Para 1

  1. The idea that …. is past.
用炸鱼土豆条,讲演角, 用炸鱼土豆条,讲演角,大本钟楼和伦敦塔象征英国的时 代已经过去了。 代已经过去了。 句中that引导的从句是同位语从句,它一般跟在某些 引导的从句是 句中 名词如belief, fact, hope, idea, news, problem…的后面, 的后面, 名词如 的后面 用以说明或解释前面的名词。 用以说明或解释前面的名词。引导同位语从句的连词在 从句中不充当句子成分.其引导词:连词that;连接副词 从句中不充当句子成分 不充当句子成分 how, when, where, why等。
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Eg:
  1. I have no idea that you were her friend.
  2. I made a promise that if anyone set me free I would make him rich.
  3. The suggestion that the students should have plenty of exercise is very good.

  2. stand for
  1.代表、象征 代表、 代表 The letters BBC stand for British Broadcasting Company.
  2.支持、维护 支持、 支持 We stands for self-reliance.
  3.容忍、忍受 容忍、 容忍 I can’t stand for this sort of behavior.

  3. past ?n.过去、以前、昔日 过去、以前、 过去 ?Leave the past in the past. ?adj.完成的、结束的 完成的、 完成的 ?Winter is past. ?adj.以前的、过去的、曾经的 以前的、 以前的 过去的、 ?~ suffering ?adv.经过 经过 ?He waved as he walked past.

  4. The fact that the mainland of Great Britain is made up of three kingdom is still unknown to many. 同位语从句
be made up of: consist of 由……组成 be (un) known to sb. be known as be known for Eg. Fu Jian is known for tea. Lu xun was famous as a writer. As is known to all,the earth goes around the sun.

  5. Within Great Britain for many years now, there has been a growing movement to make the most of its cultural diversity.

  1. Within在…之内,不超出 之内, 在 之内 He lives within 20 minutes’ walk.
  2. make the most of The girl made the most of the occasion to show her talent.
就以现在这个样子; as it is 就以现在这个样子;根据现在情况来看
Tell her the news as it is. A witness must state the facts as they are.
Para 2

  1. lie off
位于…之外 位于 之外
the islands off the coast
We can see the ship lying off the harbor.
lie to 只表示方向,相连不相连均可 只表示方向 相连不相连均可 Scotland lie on 接壤; 河畔上 接壤 England
London
lie in 位于…之内 位于 之内
France

  2. separate… from…把…与…分开 把 与 分开 be separated from 被…分开 分开 United we stand, divided we fall. We should never separate from the masses.
  3. at one point 在某处 She is at the point of the death.(接近,靠近) (接近,靠近) 她在弥留之际 一度 At one point of the meeting, she nearly lost her temper.

  4. consist of : be made up of The United Kingdom consist of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. be made up of All living matter is made up of cells. consist in 在于 The beauty of this picture consists in its balance of colors.

  5. Between Britain and Ireland in the Irish sea, lies the small Isle of Man. 倒装句
=The small Isle of Man lies between Britain and Ireland
in the Irish sea.
表示方位的副词/介词短语(here, there, out, in, up, down,away,in front of…,between…and…, in/to the east of, 等)+谓语+主语(必须是名词)。 我们学校南方有一家餐馆. 我们学校南方有一家餐馆 译: South of our school lies a restaurant. Look!Here comes the bus!
Para 3
  1. in general 一般地;大体上;通常 一般地;大体上; 大体上说, 你的计划很实际. 大体上说 你的计划很实际 In general, your plan is practical.
  2. throughout the year 贯穿全年
  3. As much as+ n.pl.表示程度 表示程度 as many as+ n.pl.表示数量 表示数量 She has as many as 5 bikes. Most of the stones weigh as much as 15 tones.
Para 4

  1. influence
v.&n.
The book had a great influence on his life. What influenced you to do it? have influence on sb./ sth. 有…的影响 的影响 under the ~ of 在…的影响下 的影响下 have ~ over 有权力
  2. form the basis for 为…打下基础 打下基础 basis 复bases -- v. base What is the basis of your opinion? on the basis of … 在...的基础上 ...的基础上
Para 6
state n.&v. 国家 州
We must pay taxes to the state.
In America, the law differs from state to state. The building was in a bad state. 状态 v. 陈述,声明,阐明 陈述,声明, state your opinion/ problem
n. statement
Para 7 They realise that it is of great value to record and teach them to the younger generation.
句中的it 句中的 是形式主语
be+of+n.= be+adj. The meeting is of great importance. very important. 高等教育在人生中很重要. 译: 高等教育在人生中很重要 A college education is of great value in one’s life.
be be be be
of of of of
importance = be important help = be helpful use = be useful no use = be useless
consider+ v-ing=think seriously of doing sth.考虑 考虑 o+as=think fo sb/sth as认为、以为 认为、 认为 o+to be=have the opinion that sb/sth is that…
PHRASES OF PARAGRAPH 1-2
? 代表 ? 他们对于英国文 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
化的看法 由三个国家组成 蓬勃开展的运动 开发多种文化 共同的语言和文 化 在某处 20英里宽 由三个国家组成

  1.Stand for
  2.Their view of British Culture
  3.Be made up of three countries
  4.A growing movement
  5.Make the most of its cultural diversity
  6.A common language and culture
  7. At one point
  8.20 miles wide
  9.Consist of three countries
PHRASES OF PARAGRAPH 3-5
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
一般说来 全年 在英格兰定居 把他们的语言和文化带 来 当地人 继续说他们自己的语言 以结束 上层阶级 老百姓

  1.In general
  2.Through the year
  3.Settle in England
  4.Bring their own culture and language with them
  5.The native population
  6.Continue speaking their own language
  7.End up with
  8.The upper class
  9.The common people
PHRASES OF PARAGRAPH 6-7
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
联合王国 最初的两个国家 成立一个单独的国家 在现代 口语 地方语言 很有价值 也

  1.The United Kingdom
  2.The first two countries
  3.Form a single state
  4.In modern times
  5.Spoken language
  6.Local accents
  7.Of great value
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  1.A group of Trade u nion leaders met to discuss questions about job safety.
  2.The official name of our country is the People’s R epublic of China.
  3.In general, the u pper classes do not have a clear idea of the lives of common people.
  4. Our class c onsists of twenty ?five boys and thirty-two girls.
  5.California is one of the biggest s tatesin the USA

  5.If you think you can pass the maths exam easily without any hard work, then you are completely m istaken .
  6.The street is too n arrow . It does not allow cars from opposite directions to pass.
  7.Because of her teacher’s i nfluence , she chose to study English at university .
  8. Don’t judge a person only on the b asis of first impressions.
  10.The sports car runs fastest; it has a very p owerful engine in it.
 

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