教学目标:让同学们了解人体的五个感官并讨论与之相关的问题。 教学目标:让同学们了解人体的五个感官并讨论与之相关的问题。 教学过程: 导入 首先展示英国前首相布莱尔的一副肖像, 导入: 教学过程:
  1.导入:首先展示英国前首相布莱尔的一副肖像,相信同学们都会认 识,并以此引出布莱尔政府之中的一位盲人大臣戴维。在此,我们 并以此引出布莱尔政府之中的一位盲人大臣戴维。在此, 可以让同学们闭上眼睛,假如你失明了,请谈谈感受。 可以让同学们闭上眼睛,假如你失明了,请谈谈感受。
  2.亮出标题,告诉同学们今天我们要谈到人的感官,请同学们说出人 亮出标题,告诉同学们今天我们要谈到人的感官, 亮出标题 的感官。 的感官。
  3.试问同学对感官了解有多少,进入课本当中的简短介绍,请同学 试问同学对感官了解有多少,进入课本当中的简短介绍, 试问同学对感官了解有多少 回答相应的问题。 回答相应的问题。
  4.告诉同学们各个感官之间相互依存,缺一不可。但是即使人拥有 告诉同学们各个感官之间相互依存,缺一不可。 告诉同学们各个感官之间相互依存 健全的五官,有时也会有不准确的判断,请同学看图答题。 健全的五官,有时也会有不准确的判断,请同学看图答题。
  5.讨论:什么造成了判断的失误。 讨论:什么造成了判断的失误。 讨论
  6. 进一步讨论:感官健全的人一定比感官有缺失的人在生活中有优 进一步讨论: 势吗?此问题将同学导入至下一节阅读部分。 势吗?此问题将同学导入至下一节阅读部分。
Unit 1 The world of our senses Welcome to the unit
Fill in the table
We do
see hear taste smell
with
eyes
the sense
sight
ears tongue nose
hearing taste smell
touch/feel hands/feet/skin touch
戴维?布伦基特 戴维 布伦基特 David Blunkett a British Labour Party politician
Read the short passage on P1, Read and short passage on the answer the page 1 following two questions.
Q1: Do you know how blind people can read?
They can read by touching raised dots which represent numbers and letters. This system is called Braille.
Q2: How do the deaf communicate with each other?
They use sign language.
Look at the following pictures and answer the question for each picture.
What do you see in the picture?
Move or not?
How many people can you see in the picture?
Of course we can see an old man. Look more carefully! What else can you see?
Look at the four pictures and answer the question below each picture. Picture 1 : What can you see in this picture?
If we look at the white part, we can see a vase. If we look at the black part, we can see two faces.
Look at the four pictures and answer the question below each picture.
Picture 2: How would you judge the length of the two lines?
We can use a ruler to measure the two lines. Or we can use two pieces of paper to cover both ends of the two lines.
Look at the four pictures and answer the question below each picture. Picture 3: How can you prove that the two lines are straight?
We can place a ruler next to the line. We can also use a ruler to draw more straight lines which run parallel (平行)to the two lines.
Look at the four pictures and answer the question below each picture. Picture 4: Can the symbols be read in only one way?
The symbols in line b can be read as the letters K, B, R, M, or K, 13, R, M.
Sometimes senses may cheat us and they may affect one another.
Discussion
? Why are people misled by their own sense? ? Because the background or other lines confuse the eyes. What we expect to see can change what we see. ? Because the brain is actually confused and not the eyes.
Fill in the blanks with words that have something to do with “senses”. noticed When he got there, he that there was a dark hole. He into it, but could looked see nothing. He with his ears, he listened sensed could hear nothing, either. He it felt/touched for a long time. He something watched strange. He the side of the hole. It hot. Suddenly some noises were felt heard sounded from the hole. It like someone was cooking inside.
Language points:
  1. sense n. 感觉;意义,道理 感觉;意义, the sense of touch / smell / taste / sight / hearing(感觉) (感觉) Dogs have a keen sense of smell. (嗅觉灵敏 嗅觉灵敏) 嗅觉灵敏 That man has no sense of shame.(没耻辱感) (没耻辱感) The words have many senses.(意义) (意义) vt. 感觉到 The dog sensed something strange and stopped.(=smell) ( ) I have sensed my mistake. (=recognize) ) The dog sensed that I was afraid. (=feel) ) make sense 有意义,有道理,明智 有意义,有道理, ? His idea doesn’t make any sense. make sense of 了解,理解,懂得 了解,理解, ? Can you make sense of the poem?

  2. one another \ each other 彼此,互相 彼此, one another (three or more) 指三者或三者以上(所有格 指三者或三者以上( one another‘s) ) each other (two) 指两者(所有格 指两者(所有格each other‘s) ) ? The two brothers always fight against each other. ? They looked into one another’s eyes for a silent moment. ? They stood there looking at one another. (three or more) ? They stood there looking at each other. (two)

  3. affect vt. (=have an effect / influence on) effect n. [C] ? Smoking affects health. ? The new policy has affected the price of coal.

