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简 介 要想在高考中英语取得好成绩, 词汇是基础。如何在极其有限的时间里全面有效地复 习高考词汇一直是师生的热门话题。我今年重新整理编写的《新课标高中英语词汇精练》 能很好地从根本上解决这一难题。学生每天在词汇上用一个小时的时间做一个部分的练 习,十天可复习全部高考词汇。通过体会具有良好语境的精美的句子,学生的单选能力、 完形能力、阅读能力、词汇运用能力,尤其是完形能力会有很大提高,词汇复习不再是枯 燥乏味,老师的压力可以大大减轻,学生不需要参加任何家教或专门辅导班,有一本《高 中英语词汇手册》和《新课标高中英语词汇精练》就可以无师自通。真是省时、省钱、效 率高。 效果到底如何,你试用便知!不用,你一定会后悔终生。 本练习最适合于 2007 年和 2008 年高考实行新课改的十个省市(山东、广东、海南、 甘肃、天津、江苏、福建、安徽、辽宁、浙江) ,其他省市可借鉴使用。
高中英语词汇精练 (
  2)
注: 练习(
  2)中所练习的词汇是以 b 或 c 字母开头的单词, 词汇的详细解释请参阅《高中英语词汇手册》
38 到 78 页的相关词汇。

  1. It is wrong to judge people according to their family . A. basis B. balance C. balcony D. background
  2. Some people would like to do shopping on Sundays since they expect to pick up wonderful in the market. A. bacon B. bargains C. bakery D. barbecue
  3. Problems with childcare remain the biggest to women succeeding at work. A. bacterium B. bandage C. balloon D. barrier
  4. The company has branches all over the world, but their is in London. A. basis B. bottom C. base D. basic
  5. We'd like to trade with any country on a friendly and equal . A. basis B. basement C. base D. basement
  6. It's bad for a man to smoke in the public places where smoking is not allowed. A. behavior B. action C. barrier D. belief
  7. There is a common that eating sweets before meals is considered to have the chance to spoil the appetite. A. behavior B. belief C. basis D. battle
  8. After a long debate the was passed and it will become law next month. A. belief B. bargain C. basis D. bill
  9. At that time, my mind was a complete ; I couldn't think of a single answer. A. blank B. barrier C. blow D. bottom
  10. Peter’s sudden death was a great to Mary and it took her quite a while to get over the grief. A. block B. barrier C. blow D. basis
  11. What makes the books so important is that, because they appeal to reader of all ages, they
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create a special literary between parents and children. A. belief B. bond C. barrier D. base
  12. The firm recognized Tom's outstanding work by giving him an extra . A. belief B. behavior C. barbecue D. bonus
  13. She started at the and worked her way up to become manager of the company. A. bottom B. base C. blank D. background
  14. The head office of the bank is in Beijing, but it has all over the country. (2005 年 高考辽宁卷) A.bases B. branches C. boards D.businesses
  15. While a full understanding of what causes the disease may be several years away, a leading to a successful treatment could come much sooner. A. bonus B. breakthrough C. budget D. blow
  16. The education for the coming year is about $4 billion, which is much more than what people expected. A. allowance B. bonus C. budget D. behalf
  17. By recycling textbooks, the cost of the books will be reduced greatly, and there is no doubt that it will unload some of the families of the students. A. budget B. buffet C. boom D. burden
  18. In order to guarantee the people’s health and reduce smoking, the government is starting an anti-smoking advertising . A. campaign B. capsule C. brochure D. cartoon
  19. Your fluency in the English language gives you an advantage over the other for the job. A. captain B. carpenter C. carrier D. candidate
  20. The pictures painted by Picasso are really abstract. I can’t understand them without . A. camera B. caption C. cassette D. certificate
  21. The Geoge Inn was a busy coaching stop for food and accommodation for travelers leaving London, and for taking goods into the city. A. carriers B. champions C. chiefs D. civilians
  22. The lawyer advised him to drop the ,since he stands little chance to win. A. choir B. choice C. case D. challenge
  23. You mustn’t carry too much on you to the crowded public places. You can use your bankcard for buying things. A. cheque B. charge C. baggage D. cash
  24. Most people now accept that global warming could result in an environmental . A. catastrophe B. cancer C. channel D. catalogue
