Unit3 Back to the past
Object complememt
高一英语备课组
英语的五个基本句型结构: 英语的五个基本句型结构: S + V 主谓结构 He runs quickly.他跑得快。 他跑得快。 他跑得快 S + V + P 主系表结构 The story sounds interesting. 这个故事听起来有趣。 这个故事听起来有趣。 S + V + O 主谓宾结构 They built a house last year. 他们去年建了一所房子。 他们去年建了一所房子。 S + V + O1 + O2 主谓双宾结构 He offered me his seat / his seat to me. 他把座位让给我。 他把座位让给我。 S + V + O + C 主谓宾补结构
S + V + O + C 主谓宾补结构

  1.They painted their house white. (形容词 形容词) 形容词

  2.His father named him Tom. (名词 名词) 名词
  3.You mustn’t force him to lend his money to you. (不定式) 不定式) Nobody noticed him enter the room. 的不定式) (不带to的不定式) 不带 的不定式

  4. We saw her entering the room. 现在分词或其短语) (现在分词或其短语)
  5.We must get the work finished by 10 o’clock. ( 过去分词 过去分词)
  6. Whenever you may go, you will find him at work. 介词短语) (介词短语)
  7. Let the fresh air in. 副词) (副词)
由上述例句可以推断出名词,形容词, 由上述例句可以推断出名词,形容词,不 名词 定式,现在分词,过去分词, 定式,现在分词,过去分词,介词短语和 副词都是可以充当宾语补足语的。 目的是 副词都是可以充当宾语补足语的。 都是可以充当宾语补足语的 使句子的意义完整。其中需要大家重点了 使句子的意义完整。其中需要大家重点了 的是名词 分词和不定式作宾补 名词, 作宾补。 解的是名词,分词和不定式作宾补。
名词作宾补。 一.名词作宾补。 名词作宾补
He was made director of the Pompeii dig. made him director People of the Pompeii dig.
She found him a very clever boy .
注意: 独一无二的头衔职位前不加冠词
我们选Tom做我们班的班长。 我们选 做我们班的班长。 做我们班的班长
We Tom of our elected monitor class
常用名词充当宾语补足语的动词有: 常用名词充当宾语补足语的动词有:
call , name , elect , make , think , appoint , choose , find , consider , keep , wish , feel
常用形容词充当宾语补足语的动词有: 常用形容词充当宾语补足语的动词有:
believe , think , get , keep, make, find , set , like , wish , see, consider prove , have , 以及paint leave , 以及paint , turn , cut
判断正误: 判断正误:
We elected John a chairman of our club \ after the former one retired(退休 退休). 退休 They called him Professor Wang.
.分词作宾补 二They walked off and left me sitting __(sit) there alone. __(
The murderer was brought in, with his hands__ __ tied (tie) behind his back. finished With the homework_____ _____(finish), he was _____ allowed to watch the football match. playing A group of children were found ____ (play) on the playground. gone After waking up, I found everyone ____ (go). Don’t leave the windows ____ ____(break) like this broken all the time.
三.不定式作宾补
to recite The teacher ask us____ ____(背诵)the text. ____ stop 停止 We saw the car ___ (停止 停止). change 改变) I made him_____ (改变 his mind _____ 改变 introduce 介绍 Let me _____ (介绍 you to Miss Li. 介绍) . 省略不定式符号to的情况。 省略不定式符号 的情况
感官动词和部分使役动词 一感二听三让四观看 感官动词和部分使役动词:一感二听三让四观看 一感: 一感:feel 二听: 二听:hear, listen to 三让: 三让:let, have, make 四观看: 四观看:observe, see, watch, look at
被动语态: 被动语态
to work The boy was made _____(work) twelve _____ hours a day. to stop The car was seen ____ ____(stop). to enter The middle-aged man was seen____ ____ (enter) the building.
变为被动语态时,不定式符号 必须保留 必须保留。 变为被动语态时,不定式符号to必须保留。
I often hear the girl The girl is often heard sing this English this English to sing song in her room. song in her room. singing I heard the girl this English song in her room when I passed by. This girl was heard this English singing song in her room when I passed by. I heard this English This English song was sung song sung in her heard by the girl room. in her room.
四.宾语和其补足语之间的逻辑关系:

  1.当名词、形容词、副词和介词短语充当宾语补足语时, 当名词、形容词、副词和介词短语充当宾语补足语时, 当名词 它们和宾语之间有着逻辑上的主谓关系( 它们和宾语之间有着逻辑上的主谓关系(或称表语关 ),若无宾语补足 则句意不完整。 若无宾语补足, 系),若无宾语补足,则句意不完整。宾语补足语说明 宾语的情况、性质、特怔、状态、身份或属类等。 宾语的情况、性质、特怔、状态、身份或属类等。 试比较: 试比较: We made him our monitor. (He is our monitor.) You should keep your room clean and tidy. (Your room is clean and tidy.) We could hear the children playing outside. (The children are playing outside.)

