高中英语必修 4 同步教案 Unit 1 Women of achievement
Teaching goals 教学目标
  1. Target language 目标语言 a. 重点词汇 achieve, achievement, condition, welfare, institute, connection, campaign, organization, specialist, behave, behavior, worthwhile, nest, observe, observation, respect, argue, entertainment, inspire, support, devote ... to b. 重点句子 Watching a family of chimps wake up is our first activity of the day. P2 Everybody sits and waits while the animals in the group begin to wake up and move. P2 But the evening makes it all worthwhile. P2 ... we see them go to sleep together in their nest for the night. P2 Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project. P2 For forty years Jane Goodall has been helping the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals. P2
  2. Ability goals 能力目标 a. Learn Warming Up, and know how to tell the great women and the famous women. b. Learn the way to describe a person from what the person did, what she/he looks like and so on.
  3. Learning ability goals 学能目标 Teach Ss how to describe a person. Teaching important points 教学重点 a. By reading A protector of African wildlife, students can learn from Jane Goodall in at least two aspects: one is what is the humane way to study animals; the other is that it was her great personality - universal love and mercy(博爱与慈悲 )that made her successful. If everyone had such kind of heart, they would give everything benefit for all living things. Then our world will be full of love and peace, without any war and starvation. b. Ask students to answer these questions:
  1) What made her a great success?
  2) What should we learn from Jane Goodall? Teaching difficult points 教学难点 Let everyone believe that all of us can become Jane Goodall. Teaching methods 教学方法 Inspiration, Questioning and Discussion. procedures Teaching procedures & ways 教学过程与方式
prePeriod
  1. Warming up and pre-reading
Teaching aims: To introduce six great women and their achievements. Teaching key points and difficult points: To explain some words: Quaker, China Welfare Institute, campaign, etc. Step
  1. Lead in.
  1. Discuss the following questions.
  1)What are the differences between a famous person and a great person? great of excellent quality or ability important powerful or having influence
  2) What makes a person great? (The quality of a great person)
导与练高考信息网 第 1 页
2010-09-06
Hard working intelligent determined generous helpful honest kind brave. confident unselfish energetic passionate; make great contribution to man kind; get on well with others; never loss heart; be active in social activities; do public service without paid. Most of the great people are also important people. But important people may not also be great people.
  3)Name some great women in Chinese history. What are they famous for? Step
  2. Warming up T: In pairs discuss the six women on Page
  1. Which of these women do you think is a great woman ? Give reasons for your choice. Before you decide, think about the following questions.
  1. Did she follow her ideas and sacrifice anything so that her ideas could be realized? Did she unselfishly give up anything to achieve her goal?
  2. Did she go through struggles and difficulties ?/ Did she suffer for her ideas ? Name Ambition Problem Sacrifices
Elizabeth Fry
to help improve prison conditions
She was criticized for Less time was spent neglecting her family and with her husband and enjoying fame. family. After her husband died, she lived alone. She gave up the comforts of life to study the chimps. She had lost her own personal time because of the demands of the job She lost her life.
to work for civil Her relatives held rights,democracy political opinions and peace. completely different from hers. to work with She lived a hard life in Jane Goodall animals in the the wild. wild.
Soong Chingling
Jody Williams
Joan of Arc
to prevent the It isn’t easy to persuade making and use of governments to stop the landmines making and use of landmines. to drive the Women were not allowed ot English from fight like a man France to help women and children with their illnesses an health
Lin Qiaozhi
Women had greater She never got married difficulties getting into or had a family of her medical college and own getting further training
Step 3 Pre-reading
  1. Why do you think Jane Goodall went to Africa to study chimps rather than to a university?
  2. Do you think her work is important? Why?
Period
  2. Reading
StepⅠ StepⅠReading Task 1 Pre-reading PreSs read the passage in four minutes and give the main ideas to each paragraph. The first one is about a day in the park. The second one is her way of doing her research and some achievement. The third one is her attitude and feeling to the animals. The last one is a short summary to her. T: Thanks. Well, let’s draw a chart of the text together according to the main ideas we’ve
导与练高考信息网 第 2 页 2010-09-06
found. Task 2 Making a chart A protector of African wildlife ↓ ② ③ ? ? Jane’s way to study chimps Her attitude to
① │ A day in the park the animals
and her achievement
Period 3 Language points.
