不定式、动名词用作主语 不定式、
动名词作主语

  1。直接作主语: 直接作主语:

  1.Seeing is believing. (
  1)眼见为实。 眼见为实。
  2.Doing
  2.Doing morning exercises 天天做早操有益于健康。 (
  2)天天做早操有益于健康。 day is good for health every (
  3)吸烟不是好习惯。
  3.Smoking is not a good habit 吸烟不是好习惯。
  3.Smoking

  1.It’s no use talking too much without

  2.用it作形式主语 常与no
  2.用it作形式主语,常与no use,no good,useless, worthwhile连用 作形式主语, worthwhile连用

  1)广说不做没用 (
  2)做无益的后悔没用 doing anything
  2.It’s useless crying over the spilt milk. (
  3)吸烟太多无益 (
  4)学好英语是值得做的
  3.It’s no good smoking too much

  4.It’s worthwhile learning English well.5

  1。直接作主语
  1.To see is to believe (
  1)眼见为实
  2.To do morning exercises today is not (
  2)今天早晨做早操对身体无益 health. good for (
  3)在这里吸烟很危险
不定式作主语

  3.To smoke here is dangerous

  2。用it作形式主语,有自己特定的句型 it作形式主语, 作形式主语
  1.It (
  1)你这么说真是太好了 is very kind of you to say so.
  2.It’s very (
  2)他说出这样的话太愚蠢了 foolish of him to say such things
  3.It is (
  3)我们学好英语是必要的necessary for us to learn English well
  4.It’s not (
  4)你们学好英语语法并不难 difficult for you to learn well English grammar
  3.固定句型
  3.固定句型 (
  1)李垒每天花两个半小时完成作业 (
  2)你昨晚用多长时间写完的作文? 你昨晚用多长时间写完的作文?
  1.It takes LiLei two and a half hours to complete his homework.
  2.How long did it take you to finish writing your composition?
小结: 小结:动名词与不等式作主语时的区别
一、对称原则
主语和表语对称
二、特殊表达
动名词表示经常性、反复发生的动作 动名词表示经常性、 不等式表示具体的、某一次的动作 不等式表示具体的、
三、固定句型 It takes sb some time to do sth 四、习惯用法It’s no use/no good /useless/worthwhile
+ doing …
It’s kind/wise/clever… of sb to do sth kind/wise/clever… It’s important/necessary/hard …for sb to do sth
Task: complete the following sentences

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6. It’s no use (没有用) learning without practice It’s no good (广说不做) 广说不做) talking too much without doing anything It’s necessary (我们学好英语) 我们学好英语) for us to learn English well It’ very kind (你帮助我) 你帮助我) of you to help me How long (你每天参加体育活动?) 你每天参加体育活动?) does it take you to do sport every day Because of the heavy sand storm, (今天做晨练) 今天做晨练) to do morning exercises today is of no benefit to you.
Multiple choice

