The Attributive Clause
基本概念
定语从句:是指在复合句中, 定语从句:是指在复合句中, 的从句. 修饰名词或 代词的从句. 被定语从句所修饰的名词或代 词叫做“ 词叫做“先行词 ”. 引导定语从句的词叫“ 引导定语从句的词叫“关系词 ”
Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.
Join the following sentences
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.
A plane is a machine the machine
can fly.
Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.
A plane is a machine that /which can fly.
Join the following sentences
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl we saw her yesterday is Mary.
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday. her The girl we saw yesterday is Mary.
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday. her The girl we saw
yesterday is Mary.
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday. her we saw
The girl
yesterday is Mary.
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday. her The girl we saw yesterday is Mary.
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her we saw
yesterday is Mary.
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her is Mary.
we saw
yesterday
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl is Mary.
that/whom
we saw yesterday
关系词
that which who whom whose when where why
功能
主语、宾语、 主语、宾语、表语 主语/ 主语/宾语 主语/ 主语/宾语 宾语 定语 时间状语 地点状语 原因状语
指代(先行词) 指代(先行词)
物/ 人 物 人 人 人/ 物 on/in/at+which on/in at/+which for+which

  1.关系代词 that,which,who,whom引 关系代词 引 导的定语从句
that/which
  1.A book store is a store sells books. that/which
  2.The fish we bought this morning were not fresh. who
  3.The boy broke the window is called Tom. whom/that
  4.Eve is a figure in the Bible God created.

  2.由关系代词 由关系代词whose引导的定语从句 由关系代词 引导的定语从句
whose
  1.The room window faces south is mine. whose
  2.This is the singer name is known to us all. whose
  3.He has written a book name I’ve forgotten. =He has written a book the name of which I’ve forgotten. that =He has written a book I’ve forgotten the name of. which =He has written a book of I’ve forgotten the name.

  3.由关系副词 由关系副词when,where,why引导的 由关系副词 引导的 定语从句。 定语从句。

  1.She still remember the day when/on which she was attacked by a bear.
  2.This is the place where/in which we said goodbye. why/for which
  3.The reason he was late for school was that his mother was ill. (when)
  4.That was the year I first went abroad. (in which/that)
  5.This is the way I did it.

  4.限定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句 限定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句

  1) 限定性定语从句是先行词意义上不可缺少的定 语,如果去掉,主句的意思就不完整或失去意 义,写时不用逗号分开。
  2) 非限定性定语从句和主句的关系不十分密切, 只是对先行词作些付加说明,如果去掉,主句 的意思仍然清楚。主从句之间用逗号分开。
限定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句
定语从句 意义 译法 省略 关系词 限定性定 是主句不 译为“… 关系词作 无限定 语从句 可缺少的 的”字结 宾语时可 部分 构 以省略 非限定性 对先行词 译为两个 关系词不 一般不用 定语从句 作付加说 简单句 可省略 that引 明 导 Eg: Beijing is a city (that) I wanted to visit. Beijing,which is the capital of China,has a very long history.
Example:

  1.She is the doctor (whom) we met yesterday.
  2.He has a brother,who is 18 years old.
  3.We study in Luotian No.1 school,which is a key senior high school.
  4.The photos,which were taken in Beijing have been found by LI Hua.
  4.He wears no clothes which will distinguish him from others.
Correct the mistakes
-
  1.Under the big tree are 34 students,many of ??? come from class them two. whom
  2. My mother has a good book, which cover looks terrible. whose ???
  3. This is the red pen, that you gave it ?? \ which to me before. it \
  4. There is an old woman, that is holding a stick. who
Discover useful structures (P
  4)
Training

  1.Underline the sentences with attributive clauses.

  1.This gift was the Amber Room,which was given this name because several tons of amber were used to make it.
  2.The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow?brown colour like honey.
  3.It was also a treasure decorated with gold and jewels,which took the country’s best artists about ten years to make.
  4.However,the next King of Prussia,Frederick William I,to whom the amber room belonged,decided to keep it.
  5.Later,Catherine II had the Amber Room moved to a palace outside St Petersburg where she spent her summers.

  6.In 1770 the room was completed the way she wanted.
  7.This was a time when the two countries were at war.
  8.There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for Konigsberg,which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea.
  9.In 2003 it was ready for the people of St Petersburg when they celebrated the 300th birthdayof their city.

  3.Join the pairs of sentences using attributive clauses(restrictive or nonrestrictive
who
  1.Here are the farmers discovered the underground city last month.
  2.Hangzhou is a famous city in China,in which many people come to buy tea. why
  3.I don’t know the reason she got so angry.
  4.The old man, you are talking to ,saw who some Germans taking apart the Amber room and removing it. when
  5.The woman remembered the day she saw Nazis burying sth near her home.
which
  6.St Petersgurg is a very beautful city, once called Leninggrad. who
  7.I remember the soldier told me not to tell anyone what I had seen.
  8.The soldiers moved the boxes to a mine, where they wanted to hide them. whose
  9.Xi’an is one of the few cities walls remain as good as before. whose
  10.Shanxi Province is a place cultural relics are well looked after.

