Unit3 Back to the past
Object complememt
高一英语备课组
英语的五个基本句型结构: 英语的五个基本句型结构: S + V 主谓结构 He runs quickly.他跑得快。 他跑得快。 他跑得快 S + V + P 主系表结构 The story sounds interesting. 这个故事听起来有趣。 这个故事听起来有趣。 S + V + O 主谓宾结构 They built a house last year. 他们去年建了一所房子。 他们去年建了一所房子。 S + V + O1 + O2 主谓双宾结构 He offered me his seat / his seat to me. 他把座位让给我。 他把座位让给我。 S + V + O + C 主谓宾补结构
S + V + O + C 主谓宾补结构

  1.They painted their house white. (形容词 形容词) 形容词

  2.His father named him Tom. (名词 名词) 名词
  3.You mustn’t force him to lend his money to you. (不定式) 不定式) Nobody noticed him enter the room. 的不定式) (不带to的不定式) 不带 的不定式

  4. We saw her entering the room. 现在分词或其短语) (现在分词或其短语)
  5.We must get the work finished by 10 o’clock. ( 过去分词 过去分词)
  6. Whenever you may go, you will find him at work. 介词短语) (介词短语)
  7. Let the fresh air in. 副词) (副词)
由上述例句可以推断出名词,形容词, 由上述例句可以推断出名词,形容词,不 名词 定式,现在分词,过去分词, 定式,现在分词,过去分词,介词短语和 副词都是可以充当宾语补足语的。 目的是 副词都是可以充当宾语补足语的。 都是可以充当宾语补足语的 使句子的意义完整。其中需要大家重点了 使句子的意义完整。其中需要大家重点了 的是名词 分词和不定式作宾补 名词, 作宾补。 解的是名词,分词和不定式作宾补。
名词作宾补。 一.名词作宾补。 名词作宾补
He was made director of the Pompeii dig. made him director People of the Pompeii dig.
She found him a very clever boy .
注意: 独一无二的头衔职位前不加冠词
我们选Tom做我们班的班长。 我们选 做我们班的班长。 做我们班的班长
We Tom of our elected monitor class
常用名词充当宾语补足语的动词有: 常用名词充当宾语补足语的动词有:
call , name , elect , make , think , appoint , choose , find , consider , keep , wish , feel
常用形容词充当宾语补足语的动词有: 常用形容词充当宾语补足语的动词有:
believe , think , get , keep, make, find , set , like , wish , see, consider prove , have , 以及paint leave , 以及paint , turn , cut
判断正误: 判断正误:
We elected John a chairman of our club \ after the former one retired(退休 退休). 退休 They called him Professor Wang.
.分词作宾补 二They walked off and left me sitting __(sit) there alone. __(
The murderer was brought in, with his hands__ __ tied (tie) behind his back. finished With the homework_____ _____(finish), he was _____ allowed to watch the football match. playing A group of children were found ____ (play) on the playground. gone After waking up, I found everyone ____ (go). Don’t leave the windows ____ ____(break) like this broken all the time.
三.不定式作宾补
to recite The teacher ask us____ ____(背诵)the text. ____ stop 停止 We saw the car ___ (停止 停止). change 改变) I made him_____ (改变 his mind _____ 改变 introduce 介绍 Let me _____ (介绍 you to Miss Li. 介绍) . 省略不定式符号to的情况。 省略不定式符号 的情况
感官动词和部分使役动词 一感二听三让四观看 感官动词和部分使役动词:一感二听三让四观看 一感: 一感:feel 二听: 二听:hear, listen to 三让: 三让:let, have, make 四观看: 四观看:observe, see, watch, look at
被动语态: 被动语态
to work The boy was made _____(work) twelve _____ hours a day. to stop The car was seen ____ ____(stop). to enter The middle-aged man was seen____ ____ (enter) the building.
变为被动语态时,不定式符号 必须保留 必须保留。 变为被动语态时,不定式符号to必须保留。
I often hear the girl The girl is often heard sing this English this English to sing song in her room. song in her room. singing I heard the girl this English song in her room when I passed by. This girl was heard this English singing song in her room when I passed by. I heard this English This English song was sung song sung in her heard by the girl room. in her room.
四.宾语和其补足语之间的逻辑关系:

  1.当名词、形容词、副词和介词短语充当宾语补足语时, 当名词、形容词、副词和介词短语充当宾语补足语时, 当名词 它们和宾语之间有着逻辑上的主谓关系( 它们和宾语之间有着逻辑上的主谓关系(或称表语关 ),若无宾语补足 则句意不完整。 若无宾语补足, 系),若无宾语补足,则句意不完整。宾语补足语说明 宾语的情况、性质、特怔、状态、身份或属类等。 宾语的情况、性质、特怔、状态、身份或属类等。 试比较: 试比较: We made him our monitor. (He is our monitor.) You should keep your room clean and tidy. (Your room is clean and tidy.) We could hear the children playing outside. (The children are playing outside.)

