必修 3 第 3 单元单词短语讲解
  1. bet
bet [bet] n. 赌, 打赌 n.[C]
  1). 打赌[(+on)] Let's have a bet on the result of the election. 让我们就选举结果打个赌吧!
  2). 赌金,赌注
  3). 意见,猜测[+(that)] My bet is that she won't refuse his invitation. 我认为她不会拒绝他的邀请。 You shouldn't make bets v. 赌, 赌钱
  1). I bet you don't know who won the game last night. 我肯定你不知道昨晚谁赢了比赛。
  2). He bet twenty dollars on me to win the fight. 无论 bet 是名词还是动词,当表示“在…..方面打赌;在…..方面下赌注”时后面通常和介词 on 连用。 = (make a bet 打赌) against him
在口语中 I bet =I’m sure 我肯定 I bet it will rain tomorrow !我肯定明天会下雨!
  2. scene
scene n. 现场, 场面, 情景, 景色, 发生地点, [戏剧]一场, 布景, 道具布置 Examples: scene 场面 scene design 美术设计 exterior scene 外景 a bad scene; a wild scene. 糟糕的情形;狂乱的情形 scene of action 事情发生的现场 off scene sound 画外音 an affecting scene 惨状 an actable scene 可上演的(戏剧中的)一段[一场]情节 a televisual scene 一个适于拍电视的场面 a splendid scene 壮丽的景象 scene 和 scenery 的区别:区别主要在于 前者指具体某幅“景色” 、“场景” ,有时候也是“风景”的意思 The scene is a perfect dream when you see the sun rising slowly in the east. "观看太阳从东方慢慢升起, 这种景色确实太美了。" scenery 自然景物,天然风光。 后者是风景的统称,只有“风景”、“景色”的意思 The scenery in the mountains is very beautiful. 山里的景色非常美。

  3. tale 故事;传说
A Tale of Two Cities《双城记》 "A tale of two cities" is one of Dickens's most important representative works.《双城记》是狄更斯最重要 的代表作之一。 注意:在英语中,不用书名号,而是用双引号来代替汉语中的书名号。

  4. permit/ allow
allow /permit 这两个词的意义与用法相近。permit 这个词稍微正式一些,其意义为“允许”“准许” 其句型为:
  1、allow/permit sth
  2、allow/permit sb to do sth
  3、allow/permit doing sth 如:①This plant allows one hour for lunch. 这家工厂允许一个小时的吃饭时间。 ②He would not permit the waste of a single grain. 他不允许浪费一粒粮食。 ③They don't allow/permit people to smoke in the offices. ④We don't allow/permit smoking in the offices. ⑤Talking loudly is not allowed/permitted in the library. permission 是 permit 的名词形式

  5. go ahead
go ahead 本意“前进” go ahead“随便,请自便” “继续” 口语中
  1.begin to do sth. ;not wait 着手做某事;尽管去做;不要等(常用于祈使句) “May I ask you a question?”“Yes,go ahead.”“我可以问你一个问题吗?”“可以,问吧!” “May I start?”“Yes,go ahead.”“我可以开始了吗?”“行,开始吧。” 总之,go ahead 是叫(或同意)别人去做他本来想做的事情。

  6. by accident

  1). by accident 偶然地,无意中。如: I found it by accident. 我是无意中找到它的。 Columbus discovered America by accident. 哥伦布偶然发现了美洲大陆。 注:by accident 主要用作状语,有时也用作表语。如: Our meeting in Paris was by accident. 我们在巴黎见面是个巧合。
  2). by accident of 因为……的机会,由于……的运气。如: By accident of birth, he was rich. 他有幸生在富裕家庭。
  3). without accident 平安无事地。如: That night passed without accident. 一夜平安无事。 The ship arrived there without accident. 船平安到达那儿。 by chance 偶然,碰巧 指几率很小 by accident 偶然,有时被当作偶遇来解释 如:I met him in the street by accident, 我在街上偶遇到他

  7. stare
stare 是盯着的意思 stare at sb 为固定搭配盯着某人的意思 glance 是一瞥,随便的一看的意思 glare 是 瞪眼怒目注视的意思 gaze 是凝视的意思 He __A__ at the young man with his eyes wide open ,for he simply couldn't believe he was his long lost son. A. stared B. glanced C. glared D. gazed

  8. spot
n. 班点, 雀斑,污点, 地点, 场所, 现场 vt. 认出, 发现 a spot on one's fame a scenic spot a historic spot 古迹 名誉上的污点 风景胜地
vice spots
堕落场所
the meeting on the spot 现场会议 a spot of (一点儿)= a little = a bit of 后接“不可数名词” 如:Let's have a spot of lunch.让我们吃点午饭吧。 discover spot 区别: 都是发现,但发现和发现还不一样。 discover 强调从不知到知,就是说那个事情(真理,道理,真相,事实等等)本身是存在的,只是你没 有发现,而现在发现了,知道了。 spot 强调从一堆相类似或同类之中找出来,定位(点)于。。 。。比如一群人,你要找一个女孩,她个子又 小,特别不容易认出来,而且人群还在走动,这个时候你发现了她,就用 spot

  9. account for

  1).总计,占据 Two things account for its occurrence. 发生这件事原因有两个。
  2)做出.解释 ;.说明 How do you account for it? 这你怎么解释呢? Can you account for all these absences? 你能说明你缺席的原因吗。
  3.)导致,引起 Bad weather accounted for the long delay. 长期的延缓是因为坏天气

