Basic Writing
时间分配
题型 基础写作
题量 1
赋分 15
时间(分钟) 时间(分钟) 10
基础写作的命题特点: 基础写作的命题特点: 考生按所给的内容及要求, 考生按所给的内容及要求,用5个规范的英语句子描述所 个规范的英语句子描述所 给信息的全部内容,并组成连贯的短文。 给信息的全部内容,并组成连贯的短文。 简而言之,考查考生整理信息和组词造句成文的能力。 简而言之,考查考生整理信息和组词造句成文的能力。
对于书面表达的要求: 对于书面表达的要求:

  1.Cover all the language points and given information. 覆盖所有的语言要点
  2.Avoid grammar mistakes and wrong spelling 应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性
  3.coherent, tight 上下文的连贯性
即有效地使用语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 即有效地使用语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。

  4.use the words properly
语言的得体性 语言的得体性

  5. Write your article clearly.

  6. Mind the number of your sentences.
To make the article tight, graceful and clear.
(
  1)To avoid using repetitive words or expressions.
表达时尽量用一些较高级的词汇,避免使用重复的词语, 表达时尽量用一些较高级的词汇,避免使用重复的词语,使语 言不至于单纯和幼稚。也可以给文章增添亮点。 言不至于单纯和幼稚。也可以给文章增添亮点。

  2)To use some transitional words )
恰当选用过渡词,使文章紧凑,流畅。 恰当选用过渡词,使文章紧凑,流畅。
(
  3)To use more sentence patterns such as
inverted order, emphasis, a compound sentence or a participle adverbial
适当使用多种句型,注意语言的丰富性,多样化,以 适当使用多种句型,注意语言的丰富性,多样化, 变化多端的形式来表现丰富多彩的内容。 变化多端的形式来表现丰富多彩的内容。
Basic writing skills
Ways of writing good sentences
方法一. 方法一. 一句多译 As soon as we arrived at the village, we were warmly welcomed by the villagers.
On arriving at the village,we were , warmly….
The moment we arrived at the village, we were…
We were warmly welcomed by the villagers immediately we arrived at the village. No sooner had we arrived at the village than we …… Hardly had we arrived at the village when we….
方法一. 方法一. 一句多译
Use different ways to describe the picture
一…就受到欢迎 就受到欢迎
方法一. 方法一. 一句多译
As soon as Lien Chan and his wife arrived at the airport, they were warmly welcomed . On arriving at the airport , Lien Chan and his wife… Lien Chan and his wife were warmly welcomed the moment /immediately they arrived at the airport. No sooner had Lien Chan and his wife arrived at the airport than they were … Hardly had Lien Chan and his wife arrived at the airport when they were …
Practice
一句多译
这本书花了我300元 这本书花了我300元。 300 I spent 300 yuan on the book. I paid 300 yuan for the book. The price of the book is 300 yuan. It cost me 300 yuan to buy the book. The book cost me 300 yuan.
Practice
一句多译
昨天下午他才来。 昨天下午他才来。 He came here yesterday afternoon. He didn’t come here until yesterday afternoon. It was yesterday afternoon that he arrived here. It was not until yesterday afternoon that he came here. Not until yesterday afternoon did he come here.
方法二. 方法二. 使用非谓语动词使句子简洁高档
Rewrite the sentences

  1)Most of the artists who had been invited )
to the party were from South Africa. Most of the artists invited to the party were from South Africa. (
  2)Nowadays the old people often do morning exercises in the park in order that they could keep healthy. Nowadays the old people often do morning exercises in the park to keep healthy.
方法二. 方法二 使用非谓语动词使句子简洁高档
Complete the sentences with non-predicate (非谓语动 非谓语动 词)

  1. 听到这个消息 他们变的很激动. 听到这个消息,他们变的很激动 他们变的很激动 the news, they got excited. Hearing
  2. 尽管被告知许多遍 他仍然重复这个错 尽管被告知许多遍,他仍然重复这个错 他仍然重复这个错. many times, he still repeated the Having been told
mistake.

  3.除非被邀请发言 你应该在会议上保持沉默 除非被邀请发言,你应该在会议上保持沉默 除非被邀请发言 你应该在会议上保持沉默.
invited Unless to speak, you should keep silent at the meeting.
Translate the following sentences by using nonpredicate (非谓语动词 非谓语动词) 非谓语动词
1,面对困难时,他从不放弃。 1,面对困难时,他从不放弃。 面对困难时
Faced with/Facing difficulties, he never gives up.

