高考英语经典句型帮你闯过写作和语法关 句型:
  1、as 句型: 引导方式状语从句句型: 按照…… 正如……” ……; (
  1) as 引导方式状语从句句型: 按照……;正如……” “ 例:We do farm work as the old peasant teaches us. As(it is)in your country, we grow wheat in the north and rice in the south. 正如(像) 你们国家一样,我 们北方种植小麦,南方种植水稻。 as+形容词/副词原级+( +(a an) 名词+ (
  2) as+形容词/副词原级+(a /an)+名词+as ; 否定式:not as/so as 例:He is as good a player as his sister. 他和他姐姐一样是位优秀的运动员。 如此……以致于…… ……以致于 (
  3) such + n. + as to do 如此……以致于…… 例:She is such a fool as to believe what he said. 她是一个如此的一个笨蛋以致相信了他所说的话。 如此……以致于…… ……以致于 (
  4) so + adj./adv. + as to do sth 如此……以致于…… 例:He was so strong as to carry the heavy box. 他是如此的强壮以致于能提起那重箱子。 as--……之类的 之类的…… 接名词或定语从句) (
  5) such as 象……之类的…… (接名词或定语从句) 例:He wished to be such a man as Lei Feng was. 他希望成为一个像雷锋这样的人。 名词+ ……一样的 一样的…… (
  6) the same +名词+as 和……一样的…… (接名词或定语从 句) 例:He is not the same man as he used to be 他不是从前 的那样子了。 (
  7) as 引导非限制性定语从句 例:As is known to us, knowledge is power.众所周知,知 识就是力量。 (
  8)引导时间状语从句 引导时间状语从句。 (
  8)引导时间状语从句。与 while 意义相近 例:We get wiser as we get older. 随着我们长大,我们也 变得越来越聪明。 引导原因状语从句, (
  9) 引导原因状语从句,与 because 的用法相近 例:As it was getting very late, we soon turned back. 因为越来越迟了,所以我们不久就回来了。 (
  10) 引导让步状语从句 例:Child as he is, he knows much about science. 尽管他是一个小孩,但他对科学了解得很多。 句型:
  2、prefer 句型: (
  1) prefer to do sth
例:I prefer to stay at home. 我宁愿呆在家里。 (
  2) prefer doing sth 例:I prefer playing in defence. 我喜欢打防守。 (
  3) prefer sb to do sth 例:Would you prefer me to stay? 你愿意我留下来吗? ……宁愿 ...而 宁愿… (
  4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth ……宁愿 …... 而 不愿. 不愿.…". 例句:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out 我宁愿呆在家里而不愿出去. (
  5) prefer doing sth to doing sth 例:I prefer watching football to playing it. 我喜欢看篮球,不喜欢打篮球。 (
  6) prefer sth to sth 例:I prefer tea to coffee. 我要茶不要咖啡。 句型:
  3、when 句型: (
  1) be doing sth when --例:He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in. 他正笑着的时候门突然开了,他妻子走了进来。 (
  2) be about to do sth when --例:We were about to start when it began to rain. 我们刚要出发,天就开始下雨了。 / (
  3) had not done sth when / hardly when --例: He had not fallen asleep when the telephone rang. 他刚要入睡电话就响了。 (
  4) had just done when --例:I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang. 在劳累了一天之后我刚刚就寝,电话铃就响了。 句型:
  4、seem 句型: that (
  1) It +seems + that 从句 例:It seemed that everyone was satisfied. 看来好像每 个人都很满意。 (
  2) It seems to sb that --例:It seems to me that she is right. 我看她是对的, (
  3) There seems to be 例:There seems to be a heavy rain. 看上去要有一场大 雨。
(
  4) It seems as if 例:It seemed that she couldn't come to class.看样子她 不能来上课了。 表示“相差…… 增加了…… 增加到……”句型: ……; ……; ……”句型
  5、表示“相差……;增加了……;增加到……”句型: (
  1) She is taller than I by three inches. 她比我高三英寸 (
  2) There is one year between us. 我们之间相差一岁。 (
  3) She is three years old than I 她比我大三岁。 (
  4) They have increased the price by 50%. 他们把价格上涨 了 50%
  6、what 引导的名词性从句 (
  1) what 引导主语从句 例:What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her. 让我吃惊的是每个人似乎对她都很冷淡. [ indifferent adj.不关心的;冷漠的] (
  2) what 引导宾语从句 例:We can learn what we do not know. 我们能学会我们不 懂的东西。 (