  2. 当过去分词充当宾语补足语时,它与宾语之间有着动 当过去分词充当宾语补足语时, 宾关系, 宾语是过去分词所表示的动作的承受者。 宾关系,即:宾语是过去分词所表示的动作的承受者。 如:
I once heard this song sung in Japanese. (This song was once sung in Japanese.) I didn’t want the children taken out in such weather. (The children were taken out in such weather.)
五.重点动词后宾补的用法
make用作使役动词表示 “使;使成为” 时, 用作使役动词表示 使成为” 可跟复合结构 captain 队长)of our football team. We made him _____ 队长 _____(队长 grow 生长)? What makes the grass____ (生长 ____ 生长 impossible (不可能 The heavy rain made it ______ (不可能) for us 不可能) to go out. frightened 害怕的). The strange noise made us ______ 害怕的 ______(害怕的 The speaker raised his voice but still couldn’t make himself understood (understand).
选择题: 选择题: B
  1.Paul doesn’t have to be made . He always works hard. A. learn B. to learn C. learned D. learning

  2. The result of the entrance exams was not B made to the public until last Thursday. A. knowing B. known C. to know D. to be known
have 表示“使得 表示“使得…”,其后接宾语补足语. 其后接宾语补足语. 其后接宾语补足语 have sb do sth 使得某人做某事 have sb doing sth 使得某人做某事 have sth done 使得某事被做

  1)注意”have +宾语 过去分词”的两种用法: )注意” 宾语+ 宾语 过去分词”的两种用法: 表示让某事被做, ①表示让某事被做,如: repaired I have had my bike (repair). planted The villagers had many trees (plant) just then. 表示“遭遇到某种不幸;受到打击” ②表示“遭遇到某种不幸;受到打击”等。 如: broken The old man had his wrist (break) in the accident. Workers in some industries have their hearing (harm) by the noise of the machine harmed
填空
recite
  1. The teacher had her (recite) the . text again. examined
  2. He wants to have his eyes ( examine ) tomorrow
  3. Be careful, or you'll have your hands hurt ( hurt ). standing
  4. He had the girl ( stand ) in the classroom the whole morning.
B
  1. I've had my radio so soon because my father had me it. A. repair; done B. repaired; do C repairing; do D. repaired; done C
  2. You can’t have the horse all the way. It’s too hot. A. run B. to run C. running D. to be running know
  3. We will have you (know) that the to work machine has been made (work) at full speed.
leave表示 使/ 让……保持某种状态 。 表示"使 保持某种状态"。 表示 保持某种状态

  1.Leave him to do it himself.
  2.He went out, leaving his papers lying on the desk.
  3.He left a few questions unanswered.
  1.I can‘t leave such an important matter (没有完成 没有完成). undone/unfinished 没有完成
  2.They killed the cow, cut off the skins and left the bodies (rot腐烂 腐烂). 腐烂 to rot
  3.What he said left me (思考 deeply. 思考) 思考 thinking
His parents both died last year, leaving him an orphan(孤儿). (孤儿) He left his schoolbag on the playground.
with 的 用法及其与 的 区别 用法及其与as的

  1). In parts of Asia you must not sit with your feet pointing (point) at another person.
tied
  2).The artist is working with his hair (tie) back. to feed
  3). With all these mouth (feed), he didn’t know what to do.

  1. everything , she left the supermarket with C satisfaction. A. As, buying B. For, to buy C. With, bought D. Because, to buy 比较:everything was bought, she left the 比较 As supermarket. C
  2. years , her hair grows white. A. As…going by B. With …go by C. As… go by D. With…passed
  3. He stood there, with his eyes ( fix ) on Della. fixed fixing He stood there, (fix ) his eyes on Della. were fixed He stood there and his eyes (fix) on Della.

