高中英语任务型阅读训练
宜兴市高中英语中心组
训 练 一
(供稿:省宜兴中学 芮旭军) 1 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后图表中的空格里填上最恰当的单词。 注意:每空不超过 3 个单词。 Countries also use animals as symbols. From eagles to lions, many countries use an animal to show its national spirit and character. The image of an eagle is on the US President's flag, and on the one-dollar bill. The bald eagle is a large, powerful, brown bird with a white head and tail. The US declared that the eagle was its national bird in 17
  82. It was chosen because of "its long life, great strength, and noble looks". But, one of the Founding Fathers, Benjamin Franklin didn't agree with the choice. "The bald eagle...is a bird of bad moral character; like those among men who live by robbing" he argued. Franklin wanted the turkey as the country's national bird. If Americans chose their national symbol deliberately(人为地), the symbol of England arose out of history. King Henry I (1068-11
  35) was a brave warrior but also wise. He was the first English King to use a lion as a royal symbol, which is popularly known as the "king of the jungle". By the year Richard I, known as "The Lion Heart" for his bravery, came to the throne in 1189, the famous Three Lions badge had been formed. Now it can be seen on the shirts of England's sports teams. Everyone knows about the Australian kangaroo. Legend has it that the kangaroo gets its name from an early meeting between local aborigines and white settlers. When asked by the Europeans what these strange-looking animals were, a native replied "kangaroo" meaning, "I don't understand you." The kangaroo is an individualistic animal. Although it does gather in groups, the kangaroo is not a herd animal. If a group is attacked, individuals run off in different directions. Australians think the kangaroo represents positive values, such as individual responsibility and pride. Animals Showing National Spirit and Character ( 1 ) Eagle Country ( 3 ) Features ( 5 ) Why chosen / considered so ( 7 ) Great strength Powerful ( 8 ) ( 2 ) Kangaroo England ( 4 ) ( 6 ) Individualistic ( 9 ) Known as “king of the jungle” Typical to the land (
  10)
2 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后图表中的空格里填上最恰当的单词。
1
注意:每空不超过 3 个单词。 Have you ever been frustrated (沮丧的) when left talking to yourself after your mobile phone battery runs out in the middle of a call? If yes, then here comes some good news. Scientists are now perfecting a way to recharge (充 电) electrical equipment while on the move. Researchers from the Netherlands, France and Portugal announced last week that they have developed very thin solar panels (太阳能板) that can be put on clothes. They can also be added to furniture and rooftops. They change light from the sun into electricity. In about three years, you'll be able to wear a jacket that will recharge your phone as you walk. For camping fans, the development could lead to a tent which charges batteries all day so you can have light or music at night. The basic technology of wearable solar panels is the same as that used for conventional (传统 的) solar panels. Pairs of sheets of semi-conducting silicon (半导体硅) are linked together to form the panel. But scientists made them much thinner by using different silicon. At one micro-metre, they are the same thickness as photographic film. "This technology will make it easier for people to use clean energy sources," said Gerrit Kroesen, a physicist in the Netherlands who led the team of scientists. But the thin panels are not as efficient as the thicker ones. While some solar panels now operate at an efficiency of about 20 per cent, the new flexible (柔韧的) panels are only 7 per cent efficient. But the scientists believe that this is worth accepting for a stronger and more useful panel. But the thinner panel is cheaper. An A4 sized panel put onto the back of a jacket costs less than US$
  13. It could charge a cellphone during a summer walk in the countryside. As long as you stay within range of the transmitting masts (发射天线) that relay a call to the networks, phones will never again run out of power. New Way to Recharge Electrical Equipment New invention ( 2 ) Basic material Development in technology ( 6 ) Where to fix ( 1 ) Change light from the sun into electricity ( 3 ) ( 4 ) ( 5 ) Easier to use clean energy sources Cheaper ( 7 ) ( 8 ) Rooftops ( 9 ) Netherlands France Portugal Country of the leading researcher (
  10)
2
3 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后图表中的空格里填上最恰当的单词。 注意:每空不超过 3 个单词。 Events such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, and tornadoes are all natural disasters. They are mostly related to the weather. Some are predictable like a hurricane. Some, like an earthquake, surprise us. It is necessary for us to learn about them, so we can be prepared! Flooding happens during heavy rains, when rivers overflow, when ocean waves come onshore, when snow melts too fast or when dams or banks break. Flooding is the most common of all natural disasters. Hurricanes are severe tropical storms that form in the southern Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and in the Pacific Ocean. Hurricanes gather heat and energy through contact with warm ocean waters. Evaporation from the seawater increases their power. Hurricanes have winds at least 74 miles per hour. When they come onto land, the heavy rain, strong winds and heavy waves can damage buildings, trees and cars. Tornadoes are nature’s most violent storms. Tornadoes must always be taken seriously. Tornadoes can be very dangerous sometimes even deadly. They come from powerful thunderstorms and appear as moving. Tornado winds can reach 300 miles per hour. They cause damage when they land the ground. They can damage an area one mile wide and 50 miles long. While thunder won't hurt you lightning will! So it's important to pay attention when you hear thunder. Thunderstorms happen mostly in summer and every thunderstorm has lightning. Lightning can strike people and buildings, which is very dangerous. Thunderstorms affect small areas when compared with hurricanes and winter storms. The typical thunderstorm is 15 miles in diameter and lasts an average of 30 minutes. A volcano is a mountain with a large opening at the top through which melting rock, steam, gases escape from time to time with violent force from inside the earth. When pressure increases, eruptions occur. Gases and rock shoot up through the opening fill the air with small pieces. Eruptions can cause lava flows, hot ash flows, mudslides, falling ash and floods, which is likely to knock down entire forests, cause floods and earthquakes. Fresh volcanic ash can cause damage to the lungs of older people, babies and people with respiratory problems. Terrible Natural Disasters ( 1 ) Flooding Reasons Heavy rains ( 4 ) Snow melts Dams or banks breaks ( 2 ) ( 5 ) Strong wind at least 74 miles per hour Heavy waves Buildings ( 7 ) Basic features The most common Possible damage to
