高中英语必修 3-4 要点综述 Unit 1 Festivals around the world
Teaching aims and demands
  1.topic: 1>Festivals 2> how festivals begin 3>how to celebrate festivals
  2.function: 1>Request Eg: Could you please…? Could I have …? I look forward to doing… 2>Thanks Eg: It's a pleasure. /Don't mention it. It's very kind of you to… I'd love to … Thank you very much./Thanks a lot. You are most welcome.
  4.grammar: 情态动词的用法 Jin can speak English well. (ability)
Could you please show me the way to …? (request) May we see the awards for the team? (permission) She might give you … (possibility) The whole family will come for dinner. (promise) Often he would dress up like a rich man. (pass habit) We would be there with our friends. (promise) II.Key points Period 1 Warming up and fast reading
  2.Warming up
Step 1 discussing the following questions a.How was your holiday/spring festival? b.Did you go traveling? c.How much pocket money did you get? Step 2 talking

  1). Name some festivals Spring Festival Festival Army Day New Year Dragon Boat Festival Lantam
Mid-Autumn Festival May Day Teachers' Day Mother's Day
National Day
Children's Day Christmas Day Easter
Father's Day Halloween carnival Oben
Valentine Day

  2).Ss work in groups of four and list five Chinese festivals and siscuss when they take place , what they celevrate and one thing that people do at that time. Then fill in the blanks. Festivals Time Mid-Autumn Day Spring Festival Dragon Boat Day Tomb sweeping Day Lantern Festival
  1) What's your favourite holiday of the year? Why?
  2) What festivals or celebration do you enjoy in your city or town? Do you like spending festivals with your family or with friends? What part of a festival do you like best?the music, the things to see, the visits or the food?
  4. Fast reading and find the answers to the following questions. A.What did ancient festivals celebrate? B.What are festivals of the dead for ? of year/date Celebrate for Things to do
C.Why are autumn festivals happy events
D.Name three things people do at spring festival ?
2Period 2-3
Intensive reading and find the main ideas of each

  1.Read the passage paragraph by paragraph paragraph
Paragraph 1: All kinds of celebration in ancient time. Paragraph 2: The purpose to honour the dead and three examples Festivals Oben Day of the Dead Halloween Time Things people do
Paragraph 3: The reasons Why we honour people Festivals Dragon Boat Festivals Clumbus Day Indian National Festival Who does it celebrate ?
Paragraph 4: Autumn festivals are happy events Paragraph 5: How people celebrate in spring festivals
  2.Language points a.They would starve if food was difficult to find… v.) starve (v.) 饿死; 饿死;挨饿
eg. Millions of people starved to death during the war. Starve for sth 渴望… 渴望…
Eg. The homeless children starve for love. Starvation (n.) 饿死
Eg. Die of starvation Starvation wages 不够维持基本生活的工资
b.The most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of the cold weather, planting in spring and harvest in autumn. 庆祝,赞颂,赞美,举行(仪式) Celebrate (vt./vi.) 庆祝,赞颂,赞美,举行(仪式) Eg.We celebrate the new year with a party. Their courage was celebrated in all the newspaper. Celebrated (adj.) = famous 著名的, 著名的,驰名的
c. …because they thought these festivals would bring a year of plenty plenty. days/years/… :富裕 尤指事物和钱)的日子,年月,生活等. 富裕( days/years/…of plenty :富裕(尤指事物和钱)的日子,年月,生活等. Eg.You have a life of plenty, what would you be worried about ? d.Some festivals are held to honour the dead, or satisfy and please the ancestors, who could return either to help or to do harm harm.
  1)Honour (v.) "尊敬,给…增光" honour sb. (sth.) with sth. H 尊敬, 增光" 荣誉,光荣,敬意,面子" (n.) "荣誉,光荣,敬意,面子" n.) for… Win honour for… Show honour to sb. 为…争光 尊敬某人
sb.' /sth' in honour of sb.(sth.) = in sb.'s /sth's honour 出于对某人的敬意 eg.There will be a party in honour of his success. 为庆祝他的成功将会举行一个晚会. We have a party in honour of the famous artist. 为纪念这位著名艺术家我们举办了这场晚会.
  2)satisfy (vt.)使满意,令人满意 satisfy (vt.)使满意 使满意, Eg.That answer won't satisfy her. 那个答案不会使她满意. Satisfied (adj.) adj.) 满意的(主语是人) 满意的(主语是人) 令人满意的(主语是事而不是人) 令人满意的(主语是事而不是人) 是事而不是人 令人满意的(主语是事) 令人满意的(主语是事) 满意
Satisfactory (adj.) Satisfying (adj.) adj.)
n.) Satisfaction (n.)
Eg. She's satisfied with her son's progress. 对于儿子的进步她感到很满意. Do you think what he said is satisfying? 你认为他所见的令人满意吗?

