高中英语作文写作基础
??对英语句子的认识 对英语句子的认识
教学内容: 教学内容: 对英语句子的认识
意义:英语的句式与中文的不同. 意义:英语的句式与中文的不同.我们在学 习英语的时候要注意到这一点. 习英语的时候要注意到这一点.有的同学在 学习中对此没有足够的认识, 学习中对此没有足够的认识,常常受中文的 干扰.在写作中表现出不能写出正确的句子. 干扰.在写作中表现出不能写出正确的句子.
什么是句子? 什么是句子?
长的是句子,短的是词. 长的是句子,短的是词. (no) 无论字数多少,只要有主语和谓语(动词), 无论字数多少,只要有主语和谓语(动词), 而且能表达完整的意义的一句话就是一个句子. 而且能表达完整的意义的一句话就是一个句子. (yes) I am tired. Pressing one's palm together and resting one's head on the back of one's hand while closing the eyes as if sleeping means "I am tired." (双手合拢,闭上眼,把头靠在手背上像睡觉的样子, 双手合拢,闭上眼,把头靠在手背上像睡觉的样子, 意思是说"我累了. 意思是说"我累了.") 这两个句子都具备了主语和谓语.都是完整的句子. 这两个句子都具备了主语和谓语.都是完整的句子. 要记住:在英语中,一个句子必须且只能有一个谓语. 要记住:在英语中,一个句子必须且只能有一个谓语.
省略主语的句子 Come in, please. (You) Open the door. Sit down. Stand up. What a day! (What a terrible day it is!)
一个句子不能同时有两个谓语. 一个句子不能同时有两个谓语. 不能同时有两个谓语
典型错误: 典型错误:

  1) The old man likes take a walk in the village after supper. ?The old man likes to take a walk in the village after supper.
  2) I enjoy talk with him over a cup of coffee. ?I enjoy talking with him over a cup of coffee.
  3) The boy ran to his mother cry. ?The boy ran to his mother crying.
  4) After write the notice, he put it up on the wall. ? After writing the notice, he put it up on the wall. After he wrote the notice, h e put it up on the wall.
不要把从句的谓语当成句子的谓语, 不要把从句的谓语当成句子的谓语 或把主句的 谓语当成从句的谓语. 如果是一个复合句, 谓语当成从句的谓语 如果是一个复合句, 主句和从句都应该分别有自己的主语和谓语. 主句和从句都应该分别有自己的主语和谓语.
典型错误: 典型错误:
  1)Those who eat too much will easily ill. ?Those who eat too much will easily get ill.
  2) When he walking in the park, he felt a little tired. ?When he was walking in the park, he felt a little tired.
  3)When I at school, I studied very hard. ) ?When I was at school, I studied very hard.
不要把从句的谓语当成句子的谓语, 不要把从句的谓语当成句子的谓语 或把主句的 谓语当成从句的谓语. 如果是一个复合句, 谓语当成从句的谓语 如果是一个复合句, 主句和从句都应该分别有自己的主语和谓语. 主句和从句都应该分别有自己的主语和谓语. 典型错误: 典型错误:
  1)Those who eat too much will easily ill. ?Those who eat too much will easily get ill.
  2) When he walking in the park, he felt a little tired. When he walking in the park, he felt a little tired.
Practice: 判断以下是否是句子
  1.Birds can fly 是
  2. The birds in the cage which I bought yesterday 不是
  3. Wait for me at the station 是
  4. If you know how to play with words to make people laugh 不是
  5. A way of saying "I'm sorry" 不是
  6. Patting the stomach before a meal 不是
  7. The bread my mother makes is much better than what you can buy at the store. 不是
  8. To make friends in the school which was not far from my new home 不是
  9. If you want to know what it feels like to fall through the air, take off in a rocket, fly a helicopter or fight alien creatures in outer space 不是
常见的句子结构
由于英语动词种类的不同,构成了不同的句子类型. 由于英语动词种类的不同,构成了不同的句子类型. 和中文不同的是, 和中文不同的是,英语的动词分为及物动词和不及物 动词. 同一个意思时,有的是及物动词, 动词.表达 同一个意思时,有的是及物动词,有的就 是不及物动词.如:表示"听" 这个意义时,listen 是不及物动词. 表示" 这个意义时, 是不及物动词; 是及物动词. 是不及物动词;hear 是及物动词.表示 "看" 这个 意义时, 是不及物动词, 意义时,look是不及物动词,see, watch和 notice就 是不及物动词 和 就 是及物动词. 到达" 是不及物动词, 是及物动词.表示 "到达",arrive是不及物动词, 是不及物动词 reach是及物动词.不及物动词是不 能接宾语的.只 是及物动词. 能接宾语的. 是及物动词 能加上一个介词,才能接宾语.如:listen to, look at, 能加上一个介词,才能接宾语. arrive in等等. 等等. 等等

  1. 主语 + 不及物动词 e.g. He came in. The airplane from Hong Kong arrived at four p.m.
  2. On his arrival he went straight to the counter.
  3. To catch up with others, you'd better work harder.
  4. How did the accident occur?
  5. In July, the ship set out for the Pacific.
  6. Australia has changed a lot in the past forty years. They lived by hunting animals, birds and fish.