  2,引入市场后,该产品大获成功。 引入市场后,该产品大获成功。
Introduced to the market, the product made a great success.

  3,做完作业后,他回家了。 做完作业后,他回家了
Having finished his homework, he returned home.
方法三. 方法三.丰富的句式
Describe the character by using Inverted Sentence(倒装句 倒装句) 倒装句
Poor as/though he was, he was happy.
方法三. 方法三.丰富的句式 Sentence patterns Are Always Useful
?The dog jumped into the river and pulled the girl to the bank. ?It was the dog that jumped into the river and pulled the girl to safety. ?The square is near the Great Wall Hotel. ?Near the Great Wall Hotel is the square. ?You will have to work hard for years to speak good English. ?It will take years of hard work to speak good English.
? I failed in the exam again. ? What disappointed me most was that I failed in the exam again. ? Miss Li will give us a report soon. ? Miss Li, who has a wide knowledge of English, will give us a report soon. ? We all like Jim. ? We all like Jim, who is always ready to help others. ? We all like Jim because of his helpfulness and kindness.
Practice
怎样使用较丰富的句式

  1. To his surprise, the little girl knows so many things.(使用名词 性从句) What surprises him is that the little girl knows so many things.
  2. Though I’m weak, I’ll make the effort. (使用倒装句) Weak as I am, I’ll make the effort.
  3. He did not know what had happened until he had read the news in the newspaper.(使用强调句型) It was not until he had read the news in the newspaper that he knew what had happened.
  4. I passed the physics exam because of your help.(用虚拟语气) I couldn’t have passed the physics exam but for your help.

  5.I won’t believe what he says. (使用状语从句) No matter what he says, I won’t believe.
  6.If you study hard, you will make rapid progress. (用并列句) Study hard and you’ll make rapid progress.
  7.He had no sooner come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad. (使用倒装句) No sooner had he come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad.
Summaries:

  1. Use different ways to describe one sentence.
  2. Make sentences by using non-predicate.
  3.Sentence patterns are always useful
Practice
此四幅画描述了 爱鸟周活动中李 明某一天所经历 的事, 的事,由此写一 篇文章。 篇文章。 要求: 要求: 1 必须使用5个句子 必须使用 个句子 表达图画内容。 表达图画内容。 2 将5个句子组成 个句子组成 连贯的短文。 连贯的短文。
步骤一 审题
writing style: narration tense: past tense person: the third person order: time order
步骤二 要点
caught a bird fixed a string to it
a girl look for mother a police comfort her
步骤二 要点
send her home lost in thought
set the bird free feel happy
步骤三. 扩展成句, 步骤三 扩展成句,连句成篇

  1.One day,Li Ming caught a bird and fixed a string to it.
  2. He saw a girl cry looking for her mum and a policeman comfort her.
  3. The policeman sent the girl home and Li Ming was lost in thought.
  4. Li Ming set the bird free and felt very happy.
步骤四. 仔细检查, 步骤四 仔细检查,认真修改
①查是否遗漏要点,信息是否完整, 查是否遗漏要点,信息是否完整, 尤其是:人物、地点、时间、发生什么事、 尤其是:人物、地点、时间、发生什么事、 如何发生、怎样进行等方面是否遗漏。 如何发生、怎样进行等方面是否遗漏。 查体裁格式是否正确。 ②查体裁格式是否正确。 ③查句式使用是否科学得当。 查句式使用是否科学得当。 查叙述的顺序是否颠倒。 ④查叙述的顺序是否颠倒。 查过渡词是否使用合理。 ⑤查过渡词是否使用合理。 查时态、语态是否一致正确。 ⑥查时态、语态是否一致正确。 查书写和标点符号是否规范清晰。 ⑦查书写和标点符号是否规范清晰。 ⑧查字数是否符合要求。 查字数是否符合要求。
One day, Li Ming caught a bird and fixed a string to it. When playing with it, he saw the girl who was crying couldn’t find her mum and a kind policeman tried to comfort her and told her that he would send her home. Seeing them go off,Li Ming was deep in thought. He heard the cry of the bird and suddenly thought that the bird might be missing its mother. So he at once set the bird free, and the bird flew happily into the sky.
 

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