7 Different countries and different people have different manners. We must find out their customs, so that they will not think us ill-mannered. Here are some examples of the things that a well-mannered person does or does not do. If you visit a Chinese family you should knock at the door first. When the door opens, you’ll not move before the host says, “Come in, please.” After you enter the room, you wouldn’t sit down until the host asks you to take a seat. When a cup of tea is put on a tea-table before you or sent to your hand, you’ll say “Thank you” and receive it with your two hands, not one hand, or they’ll think you are ill-mannered. Before ente-ring a house in Japan, it is good manners to take off your shoes. In European countries, even though shoes sometimes become very dirty, this is not done. In a Malay house, a guest never finishes the food on the table. He leaves a little to show that he has had e-nough. In England, a guest always finishes a drink or the food to show that he has en-joyed it. This will make the host, especially the hostess pleasant.
  1. We must find out what the different manners are in different countries so that . A. we won’t be thought in poor health B. they won’t think we are ill C. we can know what to do and what not to do when we go there D. we can give some examples
  2. In China, when the host opens the door, before he says “Come in, please !” A. you won’t leave B. you won’t walk C. you won’t stand in front of him D. you won’t get in
  3. In Japan, it is good manners to take off your shoes . A. before your host enters the house B. before you enter your host’s house C. before you visit a family D. before you sit down and receive a cup of tea
  4. In European countries, when you get into a house. A. you needn’t take off your shoes B. you must take off your dirty shoes C. you are not allowed to wear dirty shoes D. you should put on clean shoes
  5. In a Malay house, a guest leaves a little food . A. to show that he has enjoyed it B. to show that he can’t have any more C. to show that he is not hungry at all D. to show that he needs some drink 答:
  1.C
  2. D
  3. B
  4. A
  5. B 8 Mr Black was the manager of a hotel in Atlanta. One weekend all of the hotels were full because of a large business meeting being held in the city. On Sunday night, three men came into Mr Black’s hotel and asked for rooms. Mr Black told them that there were no more rooms available. The men didn’t know what to do because they had no place to stay in. Mr Black wanted to help them. He remembered that there was an empty room at the far end of the first floor ?
-1-
Room 1
  12. It was a very small room, and had rarely been used as a guest room before. So, be asked the three men if they would mind sharing that small room. They replied that they would be very much satisfied so long as there was a room for them to stay in for the night. Mr Black then told them that the room would cost them $ 30 in total. On hearing this, each of the three men gave Mr Black 5 10 before they left for their room. However, Mr Black soon began to think that 5 30 was really too much for that small room. He called his assistant over and said, “Here is $
  5. Give it back to the three men in Room 1
  12. Each of them paid me $
  10. That’s too much.” The assistant took the money. While he was on the way to that small room, he thought, “How can three men divide $ 57 I’ll give each of them only $ 1 and keep the $ 2 left to myself. The men will be happy to get anything back, and I can also make some money that way. After all, Mr Black will never know anything about it.” So, the assis tant returned only $1 to each of the three men. Each man had first paid S
  10. After the assistant returned $1 to him, each man had actually paid only $
  9. There were three men. $ 9×3=$
  27. The assistant kept $
  2. $ 27 + $ 2= $
  29. Where is the missing dollar?
  1. Why were there no hotel-rooms available in town? A. There were no rooms available on Sundays. B. The hotels were closed. C. A business meeting was being held. D. h was too late.
  2. Why didn’t Mr Black offer Room 112 to the three men at first? A. The key had been lost. B. It was too small for three men. C. No one had stayed there before. D. It was not bright enough.
  3. How much did Mr Black first ask each man for the room? A. $
  30. B. $
  15. C. $
  10. D. $
  9.