  2. 主语 + 系动词 + 表语 常见的系动词有: 常见的系动词有:be, seem, appear, become, go, get, grow, turn, look, sound, feel, taste, smell e.g. She is very happy. (×She very happy.) × I am a student. He became nervous when thinking of stealing. It is impossible to find a shop that is open after 5 p.m. in this area. We are proud of our friends. To become a top gymnast, it is important to start when very young. It's much cheaper to camp than to stay in a hotel. It is useless trying to argue with him. I got caught in the traffic. Just then, the traffic light turned red. He seemed to have misunderstood you.

  3. 主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语 e.g. We learn English at school. He wondered whether Bill had managed to escape. I didn't mean to be so rude. Most people here earn their living by farming. We will send these goods to the flooded area. You must keep your word. I took some photos of some beautiful actress. I hope that one day I shall be able to repay you. 被动: 被动:English is learnt at school. These goods will be sent to the flooded area.

  4. 主语 + 及物动词 + 间接宾语 + 直接宾语 有些动词需要接两个宾语.间接宾语一般由人担任, 有些动词需要接两个宾语.间接宾语一般由人担任, 直接宾语一般由物担任. 直接宾语一般由物担任. give, offer, teach, tell, read, ask, bring, pass, lend, return, write, throw, allow, send,cost make, buy, do, get, save, cook, sing, find等. 等 e.g. My brother gave me a book. Who sent you the computer? My mother would read me a story before I went to bed. I won't tell you anything about it. Can you sing us an English song? Pass me the newspaper, please. 这样的句子变为被动时可根据需要, 这样的句子变为被动时可根据需要,将任何一个宾语 作为句子的主语. 作为句子的主语. e.g. I was given a book. A book was given to me.

  5. 主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语 + 宾补 e.g. Unfortunately they find it difficult to repay this money. The growth in population made New York the largest city in the USA. Do you think it possible to finish it in one day? We are making our country more and more beautiful.
【模拟试题】 模拟试题】 改错练习: 改错练习:
  1. Please speak louder so that everybody can listen you.
  2. Great changes have been taken place in my hometown.
  3. Listen! Someone knocking at the door.
  4. He told me don't call him before 9 o'clock.
  5. Does your parents allow you make your own decision?

  6. Although it is only August, but the weather is getting worse daily.
  7. Because the professor had fallen ill, so he was not able to be present at the conference.
  8. In Japan, a person sees the "OK" gesture may think it means money.
  9. When I past his room, I heard him singing an English song.
【试题答案】
  1. listen→hear
  2. 去掉been
  3. knocking → is knocking
  4. don't → not to
  5. make →to make
  6. 去掉but
  7. 去掉so
  8. sees→who sees
  9. past → passed或 past → walked past
 

相关内容

高中英语基础写作(对句子的认识)

   高中英语作文写作基础 ??对英语句子的认识 对英语句子的认识 教学内容: 教学内容: 对英语句子的认识 意义:英语的句式与中文的不同. 意义:英语的句式与中文的不同.我们在学 习英语的时候要注意到这一点. 习英语的时候要注意到这一点.有的同学在 学习中对此没有足够的认识, 学习中对此没有足够的认识,常常受中文的 干扰.在写作中表现出不能写出正确的句子. 干扰.在写作中表现出不能写出正确的句子. 什么是句子? 什么是句子? 长的是句子,短的是词. 长的是句子,短的是词. (no) 无论字数多少 ...

高中英语基础写作公开课课件??图表类说明文

   高考英语基础写作 复习系列 图表类说明文的类型 一是以表格形式,将 一是以表格形式 将 表格形式 统计的数据或被 说明的事物直接 用表格形式体现 出来,即统计表 出来 即统计表 (table) 。 ) Item Food 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 65% 60% 48% 42% 35% 8% 3% 9% 5% 12%l 15% 17% 7% 8% 10% clothing Recreation Others Total 24% 26% 33% 35% 38% 100% ...

高考英语基础写作题专题训练

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 高考英语写作专题训练 1.写信介绍北京 写信介绍北京 假设你是李华,你的网友 Peter 来信,他想 2008 年北京奥运会期间来北京旅游,你回信 给他,介绍北京。内容要点如下: 地名 比赛时 间 北京,中国首都 8 月 8 日至 24 日 历史 场馆建 设 3000 多年 国家体育馆、 国 家游泳馆 旅游名胜 比赛安 排 长城、故宫、天安门 2008 奥运信息 国家体育馆:开幕式、闭幕式; 国家游泳馆:游泳比赛项目 [写作要求 ...

广东高考英语基础写作题专题训练

   广东高考英语基础写作题专题训练 1.写信介绍北京 写信介绍北京 假设你是李华,你的网友 Peter 来信,他想 2008 年北京奥运会期间来北京旅游,你回信 给他,介绍北京。内容要点如下: 地名 比赛时 间 北京,中国首都 8 月 8 日至 24 日 历史 场馆建 设 3000 多年 国家体育馆、 国 家游泳馆 旅游名胜 比赛安 排 长城、故宫、天安门 2008 奥运信息 国家体育馆:开幕式、闭幕式; 国家游泳馆:游泳比赛项目 [写作要求] 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容,开头和结尾已经 ...