  2. 当过去分词充当宾语补足语时,它与宾语之间有着动 当过去分词充当宾语补足语时, 宾关系, 宾语是过去分词所表示的动作的承受者。 宾关系,即:宾语是过去分词所表示的动作的承受者。 如:
I once heard this song sung in Japanese. (This song was once sung in Japanese.) I didn’t want the children taken out in such weather. (The children were taken out in such weather.)
五.重点动词后宾补的用法
make用作使役动词表示 “使;使成为” 时, 用作使役动词表示 使成为” 可跟复合结构 captain 队长)of our football team. We made him _____ 队长 _____(队长 grow 生长)? What makes the grass____ (生长 ____ 生长 impossible (不可能 The heavy rain made it ______ (不可能) for us 不可能) to go out. frightened 害怕的). The strange noise made us ______ 害怕的 ______(害怕的 The speaker raised his voice but still couldn’t make himself understood (understand).
选择题: 选择题: B
  1.Paul doesn’t have to be made . He always works hard. A. learn B. to learn C. learned D. learning

  2. The result of the entrance exams was not B made to the public until last Thursday. A. knowing B. known C. to know D. to be known
have 表示“使得 表示“使得…”,其后接宾语补足语. 其后接宾语补足语. 其后接宾语补足语 have sb do sth 使得某人做某事 have sb doing sth 使得某人做某事 have sth done 使得某事被做

  1)注意”have +宾语 过去分词”的两种用法: )注意” 宾语+ 宾语 过去分词”的两种用法: 表示让某事被做, ①表示让某事被做,如: repaired I have had my bike (repair). planted The villagers had many trees (plant) just then. 表示“遭遇到某种不幸;受到打击” ②表示“遭遇到某种不幸;受到打击”等。 如: broken The old man had his wrist (break) in the accident. Workers in some industries have their hearing (harm) by the noise of the machine harmed
填空
recite
  1. The teacher had her (recite) the . text again. examined
  2. He wants to have his eyes ( examine ) tomorrow
  3. Be careful, or you'll have your hands hurt ( hurt ). standing
  4. He had the girl ( stand ) in the classroom the whole morning.
B
  1. I've had my radio so soon because my father had me it. A. repair; done B. repaired; do C repairing; do D. repaired; done C
  2. You can’t have the horse all the way. It’s too hot. A. run B. to run C. running D. to be running know
  3. We will have you (know) that the to work machine has been made (work) at full speed.
leave表示 使/ 让……保持某种状态 。 表示"使 保持某种状态"。 表示 保持某种状态

  1.Leave him to do it himself.
  2.He went out, leaving his papers lying on the desk.
  3.He left a few questions unanswered.
  1.I can‘t leave such an important matter (没有完成 没有完成). undone/unfinished 没有完成
  2.They killed the cow, cut off the skins and left the bodies (rot腐烂 腐烂). 腐烂 to rot
  3.What he said left me (思考 deeply. 思考) 思考 thinking
His parents both died last year, leaving him an orphan(孤儿). (孤儿) He left his schoolbag on the playground.
with 的 用法及其与 的 区别 用法及其与as的

  1). In parts of Asia you must not sit with your feet pointing (point) at another person.
tied
  2).The artist is working with his hair (tie) back. to feed
  3). With all these mouth (feed), he didn’t know what to do.

  1. everything , she left the supermarket with C satisfaction. A. As, buying B. For, to buy C. With, bought D. Because, to buy 比较:everything was bought, she left the 比较 As supermarket. C
  2. years , her hair grows white. A. As…going by B. With …go by C. As… go by D. With…passed
  3. He stood there, with his eyes ( fix ) on Della. fixed fixing He stood there, (fix ) his eyes on Della. were fixed He stood there and his eyes (fix) on Della.

  5)find意为“发现、发觉” ) 意为“ 意为 发现、发觉” find sb doing sth. 发现一种动作正在进行 find sth done 发现某事被做 playing A group of children were found (play) on the playground.
killed The cat was found (kill) yesterday. A cook will be immediately fired if he is found B in the kitchen. A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked
We have found him (to be) a dishonest person. 我们发现他是一个不诚实的孩子。 我们发现他是一个不诚实的孩子。
结构: 结构: 主+谓语+ it +宾补(adj/n)+真正宾语
I found it pleasant to be with your family. We think it our duty that we should help the poor. He found it hard to finish the work in time.
keep 当“使……保持在(某种状态)”讲时, 保持在( 保持在 某种状态) 讲时, 其后通常接复合宾语,可用形容词、介词、 其后通常接复合宾语,可用形容词、介词、 副词、现在分词、过去分词等作宾补 等作宾补。 副词、现在分词、过去分词等作宾补。如:
informed We‘ll keep you of the fact. 我们将让你知道事实。 我们将让你知道事实。 waiting Sorry to have kept you for such a long tim e. 对不起,让你久等了。 对不起,让你久等了。
It’s our duty to keep our surroundings clean. 保持我们 周围环境清洁是我们的职责。 周围环境清洁是我们的职责。 His illness kept him in bed for months.他因病卧床好几 他因病卧床好几 个月。 个月。

  1. She was glad to see her child well care of. C A. take B. to be taken C. taken D. taking
  2. He found them at table. C A. sat; to play chess B. sitting; to play chess C. seated; playing chess D. seat; play the chess
  3. I can make you what I say, but you can’t make B yourself in English. A. understand; understand B. understand; understood C. to understand; understand D. understand; to be understood

  4. Don’t leave the water while you brush your teeth. (天津 天津20
  04) 天津 A. run B. running C. being run D. to run

  5.The teacher asked us so much noise. (北京 北京20
  03) 北京 A. don’t make C. not making B. not make D. not to make

  6.The maid (仆人 is coming today. 仆人) 仆人 We’ll have her the windows. A, washed C, to wash B, to washing D, wash
He looked around and caught a man his hand into the pocket of a passenger. (北京 北京2004春) 北京 春 A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting
be caught doing sth (做时)当场被逮住 时
The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see next year. C A. carry out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out Did you hear her this pop song this time D the other day? Yes, and I heard this song in English. A. sing; singing B. sung; sung C. sung; singing D. singing; sung
 

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