高 中 英 语 短 文 改 错
考 查 目 标

  1)识别错误 并正确校正语篇的能力
  2)综合运用英语知识的能力 准确理解语篇,
  3)准确理解语篇,掌握内容及行文逻辑 的能力
考 查 内 容

  3.短文该错考查项目
  1.一致性问题:
  2.词的用法 一致性问题: 短文该错考查项目 一致性问题 词的用法
  1)主谓一致 )
  1)词的分类知识:
  1)错词更正 )词的分类知识: )
  2)时态一致 ) )
  2)构词法知识:
  2)多词删除 )构词法知识:
  3)名词的数 )
  3)缺词补漏 )
  3)词的惯用法 与格的一致 )
  4)代词中指 ) 代关系的一致
  5)句式结构 ) 与语意的一致
  6)行文逻辑 ) 关系的一致
名词和数词
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  1.Don’t lose hearts, you’ll be successful in time.
  2.I need some more informations.
1 heart 2 information
kinds
  3.These machines look the same,but they are of different kind. 3
contributions
  4.People remember him for his contribution to the country. 4


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  1.At a very beginning, I choose a play and actors.
  2.You can’t consider him a honest man.
  3.In China,children usually start school at an age of seven.
  4.The play is set in the Paris.
a 1 an 2 the 3 the 4
the
  5.It is necessary for the teachers to add the art to their teachings. 5
  6.I can’t stop because I’m in hurry. a 6



  1.Knowing is one thing; doing is other.
  2.This is the best film which I have ever seen.
  3.I also enjoyed the days when we spent together.
1 another 2 that
that/which/x 3

  4.The ones what you decide not to keep can be traded with other people.
  5.He drove too fast, and the police stopped her and handed him a ticket. 5 him
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4 that/which/x
形容词和副词
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when
  1.By the time when he was 15,he had had his own lab. 1 sad
  2.The bad news made us feel sadly. 2 certain
  3.Are you certainly that he will help us check the information? 3 well
  4.The children learn to read and write,they play games as good. 4
  5.He set off for work an hour before.
  6.I hate him as many as you do.
  7.he was caught in a heavily rain.
  8.It’s not good to keep children busily with their studies all day long. ago 5 much 6 heavy 7 busy 8


  1.Don’t get into the habit of smoke.

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smoking 1 as 2 in 3
4 with

  2.Waving one’s hand can be accepted for crying for help.
  3.He called on Jenny on the hope of getting help from her.
  4.Both Mary and her mother were pleased at the girl.
  5.They will start working after an hour.
  6.He is the very person that set the theater in fire.
  7.I persuaded him to reduce the price at $1,5
  00.
  8.Your words encourage me to go on my study.
  9.A great many of students would like to give up drinking.
  10.China daily is also popular to students of English.
  11.Class three intends to put in a dance.
  12.I want to see it by my own eyes.
in 5
6 on 7 to 8 ^with 9 of 10 with 11 on 12 with
^
looked
  1.She look like enjoying the concert the other day. 1 brings
  2.Water pollution often bring on disease. 2
  3.The students watches the teacher doing the experiment. 3 watch
  4.He care for collecting coins. 4 care
  5.So far, he made a living by picking up wastes. 5 has
  6.The young man dressed in blue are my brother. 6 is
  7.The church burned down yesterday date from the 18th century. 7 dates to save
  8.He is said saving money to buy a bicycle. 8 looking
  9.Money is spend to look after people with illnesses. 9
  10.She was persuaded taking the job. 10 to take
  11.Compare to 1992, the price of grain was increased about 50%.11 Compared Judging
  12.Judge From his accent, he is a southerner. 12
  13.She is used to live in the country at present. 13 living
  14.We should stop the children from play fire. 14 playing leading
  15.With a boy led the way,they started towards the village. 15


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  1.Though it was cold, but he went out without a cat.
  2.He likes sports, but I like music.
  3.Pick out the wrong sentences but correct them.
  4.Work hard,and you’ll succeed sooner and later.
  5.Whatever you do, and I’ll be right here waiting for you.
  6.This kind of car costs a lot of money, and he can afford it.
1 but 2 while 3 and 4 or 5 and but 6


