必修 2 第二单元重点单词讲解
  1.Honest A man doesn't have to be rich, but he must be honest. Honesty is the root for success, happiness, and wisdom. Being honest is not easy. It requires courage. One has to be brave enough to face anyone and everyone, including himself, and tell the truth. Though it is easier to tell a lie, it is difficult to keep it. One always needs to tell more lies to cover the ones he told before; and each time he lies, there are strong forces pushing him towards failure.(要求 学生翻译)
  2.Ancient \ old Ancient 是古老的意思 old 是旧的老的 意思上有区别的,ancient 更强调经历的年 代久远并且或多或少有点历史价值,而 old 一般指年龄大的或者一个东西陈旧的老掉 牙的 He got his old job back. 他恢复了原来的工作。 My father is fifty years old. 我的父亲五十岁了。 We were impressed by the ruins of an ancient building. 我们对一处古建筑废墟印象颇深。 This is an ancient custom. 这是一个自古相传下来的习俗。
  3. compete with , compete against, compete for 的意思及区别 compete with 与某人一同竞争,后加竞争 者 compete against 与某人对抗,后加对抗者 compete for 为了什么而竞争,后加目地 compete in 在某方面竞争 We can compete with the best teams. 我们能与最好的队竞争。 My handwriting cannot compete with his. 我的书法不及他。 The young tennis player has often competed against famous players, but so far he has always been beaten.
那位年轻的网球运动员常与著名球员对抗 比赛, 可是到目前为止, 他总是输的。 These paintings can't compete in expressive power with those ones. 这些水彩画在表达能力方面比不上那些。 compete with other countries for world market 与其它国家竞争国际市场 compete for sth 为了什么而奋斗、努力 compete with \against sb. for sth. 与某人竞争而获得某物 注意: competion,race,match,contest,game 几个词的区别在哪里? competition 表示“竞赛”,侧重有“竞争”的意 思, 既可以是体育的, 也可以是其他方面的; race 主要指赛跑、 竞走一类的 (比速度的体 育竞赛) ; match 常指足球、篮球、棒球等的比赛; contest 也表示“竞赛”, 但一般不指体育上的 竞赛,而是其他类的,比如说,演讲比赛; game 与 match 类似,侧重指球类比赛。
  4.辨析 join, join in, take part in , attend, enter 词汇辨析 join, take part in, attend, enter: join 表示参加某一团体、组织、机构,并作 为其中一员(如:入党、入团、入会、参军 等) e.g.He joined the Labour Party/this company in 19
  99. 他 1999 年加入了工党/这家公司。 join in: to take part in an activity 参加(活动) e.g.We all joined in the singing.我们大家一 起唱歌。 take part in 参与,参加某种活动; : 参 加 歌 咏 小 组 (take part in the singing group) attend 出席,参加,定期去(某处) ; attend on 和 attand to 的区别
  1。 attend to 是 照顾 (某人) 、处理(某 事) Can you look after this patient for me. I have to attend to this wounded patient. 你可以替我照顾 (看着)这个病人吗 ? 我
要照顾 (看着)这位受伤的病人、
  2。 attend on 伴随、侍候、照料 My friend comes from America. I like to take few days' leave from work to attend on him. 我的朋友从美国来了, 我可以请假几天去 伴随他吗 ? enter 加入, 开始从事; 开始参加。 "enter for" 是"报名参加"的意思 例 如 : 报 名 参 加 数 学 竞 赛 (enter for the maths contest)
  5.admit 的相关问题
  1) admit 作“准许进入”、“允许参加”解释。 例如: ①Open the window to admit some fresh air.打开窗子透透新鲜空气。 ②Such people shouldn’t be admitted to the Party.这样的人不能吸收入党。
  2) admit 可作“承认”解释,这时,其后可 跟名词、动词的-ing 形式、宾语从句或宾语 +宾语补足语。例如: (
  1) John admitted knowing little about the subject.约翰承认是他打碎了窗子。 (
  2)The boy admitted that he had broken the window. 那男孩承认是他打碎了窗子。 (
  3) You must admit the work to be difficult. 你应当承认这项任务是艰巨的。 【注意】admit 后可接不定式作宾补,但不 可接不定式作宾语,如例句(
  3) 。
  6. physical a.
