Unit
2
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The Arctic
How many continents are there in the world ? What are they? How many oceans are there in the world ? What are they?
Do you know anything about exploration?
explore explorer exploration
How many kinds of explorations do you know?
space polar desert voyage exploration
Do you know anything about navigation?
navy navigator navigation
How many famous navigators do you know in history?
Zheng He, in the year between 1405 and 1433, seven large treasure fleets sailed westwards on voyages of trade and exploration. Under the command of exploration. Zheng He, the fleets set sail from the South China Sea across the Indian Ocean to the Red Sea, and then traveled further south, discovering the eastern coast of Africa.
17281728 1728 1779 1728-1779
James Cook James Cook James Cook James Cook
James Cook (1728-17
  79) was the greatest (1728British navigator. In 1768 he was sent to navigator. the Pacific. On his famous second expedition (1772(1772-
  75) he explored Antarctica. In 1776 he Antarctica. undertook his third and final voyage in which he explored the West coast of North America and tried to locate a passage between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. On this voyage he discovered the Hawaiian Islands, and sailed up the coast of Islands, North America through the Bering Straits to the Arctic Ocean. On his return he was killed by Hawaiian islanders.
14511451 1451 1506 1451-1506
Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus
ItalianItalian-born explorer Christopher Columbus broke with tradition in 1492, sailing west in an attempt to find a shorter route to India and China. On August 3rd, 1492, Columbus departed from Palos de la Frontera, Spain, on the first of several voyages to what he later called the “New World.” “New World.”
1603 ? 1659 1603 ? 1659 ? ?
Abel Janszoon Tasman Abel Janszoon Tasman Abel Janszoon Tasman Abel Janszoon Tasman
The discovery of New Zealand --Abel Janszoon Tasman from Holland 1603 ? 1659 The first European to discover New Zealand
Do you know any other famous navigators in history?
Marco Polo (1254(125413
  24), is probably the most famous Westerner traveled on the Silk Road. His journey through Asia lasted 24 years. He traveled the whole of China and returned to tell the tale, which became the greatest travelogue.
Magellan was born about 1470 in Portugal. He set forth his project for a trip round the world on August 10, 1519 and was killed in April 1521 in the Philippines. The voyage Magellan proved that the earth is round.
Vasco da Gama (1460(1460-15
  24)
Of all the navigators we discussed above, who was the earliest navigator to set sail across the oceans?
Zheng He ?? 1405 Columbus ?? 1492 Magellan ?? 1521 da Gama ?? 1497
Read through the text with the following questions:

  1. Who were / was the earliest explorer/s of the Western Ocean? A. Marco Polo B. Christopher Columbus C. European explorers D. Brave merchants

  2. Through the Silk Road, China got from other countries. A. spices and glasses B. silk C. weapons D. milk

  3. An African king gave rhinoceros horns to China in order to . A. make money B. stop the war C. show his friendship D. award the Ambassador

  4. Which of the following became the world’s trading center over a few centuries after Han Dynasty? A. Ceylon B. India
C. Swahili kingdoms D. Egypt

  5. In Du Huan’s book Record of My Travels you can learn about . A. Marco polo B. many foreign countries C. Christopher Columbus D. ways to make silk
Read the text carefully with the following questions:

  1. The text is mainly about . A. how the Silk Road was formed B. how China developed trading relations with Arabic countries C. Zheng He’s expeditions across the Indian ocean. D. the history of China’s opening to the outside world

  2. The small bronze stature of a lion found in Shanga most probably came from . A. China C. Greece B. Rome D. London

  3. Which of the following can be inferred from the text? A. Columbus’ exploration was stopped for economic reasons. B. No accurate maps of the countries around the Indian Ocean existed before Zhen He. C. In the Ming Dynasty China had the most powerful navy in the world. D. The giraffe was an animal that could not be found in China in the Ming Dynasty.

  4. Who does “The Chinese Columbus” refer to? A.The Ming emperor. emperor. B.Du Huan. Huan. C.The Chinese ambassador. ambassador. D.Zheng He. He.

  5. “In the east,China prospered east, under a new dynasty”. The dynasty”. underlined part refers to. A.the Han Dynasty B.the Song Dynasty C.the Qin Dynasty D.the Ming Dynasty
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True or False
  1. The Europeans were the first explorers to Brave merchants travel to other countries.
  2. Accurate maps of the countries around the Indian Ocean were made before the fifteenth by the beginning century. of the 15th century.
  3. In the years between 1405 and 1433, Zheng He sailed westwards only on voyages of exploration. and trade.
  4. Zheng He invited African countries to send ambassadors to China.
 

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