  1. It is very generous you to buy me such a nice gift A. of B. for C. to D. with
  2. You are clever; it will be easy you to work out the word puzzle A. of B. for C. to D. with
  3.I think it no good without doing anything. A, to play about B, play around C. playing about D. played around
不定式、 不定式、动名词作宾语
一、句型转换
I think it no use… … doing sth I feel it stupid of him to say such silly things to her I find it uneasy for you to learn your subjects well without hard work Can you tell me how many hours it took you to do your homework?
二、A 下列动词只能带动名词作宾语:记住下面这句话,巧记共 下列动词只能带动名词作宾语:记住下面这句话, 35个多动词
Miss Rescall can enjoy five apples at dusk
miss, Miss Rescall miss, mind,risk,recall ,resist Can can’t help, consider ,can’t resist ,complete ,can’t stand (bear) can’t Enjoy ?enjoy escape ,excuse ,endure Five ?finish ,fancy feel like ,favorite(利于)imagine ,include 利于) advise ,avoid ,appreciate ,admit ,allowadvise ,allow practise ,postpone ,pardon ,prevent ,put off dusk delay ,understand, suggest,keep(deny否认) delay 否认)
B 以介词to结尾的常用短语be/get used to,come to,devote oneself to, listen to,look forward to object to /get down to, prefer...to, prefer...to, pay attention to,refer to stick to C 特殊句型 1 spend (waste )...(in) doing ...(in) 2 be busy (in)doing 3 have difficulty (trouble ,fun ,pleasure ,a good ,hard time )in doing 4 stop \prevent ...(from )doing ...(from 5 There is \no use \no harm \no hurry ...(in)doing sth ...(in)doing D. 下列动词只能带不定式作宾语:记住下面这句话, 下列动词只能带不定式作宾语:记住下面这句话, (2HD3A4P, worst fem各一) 巧记近20个多动词 afford ,agree ,attempt, decide ,demand ,expect ,fail ,help, hope ,manage , offer, plan, pretend, prepare, promise, refuse ,seem, tend , wish
E.注意下列11种不同动词或句型的用法 注意下列11 11种不同动词或句型的用法
在forget ,remember ,regret ,want ,need ,require ,try ,stop ,go on,mean 等动词后,可接不定式,也可接动名词做宾语,但含义差别。 等动词后, 也可接动名词做宾语, 1 forget ,remember , regret +doing 动作已经发生+to do 动作未发生 2 want ,need ,require + doing 表被动= to be done 注:be worth doing = be worthy to be done 3 try doing 试着做 try to do 尽力做,想要做 尽力做, 4 stop doing 停止做某事,(先后是一件事). 停止做某事, stop to do 停下来做某事,(先后不是同一件事) 5 go on doing 继续敌某事,(先后 是同一件事 ) 继续敌某事, go on to do 接下来做某事,(先后不是同一件事) 接下来做某事, 6 mean doing 意味着做某事 mean to do 故意或想要做某事 7 can’t help doing sth 抑制不住、禁不住做某事 抑制不住、 can’t help (to) do sth 无帮助、无助于做某事 无帮助、 8 ,only to do … 结果是…(出乎预料) 出乎预料) ,only doing… 结果是… (必然是…) doing…
9 prefer to do… rather than do … 宁愿 … 而不… do… prefer doing …to doing … would rather do … than do … would do … rather than do … 10 have nothing to do /do nothing but/except do …只好做(别无选择) 只好做(别无选择) enjoy doing nothing but doing … 只喜欢做… want nothing but to do … 只想做… 11在 begin ,start ,continue 等词后可接不定式作宾语,也可接动名 等词后可接不定式作宾语, 词作宾语,意义区别不大.但要注意 词作宾语,
  1)本身是-ing 形式时,其后要接不定式 形式时,
  2)如果表示主语有意识地开始做某事,多用动名词 如果表示主语有意识地开始做某事,
  3)主语是物多用不定式
  4)其后的动词是表示情感的或与智力有关的,不用 v-ing 形式 其后的动词是表示情感的或与智力有关的, know, realize, hate , love , understand , wonder , remember , forget
Task: complete the following sentences

  1. Do you remember seeing the man before (以前见过这个人吗)? ( 以前见过这个人吗) doing wrong to their parents
  2. He denied (冤枉了他的父母) (冤枉了他的父母) putting forward the suggestion to their leader
  3. She regreted (在会上给领导提了意见). (在会上给领导提了意见 … 在会上给领导提了意见) advising him to give up smoking
  4. Don’t waste time (劝他戒烟) (劝他戒烟 劝他戒烟) than go out to play
  5. I would rather stay at home (也不出去玩) (也不出去玩 也不出去玩) for us to learn English well 我们学好英语
  6. Do you think it necessary (我们学好英语)? (我们学好英语) to finished writing your composition
  7. How long did it take you (写完作文)? (写完作文 写完作文) play all day long
  8. He has done nothing but (玩了一整天). (玩了一整天) couldn’t(抑制不住哭了 help crying
  9. On hearing the news, Tom (抑制不住哭了). 抑制不住哭了) performance had been over
  10. Little Sophia wentto be told that the(被告知演出结束了) the theater, only (被告知演出结束了 被告知演出结束了) Multiple choice
  1. Would you mind the door? A. open B, opening C, to open D, opened
  2. “So much for the new words and expressions; let’s go on expressions; the text.” the teacher said with a smile. text. smile. A. to talk about B, talking about C, to be talking D, talk about
  3. I’m sorry, but I’ve forgotten my homework with me. me. A, to bring B, to be bring C, bringing D, brought

