高中英语倒装句的语法知识,具体例子,倒装句的几种类型…… 对倒装句的很多句式、语法都不是很清楚,寻求帮助,现在是高中一年级。 描述: 主语和谓语是句子的核心,它们之间有两种语序:一是主语在谓语之前称为自然语序(Natural Order);二是主语在谓语之后则称为倒装语序 (Inverted Order)。而倒装语序中又有全部倒装(Full Inversion)和部分倒装(Partial Inversion)两种情况。 首先,在全部倒装的句子中,要把整个谓语放在主语的前面去而构成倒装语序。 例如: There are large numbers of students in the lecture hall. (在 There be…的句式中,There 只是个引导词而不是主语,真正的主语是后面作表语的名词或者名词短语。因此,There be…的句式都是全部 倒装的句子。)演讲厅里有大量的学生。 When he ran to the door, there stood a mid-aged man with a lantern in his hand . (此句是为了"描述情节的需要",把倒装当着修辞的手段而写成了全部倒装句。句子的主语是 a mid-aged man,谓语是 stood 。)当他向房门跑 去时,那儿正立着一位手里拿着一盏灯笼的中年男人。 另外,在部分倒装的句子中,只把谓语的一部分(如情态动词、助动词、或是系动词 be)放到主语的前面去,构成倒装语序。例如: Are you going to take part in the football match against Accounting Department on Friday afternoon? (句子的谓语是 are going to take part, are 是句子的谓语的一部分;句子的主语是 you 。所以,此句是部分倒装的句子。疑问句都是部分倒装句。)你打算去参加星期五与会计系进行的 足球赛吗? Hardly could he finish his test paper when the school bell rang (由于语法要求的原因, . 本句写成了部分倒装的句子。 它的自然语序应该是: When the bell rang, he could hardly finish his test paper.)他还未做完试卷,下课铃就响了。 了解了倒装语序的构成情况后,我们再来看看倒装语序在各种不同类句子中的使用情况: A. 在疑问句中 各种疑问句一般地说都是倒装语序。例如: Will they come to see us this weekend ? 这个周末他们将来看我们吗? Are you talking about the film you saw last Monday ? 你们是在谈论你们上周一看的那部电影吗? Can you speak another foreign language except English? 除开英语,你还能说另一种外语吗? Where did you buy the dictionary, in the book store nearby or in Xinhua bookstore? 你在哪儿买的这本词典,是在附近的书店还是在新华书店? She is not a student, isn't she ? 她不是个学生,对吗? B. 在感叹句中 某些感叹句也用倒装语序。例如: Isn't it a beautiful garden ! 多么美丽的花园啊! What a beautiful garden it is ! 多么美丽的花园啊!(在这种句式中,主语在谓语之前,属于自然语序。对于主语和谓语而言,语序没有倒装。) Have you ever seen such a naughty kid like him ! 你见过那个孩子像他这么调皮! C. 在陈述句中 陈述句在一般情况下用自然语序;但由于英语语法的某些原因,陈述句也要使用倒装语序。这些原因大致可以归纳如下:
  1) 为了避免句子部分内容不必要的重复,常用"so + be 动词(助动词、情态动词)+主语"或"neither / nor + be 动词(助动词、情态动词)+主语 "的倒装句式。其中第一个句式表示"与前面所述的肯定情况相同", 第二个句式表示"与前面所述的否定情况相同"。例如: His brother is a college student; so is mine. 他弟弟是大学生,我弟弟也是。 His brother is not a college student; nor is mine . 他弟弟不是大学生,我弟弟也不是。 He used to have his further study abroad; so did I. 他曾去国外深造过,我也去过。 He didn't use to have his further study abroad; neither did I. 他没去国外深造过,我也没有。 One of my friends can speak three foreign languages; so can his wife. 我的一个朋友会说三门外国语,他的妻子也会。 One of my friends cannot speak three foreign languages; neither can his wife .我的一个朋友不会说三门外国语,他的妻子也不会。
They are now preparing for their final examinations; so are we . 他们正在为期末考试作准备,我们也一样。 They are not now preparing for their final examinations; nor are we . 他们没在为期末考试作准备,我们也没有。
  2) 具有否定意义的词或短语置于句首时 (除否定词修饰主语外) 句子一般要写成部分倒装句。 , 这类词或短语常见的有: not, never, seldom, hardly, rarely, scarcely, by no means, under no circumstances, in no way, at no time, no sooner … (than), hardly … (when), not only … (but also), not until… ,等。例如: Hardly had she sat down when she heard someone knocking at the door . 她还没来得及坐下来,就听见有人敲门。 Not until twelve o'clock did he go to bed last night . 他昨晚直到十二点钟才睡觉。 Never have my sisters been to Hong Kong before . 我的妹妹们以前从未去过香港。 No sooner had I returned home from New Zealand than I bought a house and went to live there.我从新西兰一回国,就买了一栋房子并在那儿住 下了。 So far as I know, seldom does Mary come back to see her mother. 就我所知,玛利几乎很难回来看她妈妈。 Scarcely a drop of rain fell here last fall . (否定词修饰主语时,句子不用倒装。) 去年秋天,这儿几乎没下一滴雨。
  3)当 so, often, only 等表示程度、频率的副词放在句首时,句子一般要倒装。例如: Only in this way can you come up with a solution to the problem. 只有这样,你才有可能想出解决这个问题的办法。 So serious was the situation that everybody faced a test. 形势如此地严峻,每个人都面临着一场考验。 So hard did he overwork that he fell ill at last. 他太操劳过度以致最后病倒了。
  4)当 there, here, then, now 等副词在句首,且谓语是 come, go, be 等动词时,句子一般要全部倒装。其意义在于引起他人的注意。如果这类句 子的主语是代词,则不用写成倒装句。例如: Now, here goes the story.这个故事是这样的。 Look, there comes the taxi.瞧,出租车过来了。 Then came another question.然后又一个问题提出来了。 Then followed the four-year War of Liberation.接下来是四年的解放战争。
  5) 当 out, in, away, up, bang 等表示方位或拟声词放在句首时,句子一般要全部倒装。这类子比自然语序的句子更为生动、形象。但如果这类句 子的主语是代词,则不用写成倒装句。例如: Bang goes my ace.我砰地一下打出了"A"。(扑克牌中的点数) Away flew the bird.那鸟飞走了。 Suddenly, in came a man with a mask on his face. 突然进来一个蒙着面具的人。