  3)harm (n.) (U) 伤害 harm Eg. Don't be too serious , he meant no harm. (v.) harm sb./sth.=do harm to sb./sth. Eg. Don't be afraid, the dog won't harm you. What you do should do more good than harm. 你所做的应该利大于弊. e.The festival of Halloween had its origin as an event in memory of the dead. In memory of / to the memory of sb. 最为对某人的纪念, 最为对某人的纪念,纪念某人
Eg.The museum was built in memory of the famous scientist. f.They dress up and try to frightened people. Dress n. 连衣裙/ 连衣裙/ 给…穿上衣服
v. dress sb./oneself
Eg. The first thing she does every morning after getting up is to dress her son. 她每天起来第一件事就是帮儿子穿衣服. Dress up 盛妆打扮,乔装打扮 盛妆打扮,
Eg. Ladies loves dressing up more than anything else. g.If they are not fiven anything, the children might play a trick. Play a trick on sb. 玩弄某人 Eg. That naughty boy likes to play a trick on others. h. in memory of the arrival of Christopher Columber in America. Arrival n. 到达
Eg.We are pleased for their arrival. i. In India there is a national festival on October 2 to honor Mahatma Gandhi,the leader who helped gain India's independence from Britan. Gain n.获得物,收获, n.获得物,收获,增加 获得物 Eg.The baby has a gain of half a pound. v.获得,得到, v.获得,得到,增加 获得 eg.He had gained himself a reputation for unfairness. 他是自己得到了一个不公平的名声.
比较: get
得到,获得 应用最广的词 得到, 指通过漫长的过程而逐渐获得 指通过漫长的过程而逐渐获得 往往指通过努力而获得某种有益或有利的东西
获得, Aquire 获得,取得 Gain 得到, 得到,获得
Eg.I got a favorite answer. How did she acquire her skill? I hope you will gain still greater success. j. gather 收集, 收集,积累
eg. The police have gathered information about the murderer. k. …Some people might win awards for their animals… award n.奖品,奖金,助学金 win the second award 获得第二等奖
win the award of ten thousand dolar. 获得一万美元奖金 Vt.奖励,授予 award sb. Sth./sth to sb.
Medals are awarded to the best speakers on the debating team. 奖章授给辩论队中最佳的演说者. 比较: award Prize n./vt. n. 对鼓励工作突出所进行的鼓励,往往强调荣誉 多指在各类竞赛或抽彩中所赢得的奖. 这种将有的凭靠 能力,有的凭靠运气获得. Reward n./v 指对某人的工作或服务等的报答.
Eg. He won the award for the best student of the year. A prize was given to the person who had the winning number. The waitress was given two more extra dolar for her good serves. l. …when people admire the moon and give gifts of mooncakes. Admire vt. 钦慕,羡慕,赞美 Admire sb. for sth. Admire to do sth. 因谋事而赞美/仰慕某人 喜欢干谋事
Eg.Don't forget to admire the students. 别忘了夸奖学生 Everybody admires him for his fine sense of humour. 人人羡慕他那极好的幽默感.
I just admire to get letter, but I don't admire to answer it. 我只是喜欢收信件,而不喜欢回信. m. …that looking forward to the end of winter and to the coming of sping. Look forward to doing sth. Eg. I am looking forward to seeing you again. The children are looking forward to visiting the Great Wall. n.The country is covered with cherry tree flowers so that it looks as though it might be covered with pink snow as though =as if 引导状语从句,常常放在 act, look, sound, feel, smell
等动词后面;引导表语从句常用虚拟语气. Eg. He behaves as though nothing has happened. It looks as if it were summer already.
Period 4 Using language Reading Step
  1. Greetings Step
  2. Lead-in:
  1. Introduction of Qiqiao Jie (Why called Qiqiao Jie and some customs of the very day and the sad love story.)
  2.The following story is a modern sad love story. Step
  3. Ss read the questions given and read the story to find the answers. Step
  4. words and phrases.
  1.But she didn't turn up up. Turn up
  1) 出席,来 For several reasons, she didn't turn up.