  3) what 引导表语从句 例:That is what I want. 那正是我所要的。 (
  4) what 引导同位语从句 例:I have no idea what they are talking about. 我不知 道他们正在谈论什么. 句型:
  7、too 句型: too..to sth. (
  1) too..to do sth. . 例 : Politics is too important to be left to the politicians. (=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians. ) 政治太重要了,不能由政治家来决定。 (
  2) only too to do sth 例:I shall be only too pleased to get home. 我要回到 家里就非常高兴。 (
  3) too + adj + for sth 例:These shoes are much too small for me. 我穿这双鞋 太小了。 (
  4) too + adj + a + n. 例:This is too difficult a text for me. 这篇课文对我
来说太难了。 +形容词 无论…… ……也不为过 (
  5) can't … too +形容词 无论……也不为过 例:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。 句型:
  8、where 句型: (
  1) where 引导的定语从句 例:This is the house where he lived last year. 这就是 他去年住过的房子。 (
  2) where 引导的状语从句 例:Where there is a will,there is a way.有志者事竟成。 He left his key where he could find.他将钥匙放在易 找到的地方。 I will go where I want to go.我要去我想去的地方。 (
  3) where 引导的表语从句 例:This is where you are wrong. 这正是你错的地方。 注:引导状语从句的 where= 介词+the place where (定语从 句) 例:Go where(ver) you are most needed.到最需要你的 地方去。
  9、wish 句型 (
  1) wish that sb did sth 希望某人现在做某事 例:I wish I were as strong as you. 我希望和你一样强壮。 (
  2) wish that sb had done sth 希望某人过去做某事 例: I wish you had told me earlier 要是你早点告诉我就 好了。 (
  3) wish that sb would/could do sth 希望某人将来做某事 例:I wish you would succeed this time. 我希望你这次会 成功。
  10、 句型:
  10、would rather 句型: rather 宁愿做……而不愿做…… ……而不愿做 (
  1) would rather do sth than do sth 宁愿做……而不愿做…… 例: would rather die than turn against his motherland. She 她宁可死也不去背叛祖国。 (
  2) would rather have done sth 宁愿过去做过某事 例:I would rather have taken his advice. 我宁愿过去 接受他的意见。 (
  3) would rather sb had done sth 宁愿某人过去做过某事 例:I would rather I had passed the examination last week.
我真希望通过上星期的考试 (
  4) would rather sb did sth 宁愿某人现在或将来做某事 例: Who would you rather went with you? 你宁愿谁和你 一起去?
  11、 句型:
  11、before 句型: 某人还没来得及…… (
  1) before sb can/ could … 某人还没来得及…… 例:Before I could get in a word ,he had measured me. 我还没来得及插话,他就给我量好了尺寸 +时间 时间+ 还有多长时间…… (
  2) It will be +时间+ before + 还有多长时间…… 例:It will be 4 years before he graduates. 他还有四年 时间变毕业了。 ……) (
  3) had done some time before (才……) 例:We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land. 我们航行了四天四夜才见到陆地。 不到…… ……就 (
  4) had not done before --不到……就…… 例:We hadn’t run a mile before he felt tired. 我们还没走到一英里路就觉得累了。 +一段时间 一段时间+ 不多久就…… (
  5) It was not +一段时间+ before 不多久就…… 例:It wasn’t two years before he left the country. 还没到两年他们离开了那国家。
  12、强调句型:
  12、强调句型: 被强调部分+that(who) . (
  1) It is /was +被强调部分+that(who). . 例:It was I who wrote to my uncle yesterday. 是我昨天给我叔叔写信的。 (
  2) Is/was it + 被强调部分 + that (who) ... 例:Was it your brother that you met in the street? 在街上你遇见的是你兄弟吗? (
  3) Where/who/what/how 等特殊疑问词 + is/was it that ... 例:How is it that you will go to visit her tomorrow? 明天你究竟怎样去看望她? +谓语动词 (强调谓语) 强调谓语) (
  4) do +谓语动词 例:They do know the place well. 他们的确很熟悉那个地 方。
  13、用于表示过去未实现的希望和计划的句型 的句型:
  13、用于表示过去未实现的希望和计划的句型: (
  1) should like to/ would like to/ would love to have done sth. 例:You should like to have written to your mother.
