future.
  The undergraduate insisted that he (should) go to work in the south.
  注意:当suggest表示暗示,insist表示坚持观点,事实时,后接的宾语从句应当用真实语气。
  His silence suggested that he agreed with my decision.
  He insists that doing morning exercises does good to people’s health.
  
  3.It is suggested/advised/ordered/requested/required…+ that从句(should) do
  It is proposed that more students should go to university.
  
  4.My advice/suggestion/request/requirement/order/proposal…+ is +表语从句(should)do
  My advice is that you should practise speaking English as often as possible.
  The order from the commander was that the troops should set off for the front immediately.
  
  5.His suggestion/advice/request/requirement…+ 同位语从句(should )do+ is..
  The request that they should get more is reasonable.
  
  6.It is natural/necessary/strange +that从句 (should) do表惊奇、怀疑、惋惜、不满、理应如此等。
  It’s strange that he should have missed the train. (表竟然)
  It is important that we should learn from others.(表理应如此)
  It is a pity that he should not go with us.(表惊讶、不满)
  
  7.wish + that clause (did/were 与现在相反)
  wish + that clause (would/could/might + do与将来相反)
  wish + that clause ( had done 与过去相反)
  I wish I could go with them tomorrow.
  I wish I had never met him.
  
  8.It is (high/about) time + 从句(did或should do )
  It is (high/about) time we went home.
  
  9.would rather + clause (did 与现在或将来相反);(had done 与过去相反)
  I would rather you came tomorrow.
  I would rather you hadn’t told her the news.
  
  10.省去条件从句或主句:表示虚拟语气的主句或从句有时可以省略,但其含义仍可以推知。
  ①省去条件从句
  You could have washed your clothes yourself. 你本可以自已洗衣服的。
  省去了"If you had wanted to")(事实是:你自己没洗衣服,因为你不想洗。)
  ②省去主句(常用以表示愿望) If only + clause ( did/were与现在相反)/ (would/could/might + do与将来相反) /( had done 与过去相反) “要是…….就好了“
  If my grandmother were with me! 如果我的祖母与我在一起多好啊!(事实是:祖母已不在世。)
  If only she had not left! 如果她没走就好了!(事实是:她已经走了。)
  If only he would come tomorrow!
  If only I had taken her advice!
  If only I were ten years younger!
  注意:only if是“只要”的意思,从句中用陈述语气。
  
  11.as if + clause (did/were 与现在相反) / (would/could/might + do与将来相反)/( had done 与过去相反)
  She treats Kate as if she were her own daughter.
  They talked as if they had been friends for years.
  
  12.would like/was/were to have done something
  I would like to have attended the party, but one of my friends came to see me.
  
  13.but for+名词
  But for your help we couldn’t have succeeded in the experiment.
  
  14.注意虚拟条件从句的特殊形式
  Without electricity, human life would be quite different today.
  Without the air to hold some of the sun's heat, the earth at night would be freezing cold.
  
  15.注意转折语气连词引导的虚拟语气
  He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball, otherwise he would have scored a goal.
  I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I should have written it down for her.
  The captain kept calm in the terrible storm, otherwise the accident wouldn't have been prevented.
  Yesterday, Jane walked away from the discussion. Otherwise, she might have said something she would regret later.
  
  16.注意分词和独立结构引导的虚拟语气
  Given more than two hours, we could have done the work better.
  Not having finished the work, he couldn't have seen this film.
  【高考预测】
  
  1. Why didn't you tell me there was no meeting today? I all the way here the heavy snow.
  A. needn't have driven;through B. can't have driven;across
  C. mustn't have driven;through D. shouldn't have driven;cross
  
  2. ? Mum, it’s none of my business. Why I care?
  ? Just because she is your sister.
  A. can B. should C. will D. may
  
  3. ?I didn’t know you were good friends .
  ?You .I have known her since she moved here. You were studying abroad then.
  A.may have B.needn’t have C.couldn’t have D.must have
  
  4. ?The concert was wonderful!
  ?Really? How I wish I to the theatre with you yesterday!
  A. had gone B. might go C. were able to go D. would go
  
  5.The two strangers have been talking in the park for a long time as though they old friends.
  A. are B. should be C. were D. would be
  
  6. the heavy rain, we the town.
  A. But for; should have reached B. Because of; would have reached
  C. During the period of; we would reach D. In spite of; we should have reached
  
  7. ?If William , he that green peach.
  ?Luckily he was sent to the hospital in time.
  A. was warned; would not take B. had been warned; would not have taken
  C. would be warned; had not taken D. would have been warned; had not taken
  
  8. ?Is it good to look up every new word when I come across it in reading?
  ?No. You because you are likely to guess the meaning from the context.
  A. can’t B. mustn’t C. don’t have to D.ought not to
  
  9. ?I use your computer to send an e-mail?
  ?Yes, you . But you mustn’t keep it too long.I’ll surf the Internet after supper.
  A. Could; could B. Could; must C. Can; can D. Could; can
  
  10. When he lived there, he go to that book shop at the corner with his girlfriend after work every day.
  A. would B. should C. had better D. might
  
  11.? I hear you’ve got a set of Australian coins. I have a look?
  ? Yes, certainly.
  A. Do B. May C.Shall D. Should
  
  12. ? What happened to the young trees we planted last week?
  ?The treeswell, but I didn’t water them.
  A. might grow B. needn’t have grown C. would grow D. would have grown
  
  13. What had Bob walked farther, as far as the river bank?
  A. would happen B.could happen C. would have happened D.needn’t have happened
  
  14. Hurry up,Tom.It’s high time we to the theater.
  A. will B. shall C. are going to D. went
  
  15. ?Do you think he will do me a favor?
  ? As far as I know, he is the last one to help others. Hebe prepared to give you a hand, though.
  A. might B. must C. can D. should
  
