36 There are three separate sources of danger in supplying energy by nuclear power (原子能). First, the radioactive material must travel from its place of production to thc power station. Ahhough the power statkms themselves are strongly built, the containers used for the transport of the materials are not. Normally, only two methods of transport are itl use, namely road or rail. Unfortunately, both of these may have an effect on the general public, since they are sure to pass near, or even through, heavily populated areas. Second, there is the problem of waste. All nuclear power stations produce wastes that in most eases will remain radioactive for thousands of years. It is impossible to make these wastes nonradioaclive, and so they must be stored iii one of the inconvenient ways that scientists have invented. For example, they may be hurled under the ground, or dropped into deserted mines, or sunk in the sea. However, these methods do not solve lhe problem, since an earthquake could easily break the containers. Third. there may occur the danger of a leak (泄漏) or an explosion at the power station. As with the other two dangers, this is nm very likely, so it does not provide a serious objection to the nuclear program. Itowever, it can happen. Separately, these three types of dangers are not a great cause for worry, l’akcn to gethcr, though, the probability of disaster (灾难) is exrrtmtly high.
  1. Which of the following is FALSE? A. It is possible that a leak or explosion occurs at a power station. B. It is unusual for radioactive materials to be transported across land. C. The containers are likely to be broken by an earthquake. D. Nuclear wastes remain dangerous in most cases for many years.
  2. The author thinks that the ways to store nuclear wastes are . A. easy B. impossible
C. reasonable D. ineffective
  3. What do we learn from the last paragraph? A. The power station is a safe place. B. The dangers of nuclear energy can be prevented. C. The general public are strongly against the nuclear program. D. By itself, none of the three dangers is very likely to cause much worry.
  4. What is this passage about? A. Uses of nuclear power. B. Dangers from nuclear power. C. Public anger at nuclear power. D. Accidents caused by nuclear power. 答:
  1. B
  2. D
  3. D
  4. B 解析:
  2.由第三段最后一句可知,那些储存核污染的方法解决不了问题,由此可判断出选项。
  3.最后一段大 意是三种危险分开以后没有危户,符合题意。
  4,从全文中看,文中列举了三种危险,故选 B 项。 37 The Fourth “21st Century Cup” National English Speaking Competition is to be held in Shanghai. Organizers; China Daily and Shanghai Broadcasting Network China University English Speaking Association (协会) (CUESA) Co-sponsors (联合主办单位): English-speaking Union (ESU); Lotus Software (Chi-na) Co, Ltd.; Times Publishing Group of Singapore; Hilton Shanghai; Pearson Educa-tion; Foreign Language Teaching & Research Press
-1-
Date: March 26 (Friday), 1999 Place: Hilton Shanghai Competition Format (形式): Each student will present a prepared speech on the given topic, followed by a three-minute offhand speech and a three-minute question and answer period with the judges. Prepared speech period: six minutes Offhand speech peri-od: three minutes Q & A period: three minutes Speech Topic: People and Nature: In search of harmony (和谐) in a new age?your per-sonal opinion (Topics for the offhand speech will be given on the day ofcompetition. ) Prizes: Besides books and certificates (证书), the top two winners will be offered schol arship (奖学金) to travel to the annual international English-speaking competi-tion, which will be held by the English-speaking Union in London in May, 10
  99. The third and fourth place winners will be offered a study trip to Singapore, sponsored by the Times Publishing Group. The fifth through the i0th place win-ners will be offered cash prizes. All the competitors will receive certificates from the English-speaking Union and book prizes provided by Pearson Education and the Foreign Language Teaching & Research Press. The teachers of the top two winners will also receive a one-year membership to the International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language (IATEFL).
  1. The main purpose of this passage is . A. to invite you to take part in the competition B. to help to improve your spoken English C. to tell you some information of the competition D. to show you how to win the competition
  2. Suppose you get the sixth place, you’ll . A. travel to London for free B. become a one-year member of IATEFL C. get some money, some books and a certificate D. get a chance to study in Singapore
  3. All “offhand speech” is . A. a speech not longer than three minutes B. a speech without preparation C. a speech with a piece of paper in hand D. a speech which is well prepared hefore
  4.Which of the following statements is wrong? A. The competitors won’t know what they will speak about until March 26, 19
  99. B. The time-limit for each student is 12 minutes. C. Each student must speak on at least two topics. D. Only two students can have the chance for the international competition. 答:l. C
  2. C
  3. A
  4. C 解析:
  1.考查作者的写作意图。
  2.考查猜测词义。
  3.由 Competition Format 一段分析可知。
  4.考查推理判 断。由 Competition Format 一段可以看出本句错误。 38 Xin Hua tn 1999, President Jiang Zemin examined five state owned enterprises and delivered speeches about existing problems and possible solutions. His speeches gave rise to many questions. What roles should enterprise leaders play? Since economic reform and open policies were started in the early 1980s, what changes have taken
-2-
place in state owned enterprises? Readers will find answers to these questions and more in “Liaoning in Transition of Reform” a series of articles by Louise Cadieux. Louise Cadieux has done much research on China’s state-owned enterprises. After visiting representative enterprises in l.iaoning Province, she wrote the articles with her u-nique, western view. We hope her views will help our readers better understand China’s state-owned enrerprises. l. A state-owned enterprise is one that . A. belongs to one person or a group of persons B. belongs to a country C. a country runs D. one or a group of persons run
  2. From the passage we know it’s true that . A. Louise Cadieux only answered President Jiang’s questions B. Louise Cadieux had more questions than President Jiang did C. Louise Cadieux answered some of President Jiang’s questions by her researches D. President Jiang’s questions are too many and too hard for Louise Cadieux to answer
  3. This passage suggests that . A. some problems are really existing in state-owned enterprises B. ways should be and can be found to solve the existing problems C. it’s time for the leaders to look back and find proper ways of management D. all the above three 答:
  1. B
  2. C
  3. D 解析:
  1.此题属事实理解题,从 state-owned 一词可知选项。
  2.从结尾一段可判断出 C 项。Louise Cadieux 对 中国的国企进行了研究。
  3.文中提到了国企存在的问题、解决办法及领导者应思考的管理办法,故选 D 项。 39 A branch of computer science cailled artifical intelligence uses programs that help solve problems by using human knowledge and experience. Artificial intelligence systems are al-so called expert systems, which enable computers programmed with great amounts of in formation to think about many possibilities such as diseases that certain symptoms (症状) could indicate and make a dccision for tile treatment. Computers are used in teaching as well. Programs that perform computer-aided in-struction (CAI 计算机辅助 教学) are designed to help students at all levels, from ele-mentary school to the university level. The student sits at a computer terminal (终端). The terminaI’s screen displays a question for the student to answer. If the answer is wrong or incumplete, tile computer may ask the student to try again. It then may supply the correct answer and an explanation. CAf is also used in some adult education programs and as part of the employee training programs of some business companies. One of the most important uses of computers is to communicate information over long distances. They can send information to each other over telephone lines. As a result, computers keep banks, newspapers, and other institutions supplied with up-to the minute hnformation. A computer network consists of many computers in separate rooms, build-ings, cities, or countries, all connected together. Computer networks allow people to communicate by using electronic mail a document typed into one computer and sent to an-other. Such document generally travel in only a few minutes, even if they are being sent over a long distance. The computer’s ability to share information with other computers over a network linked by telephone lines is a major revolution in telecommunieatitms. The Internet, an international network of computer networks, has spread out since the early 1990’s. The Internet began as.a US network of scientific and military computers in the 1960’s. Now it
-3-
is an international system for sending and receiving electronic mail, software, and elec-tronic documents and picture files all over the world. The Internet has already cut the cost of long-distance communicaions for many people. In the future it will completely change the way people work. With the lnternet, increasing numbers of people can work at home instead of in their office. Computers and their programs are the most complex devices in human history, and probably the most useful. Modern industrial societies now depend on them. As comput-ers become more powerful and widespread, computer education must continue to increase also.
  1. From the first paragraph we get to know that artificial intelligence systents . A. are beyond scientists’ control B. will take the place of doctors C. will take the place of scientists D. are under scientists’ control
  2. If you use E-mail to communicate with your friends, you can. A. exchange information without paper B. talk with your friends freely C. talk with your friends face to face D. exchange information without computers
  3. The phrase “up-to-the-minute” in the third paragraph means . A. shortest C. longest B. latest D. easiest

