普通名词: 普通名词: 个体名词:tree, city, teacher 集体名词:class, family, society 物质名词:paper, bread, light 抽象名词:truth, health, music
专有名词:English, the United Nations, Zhongshan Park 专有名词 物质名词量的表示法: 物质名词量的表示法: a piece of news, two sheets of paper, two sets of furniture c.f. three boxes of eggs, two bunches of flowers 名词所有格: 名词所有格 Alice’s paintings New Year’s Day at the barber’s five minutes’ talk c.f. a five-minute talk the window of the room (无生命东西的名词) the death of Dr. Norman Bethune ( 名词本身较长) What’s the name of the student sitting near the window?(名词的定语较长) 名词双重所有格: 名词双重所有格 当 a, an, this, that,these, those, some, any, several, no, every, such, , , another, which, what 等与名词所有格共同修饰一个名词时, 两者不能同时都 等与名词所有格共同修饰一个名词时, 放在该名词前面,而要用双重所有格表示。 放在该名词前面,而要用双重所有格表示。 He is a friend of my father’s This is no fault of John’s c.f. a picture of his brother’s a picture of his brother
名词的单复数: 名词的单复数: Which of the following that you often get confused? 可数名词的复数形式: desk desks class classes factory factories hero heroes c.f photo photos leaf leaves knife knives c.f. roof roofs chief chiefs
不规则形式: footfeet woman women tooth teeth a sheep two sheep an aircraft three aircraft a Chinese many Chinese a Frenchman two Frenchmen a German five Germans looker-on lookers-on father-in-law fathers-in-law grown ?up grown ups man doctor men doctors 名词的用法: 名词的用法:
  1. 主语:The children are playing under the tree.
  2. 宾语: a) She opens the window at five every morning. b) He looks after the child.
  3. 表语 Her daughter is a singer.
  4. 宾补 They name the boy Tom.
  5. 主补 He is considered an excellent writer.
  6. 定语 That is a bicycle factory. 名词的主谓一致: 名词的主谓一致: The class is for the plan. The class are waiting for her. The savings are for your future use. The scissors are very sharp. A pair of scissors is in the drawer. The cattle are gazing at the foot of the hill. The police are gathering in the street. ( A policeman is asking him several questions.) A deer is over there in the bush. Three deer are appearing over there in the bush. Five hundred dollars a month is not much. Mr. Smith, together with his wife and two sons, is to arrive on the evening flight. The manager as well as his colleagues was present at the meeting.
The owner and editor of the newspaper is a friend of mine. The old lead a happy life. 就近原则: 就近原则: Fans or an air-conditioner is necessary for the laboratory. Neither the students nor the teacher knows anything about it. Not only the workers but the manager objects to the change. There’s a book, two pencils and some paper on the desk.
Exercise 1
Multiple choices:
  1. There are on her mother’s head. A. a little grey hairs B. a few grey hairs C. a lot of grey hair D. some grey hair
  2. has been tried to finish the work in time. A. Every possible means B. Every possible mean C. All means possible D. All mean possible
  3. These shoes are too small, please bring me a bigger . C. set D. shoes A. one B. pair
  4. Every new has the possibility of making or losing money. D. expectation A. event B. venture C. adventure
  5. Let’s read . A. the paragraph six B. the six paragraph C. the paragraph sixth D. paragraph six
  6. is a computer engineer. A. This Tom’s old friend B. That’s Tom’s old friend C. This old friend of Tom D. This old friend of Tom’s
  7. Those three old men each have two . A. son-in-law B. sons-in-law C. sons-in-laws D. son-in-law
  8. He raised a lot of on the farm. A. sheeps and goats B. sheep and goats C. sheep and goat D. sheeps and goat
  9. He bought two and cut each into two . A. loafs of breads; halves B. loaf of bread; halfs C. loaves of breads; halfs D. loaves of bread; halves
  10. His office is in a big building in . A. the city of Nanjing B. Nanjing city C. the Nanjing D. the City Nanjing
1-5 BABBD 6-10DBBDA 11-15 CBCBA

  11. His father gave him a . A. five dollars bill B. five-dollars bill C. five-dollar bill D. five dollars’bill
  12. and do not look alike. B. Englishmen; Germans A. Englishman; German C. Englishman; Germans D. Englishmen; German
