高中英语非谓语动词的命题设计常见模式与解题策略
【模式
  1】 名词 + 不定式(介词)(作定语) 【策略】
  1、把握不定式动词的性质,要不要介词;
  2、把握不定式的逻辑主语,确定主、被动语态。
  3、理论指导:当句子的主语为不定式的逻辑主语时用主动形式。 ①I want something to eat. (I eat.) ②I want a room to live in.(I live in the room.) ③Tomorrow I will go to Beijing, do you have anything to be taken? 【模式
  2】不定式的省略(to) 【策略】
  1、无论肯定或否定,保留到 to;
  2、如果不定式为被动式或完成式,则保留到 be/have. ①--Would you like to go with me? --I’d like to, but I have an important meeting to attend. ②Tommy liked to play football in the street, but his mother always told him not to. ③--I didn’t tell her the bad news. ?Oh, you ought to have. 【模式
  3】只带 to 【策略】
  1、部分动词的记忆(从不认识的单词开始,动词略);
  2、序数词 + 不定式 ①He pretended not to see me when I said hi to him in the street. ②Lao Wang is a hard-working man. He is always the first to come and the last to leave. 【模式
  4】带不带 to 【策略】
  1、从不带 to 入手,注意例外;
  2、理论指导:①使役动词(let, make, have 等后省 to;★get 后带 to);②感官动词 (see, watch, notice, listen, hear, feel 等后省 to);③but (to) do/except (to) do(谓语部分含实意动 词的 do 则省 to;无则带 to。);④why (not) do(wh-词后接不定式的特例)。说明:参考答案为 斜体,下同。 ①Sometimes our teachers us to do much homework.(let/make/have/get) ②Today morning, I had nothing to do but (except)(to sleep/sleep) all morning. ③In winter, some animals have no choice but (except) (to hibernate/hibernate). ④Why not join us in the discussion? ⑤I often hear him sing this song.(He was often heard to sing this song.) 【模式
  5】表示动作的目的(to) 【策略】经过判断如表示动作目的,首先考虑使用不定式。 ①We climbed to the top of tower a better view of the area. (getting/got/having got/to get) ②--Why was a special meeting was called? -- . (To elect/Electing/Our electing/Elected) ③ time and labor, cartoonists generally draw the hands of their characters with only 3 fingers and a thumb.(To save/Saved/Saving/Having saved) 【模式
  6】只带 doing
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【策略】
  1、部分动词的记忆(从不认识的单词开始,动词略);
  2、句型结构;
  3、比 较使用不定式的结构(同时关注不定式逻辑主语的引入结构)。 ★It is/was (no) + n. (use/good) + doing.(名词后接 doing) ★It is/was not any + n. (use/good) + doing.(名词后接 doing) ① It is no use arguing with him. ② It is no use regretting the spoiled milk. ★It is/was + adj. + to do sth…(形容词后接 to do) ★It is/was + adj. + for/of sb. + to do sth.( 不定式逻辑主语的引入结构) 【模式
  7】动名词的复合结构(关注否定式) 【策略】
  1、动名词复合结构的全面掌握(原式和略式?句子成分);
  2、理论指导:动名词复合结构由“逻辑主语 + 动名词”构成。当此结构充当主 语时,用原式即“名词所有格或形容词物主代词 + 动名词”;作宾语或表语时用略式即“名词 普通格或宾格代词 + 动名词”。动名词复合结构的否定式中的 not 在逻辑主语之后。 ① the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement. (Tom will attend/Tom to attend/Tom attended/Tom’s attending) ② David apologized for to inform me of the change in the plan. (his not being able/his being not able/him not to be able/him to be not able) ③ Is there any possibility of the film in Paris International Festival? (trying out/tried out/to try out/being tried out) 【模式
  8】后接不定式与动名词之别 【策略】
  1、基本理论;
  2、特别句型(参见模式
  6);
  3、理论指导:①双接,无含义差别;②双接,含义差别不大(长短期习惯); ③双接,含义不同(记忆特别的动词);④特别的动词有: stop doing sth / stop to do sth (停止做某事 / 停下来去做某事) remember doing sth / remember to do sth (记得做过某事 / 记住要去做某事) mean doing sth / mean to do sth (意味某事 / 打算做某事) forget doing sth / forget to do sth (忘记做过某事 / 忘记去做某事) try doing sth / try to do sth (试着做某事 / 尽力去做某事) need doing sth / need to do sth (某事需要被做 / 需要去做某事) can’t help doing sth / can’t help to do sth (情不自禁做某事 / 不能帮忙做某事) 【模式
  9】主动表被动 【策略】
  1、基本理论和基本句型。
  2、理论指导:●英语中有些动词形式上是主动结构,但意义是被动的。如:wash, open, write, sell, let, blame 等。 ① This kind of cloth washes easily. ② The door opens easily. ③ The pen writes well. ④ The novel sells well. ● be worth doing 中的 doing 主动表示被动(比较 be worthy of 结构)。 ① These books are worth reading.(只接动名词) ② These books are worthy of being read/to be read.(既接动名词又接不定式) ●英语中有些动词,如 want, need, require 等后接动名词时主动表示被动,但接不定式时 却用被动形式。 ① The bike needs repairing/to be repaired.