  2) 出现,找到 The book you have lost will turn up one day.
  3) 开大音量 (反义词)turn down Turn up the radio a little, I can hardly hear the program.
  2.to hold one's breath: to wait without much hope eg.The girl held her breath at the sight of the snake.
  3.to drown one's sadness: To drink in order to forget to drown one's sorrows: 借酒消愁
  4.to keep one's word 守信用(反) to break one's word 失信 Eg.He is a man who always keeps his word.
Don't believe him, he always breaks his word.
  5.set off
  2)使…爆炸 Tomorrow we'll set off for home. The human body bomb set off among the crowd.

  6.I don't want them to remind me of her. Remind sb.of sth. 提醒某人某事 Remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 Remind sb. That Eg.The pictures remind me of my school days. Remind me to buy her a gift. I reminded him that he must go home before dark.
  7.forgive …for Eg.Please forgive me for my being rude. Step
  5.Ss work in groups of four to summarize the story and ask some of Them to tell the story in their own words. Sample: The story took place in an coffee shop where the hero, Li Fang, is Waiting for his girl friend, Hu Jin's coming. To his appointment, she Didn't turn up. Then there is a show on TV, which talked about the sad Love story Of Qiqiao Jie. Being heart-broken, Li Fang threw away his Valentine's gift to Hu Jin. Then he met Hu Jin on his way back home, Who had been waiting for him at a tea shop. What should he do?
5Period 5-6 Discovering Useful Stuctures: Modal verbs
  1) 情态动词的各种语气 can and could Jin can speak English well.(ability) No one could finish the test last week.(ability) The teacher said that we could not leave early.(permission) The hunters are lost. They could starve.(possibility) Could you please show me the way to Beihai Park?(request)
注意:表示一般能力时,can 可与 be able to 互换,但表示过去的能力+特定行为时, 注意 用 was/were able to ,be able to 可用于各种时态,而 can 只能用于现在时. Eg.His mother wasn't at home, so he was able to watch TV g.
  2) may and might May we see the awards for teams?(permission,request) She might give yousome new clothing.(possibility) 注意:
  1. 注意:
  1.表示许可时,用于第一人称,指我(们)被允许做某事;由于其他人称,则指 说话者允许主语做某事. Eg.We might go shopping until dark.(我们被允许) g. Mother said:"You might go shopping until dark." (说话者允许主语做某事) 说话者允许主语做某事) 做某事
  2.在用于请求许可时,may 可与 can/could 互换 在用于请求许可时
  3)will and would The Spring Festival is the most fun. The whole family will come for dinner.(promise;agreement) Often he would dress up like a rich man.(past habit; custom) Would you like to join us for dinner?(request) 注意:would 与 used to 均可表示"过去惯常",但是 would 常与过去时间状 语连用,意为总是,总要;used to 与现在时间相比,意为过去常常,暗示现在 已经没有了. Eg.When he was there, he would go to that coffee shop at the corner after work every day? He used to go to that coffee shop at the corner after work every day,but now he goes to play basketball.
  4)shall and should The harvest festival begins on Saturday.We shall be there with our friends.(promise, agreement) It's nearly five o'clock. The taxi should be here soon.(prodiction) 注意:
  1.shall 用于第一,三人称的疑问句中,表示说或者征求对方的意见,或向对方 请示. Eg.Shall we go shopping after school?
  2.should have done 表示过去应该做而没有做
Should not have done 表示过去不用做而却做了
  5)must and can't Wang Feng wins an award every year. He must be very strong.(speculation) You must be joking. That can't be true. (guessing) 对现在的事情进行把握较大的判断时,肯定判断用 must+动词原形,否定判断用 can't+动词原形. She must be in the library. She can't be in the room.
  2.modal verbs+ have done 一,情态动词+动词完成式 情态动词+动词完成式即"情态动词+ have + done 分词",表示对过去行为或动作 进行推测,评论或判断.
  1. must have done 表示对过去某事的肯定猜测.其否定或疑问形式都用 can(could) 来表示. Since the road is wet, it must have rained last night. He can't have missed the way. I drew him a map. "The dictionary has disappea



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