定语从句 用作定语的从句叫定语从句。定语从句所修饰的 名(代)词叫作先行词。定语从句一般紧跟在先 行词的后面。
  1. The students (who don’t study hard) will not pass 先行词 定语从句 the exam. 主句: The students will not pass the exam.
  2. The woman (whom you saw in the park) is our 先行词 定语从句 English teacher. 主句: The woman is our English teacher. 从句的主语: you 从句的宾语: whom

  3. A shoe shop is a shop (which sells shoes). 主句:A shoe shop is a shop. 从句的主语: which
  4. The book (that you want) is on the desk. 主句 The book is on the desk. that 从句的主语: you 从句的宾语: 引导定语从句的关系代词常见的有that, which,who whom等。关系代词放在先行词和定语从句之间, 起连接作用,同时又作定语从句的一个成份。 The man (who told us a funny story) is in the next room. 主语 I lost the book(( that/which ) you gave me). 宾语
归纳:that,即指人又指物,作主语或宾语。 which,指物,作主语或宾语。 who, whom指人,who作主语,whom作宾语。 that,which,whom在定语从句中作宾语时,可省去。
  1) A plane is a machine can fly. which/that which/that/ / /
  2) The car my uncle bought last week was stolen. who
  3) The students don’t study hard will not pass the exam.
  4) The woman you saw in whom/that/ / / the park is our English teacher.
  5) He talked happily about the men and books that interested him greatly in the school.

  1. That book that you want it is on the desk.
  2. Is this factory that we visited last week? the one This factory is the one that we visited last week?
  3. He is the person for whom you are looking.
  4. The person to whom you talked is Lily. The person whom you talked to is Lily. 归纳:1定语从句要避免成分重复 2定语从句要避免漏用先行词 3含有介词的短语动词一般不拆开 for
Join two sentences into one: The boy is my brother. He helped me.
  1. The boy who helped me is my brother. The film is interesting. They saw it last night.
  2. The film they saw last night is interesting. The students will not pass the exam. They don’t work hard.
  3.The students who don’t work hard will not pass the exam.
Fill in the blanks. that/which
  1. I still remember the day we spent in the forest. when/on which
  2. I still remember the day I first came to Beijing.
  3. The factory we will visit is large. that/which where
  4. The factory his father works is large. when/at which
  5. I’ll never forget the time we work on the farm. where/in which
  6. This is the house we lived last year. 归纳:关系副词when指时间,关系副词where指地点, 在定语从句中作状语。即使先行词是时间地点,若 作从句中的宾语,只能用关系代词that, which.
Fill in the gaps:
  1.The terrible typhoon killed the people and cattle were in the fields. that that
  2.The wind blew down the tallest tree is in front of our school gate.
  3.This is the very thing I was looking for. that// that//
  4.This is the second novel I have ever read.
  5.There is nothing in the world can frighten that me. that
  6.Who is the man is reading under the tree?
  7.My hometown is not the same one it used that to be twenty years ago.
以下情况只能用that 1 先行词既有指人又有指物 2 当先行词前有序数词或形容词最高级时,有the only,the very 等修饰时 3 先行词是all, much, anything, something, nothing 等不定代词 4 主句是以who/which开头的特殊疑问句时 5当先行词在定语从句中作表语时
Corrections:
  1. The man just said hello to me is my chemistry teacher. who
  2. Who is the comrade you just shook hands with him.
  3. Egypt is a country where is famous for its pyramids. ( where which)
  4. This is the best dictionary which I have ever used. ( which that)
  5. The house where we live in is not very large. ( where which/that)
  6. The house that it was built in 1970 stayed up in the earthquake.
“介词+关系代词”即“介词+whom/which”引 导定语从句应注意: 1介词的选用至少要考虑以下的两个因素 A.与先行词的搭配关系 on which
  1)I will never forget the day I joined the army. during which
  2) I will never forget the days I worked in the school. in which
  3) I will never forget the year my son went to college. by which
  4) I got home at 7:00 p.m. yesterday, most people had had supper.
B. 与谓语动词的搭配习惯 for which
  1)Have you found the book I paid 29 US dollars? on which
  2) Have you found the book I spent 29 US dollars? from which
  3) Have you found the book we learnt a lot? about which
  4) Have you found the book she often talks?

  2. “介词+whom/which”与 “whom/which/that/… +介词”的转换。
  1)The chair on which she is sitting is made of wood. The chair (which/that) she is sitting on is made of wood.
  2) Is this the book which you are looking for? 介词for不能与 look分开。
  3. way作先行词
  1) The way (in which/that) he looks at the problems is wrong.