Step
  1.Difficult sentences:
  1.Watching a family of chimps wake up is our… 今天我们的第一件事
  2.This means going back ….由定语从句修饰的 place 做 go 的宾语
  3.Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her roject….only+副词 部分倒装) project….only+副词 (部分倒装) Only in this way can we learn English better.
  4.But the evening makes it all worthwhile Step
  2.Words and expressions
  1. mean 的用法 Mean doing sth. … 意味着做… Eg. Doing such a thing means wasting time. mean to do sth… 打算做某事 eg. Do you mean to go without money?
  2. leave sb. doing 让某人做某事 e.g They went off and left me sitting there all by myself.
  3. wander 的用法
  1)可以解释为漫步,逛,常与 about 搭配 e.g We love wandering about the hills
  2)还可以解释为脱离,迷失 e.g Don’t wander off the point
  4. worthwhile adj. 值得做的,值得花时间(金钱)的 It is worthwhile to do/ doing It was worthwhile to visit Paris. = The visit to Paris is worthwhile. 去巴黎访问是值得的. It’s worthwhile discussing/ to discuss the question again. 这个问题值得再讨论一下。 It is a worthwhile book 那是一本值得一读的书.
  5. observe 观察到,注意到 Eg.She observed his actions with interest. 她很感兴趣地观察他的行动 His neighbour observed a stranger go into his house 他的邻居看到了一个陌生人进入他的家.
  6. “Only + 状语” 开头的句子要用倒装 Eg. Only in this way can we learn English better Only then did I realize my mistake. 直到那时我才知道我的错误. Only you understand me. I met her only yesterday.
  7.work out Eg. I can’t work out the meaning of the poem.(理解,说出)
导与练高考信息网 第 3 页 2010-09-06
Things have worked out badly. (进行,发展) Work out his income (算出) Work out a plan (制定,拟定)
  8. have/ has been doing 现在完成进行时,表示动作从过去就已开始,一直持续到现在,可能还会继 续下去. Eg. He has been reading since this morning.今早起,他一直在看书. He is very tired; he has been working hard all day He has been writing a letter.他一直在写信. He has written a letter.他已写过信了.
  9. argue 争论;辩论;说服 argue for / argue against 主张/反对 argue about sth. argue with sb. argue sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事.
  10. inspire sb. to do Eg. His speech inspired us greatly. The teacher inspired us to make greater efforts. The memory of his childhood inspired his first novel(促成;赋予灵感) inspired 有灵感的 inspiring 激励人心的
Period 4 Grammar points.
