打造荣昌家教第一品牌!
一、高考焦点指南 在复合句中起名词作用的从句叫做名词性从句。它包括主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和 同位语从句。名词性从句是中学阶段的一个重要语法项目,在历年的高考中几乎都涉及到, 并且每年的命题各有变化。分析历届高考试题名词性从句考查的焦点主要有以下六个方面
  1. 考查名词性从句的语序问题 高考真题例示: 例
  1. The photographs will show you . (MET19
  89) A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like 例
  2. Someone is ringing the doorbell. Go and see . (NMET20
  00) A. who is he B. who he is C. who is it D. who it is 例
  3. Can you make sure the gold ring? (NMET19
  90) A. where Alice had put B. where did Alice put C. where Alice has put D. where has Alice put 例
  4. He asked for the violin. (NMET19
  91) A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid
  2. 考查引导词 that 与 what 的区别 高考真题例示: 例
  1. we can’t get seems better than we have. (NMET19
  96) A. What; what B. What; that C. That; that D. That; what 例
  2. No one can be sure in a million years. (MET19
  91) A. what man will look like B. what will man look like C. man will look like what D. what look will man like 例
  3. you have done might do harm to other people. (MET 19
  87) A. That B. What C. Whether D. How 例
  4. you don't like him is none of my business. (上海19
  92) A. What B. Who C. That D. Whether
  3. 考查 it 在名词性从句中作形式主语或形式宾语的用法
打造荣昌家教第一品牌!
高考真题例示: 例
  1. is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. (NMET19
  95) A. There B. This C. That D. It 例
  2. It worried her a bit her hair was turning grey. A. while B. if C. that D. for 例
  3. I hate when people talk with their mouths full. (NMET19
  98) A. it B. that C. this D. them 例
  4. Does matter if he can't finish the job on time? (MET 19
  91) A. this B. that C. he D. it
  4. 考查 whether 与 if 的区别 高考真题例示: 例
  1. we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. (NMET19
  96) A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where 例
  2. What the doctors really doubt is my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. (上海20
  01) A. when B. how C. whether D. why 例
  3. the 2000 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing is not known yet. (MET19
  92) A. Whenever B. If C. Whether D. That
  5. 考查名词性从句中的疑问词+ever 引导的名词性从句与 no matter+疑问词引导的状语从 句的区别 高考真题例示: 例
  1. It is generally considered unwise to give a child he or she wants. (NMET19
  97) A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 例
  2. leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. (MET19
  88) A. Anyone B. The person C. Whoever D. Who 例
  3. Sarah hopes to become a friend of shares her interests. (上海19
  95) A. anyone B. whomever C. whoever D. no matter who
  6. 考查名词性从句的虚拟语气问题 高考真题例示:
打造荣昌家教第一品牌!