  13. are searching for a tall dark man. A. The policeman B. Police C. The police D. Polices
  14. Jane did a very good . The manager was satisfied with her . A. work; job B. job; work C. work; business D. business; works
  15. The police asked him for on the accident A. information B. informations C. an information D. some informations
  16. Peter carried one of the for the teacher. A. box of books B. boxes of books C. boxes of book D. books’ boxes
  17. These are very expensive. A. women handbags B. woman’s handbags C. woman handbags D. women’s handbags
  18. The country’s wealth comes chiefly from its many . A. herd of cattle B. herd of cattles C. herds of cattle D. herds of cattles
  19. I went to the market and bought some and . A. potatoes; tomatoes B. potatos; tomatos C. potatoes; tomatos D. potatos; tomatoes
  20.What it is to jump into the water to swim in the hot weather! A. a fun B. funs C. the funs D. fun
  21. What we have today! A. a fine weather B. fine weathers C. fine weather D. the fine weather
  22. Before we moved into the new house, we bought many . A. a furniture B. furnitures C. pieces of furniture D. furniture pieces
  23. Our protect us from the cold. A. dress B. clothing C. clothes D. cloth
  24. This is a report. A. three-thousand-word B. three-thousand- words C. three-thousands-words D. three-thousands-word
  25.Did you ask for leave? A. two days’ B. two-day C. two days D. two-day’s
11-15 CBCBA
16-20 BACAD 21-25 CCCAA
Tests about Nouns from NMET
  1. work has been done to improve the people’s living standard. A. Many B. A great many D. A great deal of C. A large number of
  2. turn green in spring. A. Leaf B. Leafs C. Leave D. Leaves
  3. Father went to his doctor for about his heart trouble. A. an advice B. advice C. advices D. the advices
  4. It is impossible for so workers to do so work in a single day. A. few; much B. few; many C. little; much D. little; many
  5. He dropped the and broke it. A. cup of coffee B. coffee’s cup C. cup for coffee D. coffee cup
  6. We’ve missed the last bus. I’m afraid we have no but to take a taxi. A. way B. choice C. possibility D. selection
  7. Here’s my card. Let’s keep in .5 DDBAD 6-10 BADAB A. touch B. relation C. connection D. friendship
  8. He gained his by printing of famous writers. A. wealth; work B. wealths; works C. wealths; work D. wealth; works
  9.-I’d like information about the management of your hotel, please. - Well, you could have word with the manager. He might be helpful. A. some; a B. an; some C. some; some D. an; a
  10. We waited for the bus. A. long time B. a long time C. the long time D. some long time
  11. I’ll look into the matter as soon as possible. Just have a little . A. wait B. time C. patience D. rest
  12. Many countries are increasing their use for natural gas, wind and other forms of A. energy B. source C. power D. material
  13. friends Betty had made there were all invited to her birthday party. A. Few of B. Few C. The few D. A few
  14. If by chance someone comes to see me, ask them to leave a .
A. message B. letter C. sentence D. notice
  15. These football players had no strict until they joined our club. A. practice B. education C. exercise D. training
  16. We have worked out the plan and now we must put it into . A. fact B. reality C. practice D. deed
  17. ? Who did you spend last week with? - . A. Palmer’s B. The Palmers’ C. The Palmers D. the Palmer’s
  18. You’ll find this map of great in helping you to get round London. A. price B. cost C. value D. usefulness
  19. My parents always let me have my own of living. A. way B. method C. manner C. fashion
  20. The new law will come into on the day it is passed. A. effect B. use C. service D. existence
  21. We all know that speak louder than words. A. movements B. performances C. operations D. actions
  22. ?Can you shoot that bird at the top of the tree? -No, it’s out of . A. range B. reach C. control D. distance
  15. CACAD
16-20 CCCAA
  22. DA



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