高一英语基础写作

   基础写作 五大基本句型训练 1. 用"主语+系动词+表语"的句型将下列 各句译为英文. 1)这部电影非常感人. This movie is very moving. 2)他的想法是每个人都画一幅画. His idea is that everybody draws a picture. 五大基本句型训练 2. 用"主语+不及物动词"的句型将下列各 句译为英文. 1)学生们正在用英语交流. The students are communicating i ...

高中英语基础写作

   基础写作 基础写作的命题特点: 基础写作的命题特点: 考生按所给的内容及要求, 考生按所给的内容及要求,用5个规范的英语句子描述所 个规范的英语句子描述所 给信息的全部内容,并组成连贯的短文。 给信息的全部内容,并组成连贯的短文。 简而言之,考查考生整理信息和组词造句成文的能力。 简而言之,考查考生整理信息和组词造句成文的能力。 题型 基础写作 题量 1 赋分 15 时间(分钟) 时间(分钟) 10 基础写作的评分标准? 完整性(Completeness) 完整性 1 句子内容的完整性 正确 ...

英语句子的基本认识

   英语句子的基本认识 字体大小:大 | 中 | 小 2007-02-09 17:19 - 阅读:1078 - 评论:0 英语三大核心句型 名 称 作 用 主 I We 主谓宾 某某做(什么) I She He 主 I You 主系表 某某怎么样 He My name His father Her mother There be There is There be 某处有某某 There is There are There are speak can speak doesn’t like 系 ...

高中英语基础写作公开课件-书面通知

   Notice There will be a talk on the education of high school in the stadium from 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm on February 27th. The talk will be given by Professor Li, who has just been back from a visit to America. All students in Senior Two are to attend it ...

广东基础写作--高考英语图表类说明文

   高考英语基础写作 复习系列 图表类说明文的类型 一是以表格形式,将 一是以表格形式 将 表格形式 统计的数据或被 说明的事物直接 用表格形式体现 出来,即统计表 出来 即统计表 (table) . ) Item Food 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 65% 60% 48% 42% 35% 8% 3% 9% 5% 12%l 15% 17% 7% 8% 10% clothing Recreation Others Total 24% 26% 33% 35% 38% 100% ...

中考英语写作主要考查学生写句子的功底

   中考英语写作主要考查学生写句子的功底,而大家的英语水平都不相上下,如果在考试中写上几个 亮点句子,不仅会让改卷老师眼睛一亮,他还会非常爽地给你一个更爽的分数。我把这三十八个句型称为“魔 鬼级句型”,学会使用它们,不仅会上你的英语写作水平有一个量的积累,更有一个质的提高,从而和别人 的文章拉开档次。 一 ~~~the + ~ est + 名词 +(that)+ 主词 + have ever + seen (known/heard/had/read, etc) ~~~ 、 the most + ...

热门内容

初中英语重点词组

   初中英语重点词组 a few=有些,几个 a great/good deal of=大量(的) ,许多 a little=一点,稍;一些,少许 a lot of=大量(的) 很多(的) , a matter of=(关于...)的问题;大约 a number of=若干 a series of=一系列,一连串 a variety of=种种,各种 (be)able to=能,会 above all=首先,尤其 according to=根据 account for=说明(原因等) accus ...

2009年福建省高考英语仿真模拟试卷(二)

   2009 年福建省高考英语仿真模拟试卷 二) 年福建省高考英语仿真模拟试卷(二 英语仿真模拟试卷 本试卷分为第Ⅰ 分钟. 本试卷分为第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分.共 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟. 选择题)和第Ⅱ 非选择题)两部分. 选择题, 第一卷(选择题,共 115 分) 第一部分:听力 第一部分 听力(共 20 小题, 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分) 听力 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话.每段对话后有一个小题 ...

高一英语必修一单词和短语

   外研版英语必修一的单词 Module 1 academic [,?Y'demik] adj. 学术的 province ['prRvins] n. 省 enthusiastic [in,θju:zi'?tik] adj.热心的, amazing [Y'meiziK] adj.令人吃惊的;令人惊讶的 information [,infY'mei?Yn] n. 消息 website [ web’sait] n.网站;网址 brilliant ['briljYnt] adj.(口语)极好的 com ...

大学英语短语大全

   大学英语短语( 大学英语短语(一) Phrase be about according to by accident in accordance with account for on account of accustomed to take ... into account in addition to add up to in advance gain/have an advantage take advantage of ahead of in the air above all a ...

英语三级题

   Section A 1 A. watching TV B. Swinging the chanel C. Listening to the radio D. Changing the news program 2 A. 6o minutes B. 50 minutes C. 45 minutes D. 15 minutes 3 A. At a kitchen B. At a restaurant C. At a grocery D. At a teahouse 4 A. sunny B. r ...