  1:It is necessary that a college student at least a foreign language. (上海19
  93) A. masters B. should master C. mastered D. will master 二、语法要点剖析 一、名词性从句 主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、同位语从句,在整个句子中所起的作用,相当于一个名 词。因此,这四种从句通称为名词性从句。 引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类: 连接词:that, whether, if (不充当从句的任何成分) 连接代词:what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose, which. 连接副词:when, where, how, why
  1. 主语从句 作句子主语的从句叫主语从句。主语从句通常由从属连词 that,whether,if 和连接代词 what,who,which,whatever,whoever 以及连接副词 how,when,where,why 等词 引导。that 在句中无词义,只起连接作用;连接代词和连接副词在句中既保留自己的疑问 含义、又起连接作用,在从句中充当从句的成分。例如: What he wants to tell us is not clear. 他要跟我们说什么,还不清楚。 Who will win the match is still unknown. 谁能赢得这场比赛还不得而知。 It is known to us how he became a writer. 我们都知道他是如何成为一名作家的。 Where the English evening will be held has not yet been announced. 英语晚会将在哪里 举行,还没有宣布。 有时为避免句子头重脚轻,常用形式主语 it 代替主语从句作形式主语放于句首,而把主语 从句置于句末。主语从句后的谓语动词一般用单数形式。常用句型如下: (
  1) It + be + 名词 + that 从句 (
  2)It + be + 形容词 + that 从句 (
  3)It + be + 动词的过去分词 + that 从句 (
  4)It + 不及物动词 + that 从句 另注意在主语从句中用来表示惊奇、不相信、惋惜、理应如此等语气时,谓语动词要用虚 拟语气“(should) +do”,常用的句型有: It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc.) that …
打造荣昌家教第一品牌!
It is a pity (a shame, no wonder, etc.) that… It is suggested (requested, proposed, desired, etc.) that…
  2. 宾语从句 名词句用作宾语的从句叫宾语从句。引导宾语从句的关联词与引导主语从句表语从句的关 联词大致一样,在句中可以作谓语动词或介词及非谓语动词的宾语。
  1. 由连接词 that 引导的宾语从句 由连接词 that 引导宾语从句时,that 在句中不担任任何成分,在口语或非正式的文体中常 被省去,但如从句是并列句时,第二个分句前的 that 不可省。例如: He has told me that he will go to Shanghai tomorrow. 他已经告诉我他明天要去上海。 We must never think (that) we are good in everything while others are good in nothing. 我们决不能认为自己什么都好,别人什么都不好。 注意:在 demand、order、suggest、decide、insist, desire, demand, request, command 等表示要求、命令、建议、决定等意义的动词后,宾语从句常用“(should)+ 动词原形”。 例如: I insist that she (should) do her work alone. 我坚持要她自己工作。 The commander ordered that troops (should) set off at once. 司令员命令部队马上出发。
  2. 用 who,whom, which, whose, what, when, where, why, how, whoever, whatever, whichever 等关联词引导的宾语从句相当于特殊疑问句,应注意句子语序要用陈述语序。 例如: I want to know what he has told you. 我想知道他告诉了你什么。 She always thinks of how she can work well. 她总是在想怎样能把工作做好。 She will give whoever needs help a warm support. 凡需要帮助的人,她都会给予热情的 支持。
  3. 用 whether 或 if 引导的宾语从句, 其主语和谓语的顺序也不能颠倒, 仍保持陈述句语序。 此外,whether 与 if 在作“是否”的意思讲时在下列情况下一般只能用 whether,不用 if: a. 引导主语从句并在句首时;b. 引导表语从句时;c . 引导从句作介词宾语时;d. 从句后 有“or not”时;e. 后接动词不定式时。例如: Whether there is life on the moon is an interesting question. 月球上有没有生命是个有趣 的问题。
打造荣昌家教第一品牌!
The question is whether she should have a low opinion of the test? Everything depends on whether we have enough money. 一切要看我们是否有足够的钱。 I wonder whether he will come or not. 我想知道他来还是不来。 Can you tell me whether to go or to stay? 你能否告诉我是去还是留?
  4. 注意宾语从句中的时态呼应,当主句动词是现在时,从句根据自身的句子情况,而使用 不同时态。例如: he studies English every day. (从句用一般现在时) he studied English last term. (从句用一般过去时) I know (that) he will study English next year. (从句用一般将来时) he has studied English since 19
  98. (从句用现在完成时) 当主句动词是过去时态 (could, would 除外) ,从句则要用相应的过去时态, 如一般过去时, 过去进行时,过去将来时等;当从句表示的是客观真理,科学原理,自然现象,则从句仍 用现在时态。例如: The teacher told us that Tom had left us for America.
  5. think, believe, imagine, suppose 等等动词引起的否定性宾语从句中, 要把上述主句中的 动词变为否定式。即将从句中的否定形式移到主句中。例如: We don’t think you are here. 我们认为你不在这。 I don’t believe he will do so. 我相信他不会这样做。
  3. 表语从句 在句中作表语的从句叫表语从句。引导表语从句的关联词与引导主语从句的关联词大致一 样,表语从句位于连系动词后,有时用 as if 引导。其基本结构为:主语 + 系动词 + that 从句。例如: The fact is that we have lost the game. 事实是我们已经输了这场比赛。 That’s just what I want. 这正是我想要的。 This is where our problem lies. 这就是我们的问题所在。 That is why he didn’t come to the meeting. 那就是他为什么不到会的原因。 It looks as if it is going to rain. 看上去天要下雨了。 需要注意的,当主语是 reason 时,表语从句要用 that 引导而不是 because。例如: The reason why he was late was that he missed the train by one minute this morning
打造荣昌家教第一品牌!

