高中语法之??定语从句 高中语法之??定语从句 ??
一、定语从句的基本概念

  1、 何谓定语从句
  2、 限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句的区别?
  3、 先行词是指什么?
  4、 关系词的分为哪两类?它们的作用是什么?
关系词的具体应用: 二.关系词的具体应用 关系词的具体应用 (一)如何选用合适关系代词
在选择合适关系词上,首先可根据先行词的意义选择合适的关系词,先行词指人,一般用关系 代词 who,whom whose that ;先行词指物,关系代词一般用 which 或 that 。从语法角度分 析,在定语从句中,指人的作主语的关系词一般用 who,that,作宾语的用 whom,who,that ,作定 语的一般用 whose;关系代词 which、that 可在定语从句中充当主语、宾语或表语。
  1、Who:指人,在从句中充当主语、宾语和表语 (
  1) The boy (who/whom /that) are playing football are from Class One . (
  2) Where is the man (who/whom /that) I saw yesterday..
  2、Whom:指人,一般在从句中充当宾语,常可省略, (
  1) The person (whom /who/that) you introduced to me is very kind.
  3、Whose:既可修饰人,也修饰指物。在定语从句中作定语。 (
  1)I have a friend whose father is a doctor. (
  2)The house whose windows face south is mine. == The house the windows of which face south is mine. == The house of which the windows face south is mine. 注意: whose +名词= the + n.+ of which/whom = of which/whom +the +n
  4. that 既可指人,也可指物,在定语从句中作主语、宾语, (作宾语时可省略)表语。在一定范 围内,that=who/whom/which (
  1) I received a letter that came from Australia,yesterday. (
  2) The woman (who/whom /that ) spoke to me in the bookstore used to live next door. Which 指事物,在定语从句中作主语、宾语(作宾语时可省略) 、或表语。 China is a country (where/which/that) has a long history.
  5. as 作关系代词即可指人,也可指物。在定语从句中可以作主语、宾语、表语。它常常用在 the same…..as, such…..as, as…..as 等句型中。 Such teachers as know Tom think him bright. I will buy the same dress as you have. 归纳:① 关系代词代替先行词在定语从句中充当主语、宾语、定语,因此定语从句中不能再出 归纳 现关系代词所代替的名词或代词。 The film which I saw it yesterday is interesting. ②关系代词作主语时不能省略。③关系代词作宾语时可以省略。 (二)为下列句子选择合适的关系代词。 (that 与 which 与 who 的区别应用) (
  1)This is the best film (which/that ) has been shown in the city. (
  2) We will never forget the first lesson (which/that) our English teacher gave us. (which/that )is worth doing should be done well. (
  3) All (
  4) Are there any questions (which/ that ) trouble you much ?
(
  5) Mr Smith is the only foreigner (which/ that) he knows. (
  6) They talked about the schools and teachers (which/ that) they had visited. (which/ that) is reading the newspaper over there? (
  7) Who is the man (
  8) Tom is not the boy (which/that ) he used to be . (
  9) Football, (which/that )is a very interesting game ,is played all over the world. (
  10) That (which/ that ) you told me about is what we want to know. (
  11) This is the house in which he once lived. (who/ that ) have studied this question have come to the same conclusion. (
  12) All (
  13) Those (who/ that ) want to go to the cinema will have to pay for ten yuan. (
  14) The student you should learn from is the one (who/that ) works hard and studies well. (
  15) There is a young lady (who/that ) asks for you . 总结: 的情况: 总结:只用 that 不用 which 的情况: ① 先行词前有序述词或被形容词最高级修饰时 ② 先行词是不定代词时如:all, none ,some, little ,few , much, everything ,anything , nothing ③ 先行词被 all ,every, no, one of , the only , the very, the right, just, last 等修饰时。 ④ 先行词既指人又指物时。 ⑤ 关系代词在定语从句中做 to be 的表语。 的情况: 只能用 which 不能用 that 的情况: ① 引导非限制性定语从句时,只能用 which ② 当先行词是 that 时,只能用 which ③ 当关系代词前有介词时,只能用 which ④句子中包含两个从句,先行词指物时,为避免重复第一个从句已经使用 that,那么第二个从句 要用关系代词 which 只能用 who 不能用 that 的情况 ① all , one, no, none, anyone, nobody 等不定代词做先行词,且指人时,只能用 who。 ② 先行词是 those,且指人时,只能用 who。 ③ 在 there be 结构中,且先行词指人时,必须用 who. ④ 句子中包含两个从句,先行词指人时,为避免重复第一个从句已经使用 that,那么第二个从句 要用关系代词 who
(二) 关系副词的具体应用: 二 关系副词的具体应用:
关系副词 when where why 在引导定语从句时,不但连接了两个句子,同时还代替了先行词,在从 句中充当了状语。 1 when 指时间, 在定语从句中作时间状语。 still remember the day when I first to came to the school. I 2 where 指地点,在定语从句中地点作状语。Shijiazhuang is the city where I was born. 易混从句: (
  1)Is this the museum you visited a few days ago? A where B that C on which D the one (
  2) Is this the museum the exhibition was held. A where B that C in which D the one (
  3) Do you remember the days we spent together on the farm ? A when B that D where D what 3 why 表原因,在定语从句中做原因状语,其先行词一般是 reason。 Ex:That is the reason why I did it. The reason why he was punished is unknown to us .
4 when where why 引导定语从句,可用“介词+关系代词”来代替。
Ex: Great changes are taking place in the city where /in which we live. This is the book from which I learnt a lot. I remember the month in which I stayed there.
需注意的是: ① 介词之后的关系代词通常只有两个:which 和 whom, 先行词指物时用“介词+which” ,指人 时用“介词+whom”,且此时两个关系代词均不能省略。 ② 介词的选择根据:一是根据从句中谓语动词或从句形容词的搭配习惯;二是根据先行词的搭 配习惯。 ③ 介词可以后移,此时的关系代词可以省略。 This is the book (which/that) I learnt from a lot. The house I grew up has been taken down and replaced by an office building.(09 江西) A in it B in C in that D in which ④ This is the book (which /that ) I am looking for . ⑤ “介词短语+which”引导的定语从句,若介词短语表示位置,则定语从句往往用倒装语序。 He lived in a big house, in front of which stood a big tree. ⑥“介词+whose”作定语修饰其后面的名词。 The boss, in whose company I work, is very warm-heart and helpful.
三、非限制性定语从句
限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句的区别 分类 区别 功能不同 限制和修饰修饰先行词,与先行词联系紧 密 从句和主句之间不用逗号隔开 通常放在修饰词之前,翻译成先行词的定 语 In the class there are ten students who speak English very well. 对先行词进行补充说明, 联系不紧密 限制性定语从句 非限制性定语从句
形式不同 翻译不同
从句和主句之间要用逗号隔开 独立翻译
含义不同
In the class there are ten students ,which speak English very well. 名词或名词性词组; 主句的全部内容 或部分抽象内容 常 见 as( 可 放 句 首 ) whom where when 不能用 that why which who
先行词不同 关系代词不同
名词或名词性词组 Who whom which that whose Where when why
 