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做短文该错应采取三个步骤

  1.通读短文,
  1.通读短文,掌握大意 通读短文
  2.细读全文,
  2.细读全文,逐一作答 细读全文
  3.复读全文,
  3.复读全文,验证答案 复读全文
巩固练习
gradually Another problem is that good soil is gradual lost. 1 When trees is cut down,there is nothing to hold the soil in the place on the hillside. So when it rained,the soil is washed down the hills and into the rivers.Strong winds can also blow out the valuable soil lies on the top of the fields. 2 are 3 the 4 rains 5 away
which/that 6


按照今天所学方法 做下列改错练习
1996
Today I visited the Smiths?my first time visit to a American family. They live in a small town. It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station and drove me to their home. The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home. They offered me coffee and other drinks. We have a good time talking and laughing together. They eager to know everything about China and asked me lots of question. In fact, they are planning to visit China in next year.
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  86.
  87.
  88.
  89.
  90.
  91.
  92.
  93.
  94.
  95.
1997
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Dear Bob, Hello. I learn about you from my English teacher,
  86. Miss Fang. I'd like to your penfriend, and get to
  87. know more about your country. First, let me tell you something more about myself
  88. My name is Li Hua. I live in Beijing, where is the
  89. capital of China. I go to Hongqi Middle School.
  90. We study quite a few subject, such as maths, Chinese
  91. English and physics. I use to play ping-pong a lot
  92. in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football.
  93. Do you play any ball games? What your favourite
  94. sport? I look forward to hear from you soon.
  95. Yours, Lihua
1998
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My Favourite Sport My favourite sport is football. I was a member of 1 our school football team. We practise for three times 2 every week and often watch football match on TV 3 together. Play football not only makes us grow up 4 tall and strong but also give us a senes of fair play and 5 team spirit. We must keep in mind ghat we play 6 for the team instead ourselves. Also, the sport 7 teaches us the important of obedience(服从 Each 服从). 8 服从 player must obey captain, who is the leader of 9 the team. And they must not break the rules too 10 often if we want to the game
1999
The Problem with Television
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Now I can't watch much television but a few years ago
  86. I was used to watch it every night. I was often a little tired after a day's work and watch TV demands very little effort. Unfortunate, there are too many people among my family. Some wanted to see the programme while others preferred another. I am happy with any programme but the others spent a lot time arguing and there was no way of settling the matter except by selling the set. Now someone at home reads instead.
  87.
  88.
  89.
  90.
  91.
  92.
  93.
  94.
  95.
2000
返回
They day before the speech contest(比赛) English teacher
  86. (比赛) talked to me . She said that she and my schoolmate all wished me success , but it didn't matter that I would win or not . When I was on the stage the next day , I felt so nervous as I shook like a leaf . There were so many people
  87.
  88.
  89.
  90.
present! Suddenly , I caught a sight of my English teacher in
  91. the crowd . She was smiling but nodding at me . I remembered
  92. her words and calm down . I did a good job and won the first
  93. prize . Now my picture and the prize is hanging in the library.
  94. Whenever I see them I will often think of my English teacher.
  95.
2001
返回
Like most of my schoolmates ,I have neither brothers nor sisters. sisters. ?in another other words,I am an only child. My parents child. love me dearly of course and will do all they can make sure that I get a good education. They did not want me to do education. any work at family;they want me to devote all my time to family; my studies so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject. We subject. may be one family and live under a same roof,but we do not seem to get much time to talk about together.It looks together. as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest.Do they guest. really understand their own daughter? What things are in other homes, I wonder. wonder.
2001
Like most of my schoolmates ,I have neither brothers nor sisters. ?in another other words,I am an only child. My parents love me dearly of course and will do all they can make sure that I get a good education. They did not want me to do any work at family;they want me to devote all my time to my studies so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject. We may be one family and live under a same roof,but we do not seem to get much time to talk about together.It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest.Do they really understand their own daughter? What things are in other homes, I wonder.
返回
right
any
to
do home subjects the about or how
The End
 

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