  1. 身体的,肉体的
  2. 物质的
  3. 自然科学的,按自然法则 的
  4. 自然的,自然界的[B]
  5. 物理的;物理学的[B]
  6. 粗野的,激烈的 n.
  1. 【口】身体检查[C] the physical world 物质世界
physical education 体育 physical constitution 体格 physical exercise [training] 体育锻炼 man's physical environment 人类的自然环境 physical science 物理学 physical adj. (与思想、精神相对的)物质的 自 然的;按自然法则的 physical laws 自然法则 Physical fitness is having a strong healthy body. 身体健康就是有一个强壮健康的身 体。 物理学的;物理的 physical change 物理变化
physic: [ 'fizik ] n. 药 vt 治疗(给...服药) physics: [ 'fiziks ] n. 物理学 例句与用法:
  1. Temperance is the best physic. 节欲是灵丹妙药。
  2. He tutored the child in physics. 他给这小孩辅导物理。
  3. That a doctor shall be able to physic any disease is a misconception. 认为医生应该能医治任何疾病的观念是错 误的。
  4. I prefer chemistry to physics. 我喜欢化学甚于物理。
  7。placard 和 poster 的区别? poster 贴在公共场合或个人房间里的大张
招贴通告;常附有插图,张贴以用来宣传或 公布某事 placard 布告标语牌 为在公共场合展示的 通知或标语
  8. advertise [ '?dv?taiz ] . . v. 登广告 、为...做广告 advertise the goods (
  1) advertise for a house (
  2) 第一个的 advertise 就是及物动词 第二个的 advertuse 就是不及物动词 boost, advertise 区别!!! boost 表示夸大,宣传 advertise 是广告的意思 给 你 句 例 句 理 解 一 下 :an advertising program to boost local products abroad 为 向国外推销地方产品而大肆宣传的一套广 告
  9. relate 的用法及意义 relate vt. 叙述, 讲, 使联系, 发生关系 相关词条 relate to relate with Examples: vt.
  1. 讲,叙述[(+to)] To him we related our troubles, asking his advice. 我们向他讲述了我们的困难,请他指导。
  2. 使有联系[(+to/with)] Can you relate what happened in your childhood to your present state of mind? 你能否把你童年时的遭遇同目前的心境相 联起来? vi.
  1. 有关,涉及[(+to)] I don't know to what this relates. 我不知道这与什么有关。
  2. 符合[(+with)] Your statement does not relate well with the facts. 你的说法与事实不太符合。
  3. 相处[(+to)] She doesn't relate well to her peers.
她和同辈处不来。 She doesn't relate well to her mother. 她与她母亲相处不很和睦。
  4. 认同;欣赏 I just can't relate to these new fashions. 我就是没办法认同这些新的流行款式。 relate 和 associate 的用法有什么区别? 这两个词都表示“联系”的意思。relate 与 to 搭配。associate 与 with 搭配,associate 有“联想”的意思。例如: Anything relating to maths is a complete mystery to me. When you go the Great Wall,what do you associate it with?
  10。promise 的用法 n.
  1. 承诺,诺言[C] Give me your promise that you'll never be late again. 答应我你绝不再迟到了。
  2. 希望,前途[U][S] The young man shows promise as a poet. 这位青年有成为诗人的希望。 vt.
  1. 允诺,答应[+to-v][+that][O1][O5] He promised me the book. 他答应给我这本书。 He promised to help us. 他答应要帮助我们。 I can't give you the book; I've promised it to Susan. 我不能把这本书给你;我已经答应给苏珊了。
  2. 给人以...的指望;有...的可能[+to-v] It promises to be fine tomorrow. 明天有希望是个好天气。
  3. 【口】向...保证,向...断言 vi.
  1. 允诺,作出保证
  2. 有指望,有前途[Q] That project promises well. 那个工程很有希望成功。
 

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