  25. These two animals outward appearances are very alike, but they belong to different .
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A. cases B. categories C. captions D. chemicals
  26. According to the recent research, heavy coffee drinking and heart attack are not necessarily and effect.(2002 年高考上海卷) A.reason B.case C.fact D.cause
  27. These chemicals may be harmful to human bodies. Use them with . A. chart B. caption C. caution D. catalogue
  28. Nowadays people have to pass various tests for professional so that they can be qualified for a well-paying job. A. admission B. permission C. certificates D. perseverance
  29. Finding information in today’s world is easy. The is how you can tell if the information you get is useful or not. (2006 年高考天津卷) A. ability B. competition C. challenge D. knowledge
  30. Today a Li Ning product is purchased every ten seconds. If you go into a school or university anywhere, the are you will see students in Li Ning tracksuits (运动服) with the familiar logo (标志). A. chances B. challenges C. competitions D. catalogue
  31. We should promote opening-up and reform, and construct socialism with Chinese . A. competitions B. challenges C. characteristics D. captions
  32. Of the seven days in a week, Saturday is said to be the most popular for a wedding in some countries. (2007 年高考浙江卷) A. character B. situation C. chance D. choice
  33. Anyone who wants to be successful mustn’t give up in any , and should always be full of confidence. A. contribution B. circumstances C. competitions D. challenges
  34. It can’t be a(n) that four jewelry stores were robbed in one night. (2002 年上海高考春季卷) A . coincidence B. accident C. incident D. chance
  35. He finished a difficult task on his own shortly after he entered the company, so his looked at him with new eyes. A. clerks B. civilians C. citizens D. colleagues
  36. A car had a head-on with a truck on the highway yesterday, killing 2 and inuring
  5. A. contest B. collision C. conflict D. contrary
  37. Sometimes a few words of from his teacher to the one who has just failed in the experiment may encourage him to stand up. A. compromise B. confidence C. comfort D. consultant
  38. The better you have of words, the better chance you have of saying exactly what you mean. A. contribution B. master C. command D. contradiction
  39. The teacher usually writes his on the margin (页边空白处) of the composition. A. comments B. words C. review D. command
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  40. By signing the lease (租约) we made a to pay a rent of $150 a week. A. comment B. commitment C. conception D. consensus
  41. It is said that dogs will keep you for as long as you want when you are feeling lonely. (2006 年高考江西卷) A. colleague D. friend C. companion B. company
  42. The hills in my hometown which used to be covered with green trees are now mostly . A.empty B.blank C.vacant D.bare
  43. In some countries, some people do not even have fresh water or health care. A. basic B. botanical C. brief D. bureaucratic
  44. Cycling is highly to people’s health and the environment. A. bitter B. beneficial C. basic D. botanical
  45. Some students often listen to music classes to refresh themselves. (2007 年高考四川卷) A.between B.among C.behind D.during
  46. This new model of car is so expensive that it is the reach of those with average income. (2006 年高考江苏卷) A. over B. within C. beyond D. below
  47. You will not know whether it is or sweet if you don’t taste it yourself. A. boring B. cheerful C. changeable D. bitter
  48. Although the scientist has made his mark in the field of physics, he is sometimes absent-minded in his daily life. A. brilliant B. casual C. bureaucratic D. civil
  49. John was dismissed last week because of his attitude towards his job. (2007 年 高考上海卷) A. careful B. casual C. classical D. classic
  50. They are investors who always make thorough investigations (调查) both on local and international markets before making an investment. A. common B. complex C. cautious D. confident
  51. Wait till you are more . It's better to be sure than sorry. A. cautious B. confident C. calm D. certain
  52. The job is to me because I have little experience. However, it is also rewarding. A. challenging B. boring C. bitter D. contradictory
  53. The weather here is too and it can rain at any moment. Why not bring an umbrella? A. comfortable B. consistent C. changeable D. bitter
  54. With the development of West China, many technicians are needed there in recent years. A. cautiously B. casually C. badly D. barely
  55. It’s believed that the two accidents are related to each other. A. closely B. close C. commonly D. deeply
  56. I don’t like winter, because I hate to wear clothes.
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A. casual B. comfortable C. changeable D. clumsy
  57. Letterboxes are much more in the UK than in the US, where most people have a mailbox instead. (06 浙江) A. common B. normal C. ordinary D. bare
  58. Many people ask the government to make laws to smoking in public places. A. ban B. benefit C. limit D. permit
  59. If children were not told and shown how to politely, they might grow up rough and rude like savages (野人). A. blame B. behave C. betray D. bow
  60. The old man is used to sleeping without a pillow in order to keep his back from . A. bending B. bowing C. breaking D. bouncing
  61. The social activities have the building up of the children’s characters and the development of their personalities. A. boycotted B. braked C. bidden D. benefited
  62. Think of others first when it comes to benefits. Never others for your own gains. A. boycott B. benefit C. betray D. believe
  63. His attitude to his job is rather casual. He should be to for his fault. A. bid B. blame C. bother D. cater
  64. As the only entrance to the valley was by fallen rocks, we couldn’t gain access to the village to rescue the trapped people. A. blocked B. braked C. bothered D. buried
  65. I'm very sorry to have you with so many questions on such an occasion. A. interrupted B. offended C. blamed D. bothered
  66. The ball two or three times before rolling down the slope. A. bent B. bounced C. broke D. braked
  67. We all products tested on animals. It is so cruel. A. boycott B. calculate C. block D. bury
  68. The trip to Australia, originally to be made last week, was finally for the lack of money. A. boycotted B. calculated C. canceled D. cast
  69. Don’t away your old clothes. If you don’t need them, you can donate them to the poor. A. carry B. waste C. spend D. cast
  70. I don’t think he is a good writer; he specially writes books to to low tastes. A.blame B. cater C. cancel D.charge
  71. Every year on 28th, September, many people gather in Qufu to Confucius's birthday, paying their respects. A. celebrate B. calculate C. congratulate D. welcome
  72. She was complaining that the doctor was too much for the treatment he was giving her. A. spending B. offering C. costing D. charging
  73. Schools ban students from bringing mobile phones, which are used to in exams.
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