你本应当给你母亲写信。 sth.( (
  2) was / were going to do sth.(用过去将来时态表示原打 算做什么) 算做什么) 例:Lucy was going to watch a basketball match. Lucy 原打算看一场篮球比赛。 (
  3) was / were going to have done sth. 表示未完成原来的 计划和安排 例:Lily was going to have cleaned her bedroom, but she had no time. Lily 原打算清理她的卧室,但她没时间。 (
  4) expect, intend, hope, mean, plan, promise, suppose, think, want, wish .. want, . 常用过去完成时态,在这些词后接宾语从句或者接不定式的一 般形式; 或者用一般过去时态后面接不定式的完成形式表示过去未曾实 现的愿望 例:She had supposed him to be very rich. 她原以为他很 有钱。 sth.表示过去未曾实现的愿望 表示过去未曾实现的愿望. (
  5) wish that …had done sth.表示过去未曾实现的愿望. 例:I wish he had been here yesterday. 要是他昨天在这 儿就好了。 (
  6) 情态动词 should ,would, could, might, ought to 等后接 不定式的完成时, 不定式的完成时, 表示过去本该做,打算做,想做而未做的事情. 表示过去本该做,打算做,想做而未做的事情. should have done =ought to have done 本应该做而没做 would have done = 本来就会去做某事而没做 could have done = 本可以做某事而没做 might have done 本可以做而没做 例:They ought to have apologized. 他们本该道歉的。
  14、倍数句型:
  14、倍数句型: (
  1)倍数 比较级+than. , 倍数+ (
  1)倍数+比较级+than.. . 例:The room is twice larger than that one.这个房间是 那个房间的两倍大。 There is 30 times greater chance of being hit by lightening than being attacked by a shark. (
  2)倍数 as+原级+as. , 倍数+ (
  2)倍数+as+原级+as.. . 例:The room is three times as large as that one.
这个房间是那个房间的三倍。 (
  3) 倍 数 + the size / height / length / weight / width of. of.. . 例:The room is three times the size of that one. 这个房间是那个房间的 3 倍大。
  15、
  15、 It is that 句型 (
  1) It is + 名词 + 从句 It is a fact/an honour that +陈述语气从句 例:It is a fact that the earth moves around the sun. 地球围绕太阳转是事实。 It is a pity/shame/no wonder that + 虚拟语气从句 例:It is a pity that he should not come. 他若不来可真 是遗憾。 (
  2) It is + 形容词 + 从句 It is natural/important/necessary/strange that + 虚拟 语气从句 例:It is important that enough money be collected to fund the project. 重要的是募集足够的钱,为这个项目提供资金。 It is obvious/apparent/clear that + 陈述语气从句 例:It is clear that she doesn't like the dress at all. 这很清楚她一点儿也不喜欢这条裙子。 (
  3) It + 过去分词 + 从句 It is generally/commonly believed /accepted/thought/held that ... +陈述语气从句 例 : It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. 全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。 It is suggested/ordered/desired/requested/decided that +虚拟语气从句 例句:It is suggested that we should hold a meeting next week. 建议我们下周开上会。
  16、
  16、It + 不及物动词 + 从句 (
  1) It seems that 例:It seems that Alice is not coming to the party at all. 看来 Alice 根本就不准备来参加聚会了。
that...……很偶然. ……很偶然 (
  2) It happened that...……很偶然. 例:It happened that I won the football lottery last week. 我上星期偶然中了足彩 (
  3) It occurred to sb that... 例句:It suddenly occurred to me that I knew how to solve that problem. 我突然想起我知道怎样解决那个问题. (
  4) It appears that.... 例: It appears that Tom might change his mind. 看来 汤姆会改变主意。
  17、比较句型:
  17、比较句型: (
  1)原级比较 原级比较: (
  1)原级比较: 例
 

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