  16. Even though I’d hurt my leg, Iswim back to the river bank.
  A. could B. might C. had to D. was able to
  
  17.? It is rather cold here. Shall we light a fire?
  ? No, webecause things are easy to catch fire.
  A. won’t B. can’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t
  
  18.?Would you have told him the answer had it been possible?
  ?I would have, but I so busy then.
  A. had been B. were C. was D. would be
  
  19. The young man insisted that he these watches andfree.
  A. stole, set B. had stolen, be set C. steal, be set D. had stolen; must be set
  
  20. I your address, otherwise Iyou long before.
  A. had forgotten,had visited B.forgot, have visited
  C. forgot,would have visited D.have forgotten,would visit
  
  21. Iyou a beautiful present for your birthday,but I was short of money at that time.
  A. would buy B. had bought C. would like to have bought D. must have bought
  
  22.?Do you feel like there or shall we take a bus?
  ?I’d like to walk. But since there isn't much time left, I'd rather we a taxi.
  A. walking,hire B. to walk, hire C. to walk,hired D. walking, hired
  
  23. ?Miss White has decided to explore in the forest by herself.
  ?Sheask her boyfriend to if she go walking in the forest.
  A.needn't to,dares to http:/ B.doesn't need, dares  C.need not to,dare to D.needn't, dare
  
  24. His failure in the exam suggested that he the teacher’s instructions.
  A. can’t have followed http:/ B. needn’t have followed
  C. mustn’t have followed D. shouldn’t have followed
  
  25.I you, but I didn’t think you would listen to me.
  A.could have told B.must have told C.should tell D.might rell
  
  26.?Ms Lin looks rather a kind lady.
  ?But in fact she is cold and hard on us. Youbelieve it! http:/
  A.shouldn’t B.wouldn’t C.mustn’t D.needn’t
  
  27. The manager’s health was getting worse and worse because of heavy burden,so the doctor strongly
  recommended that he a holiday.
  A.took B.would take C.must take D.take
  
  28. ?It’s so cold! Why not close the door?
  ?Sorry.It .I’ll have it repaired soon.
  A.won’t shut B.won’t be shut C.hasn’t shut D.isn’t shut
  
  29. I wouldn’t marry Pat even if she the last woman on earth.
  A.is B.was C.had been D.were
  
  30. Many students will take part in the school sports meeting this week, so she suggested that the class meeting held on Saturday .
  A. not be B. not to be C. be not D. be not to
  
  31.the problem, he wouldn't have committed those mistakes.
  A. If he understood B. Had he understood C. When he had understood D. If he would understood
  
  32. ?But those are size
  44. You might need a smaller size.
  ?Yes, I a bit of weight. I have been trying to lose weight!
  A. will have lost B. should have lost C. may have lost D. can’t lose
  
  33.? Are you going to Lloyd’s birthday party on Friday?
  ? Only if it , he said he was having a picnic party.
  A. wouldn’t rain B. doesn’t rain C. won’t rain D. hadn’t rained
  
  34. If Sanlu Group melamine to the milk, the babies too much from kidney stones.
  A. didn’t add; would not suffered B. hadn’t added; wouldn’t have suffered
  C. hasn’t added; wouldn’t have suffered D. hadn’t added; would have suffered
  
  35.?The research on the new bird flu virus vaccine is challenging and demanding. Who do you think can do the
  job?
  ? my students have a try?
  A. Shall B. Will C. Could D. Should
  【参考答案】
  1-5ABCAC 6-10ABCDA 11-15BDCDA 16-20DCCBC
  21-25CDDAA 26-30BDADA 31-35BCBBA
  非谓语动词
  【知识点归纳】
  I.概述
  
  1.基本形式的变化:
  不定式:
时态主动态被动态
一般式to doto be done
进行式to be doing
完成式to have builtto have been built
  John said that he had run in order to catch the bus. (一般式的主动态)
  He hated to be misunderstood by others. (一般式的被动态)
  He pretended to be listening attentively. (进行式)
  He intended to have told you that. (完成式主动态)
  This work of art seemed to have been created several centuries ago. (完成式的被动态)
  v-ing形式
时态主动态被 动 态
一般式doingbeing done
完成式having donehaving been done
  注意:不及物动词没有被动式
  动名词
  I am sure of his coming in time. (一般式主动态) (= I am sure that he will come in time)
  He is proud of being selected as monitor. (一般式被动态) (= He is proud that he is selected as monitor.)
  I’m confident of his having passed the exam. (完成式主动态)
  (= I am confident that he have passed the exam.)
  He complained of having been cheated by others. (完成式被动态)
  现在分词
  He sat in a chair,reading a novel. (一般式主动态)
  Being exhausted by work, he fell asleep quickly. (一般式被动态)
  Having finished his homework, he went playing. (完成式主动态)
  All this having been settled, he went home. (完成式被动态)
  
  2.所做成分
项目/成分主语表语宾语宾补定语状语
动词的ing形式现在分词△△△△
动名词△△△△
不定式△△△△△△
过去分词△△△△
  注:现在分词、不定式、过去分词都可以作独立成分。
  II.基本知识
  
  1.动词不定式在句中充当的成分
  ①作主语。
  To see once is better than to hear a hundred times.
  To make money is not the only purpose of our life.赚钱不是我们生活的唯一目的
  在很多情况下,常用it 来充当动词不定式的形式主语。
  It is important for us to learn English very well.对我们来说学好英语是非常重要的。
  ②作动词的宾语,常用在以下动词后:
  help,hope,ask,refuse,decide,promise,wish,pretend,expect,arrange,learn,plan,demand,dare,manage,agree,prepare,fail,determine,offer,choose,desire,elect,long,
 

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