  10. to be honest 也可以是 honestly (speaking),......
口语,用于你要告诉某人你的真实想法 To be honest, I don't like him very much. To be honest,,your pronunciation is not so good. 老实说,你的发音并不好. In the long run, it pays to be honest. 路遥知马力 人久见人心 be honest with 对...说老实话, 同...规规矩矩来往

  11. silly
adj. 愚蠢的, 无聊的 silly 和 stupid 和 foolish 区别? 概括起来,foolish 相当于汉语的“愚蠢”,stupid 相当于“笨”,silly 相当于“傻”。 Silly 有时带感情色彩。例如: You silly child.你这个傻孩子。 (并无太多的贬意) 另外,我们也用 fool 这个词。Fool 是个名词,意思是“傻子”(常指先天性的智力不全者) 。例如: Don’t act like a fool。别像一个傻瓜似的。 It is foolish of you to say so (you are foolish to say so).你说这话真蠢。 He is very stupid in learning maths.他学数学很笨。 It was silly of you (You were silly)to trust him.你真傻竟相信了他。

  12. tiny [ 'taini ] a. 极小的,微小的
词形变化: 形容词比较级:tinier 最高级:tiniest 名词:tininess The tiny seed planted it ten years before had flowered.
We are living in a big world in which a person is as tiny as a seed.
There is no need for you to spend so much time on such a tiny matter.

  13. issue
n. 结果, 结局 ;发行(物); 一次发行量; (报刊)期号 ;问题; 争端; 论点 v.发行(钞票等), 发布(命令), 出版(书等) issue an order 发布命令
issue a statement 发表声明 decide the issue of the battle 决定战斗胜败 monetary issue 货币发行 the latest issue 最近一期(报刊) the burning issue of the day 燃眉之急的问题

  14. fake
n. 假货,欺骗,赝品,冒牌货;仿造品; 骗子 a. 假的 v. 假造,伪造;冒充,假装;
  1. 伪造;捏造;冒充 He faked my signature to get money from my bank. 他冒充我的签字从我的银行里取钱。 He faked the fine furniture of the century before. 他仿造了一个世纪前的精美家具。
  2. 假装;假装...的样子 She faked illness so as not to go to school. 她为了逃学假装生病。 n.[C]
  1. 冒牌货;仿造品 The experts discovered several fakes in the art collection. 专家们在这批艺术收藏品中发现了几件赝品。
  2. 冒充者;骗子 a.
  1. 假的;冒充的[B] This is a fake picture. 这是幅假画。 假装...的样子 [ 过去式 faked 过去分词 faked 现在分词 faking ]

  15. rag
1 旧布 如:a piece of rag 2 破旧衣服 in rags,表示衣衫褴褛 3 质量低劣的报纸 lose his rag 是失去理智的意思 Eg. Andy lost his rag. Andy 大发雷霆,大动肝火。

  16. indeed
indeed [Indi:d] adv. (
  1) 的确是;实在是 I was indeed very glad to hear the news. 我听到这消息的确很高兴。 'Did you hear the explosion last night?' 'Indeed I did.' "'昨天夜里你听到爆炸声了吗?''当然,我听到了。'" (
  2) (表示惊奇、反语等)真的,的确
‘Who is this woman?’ ‘Who is she, indeed!’(I wonder at your asking.) “这个女人是谁?”“她是谁,真是!”(难道你不知道吗?) 'I earn $1000 a day.' 'Indeed?' '我一天赚一千美元。''真的吗?' (
  3) (用于 very + 形容词或副词后,加强语气) Thank you very much indeed. 实在太感谢你了。 I shall be very glad indeed. 那我真太高兴啦。
  17.
even if=even though 是“即使” 其意义在于假设某事物存在(例如说“即使你是对的”,其实你可能是错的)
引导非真实(虚拟)条件句:I won't come to the concert even if I have nothing else to do.即使我么没有其 他的事情可做.我也不会去听音乐会. he would come on time even though it were to rain. 即使天要下雨,他也回来的。 (天很好,不会下雨) even though=even if 他们也引导真实条件句: I won't come to the concert even though I have nothing else to do.尽管我没有其他的事情可做,我也不会去 参加音乐会. he will come on time even though it rains. 尽管天要下雨他也会准时到的。 (天真得快下雨了)

  18. get into trouble“ 陷入困境,惹麻烦”
get into trouble (with)的同义短语 get into trouble (with)=put sb. into trouble =be in trouble (with)=get in sour=in hot water=in the soup Please remember to pay for everything that you have bought otherwise you'll get into trouble. If we give way to our feelings and let them take over, we can get into trouble. 如果我们屈服于我们的感 情,被感情所控制,我们就会陷入麻烦。 sb get into trouble with sb 某人和某人之间出事情 / 发生不和 而 get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 before you leave the supermarket,

  19. decade
decade 十, 十个一组 ;十年, 十年间 They had a speech contest yesterday ,He was the winner. for decades on end 数十年如一日 United Nations Development Decade 联合国十年发展计划 The red and the Black (《红与黑》) is said to have been translated decade. into several languages in the past

  20. contest
v. 竞赛, 争辩, 争取; 争夺 vi. 争夺; 竞争; 争论(against, with)
contest with a person 与人争论
vt. 争夺, 为...竞夺 对...提出质疑〔争议〕, 争辩
  1. The soldiers contested every inch of ground. 士兵们为争夺每一寸土地而斗争。
  2. The lawyer contested the claim, and tried to prove that it was false. 律师对那个要求提出异议,并力图证明它是一种无理的要求。 n. 竞赛, 争论 speech contest 演讲竞赛,初一上学期人教版上有。 He won the first prize in the speech contest without much effort. 他没费多少劲就获得了演讲比赛一等奖。 take part in a writing contest 参加一个写作竞赛
 

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