  6) 其他情况还有:省略了 if 的虚拟条件句、某些表示祝愿的句子、以及某些让步状语从句,等等也要用倒装句式。例如:(省略了 if 的虚拟条件 句) Had they not helped us, we could not have done it so successfully. 如果没有他们的帮助,我们不可能把那件事办的如此成功。 Should he come, say "Nobody in" to him. 万一他来了,对他说:"公司没人。"(某些表示祝愿的句子) May our friendship last forever.愿我们的友谊常存! May your company become prosperous.祝贵公司生意兴隆!(某些让步状语从句) Try as I might, I couldn't lift the stone.无论我使多大的劲,我也无法搬起那块石头。 They said they would follow the Party's lead come what might. 他们说无论发生什么情况,他们都会跟党走的。
  7) 由于修辞或是平衡句子的原因也可以用倒装句;也可以不用。这不是一条必须的规定。 Next to this one is another grand hotel which is beautifully decorated . 这家饭店隔壁还有一家装修华丽的大饭店。 On either side of the great avenue stood many block buildings.
这条大街的两侧都耸立着许多综合楼。(这类句子也可以不用倒装句。) "I'm leaving for Beijing tomorrow," said Tom to his mother (OR: Tom said to his mother) .汤姆对他妈妈说:"我明天动身去北京。" Many block buildings stood on either side of the great avenue. 许多综合楼耸立在这条大街的两侧。 Another grand hotel, which is beautifully decorated, is next to this one . 这家饭店隔壁还有一家大饭店,那家饭店装修十分华丽。 “倒装句”在汉英词典中的解释(来源:百度词典):
  1.[Grammar] an inverted sentence; a sentence in inverted order 倒装句之全部倒装 全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用与一般现在时和 一般过去时。常见的结构有:
  1) here, there, now, then, thus 等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用 be, come, go, lie, run。 There goes the bell. Then came the chairman. Here is your letter.
  2) 表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首,谓语表示运动的动词。 Out rushed a missile from under the bomber. Ahead sat an old woman. 注意:上述全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。 Here he comes. Away they went. 倒装句 一.概念: 英语句子通常有两种语序:一种主语在前,谓语在后,称为自然语序,另一种谓误在前,主语在后,称为倒装语序 二.相关知识点精讲 按“主语+ 谓语” 这种顺序排列的句子是陈述语序。如果排列顺序变为“谓语( 或谓语一部分)+主语”,就是倒装。倒装句分为: 完全倒装: 整个谓语移至主语前面叫完全倒装 。 部分倒装: 只把助动词、系动词或情态动词放在主语之前叫部分倒装 。 三、作用 通常是希望强调句中的某一部分
  1. 当以 there, here, out , in , up , down, away 等副词开头的句子,为了起到强调的作用,可构成倒装句,只把副词放在句首,主语和谓语位置 调换,不加助动词。 Our teacher came in. In came our teacher. 这种倒装要求:主语必须是名词。主语是人称代词时,主语和谓语语序不变。 Here it is. Away he went. 这类倒装句式一般只用一般现在时和一般过去时。 Here comes the bus. Out rushed the boys.
  2. how, then, just, often 表示时间的副词放在句首,可构成倒装句,只把副词放在句首,主语和谓语位置调换,不加助动词。 Then came 8 years of the Anti Japanese War.
  3. 表地点状语的介词短语放在句首,要用倒装句式,以示强调。 这种倒装句也是主谓直接调换位置,不加助动词 did, does 或 do. Under a big tree , half asleep. A. did sat a fat man B. a fat man sat C. did a fat man sat D. sat a fat man
  4. there 放在句首时,要用倒装句式。 在“there + be”结构中的谓语动词有时不用 be , 而用表示类似“存在”观念的其他不及物动词。如:live, stand, come, lie, flow, enter, rise 和 appear 等。 There came shouts for help from the river. There lies a large wheat field in front of the house. Many years ago there lived an old man in the wooden house.
In front of the tower flews a stream.
  5. so + 动词+主语 neither/ nor + 动词+主语 表示两人的同样一个情况时,只能表示一件事,即上、下句所使用的动词、时态要一致。 否则要用 so it is with… You can ride a bike. So can I . He has been to Beijing. So have I . The first one isn’t good, neither is the second. His uncle is a worker and has been working in the factory for more than ten years. So it is with his aunt.
  6. so+ 形容词/副词 that 的结构状语从句可以用正常语序表示,也可以把 so+形容词/副词放于句首构成倒装。句型如下: so +形容词/副词+be/ 助动词/情态动词 that +从句。 Light travels so fast that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. = So fast does light travel that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. So easy was the work that they finished it in a few days.
  7. done 做形容词在句中做表语时,常把表语放在句首,要用倒装句式。 Gone forever are the days when the Chinese people had to use foreign oil.
  8. 否定副词 not , never, seldom, nowhere, little , rarely 放于句首时要用倒装句式。 We seldom get up at four in the morning. = Seldom do we get up at four in the morning. Not a single word from him could the enemy drag. Rarely have I heard of such a silly thing.
  9. hardly…when; scarcely…when…; no sooner…than… 可以用正常语序 had hardly done when… did 或用倒装句式 Hardly had + 主语+ done when… did 句式。hardly 所在的句子用过去完成时。 The bell hardly had rung when the class began.= Hardly had the bell rung when the class began. No sooner had he arrived in Beijing than he began to work.
  10. not only… but also 如连接两个成分时,不用倒装;连接句子时, 前面的句子要用倒装。 Not only was everything that he had taken away from him, but also his German citizenship. Not only is he busy, but also I have a lot of work to do. Not only does
 