  4. Why did the assistant return only $ 3 to the men? A. The manager had asked him to do so. B. He thought it would be difficult for three men to divide $
  5. C. He wanted to make some money for himself. D. Both B and C.
  5. How were the manager and his assistant in behaviour? A. The manager worked hard, but the assistant was lazy. B. The manager was honest but the assistant was not. C. The assistant was clever but the manager was not. D. The manager did not know how to make money, but the assistant did.
  6. What is the author’s main point in telling the story? A. To show you how to establish prices for rooms. B. To present a mathematical problem. C. To teach hotel management. D. To show different behaviour between the manager and his assistant.
  7. Where is the missing dollar? A. The three men took it. B. The manager hid it secretly.
-2-
C. The assistant kept it. D. There is no missing dollar.
  8. Which of the following would be the best title for the story? A. In a Hotel C. The Clever Assistant D. The “Missing” Dollar 答:
  1. C
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. B
  6. B
  7. D B. D 9 House prices in England increased sharply between 1971 and 19
  72. The following re-cords how much a house in Chelsea. London, had risen in price since 19
  55. Take No. 29 Smith Terrace for example. In I955, Jane Grey sold it for £20
  00. Mrs Bowena Black bought it next for £4900 and sold it nine years later to Bill and Doreen White for £229
  00. Now four years later in 1972, the house is valued at £30 0
  00.
  1. The price of the house was as high in 1972 as in the year Jane Grey sold it. A. about 10 times C. 150 percent
  2. A. £18000
  3. B. £2900 B. twice D. fifteen times C. £7000 D. £8000 B. Too Much or Not?
Mrs Bowena Black made a profit (获利) of
Of all the tenants (住户) who earned most? A. The Whites C. Mrs Black B. Jane Grey D. Mr White

  4.
Jane Grey lived in No. 29 Smith Terrace A. for four years C. before 1955 A. £2 000 C. £4 900 B. for nine years D. between 1971 and 1972 B. £30 000 D. £25950

  5. In 1972, the house is valued at .
答:
  1. D
  2. A
  3. C
  4. C
  5.B 10 Social scientists, teachers, and parents are troubled by the kinds of TV programs children choose to watch. These groups of people are concerned about the media’s effects on young children. They are worried about the effects of televised violence on society as well as commercials for food. Most importantly, however, they feel TV is one factor that causes declining math and reading scores among schoolchildren. Because of the exces-sive time spent watching TV, children are spending less time reading and thinking inde-pendently. Indeed, youngsters are watching a lot of TV an average of nearly four hours a day and about 25 hours a week. Upon entering kindergarten at age 5, a child already has spent more hours watching TV than he or she would spend earning a college degree. By the child’s 18th birthday, more time has been spent watching TV than on any other single activity except sleep. Clever advertising aimed at children certainly influences them. Very young children don’t even distinguish between commercials and programs. Is it fair to show advertising to young children? Many people think that it is not. The US government has yet to control children’s advertising, but Canada imposed a limited ban on commercials aimed at chil dren.
  1. According to the above passage, children often sit in front of TV set for a week in average. A. 16 hours B. 4 hours
-3-
C. 100 hours
  2.
D. 25 hours
From the passage we can infer people are troubled by . A. too much violence on TV B. commercial for food on TV C. children’s poor ability in reading and writing D. all listed above

  3.
Children are easy to be affected by TV. That’s generally because . A. they are young B. they are pure C. they know nothing D. their minds are growing and learning

  4.
Heavy TV viewers among children are likely . A. poor in math B. more creative C. more understanding D. well-read and well-informed 答:
  1. D
  2. D
  3. D
  4. A 解析:
  1.此题为事实理解题。文中第二段可知。
  2.此题为推理判断题。文中可知电视中的暴力、食晶广告影
响孩子们的学习,孩子们读写能力都较差,令人担忧,故判断 D 项。
  3.孩子们易受影响是因为他们的世界观 尚未形成。从最后一段可知。
  4.看电视过多会影响学习。孩子们看电视时间太多了,而不去为取得学位拼搏。 从第三段可知。
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