young men were going through the forest. 用 across, through, 和 over 填空。 The Great Wall winds its way from west to east across the deserts over the mountain and through the valley until it reaches seas.
  2. boot / bu



   序号 英语 English Meaning 国际音标 Phonetic 汉语 Chinese Meaning 1 a a.一,一个,一只,一件. 2 a.m. (缩)上午,午前 3 ability n. 才能,能力 4 able a. 能干的,有能力的 5 about a. 准备; ad. 大约; prep. 关于 6 above a. 上面的; ad. 在上面; n. 上面; prep. 在...上面 7 abroad a. 在国外,海外(一般作表语); ad ...


   必修 1 Module1 academic 学术的 province 省 enthusiastic 热心的 amazing 令人吃惊的 information 信息 website 网站 brillint 极好的 comprehension 理解领悟 instruction 指示 method 方法 bored 厌烦的 embarrassed 尴尬的 attitude 态度 behaviour 行为 previous 以前的 description 记述 technology 技术 impr ...


   初中英语新课标 第一部分 前言(1-9'ELA'1) 社会生活的信息化和经济的全球化, 使英语的重要性日益突出。 英语作为最重要的信息载体 之一,已成为人类生活各个领域中使用最广泛的语言。许多国家在基础教育发展战略中,都 把英语教育作为公民素质教育的重要组成部分,并将其摆在突出的地位。 改革开放以来,我国的英语教育规模不断扩大,教育教学取得了显著的成就。然而,英语教 育的现状尚不能适应我国经济建设和社会发展的需要, 与时代发展的要求还存在差距。 此次 英语课程改革的重点就是要改变英语课程过分 ...


   " 高中英语教学大纲 前 言 外国语是学习文化科学知识、 获取世界各方面信息与进行国际交往的重要工具。 我国实行对外开放政策, 国内经济、政治、科技和教育体制的改革正在全面展开,世界范围的新技术革命正在兴起,为了把我国建设 成文明、民主的社会主义现代化国家,教育要面向现代化,面向世界,面向未来,要贯彻德、智、体等方面 全面发展的方针,培养有理想、有道德、有文化、有纪律,并在不同程度上掌握一些外国语的各方面的人才, 以提高中华民族的思想道德素质和科学文化素质。在这种形势和要求下,外国语这个工 ...


   21 世纪是创新的时代,英语也是,以往的死记硬背已经过时,能飞英语(www.langfly.com)带给你一个创新是的时代,给你无限的英语 世纪是创新的时代,英语也是,以往的死记硬背已经过时,能飞英语( )带给你一个创新是的时代, 学习创新方法,带给你轻松、愉快。 学习创新方法,带给你轻松、愉快。 高中英语听力步骤 一、 用 CAI 实现听力教材的优化整合 高中英语教材在听力内容的选取上赋予了较强的时代感,信息量大,词汇 覆盖面广,句式复杂、语速快;在题型设计上少选择判断,多回答问题,填充 ...


   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 高中英语课堂听力 据美国外语教学法家 Wilga M Rivers 的统计,听、说、读、写言语交际活动在人类活动中所占实际时间的百分比 为:听 45%,说 30%,读 16%,写 9%,由此可见,听在人类交际活动中起着十分重要的作用。传统的 教学中,听的训练,包括在以句型或课文为中心的综合教学中,着重于语言形式的听辨和记忆。近些年来,人们已认 识到以理解语篇内容简介为目的的听的活动及听 ...

校本教材 高中英语

   Word Test 24 (pages 93-96;满分 100) I)写出下列英文单词的中文意思 o (满分 45 分) 16.teamwork 1.tin 2.sway 17. technical 3.swear 18. technique 19. territory 4.sweat 20. telescope 5.swell 6.swift 2l.temple 7.tip 22. temporary 8.switch 23. tendency 24. tense 9.symphony ...


   3. 口头通知或介绍情况: A. Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please. I have an announcement to make. B. Attention, please. I have something important to tell you. C. Mr. Green, Welcome to our school. To begin with, let me introduce Mr. Wang to ...


   名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 1、名词(n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 2、代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 3、形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:good, right, white, orange . 4、数词(num.): 表示数目或事物的顺序。如:one, two, three, fi ...


   高中英语作文范文 英文求职信样例: 英文求职信样例: April 7, 2002 Mr. Ray Hanks Manager of Human Resources Wayne Investments, Inc. 1023 Central Avenue Tempa, FL 19122 Dear Mr. Hanks: I am writing to apply for the Client Account Coordinator, which was advertised May 4th wit ...



   英语新四级应对攻略-考研加油‘绽’-搜狐博客 登录|注册离开| 搜索| 帮助 背着老板偷学英语 loading... 请稍候,正在下载... 考研加油‘绽’档案 日志 相册 视频 分享 考研考的不是你的聪明,而是你的毅力、勤奋和持之以恒!!首页 教育新闻 音乐 视频 搜狐博客 > 考研加油‘绽’ > 日志 > 新四级英语 2006-07-27 | 英语新四级应对攻略 英语新四级应对攻略 作为改革的需要,今年6月进行的四级考试将会是新老考试同时进行。这也是最后一次有旧四级 ...


   大学英语四级语法精要 大学英语四级语法精要 一、动词(时态,语态,用法,省略,一致性等) (一)时态 1、主动形式 过去 一般 进行 完成 did was/were doing had done do am/is/are doing have/has done 现在 将来 will/shall do will/shall be doing will/shall done 完成进行 2、被动形式 过去 一般 was/were given 现在 am/is/are given 将来 Will / ...


   常用餐厅英语会话大全 [一] 餐厅会话( 餐厅会话(一) A:Excuse me. Can you suggest a good restaurant? 请问,你能推荐一家好的餐厅吗? B:Yes. What kind of food would you like to eat? 好的,你想吃什么样的东西? A:Are there any Chinese restaurants around here? 这附近有没有中国餐厅? B:There's one across the street. ...


   魔兽争霸游戏术语英语总汇 游戏术语 RoC: 魔兽争霸 III:混乱之治 Classic: 同上 TFT: 冰封王座, 混乱之治的扩展包 Xpac 或 Expansion: 同上, 指冰峰王座 Caster(投手): 指代所有以释放魔法为主要职能的单位. 例如女巫, 萨满, 女妖, 利爪德鲁 伊 Air: 指所有的飞行部队. 例如双足飞龙, 石像鬼, 角鹰和矮人直升机. 通常按照单体的威力 分为轻型和重型两种. AA: 指"对空", 通常用来指能够攻击空中目标的单位, 以 ...


   【英语口语大全】每天读一遍,坚持27天,你的英语水平就可以达到跟美国人交流的水平啦 What are you trying to say?(你到底想说什么?) Don't be silly.(别胡闹了。) How strong are your glasses?(你近视多少度?) Just because.(没有别的原因。) It isn't the way I hoped it would be.(这不是我所盼望的。) You will never guess.(你永远猜不到。) No on ...