  4. This room needs . It’s too shabby. . shabby. A. paint B. painting C. to pain D. painted
  5. Have you considered to improve your spoken English? A.practising listening and speakingB, practising to listen and speak C.to practise listening and speaking D. to practise to listen and speak
  6. At the age of 18 he began the importance of knowledge. knowledge. A.understand B. understanding C. understood D. to understand
  7. In the old days, many people couldn’t afford their children to School. School. A. sent B, sending C, to send D send
  8. We haven’t heard from Jane for a long time. We time. What do you suppose to her? What A.was happening B, to happen C, has happened D. having happened
  9.We all appreciate whenever you have time. time. A.Jane drop in B,Jane’s dropping in C,Jane to drop in D.Jane drops in
  10.
  10. Have you got used in Harbin? A.to living B, to live C, living D, to be living
  11. Nobody is willing to go to a party without .
  11. . A. asking B, to be asked C, being asked D, having asked 4,B; 5,A;6,D;7,C;8,C;9,B;10,C;11,C ,B; ,A; ,D; ,C; ,C; ,B;10,C;11,C
非谓语动词作表语
动名词作表语 1 对称原则,主语是动名词,表语一般也用动名词 对称原则,主语是动名词, Seeing is believing 2 动名词作表语表明主语的性质或内容(有时可与主语互换) 动名词作表语表明主语的性质或内容(有时可与主语互换) My job is teaching you English \ Teaching you English is my job. job. 不定式作表语: 不定式作表语: (
  1)计划,趋势将要做的 计划, she is to get married next week. week. (
  2)责任,义务必须做的 I’m to see you off at the airport tomorrow 责任, (
  3)祁使,命令不得不做的 You’re to stand here ,do you understand . 祁使, (
  4)命运安排,注定做的 命运安排, Disney met the mouse and he was to become a famous artist. artist. 分词作表语表示主语的特点特征. 现在分词表示主动 分词作表语表示主语的特点特征. 现在分词表示主动,过去分词表 表示主语的特点特征 主动, 被动;不及物动词的过去分词表示完成 示被动;不及物动词的过去分词表示完成 The book is interesting and the students are moved . He is come. The quests are gone. The leaves are fallen. come. gone. fallen.
非谓语动词作定语
动名词作定语 动名词作定语 表示被修饰词用途 drinking water ==the water that is (used )for drinking drinking water , living room ,sitting room ,washing powder 分词作定语 分词作定语, 作定语, 表被修饰词的特点、特征.单个分词作定语前置, 表被修饰词的特点、特征.单个分词作定语前置,分词 短语作定语,放在所修饰词之后。现在分词和过去分词的区别: 短语作定语,放在所修饰词之后。现在分词和过去分词的区别:时 态上,现在分词表示正在进行,过去分词表示已经完成;语态上, 态上,现在分词表示正在进行,过去分词表示已经完成;语态上, 现在分词表示主动, 现在分词表示主动,过去分词表示被动 boiling water =the water that is boiling. fallen leaves, boiled water boiling. sleeping child =the child who is asleep a moving film, a moved girl There was a surprised look on her face at the news. news. 动词不定式作定 动词不定式作定
  1.后置,表示将来 后置, In the years to come, we will study harder and harder. harder. This is the Hope Project School to be built next year. year.

  2.当特定的谓语动词(有,需要,给,找,弄have, need, want, give, find, 当特定的谓语动词( 需要, get)后的名词 或宾语)用不定式来修饰. get)后的名词(或宾语)用不定式来修饰. 后的名词(
  1. I have a lot of work to do .
  2.I want to get something to read .
  3.Do you need some water to drink? drink? on.
  4.Please give me a piece of paper to write on.
  5.Let’s find a room to put those things in .
  3.当名词有特定的定语,如形容词\副词的最高级,序数词及next, only, 当名词有特定的定语,如形容词\副词的最高级,序数词
 

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