  5)find意为“发现、发觉” ) 意为“ 意为 发现、发觉” find sb doing sth. 发现一种动作正在进行 find sth done 发现某事被做 playing A group of children were found (play) on the playground.
killed The cat was found (kill) yesterday. A cook will be immediately fired if he is found B in the kitchen. A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked
We have found him (to be) a dishonest person. 我们发现他是一个不诚实的孩子。 我们发现他是一个不诚实的孩子。
结构: 结构: 主+谓语+ it +宾补(adj/n)+真正宾语
I found it pleasant to be with your family. We think it our duty that we should help the poor. He found it hard to finish the work in time.
keep 当“使……保持在(某种状态)”讲时, 保持在( 保持在 某种状态) 讲时, 其后通常接复合宾语,可用形容词、介词、 其后通常接复合宾语,可用形容词、介词、 副词、现在分词、过去分词等作宾补 等作宾补。 副词、现在分词、过去分词等作宾补。如:
informed We‘ll keep you of the fact. 我们将让你知道事实。 我们将让你知道事实。 waiting Sorry to have kept you for such a long tim e. 对不起,让你久等了。 对不起,让你久等了。
It’s our duty to keep our surroundings clean. 保持我们 周围环境清洁是我们的职责。 周围环境清洁是我们的职责。 His illness kept him in bed for months.他因病卧床好几 他因病卧床好几 个月。 个月。

  1. She was glad to see her child well care of. C A. take B. to be taken C. taken D. taking
  2. He found them at table. C A. sat; to play chess B. sitting; to play chess C. seated; playing chess D. seat; play the chess
  3. I can make you what I say, but you can’t make B yourself in English. A. understand; understand B. understand; understood C. to understand; understand D. understand; to be understood

  4. Don’t leave the water while you brush your teeth. (天津 天津20
  04) 天津 A. run B. running C. being run D. to run

  5.The teacher asked us so much noise. (北京 北京20
  03) 北京 A. don’t make C. not making B. not make D. not to make

  6.The maid (仆人 is coming today. 仆人) 仆人 We’ll have her the windows. A, washed C, to wash B, to washing D, wash
He looked around and caught a man his hand into the pocket of a passenger. (北京 北京2004春) 北京 春 A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting
be caught doing sth (做时)当场被逮住 时
The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see next year. C A. carry out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out Did you hear her this pop song this time D the other day? Yes, and I heard this song in English. A. sing; singing B. sung; sung C. sung; singing D. singing; sung
 

相关内容

高中英语unit3 grammar课件必修1

   Unit3 Back to the past Object complememt 高一英语备课组 英语的五个基本句型结构: 英语的五个基本句型结构: S + V 主谓结构 He runs quickly.他跑得快。 他跑得快。 他跑得快 S + V + P 主系表结构 The story sounds interesting. 这个故事听起来有趣。 这个故事听起来有趣。 S + V + O 主谓宾结构 They built a house last year. 他们去年建了一所房子。 他们去 ...

被动语态 主动语态与被动语态的转换(牛津英语8A unit3 grammar)

   被动语态 语态是动词的一种形式,它表示主语和谓语的关系。 语态 语态有两种:主动语态和被动语态。 如果主语是动作的执行者,或者动作的执行者很重要时,用主动语态; 如果主语是动作的承受者; 动作不是由主语而是由其他人完成的; 不知道或不想知道谁是动 作的执行者;该动作比执行者重要时,用被动语态。 e.g. They will build a new bridge over the river. ( 语态) A new bridge will be built over the river. ( ...

高中英语选修6unit2 grammar课件

   Doe a deer a female deer Unitmyself Poems 2 Me a name I call Ray a drop of golden sun Far a long long way to run La a note to follow Sew Tea a drink with jam and bread Sew a needle pulling thread Grammar Enjoy an English poem in the form of a song: ...

英语: Unit 2 《Robots》课件-grammar and vocabulary(新人教选修7)

   Learning about language Look at the sentences. My mother felt alarmed when I had my hair coloured purple. My mother was alarmed when I had my hair coloured purple. Is this a passive sentence? Key! Though the structure seems like a passive sentence, ...

英语:Unit12 Lesson 3 Living Abroad-Grammar课件(北师大版必修模块4)

   Lesson 3 Living Abroad Grammar Objectives In this class, we will be able to 1. Recognize the function of the Present Participles. 2. Use the Present Participles to talk about our experience in real life. Read the texts from Martin, Wang Lei, and Ji ...

英语:Unit2 《Heroes》lesson1modern heroes-grammar课件(北师大版必修1)

   Past simple tense 基本结构 (I)规则动词的过去式变化规则 (1)一般情况下,动词词尾加 -ed ,如: worked played wanted acted (2)以不发音的 -e 结尾动词,动词词尾加 -d,如:lived moved decided hoped (3)以辅音字母 + y结尾的动词,把-y变为 -i 再加-ed,如:studied tried copied just (4)以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动 词,双写词尾辅音字母,再加 -ed,如: sto ...