相关内容

高中英语定语从句和名词性从句综合训练

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 高中英语定语从句和名词性从句综合训练 名词从句 名词从句有四类:宾语从句,主语从句,表语从句,同位语从句.例如: 宾语从句:I don't know where he will go. 主语从句:Where he will go is unknown. 表语从句:The problem is how we can get so much money. 同位语从句:We all feel sorry about the news ...

英语学习_高中英语定语从句讲解及练习_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 18. 高中英语定语从句讲解及练习 定于从句是高中重点知识,也是高考常考点,大家也不容易掌握,这篇文章主要教你关系代 词引导的定语从句 关系副词引导的定语从句 判断关系代词与关系副词 限制性和非限制性定语从句等内容, 有例题讲解 定语从句在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词词组或代词即先行词。定语从 句通常 出现在先行词之后,由关系词(关系代词或关系副词)引出。 关系代词有:who, whom, whose ...

高中英语定语从句公开课课件

   Unit 1 Module 1 Underline the attributive clauses: Don’t forget the things that once you owned. Treasure the things that you can’t get. Don't give up the things that belong to you and keep those lost things in memory. 曾经拥有的,不要忘记。不能得到的, 曾经拥有的,不要忘记。不 ...

高中英语定语从句汇总讲解及练习

   高中英语定语从句汇总讲解 考点: 1 定语从句的功用和结构 2 关系代词和关系副词的功用 3 关系代词和关系副词的具体用法 导入 a student →a good student The girl is Lily. →The girl sitting in front of me is Lily. →The girl who is sitting in front of me is Lily. 名词,形容词,或介词短语都可以修饰名词或代词,充当它们的定语。一个句子 也可以充当定语,那么这个 ...

高中英语_定语从句

   语法专题讲义 1 语法专题讲义 知识详解 高考真题 跟踪练习 2 定语从句 一、定语从句概述 (一)概念 在复合句中修饰某一名词或代词的从句, 叫做定语从句。被修饰的名词或代词叫先行 词,从句放在所修饰词(即先行词)之后或 由关系副词或关系代词引导。如: The story that you read is The Rescue. 你读的故事叫《营救》。 The story是“先行词”,that you read是定语 从句,that是关系代词。 3 定语从句 (二)定语从句的引导词 ...