  4. What is the main idea of this text? . A. Computers Are Dangerous B. Computers Are Clever C. Computers Are Useful D. Computers Are lntercsting 答:
  1. D
  2. A
  3. B
  4. C 解析:
  1.从第一段可知人工智能系统是在科学家的控制下。
  2.和朋友网上交流不用纸。
  3.up-to-the-minute 跟上时代的,最新的。
  4.文章主要介绍电脑的用途。故选 C 项。 40 Some doctors use magic, some use needles and others use pills. Who are they? Among the Indians of North America the ‘medicine man’ was a very important per son. He could cure illnesses, and he could speak to the spirits?the supernatural forces that controlled the world. The Indians believed that bad spirits made people ill. So, when people were ill, the medicine man tried to help them by using magic?he spoke to the good spirits and asked for their help. Many people were cured because they thought that the spirits were helping them. But really these people cured themselves. Sometimes your own mind is the best doctor for you. The medicine men were often successful for another reason, too. They knew about plants that really can eure illnesses A lot of modern medicines are made from plants that were used by medicine men hundreds of years ago. For more than five thousand years Chinese doctors have used needles to fight illnes-ses. This method is called aeupnneture (针灸). The doctor studies the sick person care fully. Then he puts needles into that person’s body at the right places for his illness. Chi-nese doctors believe that they can control the body’s natural forces in this way. At first, doctors in the West thought that this was just another kind of magic. Recently, however, they have found out that it is possible to cure many illnesses like this because the needles help the body to produce its own ‘medicines’. In this way
-4-
the body cures itself.
  1. The Indians of North America enjoy. A. a modern medical treatment B. an old medical treatment C. an advanced medical treatment D. a secret medical treatment
  2. If one is iii, it is important for hint to . A. believe in god B. worry about his illness C. use magic D. have a light heart
  3. According to this passage modern medicines. A. have nothing to do with the old traditional medicines B. have nothing to do with the supernatural forces C. have nothing to do with plants D. have nothing to do with the Indians
  4. Using needles to fight illnesses. A. used to be popular over the world B. is used as another kind of magic C. is easy to learn by anyone D. was first used by the Chinese
  5. Acupuncture, in fact, . A. is the only way to cure many dangerous illnesses B. can be used to cure all kinds of illnesses C. is effective to cure many illnesses D. is popular among the western people 答:
  1. B
  2. D
  3. B
  4. D
  5. C 解析:

  1.美洲北部印第安人倾向药
 

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