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② This plan requires discussing/to be discussed. ● 形容词后接的不定式作状语时主动表被动。 ① The articles written by Luxun are hard to read. ② He is hard to get along with. 【模式
  10】独立分词(结构)/独立主格结构 【策略】
  1、从分析句子结构着手,注意主动(现在分词)和被动(过去分词),
  2、几 点例外(例⑤⑥)。
  3、理论指导:当句子的主语与独立结构中的动词不形成逻辑上的主谓 (主动)或动宾(被动)关系时,根据全句的含义加上自己的逻辑主语,此时形成独立主格 结构;部分非谓语动词词组需单独使用,此时形成独立分词(结构)。 ① a fine say, we decided to go out for a picnic. (Having/Being/What/It being) ③ The soldier rushed into the cave, his right hand a gun and his face with sweat. (held, covered/holding, covering/holding, covered/held, covering) ④ Time (permitting/permitted), they will start to do a new job. ⑤ To tell (you) the truth/believe it or not/lost in thought/suppose… ⑥ Considering/Judging/Generally speaking/supposing… 【模式
  11】连词 + 分词(-ed) 【策略】
  1、定语从句和状语从句与分词结构的相互转换,状语从句中的连词可保留;
  2、分词多为-ed 分词,如动词为不及物动词类则用-ing 分词。 ① When why he was late for the concert, the man made no answer. (asking/to ask/ask/asked) ② The 18-storeyed building, when , will shut out the sun lighting the rooms. (completing/complete/completed/to complete) ③ It shames me to say it, but I told a lie when at the meeting by the boss. (questioned/questioning/having questioned/to be questioned) ④ If ill, I’ll stay at home a good rest. (falling, taking/to fall, taking/fall, to taking/falling, take) 【模式
  12】?ed 分词(be + -ed + prep.) 【策略】
  1.基本词组的记忆与略化(省略 be 后的结构);
  2.标志词 by/as ① at failing in the exam, John felt unhappy. (Disappointed/To be disappointed/Disappointing/Having disappointed ) ② in a poor family, his parents couldn’t afford to pay his schooling. (Born/Being born/Bearing/Having been born) ④ by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided not to go home. (Attracting/Attracted/To be attracted/Having attracted) ⑤Linda worked for the Minnesota Manufacturing and Mining Company, as 3M. (knowing/known/being known /to be known) 【模式
  13】-ed. 与 ?ing. 【策略】
  1、主动与被动;
  2、人(-ed)与物(-ing)。 ①We all felt (exciting/excited) at the news. (exciting/excited) ②The baby was (terrifying/terrified) by the (terrifying/terrified) characters in the movie.