高考英语定语从句

   定语从句 the Attributive Clause Revision(复习名词性从句 复习名词性从句): 复习名词性从句 Fill in the blanks with proper words: What matters in 1.(2007NMET) learning English is enough practice. 2.(2006安徽) A warm thought that suddenly came to me I might use the pocket money t ...

初三英语定语从句专练

   初三英语定语从句专练 初三英语定语从句专练 【典型例题解析】 例1 Thought. A. which 解析 例2 B. what C. that D. as The second book I want to read is Business @ the Speed of 先行词 book 被序数词修饰时要用 that 引导定语从句,故选 C。 I'll never forget the days I stayed with you. A. when B. in which C. that ...

中考英语定语从句复习

   中考英语定语从句复习 在复合句中修饰名词和代词的从句叫做定语从句. 被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫做先行词. 引导定语从句的关系代词有 who, whose, whom, which, that, as ; 引导定语从句的关系副词有 when, where, why; 关系代词在定语从句中做主语,宾语,定语. 关系副词在定语从句中做状语. 一.由 who, 引导的定语从句,who 在从句中做主语(口语中也可做宾语), 修饰表示人的先行词. 例如: This is the man who hel ...

初中英语定语从句课件(一)

   The Attributive Clause(一) 一 (定语从句 定语从句) The Attributive Clause (定语从句) 定义:在复合句中, 定义:在复合句中,修饰前面某一名词或代词的 从句叫定语从句。 从句叫定语从句。 结构: 结构: 先行词 + 关系词 关系词 + 句子 关系代词: that,which, who,whom,whose 关系代词 关系副词: 关系副词 when, where, why 指物: 指物:that which 指人: 宾格) 宾格) 指人:wh ...

九年级英语定语从句课件

   合并句子: 合并句子: 1.The man is a worker. 2.The man is speaking at the meeting. The man who is speaking at the meeting is a worker. (Attributive clause) 概念:在复合句中修饰名词或代词 概念 在复合句中修饰名词或代词 的句子. 的句子 Mary is a beautiful girl. 形容词作定语 Mary is a girl who has long ...

热门内容

八年级英语M9练习题

   初二英语 Module 9 阶段练习题 二.单项选择(共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) ( )1. We will go swimming if it tomorrow. A. won’t rain B. doesn’t rain C. rains D. will rain ( )2. The tiger told the smaller animals bring the fox A. not to, something to eat B. not, anything to ...

初三英语总复习资料动词的非谓语形式

   教学内容: 教学内容:动词的非谓语形式 【重点难点提示】 重点难点提示】 一、重点是: 1 .动词不定式 (1)动词不定式的构成为: “to + 动词原形”(有时可不带 to)。动词不定式没有人称和 数和的变化。 (2)动词不定式既有名词的特性,又有动词的特性,它可以有自己的宾语和状语。它在 句中可充当主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语和补足语。 2 .动词 ing 形式的用法。 3 .动词过去分词的用法。 二、难点是:(1)在有些动词后动词不定式作宾语补足语时不带 to。(2)有些动词后只 能接 ...

高考必备2010年江苏高考英语重点词组

   2010 年江苏省高考说明新增词汇表 1. sth is acceptable to sb adj. 可接受的 [M5-U3] 2. according adv. (~ to) 照着;相应地;因此,所以 3. all right adj. & adv. 满意(的) ;安全健康(的) ;可以(的) ;确实 4. beginning n. 开始,起初 [8A-U3] 5. blonde n. (头发)金黄色的 [9A-U2] 6. career n. 生涯;职业 [9A-U5] 7. c ...

英语第一课A导学案

   Unit 1 Hello A 部分 学习目标: 1 能听懂,会说 Hello./Hi. Goodbye. I’m…. 并能在实际 情景中进行运用。 2 能够听说、认读 crayon, pencil, pen, eraser, ruler,, 并能用英语介绍文具。 3 能听懂所接触的指示语,并能按照指令做出相应的动作。 4、通过学生自己动手制作英文名卡,进一步激发他们的学习 兴趣,从而逐步培养学生运用所学语言独立做事情的能力。 5、培养学生乐于开口,敢于开口讲英语的习惯,激发学生想 学、乐学英 ...

戏说英语句子成分

   戏说英语句子成分 戏说英语句子成分 英语句子成分只是英语语法中的一小部分,而且平时的考试也不会考,试 卷上不会考你什么是宾语,什么是状语,这个单词是作什么成分,但是它是 学英语的基础或者说是你学习其他语法的工具(比如学定语从句 、 非谓语动 词等等)。学会它最直接的作用是对阅读和写英语句子有帮助,有很多人单词 都知道,但是,读句子的时候,就是不知道哪些单词和哪些单词是组合在一 起的; 写句子的时候, 就是不知道该把把哪个单词放在前, 哪个单词放在后。 句子成分就是帮你来分析单词和单词的关系, ...