相关内容

高中英语倒装句的解析与练习

   倒装句综合练习题及答案 选择填空:(37 题,每题 1 分) 1.─You like singing and dancing. ─. A.So do I B.So I do C.I do so D.do I so 2.Her mother is a warm-hearted old lady. . A.So my mother is C.Is my mother so B.So is my mother D.my mother so is 3.The fairy story "Sn ...

英语倒装句

   英语倒装句归类分析 only修饰副词 修饰副词、 一、 当only修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句置于句首 时要用倒装。 时要用倒装。 例如: 例如: 1. Only by practising a few hours every day be able to use it. A. you can B. can you C. you will D. will you 2.Only when he saw it , believe what I said. A. he did B. he will ...

英语倒装句

   英语倒装句归类分析 only修饰副词 修饰副词, 一, 当only修饰副词,介词短语或状语从句置于句首 时要用倒装. 时要用倒装. 例如: 例如: 1. Only by practising a few hours every day be able to use it. A. you can B. can you C. you will D. will you 2.Only when he saw it , believe what I said. A. he did B. he will ...

英语倒装句课件

   Inversion 基本语序 主语 + 谓语 He knew no one in Paris. 倒装语序 完全倒装 部分倒装 完全倒装 谓语 + 主 语 In came the headmaster. 部分倒装 助动词/情态动词 主语 助动词 情态动词 +主语 + v.… Did Einstein care for money? 倒装的目的 1语法要求:1.疑问句 Is he an actor? 语法要求: 疑问句 疑问句: 语法要求 2.there be: There are two bo ...

高中英语倒装句

   倒装句 知识要点: 知识要点: 1,倒装句(Inversion) ,倒装句( ) 英语的基本语序是"主语 谓语 .如果将谓语的全部或一部分放在主语之前,这种语序称为"倒装" 谓语" 英语的基本语序是"主语+谓语" 如果将谓语的全部或一部分放在主语之前,这种语序称为"倒装" . 一,倒装的类型 类型 完全倒装 例 句 说 明 Out rushed the students to welcome the foreig ...