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③The (puzzling/puzzled) expression on her face suggested that she was (puzzling/puzzled) by the problem, as/which was (puzzling/puzzled), after all, she was a top student in the class. 【模式
  14】伴随状况(-ed / adj.) 【策略】句子结构与省略。 ①He went to bed . (drink/drank/drinking/drunk) =He went to bed and he was . (drink/drank/drinking/drunk) ②He came home at last, tired and hungry. 【模式
  15】找主句(主语多为人或非谓语动词的动作执行者) 【策略】句子结构的特点与分析(给出部分不为句子或是从句即有连词出现)。 ① To be well fit for the job, . A. a good knowledge of physics is needed. B. one needs to have a good knowledge of physics. C. it is required to have a good knowledge of physics. D. a good knowledge of physics is important. ② With nothing left to burn, (the fire became weak and finally died out.) ③ Tired of the noise, .(he shut the door/the door had been shut/he had shut the door/the door was shut) ④ again and again but he didn’t tell me the truth.(He was asked/Having been asked/Having asked him/Though he was asked) 【模式
  16】拆分句型结构或词组 【策略】 什么是拆分,
  1、 怎样拆分; 拆分后的句式结构走向
  2、 (定语从句或过去分词) 。 ① What is the way Smith thought of enough money to buy the new house?(getting/having got/being got/to get) ② Great efforts should be made up higher education to meet the needs of industry and agriculture.(speeding/to speed/speed/and speed) ③ Mr Green was disappointed to see the washing machine he had had went wrong again. (repaired/to repair/repairing/it to be repaired) ④ Whom do you think the teacher the composition? (had written/had write/had to write/had wrote) 【模式
  17】区分及物动词与不及物动词(模式 1/
  10) 【策略】
  1、动词识记的重要性;区分及物和不及物动词;
  2、系动词居多。 ① good, the food was sold out soon. (Tasting/Tasted/Being tasted/Having been tasted) ②The picture on the wall is painted by my brother. (hanging/having hung/being hung/hangs) ⑦ The flowers sweet in the garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. (to smell/smelling/smelt/to be smelt) 【模式
  18】“据说”句型(said/believed/reported…)(简单句居多) 【策略】
  1、掌握复合句(that 引导)和简单句(to 引导)的基本结构;
  2、理论指导:复合句?It be + said/believed/reported…+ that-从句;简单句?变 为不定式结构,当主从句时间一致时不定式用一般式,不一致时用完成式。 ① Zhang Hong is said by heart 2000 words up to now. (that she has learned/to have learned/to learn/having learned)
第 4 页 共 10 页
② Li Ming is said abroad. Do you know what country he studied in? (to have studied/to study/to be studying/to have been studying) ③ The flu is believed by viruses that like to reproduce in the cells inside the human nose and throat.(causing/being caused/to be caused/be have caused)
含解析) 非谓语动词练习 50 题 (含解析 含解析 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
  1. When he was a boy, he used to go there and watch . A. to repair bicycles B. bicycles to be repaired C. bicycles being repaired D. repairing bicycles
  2. - Have you considered your job as a teacher? - Yes. I like the job because a teacher is often considered a gardener. A. to change; to be B. to change; being C. changing; being D. changing; to be
  3. The dog, , will be made a good watchdog. A. to train properly B. being trained properly C. properly to train D. trained properly
  4. the diamond, he had to look for a place to hide it. A. Having stolen B. Having been stolen C. Stolen D. Stealing
  5. the front door , he had to enter the room through the back door. A. Seen; painted B. Seeing; painted C. Being seen; being painted D. Seeing; being painted
  6. And there, almost in the big chair, sat her little brother, who never had to be told to keep quiet. A. having lost B. losing C. to be lost D. lost
  7. He looked around and caught a man his hand into the pocket of a passenger. A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting
  8. To answer correctly is more important than . A. that you finish quickly B. finishing quickly C. to finish quickly D. finish quickly
  9. The old farmer, the badly injured and burnt soldier, came out of the burning farmhouse, calling continuously for help. A. supporting B. having supported C. being supported by D. being supported
  10. In January , 2004, the United States successfully launched “Spirit”, a Mars Exploration Rover, a new milestone in the history of mankind. A. it marked B. marking C. marked D. to mark
  11. It was getting dark; I found a car in a pool by the side of the road. A. to be stuck B. stuck C. sticking D. stick
  12. You can’t imagine what great trouble they have the problem .
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A. to solve; being ta
 

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