英语:外研必修一 module4 a social survey my neighbourhood-grammar课件(外研版必修1)

   外研版 Module 4 grammar: 第一册 present perfect tense Study the following sentences: 1. Who has opened the door? 2. My watch has stopped 3. They haven’t completed that experiment yet. 4. He has already returned that book. (An action completed in the past ...

高一英语必修三Unit2 Grammar课件

   Unit2 Healthy eating Grammar Modal verbs 情态动词 (II) 可兼做行为动词的情态动词: 可兼做行为动词的情态动词:need 、 dare 1.作为情态动词用,常用在否定句和疑问句中。 Dare (need) +S +V S + daren’t (needn’t) +V I daren’t walk through the forest at night. Dare you walk through the forest at night? You n ...

高二英语Unit1 Grammar课件

   设计思路: 本单元的Grammar主要讲的是不定式 和动名词的用法。目的在于让学生了 解动词不定式在句中的六个主要作用 以及否定式、完成式、进行式、一般 式被动、完成式被动、不定式复合结 构。第二个语法内容是动名词在句中 的四个功能和否定式、完成式、一般 式被动、完成式被动、动名词复合结 构。 在课件的开始用一个flash(过山车)作 为导入激发学生的兴趣,由此展开对动 词不定式的学习。在整个过程中,始 终坚持曹老师22字教学法中先练后讲 的原则,在实践中由学生自己总结, 老师再作适当的补充 ...

高二英语课件:(牛津译林版)M5-U2 grammar-2(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 5 Unit 2 Grammar-2 Verb-ing phrases Reading(P30) Please read the text and try to get more information about verb-ing phrases. verb- 1. 作伴随状语 加现在分词作伴随状语, 动词stand,sit和lie加现在分词作伴随状语, 表示两个动作同时发生。 表示两个动作同时发生。 We sat there talking to each ...

热门内容

新世纪大学英语综合教程1课后答案_全

   The Answers to Unit 1 Enhance Your Language Awareness (I) Working with Words and Expressions 2. (1) obtain (2) confident (3) communicate (5) relevant (6) helpful (7) extreme (9) means (10) process (11) particularly (13) astonished (14) apparently 3 ...

2010年浙江省杭州市中考英语试题

   2010 年杭州市各类高中招生文化考试 年杭州市各类高中招生文化考试 英 考生须知: 考生须知: 1、本试卷满分 120 分,考试时间 100 分钟。 2、答题前,在答题纸上写姓名和准考证号。 语 校对:张浩 陈亮 3、必须在答题纸的对应答题位置上答题,写在其他地方无效。1 至 60 小题在答题纸上涂 黑作答,答 题方式详见答题纸上的说明。 4、做听力题时,先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有一分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题纸上。 5、考试结束后,试题卷和答题纸一并上交。 试题卷 ...

英语四级整理材料

   Does it serve your purpose? 对你有用吗? Don't flatter me. 过奖了。 Big mouth! 多嘴驴! Sure thing! 当然! I''m going to go. 我这就去。 Never mind. 不要紧。 Can-do. 能人。 Close-up. 特写镜头。 Drop it! 停止! Bottle it! 闭嘴! Don''t play possum! 别装蒜! Break the rules. 反规则。 There is nobod ...

西安石油大学关于表彰全国大学生英语竞赛等比赛获奖者的通知

   西安石油大学文件 西石大教〔2007〕181 号 西安石油大学关于表彰 全国大学生英语竞赛等比赛获奖者的通知 各院(系)及有关单位: 在全校各单位和广大师生员工的大力支持下,经过参赛 师生的努力,我校在 2007 年各类比赛中取得优异成绩。其 中在 2007 年全国大学生英语竞赛中获国家二等奖 1 项,陕 西赛区特等奖 1 项、一等奖 1 项、二等奖 3 项、三等奖 6 项; 在陕西省第二届大学生化学实验邀请赛中获一等奖、二等 奖、三等奖各 1 项;在 2007“银河杯”中国机器人大赛暨 R ...

2009-2010年小学四年级英语期中试卷及答案经典必备

   20092009-2010 年小学四年级英语期中试卷及答案经典必备 20092009-2010 年小学四年级英语期中试卷 听力部分 一、听读音,选出正确的图画,并在括号里打“√”(10 分) 。 1. 2. ( 3. ) ( ) 4. ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ★哈佛大学★英语系研究,美国布什推荐。专为中小学生英语量身定做。 哈佛大学★英语系研究,美国布什推荐。专为中小学生英语量身定做。 官方网站:http://hafo.yeryy.com/ 哈佛大学英语教授研究组提供 ...