Step I Revision Review the text by checking the answers for Exercises 2, 3 and 4 on Page 4 and
  5. These exercises are about the useful words that appear in the text. Step II Word-formation There are two tasks in this part. One is leading in, in which teacher trys to give students as many words as possible. Let them guess the meanings of the words. The second one is to finish Exercise 1 on Page
  4. Derivation is one of the most important word-formation. It is helpful in enlarging students' vocabulary. Teachers can give them enough words, and let them guess the meaning of these words. As a result of this, students will be interested in the word-formation, and begin to use the method to guide their word study in their daily life. T: Just now we reviewed some words in the text. Now please look at these words on the blackboard and say the meanings of them. Organize Organization State Statement Discuss Discussion Entertain Entertainment Direct Direction Consider Consideration Decide Decision Agree Agreement Prepare Preparation Achieve Achievement Inform Information Treat Treatment DeterDetermination Improve Improvement Express Expression Encourge Encouragement Examine Examination Enjoy Enjoyment Educate Education Govern Government Feel Feeling Find Finding Begin Beginning Mean Meaning T: From the above chart we can see that with knowledge of word-formation, we can enlarge our vocabulary. Today, we'll focus our attention on the Noun Suffix. There are many Noun Suffixes in English. In this unit, we'll learn -ment, -ing, -ation, -ist and so on. Now let's finish Step
导与练高考信息网 第 4 页 2010-09-06
3 Exercise 1 in Page
  4. Let students finish Exercise
  1. Check their answers with the whole class. T: Here are some other noun Suffixes on the screen. Read it and write down them in your note books. Noun Suffix -er(fighter) -or(sailor) -ist(artist) -ant(assistant) -ee(employee) -ian(librarian) -tion(attention) -ment(government) -dom(freedom) -ness(carefulness) -ism(socialism) -ship(friendship) -ure(pleasure) -ty(society) -ence(reference) Let students do it, and then check the answers with the whole class. Step4 Discovering useful structures Tell students what they should do next. Ask them to read the EXAMPLE in Exercise 1 on Page
  5. Make sure that they know what they should do. Finish Exercise 1, and check the answers. Step 5 主谓一致 1.两个或两个以上做主语的单数名词用 and 连接,谓语用复数. Tom and Dick (be) good friends. 但若表示一个集合体时则用单数。 A singer and dancer (be) present at the party. The worker and writer (be) talking to the students. Bread and butter (taste) good. (a needle and thread, a horse and cart, a watch and chain, a coat and tie, truth and honesty, medical help and cure)
  2.用 and 连接的两个名词若被 no, each, every, many a 修饰,则谓语动词用单数。 No bird and no beast (be) seen in the bare island. Many a boy and many a girl (have) made such a funny experiment. At Christmas each boy and each girl (be) given a present.
  3.两个主语由 not only…but also, or, either…or, neither…nor 等连接时,谓语动词与第二个主 语保持一致. Either he or I (be) to go there. (be) either you or he going to attend the meeting?
  4.主语后有 as well as, like, with, together with, but, except, besides,等,谓语应于前面主语保 持一致. A professor, together with some students, (be) sent to help in the work. No one but the teachers (be) allowed to use the room.
  5. 一些集合名词做主语, 如果看作一个整体, 谓语动词用单数; 如果指其中的成员, 谓语用复数. audience, 如 committee,class(班级),crew(全体船员或机组人员), family, government, public(公众)等, 但 people, police, cattle 等只能用复数. My family (be) a big family. My family (be) listening to the radio. The police (be) trying to catch the thief.
  6.通常作复数的集体名词 有些集体名词,如 police, people, cattle, militia, poultry(家禽),)等,通常作复数,用复数动词。 例如: Domestic cattle (provide) us with milk, beef and hides.
  7.通常作不可数名词的集体名词 有一些集体名词,如 machinery, equipment, furniture, merchandise (商品),clothing 通常作不可数 名词,随后的动词用单数。例如: The merchandise (have) arrived undamaged. All the machinery in the factory (be) made in China.
  8.表示时间、重量、长度等名词,尽管是复数形式,但作为一个整体看,谓语还是用单数。
导与练高考信息网 第 5 页 2010-09-06
Five minutes (be) enough. One dollar and seventy eight cents (be) what she has.
  9. all 作为主语,代表人物时,一般用作复数;代表整个事件或情况时,一般 看作单数。 All that I want (be) a good dictionary. All (be) silent. 人人都缄口无言。万籁俱寂。 All (be) out of danger.
  10.形容词加定冠词 the 表示一类人时,谓语动词用复数。 What a life the poor were living! The young happy to give their seats to the old.
  11.who, which, that 作定语从句的主语时,其谓语取决于先行词。 Those who want to go should sign your names here. He is one of the students who have passed the exam. He is the only one of the
 

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