  4.Complete them by adding Attributive Clauses.
whose boy studied in a key university
  1.The mother was very proud. who discovered a piece of amber
  2.The man was a farmer. which was decorated with jewels
  3.The wooden box Was made a long time ago. where she can
  4.Celia loves to go to the museums learn about Chinese history . which was drawn by a famous artist
  5.The painting Was very valuable.
  6.Every year a large number of tourists come to visit the State Apartments of Windsor Castle . which is very beautiful
when we get together to celebrate
  7.There are times . that I couldn’t remember
  8.He said something else .
  9.It’s one of the few places . where he often visited it /which is known for its good food .
  10.The last time I went to Hainan was in March . when the weather was warm and sunny
Home work

  1.Correct the mistakes.(workbookP
  43)
  2.Review:Grammar(P
  85)
See You !

  5.仅用 仅用that的情况 仅用 的情况

  1) )
that
  1.Nothing can be done has been done. that
  2.Do you have anything you 先行词是everything, 先行词是everything, nothing, anything, don’t understand ?
none等不定代词 等不定代词, something, much, little, none等不定代词,引 导定语从句用that 导定语从句用that
仅用that的情况 的情况 仅用

  2) )

  1.This is the best TV is that made in China. that
  2.The first museum he visited in China was the History 先行词被形容词最高级 Museum.
或序数词修饰时,引导 定语从句用that 。
仅用that的情况 的情况 仅用
(
  3)
I’ve read all the books that you lent me.
先行词被any, 先行词被any, some, no, much, few, little, every, all, 修饰时, very, only, last 修饰时,引导 定语从句用that 定语从句用that 。
仅用that的情况 的情况 仅用
(
  4)

  1.The famous writer and his that works the radio broadcast have aroused great interest among the students.
  2.A victim is a person, animal that or thing suffers pain, death, harm, etc. 先行词中既有人又有事物时, 先行词中既有人又有事物时,
引导定语从句用that 引导定语从句用that .
仅用that的情况 的情况 仅用
(
  5)
that
  1.Who you have ever seen can do it better ?
Who做先行词时, Who做先行词时, 做先行词时 引导定语从句用 that

  6.如何判断介词 如何判断介词

  1)、看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配 )、看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配 )、
This is the book which you asked for
The old man whom I am looking after is better .
如何判断介词

  2)、看定语从句中形容词与介 )、看定语从句中形容词与介 )、 词的搭配
He referred me to some reference books which I am not very with familiar.
如何判断介词

  3)、根据先行词判断,所用的介词与先行词 搭 )、根据先行词判断, )、根据先行词判断 配
This is our classroom , in the front of which there is a teacher’s desk.
Fill in the blanks
which
  1.Her bag ,in she put all her money, has been stolen. which
  2.This is the ring on she spent 1000 dollars. whom
  3.Xiao Wang ,with I went to the concert, enjoy,指事物much. it very 在介词后面, 在介词后面
用which,指人用whom which,指人用whom
定语从句介词用法总结: 定语从句介词用法总结: “介词 关系代词”引导的定语从句,关系代 介词+关系代词 引导的定语从句, 介词 关系代词” 词只能用which和whom,且不能省略。介 词只能用 和 ,且不能省略。 词主要根据三个方面来选择: 词主要根据三个方面来选择:一是先行词与 介词的搭配; 介词的搭配;二是定语从句中谓语动词或形 容词与介词的搭配;三是根据“介词+关系 容词与介词的搭配;三是根据“介词+关系 代词”在从句中的作用及意义。 代词”在从句中的作用及意义。
用适当的介词补充完整下列定语从句。 用适当的介词补充完整下列定语从句。 on
  1. I disagree with the facts which your argument is based.
  2. The song, which he was in interested, will never be heard again.
  3. This is the reason which he often for comes to school late. in
  4. I will never forget the way which my teacher taught me. of
  5. This is the hero whom we are proud.

  6. I want to find the very pen which with I wrote that letter. of
  7. They are the students whom our teachers are thinking highly.
  8. It is important to choose good friends with whom you can share your feelings and thoughts.
  9. It will not be necessary to name the person whom the card belongs. to
  10. I would always like to do business with those peopleon / upon whom I can rely.
Correct the sentences:

  1. I’m using the pen which he bought it yesterday. to
  2. The man whom I spoke is from ∧ Canada.
  3. July 1,1999 is the day when that we’ll never forget.
Correct the sentences:

  4. I’m going to work in the hospital where needs me. which
  5. Those that haven’t been to the West Lake will gather at the school gate.
who
Correct the sentences:
  6.This is the last time when I’ve given you lessons. that
  7. The reason which he explained it sounds reasonable. why
Correct the sentences:

  8. Miss Chen is the only one of the few teachers who give us wonderful English lessons in our school. gives
Correct the sentences:

  9. Taiwan, that we know, belongs to China. as
  10.The bike by which I travelled was his.
on
Thank you
 

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