  4. 同位语从句 同位语从句说明其前面的名词的具体内容。同位语从句通常由 that 引导,可用于同位语从 句的名词有 advice、demand、doubt、fact、hope、idea、information、message、news、 order、problem、promise、question、request、suggestion、truth、wish、word 等。例 如: The news that we won the game is exciting. 我们赢得这场比赛的消息令人激动。
I have no idea when he will come back home. 我不知道他什么时候回来。 The thought came to him that Mary had probably fallen ill. 他想到可能玛丽生病了。 同位语从句和定语从句的区别: that 作为关系代词, 可以引导定语从句, 充当句子成分, 在从句中作宾语时可以省略; that 引导同位语从句时,起连词的作用,没有实际意义,不充当句子成分,一般不能省略。 试比较下面两个例句: I had no idea that you were here. (that 引导同位语从句,不能省略) Have you got the idea(that)this book gives you of life in ancient Greece?(that 引导定 语从句,作宾语,可以省略) 三、高考热点透视
  1. is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. (NMET20
  05) A. There B. This C. That D. It 答案 D。当名词从句在句中作主语时,为避免句子头重脚轻,常用 it 作形式主语置于句首, 而将真正的主语从句放在句尾。此时 it 只起先行引导作用,本身无实义。此句也可以改写 为:That English is being accepted as an international language is a fact.
  2.A computer can only do you have instructed it to do. (NMET20
  09) A.how B.after C.what D.when 答案 C。从句子结构可知,句子的空白处应该填引导宾语从句的连词,做主句谓语动词 do 的宾语,同时该连接词还是从句中的 do 的宾语,因此,此处的连接词应该用 what。
  3. He asked for a violin. (MET19
  92) A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid 答案:D。宾语从句相当于特殊疑问句,句子语序要用陈述语序。
打造荣昌家教第一品牌!

  4. What the doctors really doubt is my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. (上海2001年春季招生) A. when B. how C. whether D. why 答案 C。这是一个表语从句。根据 doubt 一词可知,所怀疑的应是是否能治好病,所以要 填 whether。这句话的意思是“医生真的怀疑我妈妈是否能很快从重病中恢复过来。”
  5.It is generally considered unwise to give a child he or she wants. (NMET19
  97) A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 答案 B。根据句意“一般认为孩子要什么就给什么是不好的。”可以看出后面的从句应是一 个宾语从句,而从句中 wants 缺少宾语,A. however 和 D. whenever 是不能作宾语的; 排除 A 和 D,whichever 表示“无论哪一个,无论哪些”,应表示一定范围内的人或物,此 处没有涉及事物的范围,所以应选 B.whatever,表示“无论什么”。
  6. leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. (MET19
  99) A. Anyone B. The person C. Whoever D. Who 答案 C。本题句子的意思是:无论谁最后离开房间一定要把灯关掉。本题考查连接代词 whoever 引导的名词性从句, 连接代词 whoever 可以引导名词性从句, 并在从句中作主语, 相当于 any person who 或 The person who, 意为“一切……的人”。 anyone 和 the person 而 均非连词,不能引导从句,况 who leaves the room last 意为“某个最后离开房间的人”,与 题意不符,如果要选 A. Anyone
 

相关内容

英语学习_高中英语定语从句讲解及练习_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 18. 高中英语定语从句讲解及练习 定于从句是高中重点知识,也是高考常考点,大家也不容易掌握,这篇文章主要教你关系代 词引导的定语从句 关系副词引导的定语从句 判断关系代词与关系副词 限制性和非限制性定语从句等内容, 有例题讲解 定语从句在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词词组或代词即先行词。定语从 句通常 出现在先行词之后,由关系词(关系代词或关系副词)引出。 关系代词有:who, whom, whose ...

初中英语从句语法

   从句按其在复合句中的作用,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。 (参见以 下各条) 3、各从句在句子中的位置以及用法: (1) 表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它位于主句中的系动词之后。 例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is because you are so clever. (2) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。 ①基本形式: (主句+)连词+从句主语+从句谓语+. ...

英语从句

   一 名词性从句: 1. 主要包括主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句和同位语从句. 一般由 that 引起,也可由 who, what, when, why, which, whom, whether, how 引起. 2. 主语从句很多情况下都可以放到句子后面,而用代词 it 作形式上的主语. : 3. 形式宾语 4. 由名词性关系代词 whatever, whoever, whichever 等引起的宾语从句 5. whether and if 都能引导从句, 但用法有所不同. 当主语从句直接位 ...

高中英语单词

   book1 unit1 survey 调查 add up 合计 upset 心烦意乱的 ignore 不理睬 calm 使平静 calm dowm 平静的 have got to 不得不 concern 使担忧 be concerned about 关心 walk the dog 遛狗 loose 松的 go through 经历 set dowm 记下 series 连续 outdoors 在户外 on purpose 故意 in order to 为了 dusk 黄昏 thunder 打 ...