  4. 表所有关系及整体中的一部分或全部时,用介 词of, 有时可用whose转换。 of whom
  1) There are 100 teachers in our school, 60 are women teachers. of whom
  2) He has three children, two work as teachers. of which
  3) That table has four legs, all are very short. of which
  4) I’m painting a house, the roof is round. I’m painting a house whose roof is...
  5) They live in a house , windows face whose They live in a house, the windows south. of which face south.
用介词+关系代词填空 through whose 1 The boy was staying in the room window he could climb down.
  2. He’s the man I learnt the news. from whom with whom
  3. Who’s the comrade you just shook hands. of whom
  4. There are 52 students in our class, nearly 40 are League members.
  5. I know a lady the husband is a of whom Nobel Prize winner.
  6. Do you know the driver who caused the traffic in which accident a man was killed. in which
  7. This is the way she studies English.
for which
  8. The 5 yuan he bought the book was given by his friend. of which
  9. The story about Shakespeare, this is one example , is well written.
  10. The old man always wears his glasses without which he can’t see anything. with which
  11.The key she was opening the door broke.
  12. The library we often go on Sundays to which is not far from our school. for which
  13. No one know the reason she is leaving so early. over which
  14. At last they came to a river a new bridge is being built.
关系代词引导的定语从句: Complete the following sentences: (that/which)
  1. Is this the school you visited last year? the one Is this school you visited last year? are
  2. He is one of the students who good at maths. is He is the only one of the students who good at maths. who
  3. The girl I think was honest lied to me. whom The girl I think to be honest lied to me. what
  4. China is no longer she was 10 years ago. that China is no longer the country she was 10 years ago.
限定性定语从句是先行词不可缺少的定语。 限定性定语从句是先行词不可缺少的定语。如 是先行词不可缺少的定语 果省去,主句的意思就会不完整或不明确。 果省去,主句的意思就会不完整或不明确 非限定性定语从句只是对先行词附加说明。 非限定性定语从句只是对先行词附加说明。如 只是对先行词附加说明 果省去,主句的意思仍然清楚。用逗号隔开。 果省去,主句的意思仍然清楚。用逗号隔开。 The city where I was born is beautiful. Beijing, where I was born, is beautiful. People who speak English work there. John, who speaks English, works there.
? The table in the sitting room, was given to them as a gift, is very expensive. ? She was always speaking highly of her role in the play, made the others unhappy. ? He failed his math exam, made his parents very angry.

  1.His brother, is eighteen years old, is PLA man.
  2.His brother is eighteen years old is PLA man.
  3.All the books here, have beautiful pictures in them, were written by him.
  4.All the books here have pictures in them were written by him.
As
  1. As 引导一个非限定性定语从句。放 引导一个非限定性定语从句。 在句首,句中或句末 句中或句末。 在句首 句中或句末。
As you know, he is from the USA. John, as you know, is from the USA. He is from the USA, as is known to all.

  2.The same…as… such….as…. 引导一个限定性定语从句, 引导一个限定性定语从句, 样的人或物” 表示 “像….样的人或物” 样的人或物 ? I will buy the same coat as you bought. ?They used the same machine as we did. ? I have never seen such a book as you talked about.
It is the same pen as I lost yesterday . It is the same pen that I lost yesterday.

  5. The radio I bought yesterday is quite different from the one you bought last month. The radio I bought yesterday is quite different from what you bought last month. in which
  6. Do you still remember the hotel we lived last summer holiday? (that/which) Do you still remember the park we visited last summer holiday? (which/that)
  7. This is the room my grandmother used to lived in. which This is the room in my grandmother used to lived .
them
  8. He has two sons, and both of work as actors. whom He has two sons, both of work as actors. of
  9.China has hundreds of islands, which Taiwan is the largest. of China has hundreds of islands, the largest is Taiwan. which of
  10.This is the house which the window was broken yesterday. whose This is the house window was broken yesterday.
  11.He is the teacher help we have with whose made great progress.
对比
? October 1st is the day we B.that Chinese people will never forget. ? October 1st is the day the A. when People’s Republic of China was founded. A. when B. that C. about which D. at which
Is this the factory A. where the newest cars can be made? ? Is this the factory you visited B. which last year? ? Is this factory you visited last C. the one year? A. where B. which C. the one D. whose ?
where This is the factory he used to work. in which This is the factory he used to work. This is the farm I helped my father. where This is the farm I helped my father. on which Tom works in the school my father where works as the headmaster. in which ? Tom works in the school my father works as the headmaster. ? ? ? ? ?
where
? ? ? This is the college ? ?
where he works. which he works at. that he works at he works at at which he works
? ? ? ?
July is the day he was born. July 3rd is the day he was born. on which when We went out on the day it was cold. We went out on the day it was on which cold. when ? I will remember the holiday we visited Hainan. during which ? I will remember the holiday we visited Hainan.
3rd
when when
when he was born on which he was born which he was born on The day was Aug.20,19
  52. that he was born on he was born on
 

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