小学英语语法知识

   小学英语语法知识(顺口溜) 小学英语语法知识(顺口溜) 【名词复数】 名词复数有规律,一般词尾加 s; 辅音字母+y 型,变 y 为 i,es; ch,sh 真有趣,s,x,es; f,fe 真小气,字母 v 来把它替,es 在后别忘记; 字母 o 来真神奇,有生命来 es,没有生命+s. 可数名词复数特殊变化规律[2]: 中日好友来聚会, 绵羊、鹿、鱼把家回。 男士、女士 a 变 e; 牙(齿) 、脚双 o 变双 e; 孩子们想去天安门, 原形后面 r、 e 、n; 老鼠本来爱大米, mi ...

小学英语语法知识点

   小学英语语法知识点 at, 在时间方面的用法 的用法: 小学英语介词 at,in 与 on 在时间方面的用法: at 表示时间的一点;in 表示一个时期;on 表示特殊日子。如: He goes to school at seven o’clock in the morning. 他早晨七点上学。 Can you finish the work in two days. 你能在两天内完成这个工作吗? Linda was born on the second of May. 琳达五月二日出生。 ...

三年高考英语倒装句式考点分类

   三年高考英语倒装句式考点分类 1,so …that 句式中把 so 所修饰的形容词或副词置于句首,so 从句用倒装 , 所修饰的形容词或副词置于句首, 高考真题】 【06 高考真题】 1) homework did we have to do that we had no time to have a rest. (福建,30) A So much B. Too much C. Too little D. So little 2). So difficult it to work out t ...

高考英语倒装句及感叹句专练45题

   高考英语倒装句及感叹句专练 45 题 1.His mother had talked to him for many minutes while he was watching TV,but . A.a little did he hear B.little did he hear C.little heard he D.a little heard he 2.?? Hello,Zhu Hua.I'll have to return to Canada because I've worked ...

2011年同等学力英语语法知识汇总

   2010 年同等学历考试已经结束,2011 年同等学历备考工作已经拉开了帷幕,为帮助广 大考友做好了 2011 年同等学历考试备考工作,考试大同等学历站编辑特收集整理了 2011 年同等学力英语语法知识汇总供大家参考使用。 2011 年同等学力语法知识汇总 比较状语从句用法 条件状语从句用法 原因状语从句用法 非谓语动词作定语的用法 让步状语从句用法 结果状语从句用法 地点状语从句用法 非谓语动词作表语的用法 方式状语从句用法 目的状语从句用法 非谓语动词作主语和表语用法 非谓语动词作宾、主 ...

热门内容

湖北省部分重点高中05-06年上学期高一英语期中试卷-人教版

   2005-2006年上学期湖北省部分重点高中 2005-2006年上学期湖北省部分重点高中 高一英语期中试卷 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷 (选择题) 和第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题) 两部分, 150 分, 共 考试时间 120 分 钟。 三部分, 115分 第Ⅰ卷 (三部分,共115分) 第一部分:听力(共两节, 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节( 小题, 第一节(共 5 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 ...

英语_四级词组

   in the long run 从长远来看,最后 on offer 在出售中 choose from... 从...中挑选 be curious about... 对...感到好奇 confront with... 使面临, 使面对 with interest 有兴趣地 an average of ... 平均是... at high altitudes 在很高的地方 draw one’s attention 吸引某人的注意 focus on 集中考试大论坛 in years to come ...

儿童英语学习的优势及原则

   儿童英语学习的优势及原则 儿童学英语是近年来家长及教育界普遍关注的热点现象之一. 儿 童早期教育理论与关键期理论表明儿童学英语具有生理,心理, 认知等方面的优势.让儿童学习英语应当遵循以培养兴趣为主, 创设丰富的语言环境,在玩中学,在学中玩等原则. 随着我国外语教育事业的空前发展, 越来越多不同年龄阶段 的人都在学习外语,外语教学呈现出低龄化的趋势.目前不但一 些小学一年级就有英语课.不少幼儿园也开没了双语教学或英语 特长班.虽然开设英语课程的幼儿园收费都普遍高于一般幼儿 园,但不少家长还是 ...

雅思英语口语考试经典范文

   当前第 1 页 共 15 页 范文: 口语 Part1 范文:INTRODUCTION 1. Hello. Could you show me your identification card please? Hello. Sure, here you are. 2. Could you tell me your full name please? My full name is XXX. I am also called by my English name, which is XXX. ...

2010年12月大学英语四级写作提高笔记11-21

   www.lucy365.com Lucy 陪你说英语 快速提高英语口语秘笈 43. As for me, I'm in favor of the opinion that education is not complete with graduation, for the following reasons: 就我而言,我同意教育不应该随着毕业而结束的观点,有以下原因: 44. It is commonly accepted that no college or university can ...