英语宾语从句

   专题句型专题句型-宾语从句 一模试题分析 规律总结 典型例题解析 中考链接 各区模拟题分析: 1我们俩都不知道钥匙在哪里.怎么办?(天河区) 天河区) knows the key is. What Neither of us where shall we do? 2 I was trying very hard to close the window when I heard a loud crashing sound from the D back of the house. I ran ...

英语从句语法

   一.名词性从句简介 1、主语从句 作句子主语的从句叫主语从句。主语从句通常由连接词that,whether,if; 连接代词what,whatever,who,whoever ,which; 连接副词how,when,where,why等词引导。例如: What he wants to tell us is not clear. / Who will win the match is still unknown. (1) 主语从句可以位于句首,但有时为避免句子头重脚轻,常用it代替主 ...

英语,定语从句[1]

   2010备考一轮复习语法专项 2010备考一轮复习语法专项 Attributive Clause 知 识 要 点 1. 定语从句三要素(表格)。 定语从句三要素(表格)。 2. 只能用 只能用who, that或which的情况。 的情况。 或 的情况 3. Which和as的区别。 和 的区别 的区别。 4. The same as和the same that的区别。 的区别。 和 的区别 5. Such/so…as…和such/so…that…的区别。 和 的区别。 的区别 6. “介词 ...

高中英语句子大全

   3. 口头通知或介绍情况: A. Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please. I have an announcement to make. B. Attention, please. I have something important to tell you. C. Mr. Green, Welcome to our school. To begin with, let me introduce Mr. Wang to ...

高中英语语法大全

   更多您最实用, 更多您最实用,最需要的资源 http://www.letsgo86.cn/ 高中英语语法大全 高中英语语法大全 高中英语语法大全总结 高中英语语法大全总结 大全 组成句子的各个部分叫句子成分。英语句子成分有主语,谓语,表语,宾语, 宾语补足语,定语,状语等。 顺序一般是主语,谓语,宾语,宾语补足语,而表语,定语,状语的位置要 根据情况而定。 1、主语 主语表示句子主要说明的人或事物,一般由名词,代词,数词,不定式等充 当。 Helikeswatch'ingTV.他喜欢看电视。 ...

高中英语作文范文

   高中英语作文范文 英文求职信样例: 英文求职信样例: April 7, 2002 Mr. Ray Hanks Manager of Human Resources Wayne Investments, Inc. 1023 Central Avenue Tempa, FL 19122 Dear Mr. Hanks: I am writing to apply for the Client Account Coordinator, which was advertised May 4th wit ...

热门内容

大学体验英语自主听力答案1,2级

   Level 1 Unit101 1 He Bin: Hello, David. What are you doing this afternoon? David: Nothing special. Why? He Bin: Would you like to go roller skating with me? David: Oh, that's a terrific idea. He Bin: Great, I'll pick you up at your house at 2 o'clo ...

阿甘正传电影英语介绍(含关键句)

   Forrest Gump Director : Robert Zemeckis Character: Character: Thomas Hanks Robin Wright Penn Screen :Eric Roth time : 142min Company : Paramount Pictures 罗伯特?泽米吉斯 性别 : 男 出生地: 美国 星座: 金牛座 出生日期 : 1952年5月14日 代表作: 圣诞颂歌(2009) 贝奥武夫 (2007) 极地特快(2004) 荒岛余生 ...

2011英语专业四级试题(阅读理解部分)

   Obama Seeks a Course of Pragmatism in the Middle East By MARK LANDLER and HELENE COOPER WASHINGTON ? In the Middle East crisis, as on other issues, there are two Barack Obamas: the transformative historical figure and the pragmatic American preside ...

高考英语短文改错百篇练习全之四(附答案)

   英语:短文改错百篇练习四(60-80) 审核人:Lydia. xian 61 A kind of little car may someday take place of today’s big ones . If people drive such cars in the future ,there would be less pollution in there air . There will be more spaces for parking cars in cities . Th ...

0BYYX往事追忆_2010年最新大学英语四级词汇表

   灿烂的语言,只能点缀感情,如果我沉默,代表我真的喜欢你 26、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 27、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 28、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 29、生活的真正意义是:生下来,活下去。 、生活的真正意义是: 生下来,活下去。 30、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 31、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 3 ...