  4. as well as a.用于本义,可视为 结构与well的自然搭配,其意为“与……一样好”, 的自然搭配, 一样好” .用于本义,可视为as…as 结构与 的自然搭配 其意为“ 一样好 在否定句中可用not so well as代替 代替not as well as。如: 在否定句中可用 代替 。 He speaks English as well as she. . 他说英语说得跟她一样好。 他说英语说得跟她一样好。 She plays every bit as well as the men. . 她打得一点不比男人们差。 她打得一点不比男人们差。 He doesn’t play half so well as his sister. . 他演奏的水平不及他姐姐的一半。 他演奏的水平不及他姐姐的一半。 He sings as well as.if not better than,Mary. . , . 他要是唱歌不比玛丽唱得更好,但至少也是一样好。 他要是唱歌不比玛丽唱得更好,但至少也是一样好。 b. 用于引申义,表示“不但 用于引申义,表示“不但……而且”“既是 而且”“既是……也是”“而且”“还”。如: 也是”“而且”“ 而且”“既是 也是”“而且”“还 He grows flowers as well as vegetables.他既种菜也种花。 .他既种菜也种花。 She shares (in) my troubles as well as my joys.她与我同甘共苦。 .她与我同甘共苦。 They have a flat in town as well as in the Country. . 他们在城里有一套公寓,在乡村还有一所房子。 他们在城里有一套公寓,在乡村还有一所房子。 c. 有时还可译为“除……之外,还”,与besides,in addition to的用法相似。如: 有时还可译为“ 之外, 的用法相似。 之外 , 的用法相似 As well as learning to swim he has been taking Spanish lessons this summer. 今年夏天,他除了学习游泳外,他还在上西班牙语课。 今年夏天,他除了学习游泳外,他还在上西班牙语课。
注意: 注意: a. 当as well as连接两个成分作主语时,其后谓语的单复数形式通常 连接两个成分作主语时, 连接两个成分作主语时 要与前面一个主语保持一致。 要与前面一个主语保持一致。如: ? Tom as well as his parents is going to London.汤姆和他的父 . 母要去伦敦。 母要去伦敦。 ? The captain,as well as the other players,was tired.队长和 , , . 其他队员都累了。 其他队员都累了。 b. as well as连接两个并列谓语时,用平行结构。如: 连接两个并列谓语时, 连接两个并列谓语时 用平行结构。 ? Students should pursue their own interests, as well as do their school work. . 学生不仅应该要做好家庭作业,而且还要有自己的兴趣。 学生不仅应该要做好家庭作业,而且还要有自己的兴趣。 c. 如果 Well as是连接两个不定式,其后用不带 的不定式。如: 如果as 是连接两个不定式, 的不定式。 是连接两个不定式 其后用不带to的不定式 ? A museum should aim to entertain as well as educate. . 博物馆不仅要具有教育性还且还要具有娱乐性。 博物馆不仅要具有教育性还且还要具有娱乐性。 ? We cannot expect her to do the homework as well as look after the children. . 我们不能指望她既做作业又照看孩子。 我们不能指望她既做作业又照看孩子。
as well a. 相当于 in addition to 或 too,表示“也;还” ,表示“ ? I’m going to London and my sister is coming as well. b. 倒不如 ; 还是 的好 倒不如…; 还是…的好 ? The weather was so bad we might as well have stayed at home. ? The piano in the other shop may be cheaper, but not as well. c. (it’s) just as well (口语)幸亏;没关系 口语)幸亏; ? We were too late to see the film. Just as well. I hear it isn’t very good.

  5. fail vi. (健康,视力 衰退 健康, 衰退=become weak 健康 视力)衰退 ? Her eyesight is failing. ? one’s failing health某人恶化的健康状况 某人恶化的健康状况 vt. 使失望 ? fail sb. 辜负某人 ? We can count on him. He won't fail us. 我们可以指望他,他不会使我们失望的。 我们可以指望他,他不会使我们失望的。

  6. even if/though 即使 as if/though 好像 ? I like her, even though he can be rough at times. ? Even if he had been here, I should have said the same thing. ? Even if invited, he won’t go to the party.

  7. confuse vt. 使糊涂,使迷惑 使糊涂, ? confuse sb. 使某人糊涂 ? confuse A and/with B 把……混淆 混淆 ? confused adj. 困惑的,糊涂的 困惑的, ? confusing adj. 令人困惑的,含糊不清的 令人困惑的, confusing ? It was a very situation. confused ? He was in a state of mind. 他心里充满困惑。 他心里充满困惑。

  8. achievement n. [C] [U]成绩,成就 成绩, 成绩 achieve vt. 达到;实现 达到; On the drive test he achieved a speed of over 200mph.试驾时,他的车速达到每小时200多英里。 achieve success 取得成功 All you’ve achieved is to upset me. 你唯一做到的事 是让我难过。 make an achievement in 取得成就 a sense of achievement (=a feeling of pride) 成就感
 

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