3
Tornadoes
Wind 300 miles per hour ( 6 ) Lightning Pressure inside Earth Gases and rock shoot up Cause floods earthquakes and
8
Thunder ( 3 )
( 9 ) (
  10) The people’s health
4 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后图表中的空格里填上最恰当的单词。 注意:每空不超过 3 个单词。 There are two basic ways to see growth: one as a product, the other as a process. People have generally viewed personal growth as an external (外在的) result or a product that can easily be identified and measured.The worker who gets a rise, the student whose grades improve, the foreigner who learns a new language?all these examples of people who have measurable results to show for their efforts. By contrast (对照) , the process of personal growth is much more difficult to determine, since it is a journey and not the specific signposts or landmarks along the way.The process is not the road itself, but the attitudes, feelings people have , and their caution or courage, as they meet with new experiences and unexpected difficulties.In this process, the journey never really ends; there are always new ways to experience the world, new ideas to try, new challenges to accept. In order to grow, to travel new roads, people need to have a willingness to take risks, to face the unknown, and to accept the possibility that they may “fail” at first.How we see ourselves as we try a new way of being is necessary for our ability to grow.Do we see ourselves as quick and curious? If so, we tend to take more chances and be more open to unfamiliar experiences.Do we think we’re shy and indecisive? Then our sense of fear can cause us to hesitate, to move slowly, and we think we are slow to adapt (适应) change or that we’re not smart enough to deal with a new challenge.Then we are likely to take a more passive role or not try at all. These feelings of insecurity (不安全) and self-doubt are both unavoidable and necessary if we are to change and grow.If we protect ourselves too much, then we stop growing.We become trapped inside a shell of our own making. Title ( 1 )?Product or Process Product: easily identified ( 2 ) and ●The workers ( 4 ) ●The students improve ( 5 ) ●The foreigners learns new languages ●the attitudes, feelings people have ●( 6 ) ●experience the world ( 7 ) ●try new ideas ●accept ( 8 ) ●a willingness to ( 9 ) ●face the unknown
4
Process: ●( 3 ) to determine ●never really ends
●accept the possibility that they may “fail” ●tend to take more chances and be more open to (
  10) 5 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后图表中的空格里填上最恰当的单词。 Bored at school now? How do you think it will look in the future? Last week, about 600 teenagers in the U.S. imagined a future changed by technology in which their lessons are taught by robots and they learn about celebrities and alien languages. According to a survey published last week by the U.S. Internet service provider American Online( AOL), only one in 100 thinks that in the future they will walk from home to school; the rest believe they will use jet packs, and hover boards( 滑板) as everyday transport. All the participants of the survey are teenagers born into the Internet age. The study is to show how the first cyber generation dream about a future life created by advanced technology. Most believe there will still be schools to go to, but that technology will play an increasingly important role in learning. The 600 teens surveyed think there will still be teachers, but 37 percent imagine them to be robots. Some 24 percent believe that teachers will still be human but they will have inter-changeable microchips so that one person can teach all subjects. More than one in two believe hover boarding will be popular, while one-third say that wearing rocket boots will be their favorite activity. Another third think jet packs will be popular. Nearly 30 percent think playing football and bike-riding will remain popular. When it comes to the curriculum, they think future generations will be learning about robot building( 63 percent), alien languages( 47 percent) celebrities( 26 percent) and R’n’B music( 22 percent). Children will wear virtual reality helmets to bring lessons to life, say 40 percent, while over 20 percent believe they will not need lessons because microchips implanted in their head will send relevant information into the brain. Matt Whyman, adviser to the chief medical officer on youth issues of AOL, said: “ The kids seem very aware of the liberation qualities of technology.” Title ( 1 )school Changes in the way of ( 2 ) traveling Changes in the way of ( 3 ) At present, most students walk to school. In the future, students will use jet packs, and hover boards. In the future, robots will ( 4 ) as teachers and human teachers should be ( 5 ) with inter-changeable microchips so that one person can teach all subjects. Virtual reality helmets can bring ( 7 ) lessons to them and with the help of microchips implanted in their head, they will not need lessons. Most students will ( 9 ) hover boarding, wearing rocket boots and jet packs while a small (
  10) of students think playing football and bike-riding will remain popular.
  3. The US 1
  4. Australia
5
Changes in the way of ( 6 )
Changes in
( 8 )
Keys:
  1. National Symbols

  2. Lion

  5. Large

  6. Brave

  9. Its long history
  10. Representing positive values 2
  1. Recharging solar battery
  2. Function
  3. Semi-conducting silicon
  4. Thinner
  5. Flexible
  6. Advantages
  7. Clothes
  8. Furniture
  9. Countries of researchers
  10. The Netherlands 3
  1. Natural disasters
  2. Hurricanes
  3. Volcanic eruptions
  4. Ocean waves
  5. He
 

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